Volgograd facts for kids

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(Redirected from Stalingrad)
Volgograd (English)
Волгоград (Russian)
-  City  -
Volgograd bridge construction3.jpg
View of Volgograd
Map of Russia - Volgograd Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Volgograd Oblast in Russia
Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.7°N 44.517°E / 48.7; 44.517Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.7°N 44.517°E / 48.7; 44.517
Coat of Arms of Volgograd.png
Volgograd flag.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day Second Sunday of September
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Volgograd Oblast
Administrative center of Volgograd Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Volgograd Urban Okrug
Head Roman Grebennikov
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 565 km2 (218 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
1,021,244 inhabitants
- Rank in 2010 12th
Population (2002 Census) 1,011,417 inhabitants
- Rank in 2002 12th
Density 1,808/km2 (4,683/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded 1555
Previous names Tsaritsyn (until 1925),
Stalingrad (until 1961)
Postal code(s) 400001..400138
Dialing code(s) +7 8442
Official website
Volgograd on WikiCommons

Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and extensive damage during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.

History

Coat of Arms of Volgograd (Tsaritsyn Volgograd oblast) (1857)
Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities:

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.

Gallery

Images for kids


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