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Ferdinand
Zar Ferdinand Bulgarien.jpg
Tsar of Bulgaria
Reign 5 October 1908 – 3 October 1918
Predecessor Himself as Prince
Successor Boris III
Prince of Bulgaria
Reign 7 July 1887 – 5 October 1908
Predecessor Alexander
Successor Himself as Tsar
Born 26 February 1861
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 10 September 1948(1948-09-10) (aged 87)
Coburg, Allied-occupied Germany
Burial St. Augustin, Coburg
Spouse
Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma
(m. 1893; died 1899)

Princess Eleonore Reuss of Köstritz
(m. 1908)
Issue Boris III of Bulgaria
Kiril, Prince of Preslav
Princess Eudoxia
Princess Nadezhda
Full name
German: Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria
House Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry
Father Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Princess Clémentine of Orléans
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature Ferdinand's signature

Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (26 February 1861 – 10 September 1948) was a Bulgarian monarch, author, botanist, and philatelist.

Biography

He was born in Vienna as Ferdinand Maximilan Charles Leopold Marie, Duke of Saxony, later becoming Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the son of Augustus of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary (1818–1881) and his wife née Clémentine of Orléans (1817–1907). He was proclaimed prince regnant of Bulgaria on 25 June 1887 (O.S.)/7 July 1887 (N.S.).

On 20 April 1893 at the Villa Pianore in Luccia in Italy, he married Maria Luisa Pia Teresa Anna Ferdinanda Francesca Antonietta Margherita Giuseppina Carolina Bianca Lucia Appollonia, Princess of Bourbon-Parma, daughter of Roberto I of Parma..

They had four children, Boris III (1894–1943), Kyril (1895–1945), Eudoxia (1898–1985), Nadejda (1899–1958) and Maria Luisa died in 1899. On 28 February 1908 in Coburg Ferdinand married his second wife, Eleonore Caroline Gasparine Louise, Princess Reuss-Köstritz (1860-1917), daughter of Heinrich IV Reuss von Köstritz (1821–1894) and née Luise Caroline Reuss zu Greiz (1822–1875).

Ferdinand became king of Bulgaria after it became independent on 22 September 1908 (O.S.)/5 September 1908 (N.S.). He abdicated on 3 October 1918.

He died in Burglassschloßen in Coburg, and is buried in St. Augustin's Catholic Church.

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