Landform facts for kids
A landform is a word that describes a form of land. Each type of landform is defined by its size, shape, location, and what it is made of.
Landforms do not include man-made features, such as canals, ports and many harbors; and geographic features, such as deserts, forests, and grasslands. Many of the terms are not restricted to refer to features of the planet Earth, and can be used to describe surface features of other planets and similar objects in the Universe. Examples are mountains, hills, polar caps, and valleys, which are found on all of the terrestrial planets.
Landforms are categorized by characteristic physical attributes such as elevation, slope, orientation, stratification, rock exposure, and soil type. Gross physical features or landforms include intuitive elements such as berms, mounds, hills, ridges, cliffs, valleys, rivers, peninsulas, volcanoes, and numerous other structural and size-scaled (i.e. ponds vs. lakes, hills vs. mountains) elements including various kinds of inland and oceanic waterbodies and sub-surface features.
Coastal and oceanic landforms
- bay & gulf
- coral reef
- dune system
- island, islet, archipelago & atoll
- Ocean ridge & oceanic trench
- salt marsh
- cut landform
Landforms that are related to flowing water.
Mountain and glacial landforms
- lava dome
- Mid-ocean ridge
- Oceanic trench
- Volcano, shield volcano & stratovolcano
Landforms made by erosion and weathering usually occur in coastal or fluvial areas, and many are listed under those headings. Some other erosion landforms that are not listed in those categories include:
Landform Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.