Alexander Hamilton facts for kids(Redirected from Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton)
Quick facts for kids
|1st United States Secretary of the Treasury|
September 11, 1789 – January 31, 1795
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Oliver Wolcott Jr.|
|Senior Officer of the United States Army|
December 14, 1799 – June 15, 1800
|Preceded by||George Washington|
|Succeeded by||James Wilkinson|
|Delegate to the
Congress of the Confederation
from New York
November 3, 1788 – March 2, 1789
|Preceded by||Egbert Bensonor|
|Succeeded by||Seat abolished|
November 4, 1782 – June 21, 1783
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Seat abolished|
January 11, 1755 or 1757|
Charlestown, Nevis, British Leeward Islands
|Died||July 12, 1804
(aged 47 or 49)|
New York City, New York
|Resting place||Trinity Church Cemetery|
Elizabeth Schuyler (m. 1780)
Alexander Hamilton Jr.
James Alexander Hamilton
John Church Hamilton
William S. Hamilton
Eliza Hamilton Holly
Philip Hamilton (the second)
|Parents||James A. Hamilton
|Education||King's College (renamed Columbia)|
|Allegiance|| New York
United States (1777–1800)
|Branch/service|| New York Provincial Company of Artillery
United States Army
|Years of service||1775–1776 (Militia)
|Commands||U.S. Army Senior Officer|
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War
• Battle of Harlem Heights
• Battle of White Plains
• Battle of Trenton
• Battle of Princeton
• Battle of Brandywine
• Battle of Germantown
• Battle of Monmouth
• Siege of Yorktown
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 – July 12, 1804) was a statesman, a political theorist and an economist. He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Hamilton was the United States' first Secretary of the Treasury. He was known for the creation of a national bank. Born on the island of Nevis in the Caribbean, Hamilton moved to New York City. When the American Revolutionary War started, Hamilton served in the Continental Army. He was a close aide to General George Washington. After leaving the military he started a bank. He was one of the framers of the United States Constitution. Along with James Madison and John Jay, he wrote the Federalist Papers, which supported the new Constitution.
Hamilton became the Secretary of the Treasury under George Washington. He helped set up the United States' financial system. Hamilton supported a national bank as well as the funding of the national debt. A leader of the Federalist Party, he was a long time rival of Thomas Jefferson. He was killed in a duel with political rival Aaron Burr in 1804.
Hamilton was not born in the United States. He was from the Caribbean island of Nevis. His father was James Hamilton and his mother was Rachel Fawcett Lavien. His father had left him as a child. Two years after this tragedy both Hamilton and his mother became sick. Hamilton recovered, but unfortunately his mother died.
Early in the American Revolution Hamilton was an artillery officer. Later he served on George Washington's staff. Hamilton believed by the late 1780s that the Articles of Confederation made a government that was too weak to work well, and he supported drafting a new document. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and he was a signer of the Constitution.
In 1789 he was co-author of the Federalist Papers, a series of letters written by Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius." Hamilton wrote about two-thirds of the essays. They were published in newspapers in New York and supported the new Constitution. These writings are usually thought of as being one of the most important American works on politics and government. They are still widely read today.
George Washington, who became President in 1789, chose Hamilton to be the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. While in this job, he supported a national bank and invented a way to pay the debt that the country owed for the Revolutionary War. He helped start the Federalist Party. John Adams was a member, and Washington supported the party though he was not a member. After being Secretary of the Treasury he worked as a lawyer and continued to lead the Federalist Party.
Hamilton said he was very anti-slavery. Along with John Jay he was a leader of the New York Manumission Society. The society worked to end slavery in New York by getting slave owners to choose to free their slaves. However, he bought and sold slaves for himself, his family, and his friends.
Hamilton also had great respect for the small Jewish community in America and was a major supporter of religious freedom.
In 1800 Hamilton's political rival Thomas Jefferson beat the Federalist John Adams. Jefferson and Hamilton had very different ideas about the direction the new country should take, although both were important founding fathers.
Duel and death
Hamilton had a long-time rivalry with Jefferson's vice president Aaron Burr. This resulted in the Burr–Hamilton duel of 1804 in which Burr killed Hamilton. Hamilton kept Burr from being re-nominated for Vice President. He also kept him from becoming Governor of New York. Burr responded by challenging Hamilton to a duel. They agreed to meet July 11, 1804 at Weehawken, New Jersey. Dueling was illegal in New York which is why they chose Weehawken. It was also the site where Philip Hamilton, Alexander Hamilton's son, had been killed in a duel three years earlier. The night before the duel, Hamilton wrote his will, letters to friends, and finally a letter to his wife.
At dawn the next morning the two met at Weehawken. Without any discussion, the two men took their positions. Unusual for a duel of this kind, the two fired about 4–5 seconds apart. Who fired first is not known today. Burr's bullet struck Hamilton and knocked him down. Then Burr promptly turned and left. The bullet went through Hamilton's ribs, and damaged his lungs and liver. Hamilton was taken to a friend's house in Manhattan where his wife and children joined him. He asked two ministers to give him Communion but was refused. Finally the Episcopal Bishop Benjamin Moore gave him the sacrament. Hamilton died the next morning.
- Hamilton is shown on the face of the U.S. 10 dollar bill. Hamilton is one of only two non-presidents honored on commonly used notes.
- Some of Hamilton's words are still quoted. For example, "I never expect a perfect work from imperfect man."
- Hamilton was the founder of the United States Revenue Cutter Service, which in 1915 became the United States Coast Guard. For that reason, he is considered the father of the United States Coast Guard.
He was a staunch constitutionalist who, unlike several of the founding fathers, believed in a strong central government. During his life he was involved in nearly every major political event from the Revolution to the election of 1800.
- His writings fill a staggering 27 volumes. Yet he is probably the least well understood of any of the founding fathers. By the time of Hamilton's death, the Federalist Party he had helped start was in decline. Hamilton and the Federalists had convinced Washington to create a central bank, assume the debts of the states and pass tax laws. There is little doubt these moves helped save the new democracy.
- In 2015, Hamilton's profile in popular culture was significantly raised by the hit Broadway show Hamilton: An American Musical, written by Lin-Manuel Miranda, who débuted the title role. The Off-Broadway production of Hamilton won the 2015 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical as well as seven other Drama Desk Awards. In 2016, Hamilton received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, and set a record with 16 Tony Award nominations, of which the show won 11, including Best Musical.
Interesting facts about Alexander Hamilton
- The locals in Nevis (where Alexander Hamilton was born) were so impressed with his writing in the local paper that they gathered enough money to send him to King's College in New York City. It is now called Columbia College.
- Alexander fought in the Continental Army as a captain and an aid to George Washington.
- After the war, Hamilton took only six months to study and pass the bar exam to become a lawyer. He defended many British Loyalists.
- The Federalist Papers that Hamilton helped to write were printed and read in New York but not in many other areas of the country.
- Hamilton helped to create the mint (a place that makes its own national money) in Philadelphia.
- Because Alexander Hamilton loved to write, he started his own newspaper and called it the New York Evening Post. It is now called the New York Post.
- Hamilton did not like either Thomas Jefferson or Aaron Burr, who were both running in the 1800 presidential election. He chose to help Jefferson get elected over Burr considering Jefferson the lesser of two evils.
- Alexander Hamilton was involved in 12 attempted duels in his lifetime. The duel with Aaron Burr was his last.
- Because dueling was illegal in New York, Hamilton and Burr went over to New Jersey at dawn on July 11, 1804 to fight the duel.
Images for kids
The Hamilton House, Charlestown, Nevis. The current structure was rebuilt from the ruins of the house where it was thought that Alexander Hamilton was born and lived as a young child.
A statue of Hamilton outside Hamilton Hall, overlooking Hamilton Lawn at Columbia University in New York City
Aides-de-camp's office inside Washington's Headquarters at Valley Forge. General Washington's staff officers worked in this room writing and copying the letters and orders of the Continental Army.
Detail of Surrender of Lord Cornwallis by John Trumbull, showing Colonels Alexander Hamilton, John Laurens, and Walter Stewart
A painting of a Revenue Marine cutter, which may be of either the Massachusetts (1791), or its replacement, the Massachusetts II
Aaron Burr, Hamilton and Philip Schuyler strolling on Wall Street, New York, 1790
The Jay Treaty
A statue of Hamilton in the United States Capitol rotunda
Hamilton by John Trumbull, 1792
Alexander Hamilton Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.