|Republic of the Gambia
|Motto: "Progress, Peace, Prosperity"|
|Anthem: For The Gambia Our Homeland|
Location of the Gambia (dark red area within circle) on the coast of West Africa.
|National languages||Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola|
|Ethnic groups (2003)||
|-||Vice President||Isatou Njie-Saidy|
|-||from the United Kingdom||18 February 1965|
|-||Republic declared||24 April 1970|
|-||Total||11,295 km2 (164th)
4,007 sq mi
|-||2009 estimate||1,782,893 (149th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2007)|| 0.456
low · 168th
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||GM|
The Gambia is officially called the Republic of the Gambia. This country is also known as Gambia. It is a country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal. It is the smallest country on mainland Africa.
The Geography of Gambia is unusual. It is a long, thin country. Except for its coastline it is completely surrounded by the country of Senegal. The River Gambia flows from Senegal through its centre and into the Atlantic Ocean.
The population of The Gambia is about 1.7 million. People from The Gambia are called Gambians. A number of people from different cultures and backgrounds live in The Gambia. Some of the largest groups are called Mandinka, Fula, and Wolof.
The American writer Alex Haley, who wrote the book Roots, found that his family came from The Gambia in the 1760s.
Images for kids
Senegambian stone circles (megaliths) which run from Senegal through the Gambia and which are described by UNESCO as "the largest concentration of stone circles seen anywhere in the world".
Dawda Jawara, Prime Minister of the Gambia, 1965–1970 and President of the Gambia, 1970–1994
Yahya Jammeh, President of the Gambia, 1994–2017
Gambia Exports by Product (2014) from Harvard Atlas of Economic Complexity
The Gambia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.