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List of extinct animals of Australia facts for kids

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Following is a complete list of Australian animal extinctions from 1788 to the present. There are 24 birds (though just 1 from the mainland), 4 frogs, and 27 mammal species or subspecies strongly believed to have become extinct in Australia since European settlement.

Extinctions are recorded under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Several invertebrate species have also been listed as extinct by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN); however, this list is less exhaustive, as invertebrates are more difficult to survey and are less well studied.

Extinct Australian animals: 1788 to present

Birds

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Aplonis fusca Tasman starling Norfolk Island and Lord Howe Island, NSW Last recorded 1923. Competition from introduced European starling, song thrush and common blackbird, clearance for agriculture. Predation from introduced black rats. Aplonis fuscus hullianus.jpg
Columba vitiensis godmanae White-throated pigeon (Lord Howe Island), Lord Howe pigeon Lord Howe Island Last recorded 1853. Believed due to hunting. LordHoweIslandPigeonByGeorgeRaper.jpg
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae subflavescens Red-crowned parakeet (Lord Howe Island), Lord Howe parakeet Lord Howe Island Last recorded 1869. Due to persecution, because of predation on gardens and crops. CyanorhamphusSubflavescensKeulemans.jpg
Dasyornis broadbenti litoralis Rufous bristlebird (western), south-western rufous bristlebird WA
Dromaius ater Dwarf emu, King Island emu Tas 1822. Extinction through hunting and, apparently, fires started by visiting sailors Dromaius parvulus.jpg
Dromaius baudinianus Kangaroo Island emu Kangaroo Island 1805. Extinction has been attributed to hunting and habitat clearance through burning. A captive bird died in 1822 Extinctbirds1907 P40 Dromaius peroni0371.png
Dromaius novaehollandiae diemenensis Tasmanian emu Tas 1850 Tasmanian Emu.jpg
Drymodes superciliaris colcloughi Roper River scrub-robin NT Last record: 1910. This subspecies may be invalid. It is known from only two specimens of doubtful provenance.
Gallicolumba norfolciensis Norfolk ground dove Norfolk Island 1850s Gallicolumba norfolciensis.JPG
Gerygone insularis Lord Howe gerygone, Lord Howe warbler Lord Howe Island Not recorded since 1928. Believed to be a result of the introduction of black rats following the grounding of SS Makambo in June 1918. Gerygone insularis.jpg
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae spadicea New Zealand pigeon (Norfolk Island race) Norfolk Island NorfolkIlslandPigeonByJohnHunter.jpg
Lalage leucopyga leucopyga Norfolk Island long-tailed triller Norfolk Island Lalage leucopyga leucopyga.jpg
Nestor productus Norfolk Island kaka Norfolk Island John-Gould-001.jpg
Ninox novaeseelandiae albaria Southern boobook (Lord Howe Island), Lord Howe boobook owl Lord Howe Island Lord Howe Boobook.JPG
Ninox novaeseelandiae undulata Southern boobook (Norfolk Island), Norfolk Island boobook Norfolk Island 1996 Norfolk Boobook.jpg
Porphyrio albus White gallinule Lord Howe Island Extinctbirds1907 P33 Notornis alba0357.png
Psephotus pulcherrimus Paradise parrot NSW, Qld Date uncertain but around 1927; more recent sightings are sometimes claimed but have never been confirmed. Cause uncertain, most hypotheses centre on starvation from lack of grass seed after drought, overgrazing, more frequent fires, and introduction of prickly pear. Paradise Parrot.jpg
Rallus pectoralis clelandi Lewin's water rail (western) WA Last record: 1932.
Gallirallus philippensis macquariensis Macquarie Island rail Macquarie Island
Rhipidura cervina Lord Howe fantail Lord Howe Island Not recorded since 1924. Believed to be a result of the introduction of black rats following the grounding of SS Makambo in June 1918. Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina.jpg
Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus Norfolk Island thrush, grey-headed blackbird Norfolk Island Turdus.p.poliocephalus.jpg
Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus Lord Howe Island thrush Lord Howe Island Not recorded since c. 1924. Believed to be a result of the introduction of black rats following the grounding of SS Makambo in June 1918. Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus.jpg
Zosterops albogularis White-chested white-eye, Norfolk Island silvereye Norfolk Island The IUCN considers this species endangered; it is listed as extinct under the EPBC act since it has not been officially documented for over 20 years. Zosteropsalboguralis.jpg
Zosterops strenuus Robust white-eye Lord Howe Island Not recorded since 1923. Believed to be a result of the introduction of black rats following the grounding of SS Makambo in June 1918. Robust White-eye.jpg

Amphibians

The reason for the decline and extinction of these frog species is unclear, decline in frog populations is an international phenomenon. 14 species are listed as critically endangered, and some of these may already be extinct.

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Rheobatrachus silus Gastric-brooding frog Qld Last wild specimen recorded in 1981 Rheobatrachus silus.jpg
Rheobatrachus vitellinus Eungella gastric-brooding frog Qld Last wild specimen recorded in 1985
Taudactylus acutirostris Sharp-snouted day frog, sharp-snouted torrent frog Qld Last wild specimen recorded in 1997
Taudactylus diurnus Southern day frog, 1987 Mt Glorious torrent frog Qld Last wild specimen recorded in 1979

Reptiles

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Emoia nativitatis Christmas Island forest skink Christmas Island Last captive specimen died May 31, 2014

Mammals and Marsupials

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Bettongia lesueur graii Boodie, burrowing bettong (inland) WA
Bettongia penicillata penicillata Brush-tailed bettong (south-east mainland) NSW, NT, SA, VIC, WA
Caloprymnus campestris Desert rat-kangaroo Qld, SA, NT 1935 Caloprymnus.jpg
Chaeropus ecaudatus Pig-footed bandicoot NSW, NT, SA, VIC, WA 1950s PigFootedBandicoot.jpg
Conilurus albipes White-footed rabbit-rat NSW, Qld, SA, VIC 1857 Conilurus albipes - Gould.jpg
Lagorchestes asomatus Central hare-wallaby NT 1935
Lagorchestes hirsutus hirsutus Rufous hare-wallaby (south-west mainland) NT, SA, WA Rufous hare wallaby.jpg
Lagorchestes leporides Eastern hare-wallaby NSW, Qld, SA, VIC 1890 Lagorchestes leporides Gould.jpg
Lagostrophus fasciatus albipilis Banded hare-wallaby (mainland) WA
Macropus eugenii eugenii Tammar wallaby (South Australia) SA Population rediscovered in New Zealand Macropus greyi - Gould.jpg
Macropus greyi Toolache wallaby SA, VIC 1932 Macropus greyi - Gould.jpg
Macrotis leucura Lesser bilby NT, Qld, SA 1931 Lesserbilby.jpg
Macropus greyi Toolache wallaby SA, VIC 1932 Macropus greyi - Gould.jpg
Macropus greyi Toolache wallaby SA, VIC 1932 Macropus greyi - Gould.jpg
Melomys rubicola Bramble Cay melomys Bramble Cay, QLD 1896
Notomys longicaudatus Long-tailed hopping-mouse NT, SA, WA 1901
Notomys macrotis Big-eared hopping-mouse WA 1843
Notomys mordax Darling Downs hopping-mouse NSW, Qld 1846
Onychogalea lunata Crescent nail-tail wallaby SA, WA 1956 Onychogalea lunata.jpg
Perameles bougainville fasciata Western barred bandicoot (mainland) NSW, VIC
Perameles eremiana Desert bandicoot NT, SA, WA <1960
Potorous platyops Broad-faced potoroo WA 1865 BroadFacedPotoroo.jpg
Pseudomys glaucus Blue-grey mouse NSW, Qld 1956
Pseudomys gouldii Gould's mouse NSW, Qld, SA, VIC, WA 1857 Pseudomys gouldii - Gould.jpg
Pteropus brunneus Dusky flying fox Qld late 1800s Pteropus.jpg
Rattus macleari Maclear's rat Christmas Island 1908 MaclearsRatSkull.png
Rattus nativitatis Bulldog rat Christmas Island last recorded in 1903 Rattus nativitatis.jpg
Thylacinus cynocephalus Thylacine, Tasmanian tiger Tas 1936 Thylacinus.jpg

Possibly extinct

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Crocidura trichura Christmas Island shrew Christmas Island 1985
Leporillus apicalis Lesser stick-nest rat NSW, NT, SA, VIC, WA 1933 Leporillus apicalis - Gould.jpg
Nyctophilus howensis Lord Howe long-eared bat Lord Howe Island
Pipistrellus murrayi Christmas Island pipistrelle Christmas Island August 2009

Invertebrates

Several Australian Invertebrates have been listed by the World Conservation Union as having become extinct. However they are not listed as extinct under Australian legislation.

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Hypolimnus pedderensis Lake Pedder Earthworm Tas Probably extinct in 1972, confirmed in 1996
Advena campbelli Campbell's Land Snail Norfolk Island
Nancibella quintalia Norfolk Snail Norfolk Island
Tornelasmias capricorni Lord Howe Snail
Angrobia dulvertonensis Macqaurie Slug 1996
Placostylus bivaricosus etheridgei Lord Howe Slug

Extinct Australian animals pre-European settlement (1788)

See also: Australian megafauna#Extinct Australian megafauna

Reptiles

Species Common name Location(s) Comments Pictures
Megalania Giant Australian Goanna Australia 30,000 years b.p. Varanus priscus Melbourne Museum.jpg
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