Yakima County, Washington facts for kids

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Yakima County, Washington
Map
Map of Washington highlighting Yakima County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the USA highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 21, 1865
Seat Yakima
Largest City Yakima
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,311 sq mi (11,165 km²)
4,295 sq mi (11,124 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 0.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

248,830
58/sq mi (22/km²)
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website: www.yakimacounty.us
Named for: Yakama Nation

Yakima County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 243,231. The county seat and largest city is Yakima. The county was formed out of Ferguson County on January 21, 1865 and is named for Yakama tribe of Native Americans. Ferguson County, no longer in existence, had been created from Walla Walla County on January 23, 1863.

Yakima County comprises the Yakima, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Yakama Indian Reservation, the 15th largest reservation in America, covers 1,573 mi² (4,074 km²), comprising 36% of the county's total area. Its population was 31,799 in 2000, and its largest city is Toppenish.

Geography

Orchards near Selah WA
Orchards near Selah
Mt Adams from Trout Lake Highway
Mount Adams, highest point in Yakima County
Klickitat County vast farmlands
South eastern Yakima County vast farmlands.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,311 square miles (11,170 km2), of which 4,295 square miles (11,120 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.4%) is water. Yakima County is the second-largest county in Washington by land area and third-largest by total area. Yakima County is also widely known for being one of the most difficult places on earth to predict weather, because of the mountains that surround it. The total area covered by the county is larger than the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined. The highest point in the county is Mount Adams, which is the second tallest peak in Washington and the third tallest in the entire Cascade Range.

Geographic features

Oreamnos americanus 13A
Mountain Goats near the glaciers of Goat Rocks Wilderness
  • Mount Adams, 12,281 feet (3,743 m)
  • Gilbert Peak, 8,184 feet (2,494 m)
  • Mount Aix, 7,766 feet (2,367 m)
  • Tieton Peak, 7,724 feet (2,354 m)
  • Cascade Mountains
  • Rattlesnake Hills
  • Horse Heaven Hills

Major rivers

  • Yakima River
  • Columbia River
  • Naches River
  • Tieton River
  • Bumping River
  • American River

National protected areas

  • Wenatchee National Forest (part)
  • Gifford Pinchot National Forest (part)
  • Snoqualmie National Forest (part)
  • Goat Rocks Wilderness
  • Mount Adams Wilderness (part)
  • Norse Peak Wilderness (part)
  • William O. Douglas Wilderness
  • Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge

Major roads

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 432
1880 2,811 550.7%
1890 4,429 57.6%
1900 13,462 204.0%
1910 41,709 209.8%
1920 63,710 52.7%
1930 77,402 21.5%
1940 99,019 27.9%
1950 135,723 37.1%
1960 145,112 6.9%
1970 144,971 −0.1%
1980 172,508 19.0%
1990 188,823 9.5%
2000 222,581 17.9%
2010 243,231 9.3%
Est. 2015 248,830 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 222,581 people, 73,993 households, and 54,606 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 79,174 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.60% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 4.48% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 24.43% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. 35.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.2% were of German, 6.4% United States or American, 5.9% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry.

There were 73,993 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,828, and the median income for a family was $39,746. Males had a median income of $31,620 versus $24,541 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,606. About 14.8% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 243,231 people, 80,592 households, and 58,790 families residing in the county. The population density was 56.6 inhabitants per square mile (21.9/km2). There were 85,474 housing units at an average density of 19.9 per square mile (7.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.7% white, 4.3% American Indian, 1.1% Asian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 26.1% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 45.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.8% were German, 8.0% were English, 7.3% were Irish, and 3.6% were American.

Of the 80,592 households, 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.1% were non-families, and 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.46. The median age was 32.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,877 and the median income for a family was $48,004. Males had a median income of $37,029 versus $29,824 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,325. About 16.8% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.9% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Yakima County, Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.