Shenyang facts for kids
Location of Shenyang City in Liaoning and the PRC
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Sub-provincial city||12,942 km2 (4,997 sq mi)|
|• Urban||3,464 km2 (1,337 sq mi)|
|Elevation||55 m (180 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Sub-provincial city||8,106,171|
|• Density||626.346/km2 (1,622.23/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,658.12/km2 (4,294.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||辽A|
|GDP (2010)||CNY 501.5 billion|
|- per capita||CNY 79,106|
|Literal meaning||the city to the north of Shen River or submerge light|
Shenyang or Mukden is the capital and largest city of Liaoning Province in northeast China. Shenyang was first used by the Manchu people as their capital in the 17th century. Today it is the biggest city in the Northeast.
Shenyang is the transport and commercial hub of China's northeast–particularly with Japan, Russia, and Korea. Shenyang is the railway hub of northeast China. Eight railways connect Shenyang with Beijing, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin and Fushun.
The city’s name means "the city to the north of Shen River". It comes from the Hun River on the city’s south side, which used to be called the Shen River. People started living here 7,200 years ago.
Shenyang has many parks, among the most famous are the 14.5 km (9.0 mi) South Canal Linear Parks (Chinese: 南运河带状公园) situated along the homonymous river traversing the southern parts of Dadong, Shenhe and Heping District, covering an area of approximately 1,400,000 m2 (350 acres). It comprises 6 large parks and 18 riverside gardens, with exotic variety of vegetations such as rose, apricot, bladder cherry, honeylocust, natal lily, scarlet sage, morning glory and black-eyed-Susan, and extensive greenspaces of peach, pear, crabapples, ginkgos, weeping willows, pines and black locusts.
Many major industrial companies have their headquarters in Shenyang. Brilliance Auto is a major Chinese automobile manufacturer. Most of its production plants are also in Shenyang. Shenyang Aircraft Corporation makes airplanes for civilian use as well as for the PLAAF. Neusoft Group is the biggest software company in China. Shenyang Machine Tool Group is the largest machine tool manufacturer in China. Tyco International, General Motors, and Michelin Shenyang Tire Corporation, are expanding their operations in Shenyang due to a deep pool of skilled technical labor; good transportation; low land-use fees; and solid local support.
Shenyang has classic northeastern Chinese cuisine. Traditional meals in the region are suan cai (also called Chinese sauerkraut), stewed chicken and mushroom, and meat pie. Korean food, such as rice cake (Hangul: 떡; RR: tteok) and cold noodle (Hangul: 냉면; Hanja: 冷麵; RR: naengmyeon; Chinese: 冷面; pinyin: Lěng Miàn), is a part of Shenyangers' diet as there is a sizeable ethnic Korean population in the city. Also, as the area was traditionally occupied by Manchus, the cuisine in Shenyang was fundamentally influenced by Manchu food, as well as the famous Manchu Han Imperial Feast.
Shenyang is famous for its football tradition. The local football team is the Liaoning F.C., in the Chinese Super League. Another Chinese Super League team, Shenyang Jinde moved to Changsha in 2007. Shenyang Olympic Sports Centre Stadium was a venue for the football preliminary of 2008 Summer Olympics.
Shenyang Sport University is a famous professional sports university in China. The university is the training base for winter sports in China and has many Olympic champions.
Twin towns and sister cities
Shenyang is twinned with:
- Sapporo, Japan (1980)
- Kawasaki, Japan (1981)
- Turin, Italy (1985)
- Chicago, United States (1985)
- Irkutsk, Russia (1992)
- Quezon City, Philippines (1993)
- Ramat Gan, Israel (1993)
- Monterrey, Mexico (1993)
- Seongnam, South Korea (1998)
- Yaoundé, Cameroon (1998)
- Katowice, Poland (2007)
- Thessaloniki, Greece
- Gumi, South Korea
- Leverkusen, Germany
- Düsseldorf, Germany
Images for kids
People's Liberation Army Type 97 Chi-Ha tanks advancing into Shenyang during the Liaoshen Campaign
World Heritage Site: Zhao Mausoleum (Beiling park)
World Heritage Site: Fuling Tomb(Dongling Park)
West Pagoda (Xi Ta) Street, world's 2nd largest Koreatown.
The CRH5-001A EMU serving the Beijing–Shenyang High-Speed Railway
Shenyang Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.