kids encyclopedia robot

Landform facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cono de Arita, Salta. (Argentina)
This conical hill in Salar de Arizaro, Salta, Argentina called Cono de Arita constitutes a landform.

A landform is a word that describes a form of land. Each type of landform is defined by its size, shape, location, and what it is made of.

Landforms do not include man-made features, such as canals, ports and many harbors; and geographic features, such as deserts, forests, and grasslands. Many of the terms are not restricted to refer to features of the planet Earth, and can be used to describe surface features of other planets and similar objects in the Universe. Examples are mountains, hills, polar caps, and valleys, which are found on all of the terrestrial planets.

Physical characteristics

Landforms are categorized by characteristic physical attributes such as elevation, slope, orientation, stratification, rock exposure, and soil type. Gross physical features or landforms include intuitive elements such as berms, mounds, hills, ridges, cliffs, valleys, rivers, peninsulas, volcanoes, and numerous other structural and size-scaled (i.e. ponds vs. lakes, hills vs. mountains) elements including various kinds of inland and oceanic waterbodies and sub-surface features.

This panorama in Great Smoky Mountains National Park has the readily identifiable physical features of a rolling plain, actually part of a broad valley, distant foothills, and a backdrop of the old, much weathered Appalachian mountain range

Landform Examples

Slope landforms

Coastal and oceanic landforms

LIVER AAS UDLOEB I JULI 2012 (ubt)-002
Coastal dunes covered in grasses around the mouth of the Liver Å river in Denmark.
Sognefjord, Norway
Sognefjord in Norway, the longest fjord in Norway, is a popular tourist attraction

Fluvial landforms

Man o'war cove near lulworth dorset arp
A sand and shingle beach
Peveril Castle dale
Peveril Castle Dale in England is a V-shaped valley made deeper by a small stream

Landforms that are related to flowing water.

Mountain and glacial landforms

A glacial erratic, Waterville Plateau, Washington.

Volcanic landforms

Petropavlovsk Kamcatskij Volcan Koriacky in background
Spectacular and beautiful Koryaksky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, eastern Russia

Erosion landforms

Aerial view of canyons
The Grand Canyon, Arizona, at the confluence of the Colorado and Little Colorado rivers

Landforms made by erosion and weathering usually occur in coastal or fluvial areas, and many are listed under those headings. Some other erosion landforms that are not listed in those categories include:

kids search engine
Landform Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.