Sunshine Coast, Queensland facts for kids

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Sunshine Coast
Queensland
[[File:
Glass House Mountains.jpg
Hastings Street, Noosa Heads, Queensland.jpg Maroochydore, Queensland 1.jpg
Rainbow Beach, Queensland.jpg Sunshine Coast, Queensland - Currimundi Beach.jpg
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The Glass House Mountains from Mary Cairncross Reserve;
Hastings Street at Noosa Heads, Maroochydore's urban centre;
Rainbow Beach, Currimundi Beach in Caloundra;
The Big Cow in Nambour, Steve Irwin at Australia Zoo
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Population: 302122  (9th)
Area: 1633 km² (630.5 sq mi) (2011 urban)
Location: 100 km (62 mi) from Brisbane
LGA:
State District: Buderim, Caloundra, Glass House, Kawana, Maroochydore, Nicklin, Noosa
Federal Division:
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
25.4 °C
78 °F
15.8 °C
60 °F
1,478.5 mm
58.2 in

Sunshine Coast is a peri-urban area and the third most populated area in the Australian state of Queensland. Located 100 km (62 mi) north of the state capital Brisbane in South East Queensland on the Pacific Ocean coastline, its urban area spans approximately 60 km (37 mi) of coastline and hinterland from Pelican Waters to Tewantin. The estimated urban population of Sunshine Coast as at June 2015 was 302,122, making it the 9th most populous in the country.

The area was first settled by Europeans in the 19th century with development progressing slowly until tourism became an important industry. The area has several coastal hubs at Caloundra, Kawana Waters, Maroochydore and Noosa Heads. Nambour and Maleny have developed as primary commercial centres for the hinterland, although Maleny falls outside the urban area defined by the ABS that this article refers to.

History

StateLibQld 1 234806 Preparing logs for rafting on the Noosa River, Noosa, 1889
Log rafting on the Noosa River, 1889
Queensland State Archives 2138 Mounts Beerwah and Crookneck Coonowrin Glass House Mountains c 1934
Pineapple plantation in the 1930s
Belli Park Sunshine Coast Queensland Australia (17)
Rural road in Belli Park, 2013
Mount Beerwah
Mount Beerwah is part of the Glass House Mountains National Park

James Cook on the deck of HM Bark Endeavour in 1770 became the first known white settler to sight the Glass House Mountains, located south-west of Caloundra.

In the 1820s, the Sunshine Coast saw its first white inhabitants: three castaways (Finnegan, Pamphlet and Parsons) who shared the life of the local (Kabi Kabi) Aborigines for eight months. Thereafter, during the 1830s to 1840s, the district became home to numerous runaway convicts from the Moreton Bay (Brisbane) penal colony slightly to the south.

In 1842, Governor George Gipps had the entire Sunshine Coast and hinterland from Mt Beerwah north to roughly Eumundi declared a "Bunya Bunya Reserve" for the protection of the bunya tree after Andrew Petrie advised him of the importance of bunya groves in Aboriginal culture. However, during the 1840s and 1850s, the Bunya Bunya Reserve and its vicinity became the scene of some of the most bitter skirmishes of Australia's "Black War". The Blackall Range, on account of the tri-annual Bunya Festival, served as both a hideout and rallying point for attacks against white settlement. By the 1850s timber cutters and cattlemen had started exploiting the area; in 1860 the Bunya Bunya Reserve was scrapped.

Many of the Sunshine Coast's towns began as simple ports or jetties for the timber industry during the 1860s and 1870s, as the area once had magnificent stands of forest. Likewise, the region's roads often began as snigging tracks for hauling timber. Timbergetters used the region's creeks, rivers and lakes as seaways to float out their logs of cedar – the resultant wood being shipped as far afield as Europe.

During the Gympie Gold Rush (1867), prospectors scaled the Sunshine Coast mountains to develop easier roadways to and from the gold fields of Gympie. After construction of the railway line to Gympie, the coastal and river towns, being mostly ports for the early river-trade, were bypassed.

By the 1890s diverse small-farming (fruit and dairy) had replaced the cattle-and-timber economy of earlier decades. Sugar cane and pineapples proved especially important produce for the district. Many small hamlets and towns now emerged. Produce was initially taken by horse to Landsborough, then to Eudlo in 1891.

Especially after World War II, the Sunshine Coast grew into a favoured holiday and surfing destination. This tendency was further expanded in the development boom of the 1960s and 1970s. Around the same time, various tourist/theme parks were created – the most iconic being Woombye's "Big Pineapple". During the 1960s and 1970s, the Sunshine Coast also attracted persons drawn to alternative lifestyles. These newcomers developed a range of craft industries, co-operatives and spiritual centres, particularly in the hinterlands.

After the 1980s, the Sunshine Coast experienced rapid population growth. As of 2011 it had become one of the fastest-growing regions in Australia. As the region becomes increasingly residential, most of the district's distinctive small farms – especially tropical-fruit and sugar-cane farms have disappeared, as have most of its theme parks. The Moreton sugar mills closure in 2003 removed a market for the district's 120 cane growers who had been harvesting cane in the region. Instead, businesses concerned with retail, catering and tourism have assumed increasing importance.

Geography

Seashore off Caloundra
Caloundra, Bribie Island and the Glass House Mountains, 2012
Sunshine coast 02
Coolum Beach, looking north
Mossman the Croc - Australia Zoo - Beerwah Queensland Australia - Flickr - Cindy Andrie
Australia Zoo, 2007

There are many localities within the Sunshine Coast region, including the former local government areas of Maroochy Shire and the City of Caloundra as well as the current Noosa Shire. Major rivers of the Sunshine Coast include Noosa River, Maroochy River, Mooloolah River and the Stanley River. The region includes several lakes such as Lake Cootharaba and Lake Weyba. Ewen Maddock Dam, Wappa Dam and Baroon Pocket Dam have been built for water storage.

See also: List of Sunshine Coast suburbs

Beaches

Several stretches of the Sunshine Coast are lined with unbroken beaches – from Sunshine Beach near Noosa to Coolum Beach (17 km (11 mi)); the coast from Point Arkwright to Mudjimba (11 km (6.8 mi)); the MaroochydoreMooloolaba stretch (5.6 km (3.5 mi)); and from Buddina past the Caloundra CBD to Pelican Waters (22 km (14 mi)). Notable beaches include:

Tourism

The Sunshine Coast is a centre for tourism, attracting more than 3.2 million visitors a year. There are significant attractions, such as Steve Irwin's Australia Zoo, UnderWater World marine park, Aussie World with the Ettamogah Pub, The Buderim Ginger Factory, The Big Pineapple, the Eumundi Markets and the Majestic Theatre at Pomona.

Sports tourism is supported by several annual sporting events such as Mooloolaba Triathlon, Noosa Triathlon and Sunshine Coast Marathon.

National parks

The Sunshine Coast region is home to more individual national parks than any other region in Queensland. The natural biodiversity of the area has been protected by five separate parks in both coastal and inland regions, including Mapleton Falls National Park, Kondalilla National Park, The Glass House Mountains National Park, Noosa National Park, and the Great Sandy National Park, which includes sections on Fraser Island and in Cooloola near Rainbow Beach.

Climate

Sunshine Coast has a humid subtropical climate typical of South Queensland. Summers are generally hot, but moderated compared to areas on similar latitudes elsewhere. Winters retain warm days, but have cooler nights rendering it falling into the subtropical fold. There is no dry season and precipitation is generally quite high.

Climate data for Sunshine Coast Airport, 1994-2016
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.3
(106.3)
38.7
(101.7)
36.2
(97.2)
33.5
(92.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
35.0
(95)
34.1
(93.4)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
38.4
(101.1)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
28.8
(83.8)
27.9
(82.2)
25.9
(78.6)
23.4
(74.1)
21.3
(70.3)
20.9
(69.6)
22.0
(71.6)
24.2
(75.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.1
(80.8)
28.3
(82.9)
25.4
(77.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
20.0
(68)
16.9
(62.4)
13.5
(56.3)
11.4
(52.5)
9.5
(49.1)
9.9
(49.8)
12.9
(55.2)
15.6
(60.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.7
(67.5)
15.8
(60.4)
Record low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
14.4
(57.9)
10.9
(51.6)
7.3
(45.1)
3.5
(38.3)
1.5
(34.7)
-0.7
(30.7)
1.4
(34.5)
3.4
(38.1)
7.6
(45.7)
5.7
(42.3)
10.0
(50)
-0.7
(30.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 154.3
(6.075)
193.0
(7.598)
161.4
(6.354)
165.4
(6.512)
157.4
(6.197)
117.2
(4.614)
66.4
(2.614)
82.2
(3.236)
57.1
(2.248)
72.3
(2.846)
83.6
(3.291)
147.2
(5.795)
1,478.5
(58.209)
Humidity 70 71 69 68 65 63 59 59 63 66 67 69 66
Avg. precipitation days 10.6 11.3 11.4 11.6 10.0 9.5 6.8 5.5 5.6 6.9 6.7 9.9 105.8
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

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Sunshine Coast, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.