Pritzker Architecture Prize facts for kids

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The Pritzker Architecture Prize is given each year by the Hyatt Foundation. It is for talented and significant architect who has created great projects throughout his or her life. Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy began the award in 1979. The Pritzker family pays for the prize. It is the top prize in architecture, and it is often called the Nobel Prize of architecture. The country, race, religion or political ideas of the architect are not important. Winners get US$100,000 and a certificate. Winners receive a medal. The back of the medal has these words in Latinfirmitas, utilitas, venustas (English: durability, utility, and beauty). The idea comes from the Roman architect Vitruvius. Before 1987, a limited edition Henry Moore sculpture came with the prize money.

Selection

Martha Thorne has been the Executive Director since 2009. The director asks many people, including past winners, academics, critics and others involved in architecture to suggest possible winners. Any licensed architect can also apply for the prize before 1 November every year. In 1988 Gordon Bunshaft applied for the award himself and eventually won it. Five to nine jury members meet early the next year before announcing the winner in spring.

Notable winners

The first winner was Philip Johnson. The award was "for 50 years of imagination and vitality" shown by the many "museums, theaters, libraries, houses, gardens and corporate structures". The 2004 laureate Zaha Hadid was the first female prize winner. Ryūe Nishizawa became the youngest winner in 2010 at age 44. The most recent winner, in 2016, is Chilean architect Alejandro Aravena.

List of prize winners

Philip Johnson.2002.FILARDO
The inaugural laureate Philip Johnson
I.M. Pei
Winner in 1983, Ieoh Ming Pei
Richard Meier at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival
1984 laureate Richard Meier
Oscarniemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer won in 1988
Fumihiko Maki 2010
1993 laureate Fumihiko Maki
Tadao Ando 2004
Winner in 1995, Tadao Ando
Norman Foster dresden 061110
1999 winner Norman Foster
Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas won in 2000
Jean Nouvel 2009 Vienna
Jean Nouvel won in 2008
Kazuyo Sejima mg 4973-small
Kazuyo Sejima of SANAA won in 2010
Year Laureate Nationality Example work (year completed) Ceremony location Ref(s)
1979 Johnson, PhilipPhilip Johnson  United States Glass House 2006.jpg Glass House (1949) Dumbarton Oaks
1980 Barragán, LuisLuis Barragán  Mexico Torres de Satélite - 4.jpg Torres de Satélite (1957) Dumbarton Oaks
1981 Stirling, Sir JamesSir James Stirling  United Kingdom History Faculty University of Cambridge.jpg Seeley Historical Library (1968) National Building Museum
1982 Roche, KevinKevin Roche  Ireland Knights of Columbus headquarters.jpg Knights of Columbus Building (1969) Art Institute of Chicago
1983 Pei, Ieoh MingIeoh Ming Pei  United States National gallery of art usa2.jpg National Gallery of Art, East Building (1978) Metropolitan Museum of Art
1984 Meier, RichardRichard Meier  United States 10 The High.jpg High Museum of Art (1983) National Gallery of Art
1985 Hollein, HansHans Hollein  Austria Mönchengladbach museum mit skulpturengarten.jpg Abteiberg Museum (1982) The Huntington Library
1986 Böhm, GottfriedGottfried Böhm  West Germany Koeln christi auferstehung boehm.jpg Iglesia Youth Center Library (1968) Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths
1987 Tange, KenzōKenzō Tange  Japan St. Mary's Cathedral Tokyo 2012.JPG St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo (1964) Kimbell Art Museum
1988 Bunshaft, GordonGordon Bunshaft  United States Yale-beinecke-library.jpg Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (1963) Art Institute of Chicago
1988 Niemeyer, OscarOscar Niemeyer  Brazil Cathedral Brasilia Niemeyer.JPG Cathedral of Brasília (1958) Art Institute of Chicago
1989 Gehry, FrankFrank Gehry  Canada
 United States
Image-Disney Concert Hall by Carol Highsmith edit.jpg Walt Disney Concert Hall (1999–2003) Tōdai-ji
1990 Rossi, AldoAldo Rossi  Italy Bonnefantenmuseum.jpg Bonnefanten Museum (1990) Palazzo Grassi
1991 Venturi, RobertRobert Venturi  United States National Gallery London Sainsbury Wing 2006-04-17.jpg National Gallery (London), Sainsbury Wing (1991) Palacio de Iturbide
1992 Vieira, Álvaro SizaÁlvaro Siza Vieira  Portugal Pavilhao Portugal 2.JPG Pavilion of Portugal in Expo'98 (1998) Harold Washington Library
1993 Maki, FumihikoFumihiko Maki  Japan Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium 2008.jpg Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium (1991) Prague Castle
1994 de Portzamparc, ChristianChristian de Portzamparc  France Französische botschaft in berlin.JPG French Embassy, Berlin (2003) The Commons, Columbus, Indiana
1995 Ando, TadaoTadao Ando  Japan Nagaragawa Convention Center 1.JPG Nagaragawa Convention Center (1995) Palace of Versailles
1996 Moneo, RafaelRafael Moneo  Spain San Sebastian Palacio Kursaal.JPG Kursaal Palace (1999) Getty Center
1997 Fehn, SverreSverre Fehn  Norway Isbremuseet.jpg Norwegian Glacier Museum (1991) Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
1998 Piano, RenzoRenzo Piano  Italy Kansai International Airport (1994) White House
1999 Foster, NormanNorman Foster  United Kingdom Mill.bridge.from.tate.modern.arp.jpg Millennium Bridge (London) (2000) Altes Museum
2000 Koolhaas, RemRem Koolhaas  Netherlands CasadaMusica.jpg Casa da Música (2003) Jerusalem Archaeological Park
2001 Herzog & de Meuron  Switzerland Tate modern london 2001 02.jpg Tate Modern (2000) Monticello
2002 Murcutt, GlennGlenn Murcutt  Australia Berowra Waters Inn.jpg Berowra Waters Inn (1983) Michelangelo's Campidoglio
2003 Utzon, JørnJørn Utzon  Denmark Sydney opera house side view.jpg Sydney Opera House (1973) Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
2004 Hadid, ZahaZaha Hadid  United Kingdom
 Iraq
Pabellón-Puente Zaragoza.jpg Bridge Pavilion (2008) Hermitage Museum
2005 Mayne, ThomThom Mayne  United States San Francisco Federal Building.jpg San Francisco Federal Building (2007) Pritzker Pavilion, Millennium Park
2006 da Rocha, Paulo MendesPaulo Mendes da Rocha  Brazil Paulo mendes da rocha - capela de são pedro apóstolo - campos do jordão - são paulo - brasil.jpg Saint Peter Chapel, São Paulo (1987) Dolmabahçe Palace
2007 Rogers, RichardRichard Rogers  United Kingdom Lloyds Building stair case.jpg Lloyd's building (1986) Banqueting House, Whitehall
2008 Nouvel, JeanJean Nouvel  France Torre Agbar and Glories.jpg Torre Agbar (2005) Library of Congress
2009 Zumthor, PeterPeter Zumthor  Switzerland Therme Vals wall structure, Vals, Graubünden, Switzerland - 20060811.jpg Therme Vals (1996) Legislative Palace of the City Council, Buenos Aires
2010 Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA)
 Japan Kanazawa21seikibijutsukan.jpg 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa (2003) Ellis Island
2011 Eduardo Souto de Moura  Portugal Estadio Braga.JPG Estádio Municipal de Braga, Braga (2004) Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium
2012 Wang Shu  China South Gate of Ningbo Museum.jpg Ningbo Museum (2008) Beijing
2013 Toyo Ito  Japan Sendai Mediatheque 2009.jpg Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai (2001) John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston
2014 Shigeru Ban  Japan Centre Pompidou-Metz - Pose de la première pierre -2.jpg Takatori Catholic Church.JPG Takatori Catholic Church, Kobe (2005) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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