Rutherglen facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsRutherglen
Main Street, the main shopping area of Rutherglen.
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Rutherglen (Scots: Ruglen) is a town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. Having existed as a Lanarkshire burgh in its own right for over 800 years, in 1975 it lost its own local council and administratively became a component of the City of Glasgow District Council within the Strathclyde region (along with neighbouring Cambuslang). In 1996 Rutherglen was reallocated to the South Lanarkshire council area.
- Areas in the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen
- Burnside and High Burnside
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Rutherglen received the status of Royal Burgh in 1126 by Royal Charter from King David I of Scotland who ruled from 1124 to 1153. In the 14th century Walter Stewart, father of King Robert II, was granted Farme Castle. This was located close to Farme Cross in the east of Rutherglen, and stood until the 1960s.
Rutherglen was a centre of heavy industry, having a long coal mining tradition which died out by 1950. J&J White's Chemical Works (later ACC Chrome & Chemicals) in Shawfield, which was in existence from 1820 to 1967, produced more than 70% of the UK's Chromate products including chromic acid, chromic oxide pigment, sodium and potassium chromate and dichromate. Today there is a significant legacy of soluble chromium (VI) waste in the area. Rutherglen, and most of the other towns encircling the city, are dormitory suburbs of Glasgow.
The name of Rutherglen, as well as its Scots name Ruglen, is perhaps from Scottish Gaelic An Ruadh-Ghleann, meaning 'the red valley'. The derivation may also however be Welsh, or Cumbric and mean "the valley of Rydderch". Rydderch - pronounced 'rutherch' - 'ruther' as in 'brother' and 'ch' as in 'loch' - was one of the most famous kings associated with the Welsh-speaking kingdom which centred on Dumbarton.
Rutherglen Main Street is served by Rutherglen railway station and there are also numerous bus links into Glasgow City Centre. Completion of the M74 Extension means that there is a motorway going through the town, that will allow easier access to places such as Glasgow Airport and the English Border.
Areas in the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen
The Royal Burgh of Rutherglen has expanded over the years and now contains many other areas.
Since being granted Royal Burgh status by King David I, the town has grown from strength to strength and increased in size. It now covers a much larger region than the initial Burgh boundary. The nearby village of Burnside and High Burnside fall under the Rutherglen boundary but have their own Community Council. Historic areas such as the Burgh, Farme Cross, Quigleys and Burnside have changed greatly over the years too and more recent estates like Westhouse and the post-war developments of Newfield and Burnhill have given the Burgh an ever-changing character.
The current area of Rutherglen can be divided into 22 areas (seven of which fall into the Burnside and High Burnside area of the Burgh which was once, and is often still considered to be, self-contained).
The Burgh area of Rutherglen includes the old heart of the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen and the area directly around it. It features a war memorial, several religious establishments, old school house, new restaurants, a statue of Dr. Gorman, old county buildings, old tenements.
The Mitchell Arcade was given a makeover and renamed the Rutherglen Shopping Centre and used to feature a Daily Market. The Town Hall was recently refurbished as well.
Farme Cross is one of the Boundary Areas of the Royal Burgh and is surrounded by the River Clyde and the City of Glasgow (Dalmarnock). There is a great many monuments and attractions here including a series of Standing Stones to commemorate the boundary stones of the old Royal Burgh and another monument near the bridge to Dalmarnock in Glasgow.
There is a lot of development work proposed for this region following the completion of the M74 Extension to the Glasgow Region Motorway network and the Clyde Gateway developments. A new retail park around the supermarket features two fast-food restaurants, KFC and McDonald's.
The Cuningar Loop is an area on the south of the River Clyde near the Farme Cross region of the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen. It has now been transformed into a woodland park connecting across the River Clyde to the City of Glasgow (Dalmarnock) and the Commonwealth Games village.
The Shawfield region of the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen is mostly abandoned business districts. The Clyde Gateway projects aims to reinvest in this region and create new business parks and make the River Clyde accessible in Rutherglen once again. The old port of Rutherglen is accessible where the railway line passes over the riverside path. This area is however overgrown. You can access Farme Cross from under the railway bridge via the undergrowth.
Burnhill in the West of the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen borders the City of Glasgow (Toryglen and Hangingshaw). The region is home to the Rutherglen Branch of the South Lanarkshire Council youth club, Universal Connections and also The Celsius Stadium for Rutherglen football club, Glencairn. The area heavily features grassland, especially around the grass mound of Burnhill itself where the Jenny Burn from Cathkin Braes and Castlemilk (Glasgow) passes underneath.
Lying adjacent to Burnhill, Newfield is a small estate bordering Bankhead (Rutherglen) and Croftfoot (Glasgow). There are limited amenities on the border with the Glasgow region including a pub and small grassed areas are dotted around between the housing.
Falling almost entirely within the Newfield and Bankhead areas is a new estate of Newhouse. This area features modern, attractive housing developments and keeps the green theme from Glasgow and Rutherglen with gardens throughout.
Lying immediately behind the Burgh area, Clincarthill rises high over Rutherglen offering views across the Royal Burgh. There is a church and a school in this area and plenty of remaining old sandstone tenements from the past. The area has a distinctive character of its own.
Lying across Stonelaw Road from Clincarthill, Wardlawhill and its twin act like sentinels guarding the entrance and exit from Burgh (Rutherglen) to Burnside Village and Stonelaw beyond. There are a few remaining tenement buildings here as well as a church. The area features some older, large housing and is a gateway to the Stonelaw region featuring the old Rutherglen Academy which later became Stonelaw High.
The area including and surrounding Overtoun Park features a number of old buildings, including a nearby set of old red sandstone tenement buildings. The fountain in the park was once in Rutherglen Main Street. It had been erected in 1897 to mark Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee but was moved to the park in 1911 as it had become an obstacle to the increasingly popular motor car. The park was briefly one of the City of Glasgow District Parks when Rutherglen was under Glasgow Rule from 1975 to 1996.
The area known locally as East Main Street featuring some old tenement buildings. There is also an ancient burial mound which had been used at one time as an icehouse in the grounds of the now demolished Gallowflat house.
South of Gallowflat you reach Stonelaw, an area including Stonelaw High School and Rutherglen bowling club. This region has many features of the Garden Suburb including Woodburn Park a valley-like park on the East of Stonelaw Road which takes its name from the now-demolished Woodburn House. The most up-market place in Rutherglen, it is home to many expensive properties. The house system of Stonelaw High School names are based from avenues in the Stonelaw Area Jedburgh, Dryburgh,Melrose and Kelso
With a burn flowing through it and some old tenement buildings. There is a small row of shops here also.
Once a private estate, the land of Quigleys is now a housing scheme - albeit a small one. The burn that flows through most of this side of Rutherglen is visible here for some distance ending in a small pond near the Bankhead estate. The grassland and pathway here are popular with local residents.
Burnside and High Burnside
A small prosperous village within the Rutherglen boundary, centred mostly around the Stonelaw Road and Burnside Road areas. It is a pleasant leafy suburb approximately six miles from the heart of Glasgow with its own set of shops and a small parkland, namely, Stonelaw Woods and Woodburn Park. It is also home to a supermarket (off Stonelaw Road) and hotel (off East Kilbride Road). There are a number of churches and a bowling green, and several tennis courts. Much of the traditional residential property was built in the early 1900s from blond and red sandstone providing a pleasant, traditional environment for families.
Burnside itself contains the main shopping area and some older housing. Stonelaw Woods lies at the northern boundary of the village and takes its name from the old Stonelaw Tower (a form of castle) that once stood nearby Burnside and the Stonelaw area of Rutherglen. The nearby Woodburn Park offer local residents many green spaces to visit.
High Burnside is a region to the south of Burnside which includes nearly all of the more modern estates mentioned below. As such the elements of High Burnside that remain are mostly the streets of older houses off of Burnside Road north of Blairbeth Road (including several with great views over the Burgh of Rutherglen and the City of Glasgow) and those off the Cathkin Bypass and at the far side of the Cathkin Estate. A small park sits at the heart of High Burnside with amenities for children.
A small region featuring some old houses and bordering the Burnside area of the Royal Burgh. It gives access to Overtoun Park, has some views on Broomieknowe Road and includes Rutherglen Cemetery.
An self-contained estate featuring a few local landmarks such as a sports court and the Cathkin Library.There are two local schools (Loch Primary and St AnthonysRC ) and small parts of the estate are built on the land of a former loch (Boultrie Loch) which was a hot-spot for curling and skating in winter. A new stone sign welcomes you into the estate from the East Kilbride Road entrance. There is a small collection of local shops near the library and a sports pitch in a pen at the heart of the estate. A large housing tower block looms over the centre of the estate also.
A modern estate, currently undergoing a great deal of regeneration. The estate borders the City of Glasgow (Carmunnock and Cathkin Braes Country Park) and offers views over the City of Glasgow valley. A small wooded area (Cathkin Woods) near the boundary region with Cambuslang (Whitlawburn) and East Kilbride District. Cathkin Shops off Cathkin Bypass and Cullins Road feature a supermarket, local newsagent, betting shop and more. The old Cathkin House at the top of the estate offers a great view over Rutherglen and Glasgow beyond. Like many parts of the town, a new stone and metal entrance sign welcomes you as you enter Cathkin from Cathkin Bypass.
A modern housing estate undergoing a great deal of regeneration. It is home to an all girl High School and has its own Community Centre. A park was regenerated in the 1990s, Fernhill Park and offers a home to many animals. The area is bordered by the City of Glasgow (Castlemilk). Fernhill Road divides the estate. There are proposals in place for the Cathkin Relief Road to take Mill Street from Rutherglen and extend it through the parkland to connect with the Cathkin Bypass. This would lead to the loss of much parkland and habitat. It could also split Fernhill from the other areas of Rutherglen. The estate has two churches at either end and an entrance sign off Burnside Road.
Blairbeth housing estate with some small local amenities and little parks. The area borders Burnside proper and includes several hillside streets with views over the Burgh of Rutherglen and Glasgow. New facilities for local residents have been added to the estate. A large grass field bordering Fernhill Road and Mill Street is popular in the summer months for football. This park land is being reduced in size by the Cathkin Relief Road project which is currently under construction.
A small community with a little burn flowing through it (originating somewhere in Cathkin Braes Country Park or Castlemilk Park in the City of Glasgow). A new Community Centre was built some years back. There are also local amenities. The estate borders Croftfoot and Castlemilk in the City of Glasgow. A small grassed area borders the local centre and the burn (popularly known as the Jenny Burn in Castlemilk, Glasgow).
The local war memorial is by Scots sculptor George Henry Paulin.
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Rutherglen Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.