Greenwich, Connecticut facts for kids
|NECTA||Bridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk|
|Region||South Western Region|
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
|• First selectman||Peter Tesei (R)|
|• Town administrator||Benjamin Branyan|
|• Town meeting moderator||Thomas J. Byrne|
|• Total||67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)|
|• Land||47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)|
|• Water||19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)|
|Elevation||56 ft (17 m)|
|• Density||928.5/sq mi (358.60/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878
|GNIS feature ID||0213435|
Greenwich // is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, it is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies. Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as the six-state region of New England. It takes roughly 40-50 minutes by train from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich first on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005. The town is named after Greenwich, a borough of London in the United Kingdom.
The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich. Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.
During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford. P1270020-300x225.jpg | Putnam Hill, where General Putnam escaped.
In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned killing 24 young people.
In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.
For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island Sound.
Neighborhoods and sections
The Census Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods.
The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.
- Back Country
- Belle Haven
- Bruce Park
- Cos Cob
- Fourth Ward (Fourth Ward Historic District)
- Downtown/Central Greenwich
- Greenwich Cove
- Holly Hill
- Municipal Center District
- North Mianus
- North Street (refers to the neighborhood surrounding North Street)
- Old Greenwich (Sound Beach)
- Palmer Hill
- Pine Hill
- Rock Ridge
- Round Hill
Greenwich is covered by five ZIP codes:
- 06807: Cos Cob, Mianus, eastern Mid-Country
- 06830: Downtown, Byram, Belle Haven, central Mid-Country
- 06831: Glenville, Pemberwick, Back Country, western Mid-Country, Round Hill, Rock Ridge, Riversville, Banksville, Stanwich, North Greenwich
- 06870: Old Greenwich, Palmer Hill
- 06878: Riverside, North Mianus
Greenwich is covered by two area codes:
- 203: put into service 01/01/1947
- 475: put into service 12/12/2009
Area code 203 is overlaid by area code 475.
- Byram, Cos Cob, Greenwich, Old Greenwich, and Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station.
- American Lane (in the extreme western corner of Greenwich) is separated by Interstate 684 from the entire rest of Connecticut and can be reached only from New York State.
- Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet (170 m), was a lookout point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The Manhattan skyline is visible from the top of the hill.
Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.
More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.
Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower.
Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time.
Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.
Greenwich experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). However, it is quite close to a humid continental climate. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound.
|Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut|
|Average high °F (°C)||36
|Average low °F (°C)||21
|Precipitation inches (mm)||4.32
|Snowfall inches (cm)||7.7
|Source #1: Weather Channel|
|Source #2: WeatherDB|
- See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income
As of the census of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). As of the census of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White, 4.90% African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population.
There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Greenwich is the wealthiest town in Connecticut with an Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita (AENGLC)of $679,857.09. The AENGLC is a combination of both the property tax base per person and income per person. This is a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents, considering their real estate and income. Darien is second with $567,716.62, and New Canaan third at $563,919.93.
The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.
The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound: Greenwich Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island.
A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $7 per person and $25 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall, the Eastern Greenwich Civic Center, or Western Greenwich Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan, bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens, and Brooklyn and Staten Island, and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York.
There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and roller-blading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.
The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill Rink is also in town.
Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation. Arch Street is located at Roger Sherman Baldwin park. Every year in May, there is a Greenwich Town Party. The party has had performances from famous musicians such as Earth Wind and The Doobie Brothers (2015), the Temptations (2011), James Taylor (2012) (he sang Fire and Rain during a torrential rain shower), Paul Simon (2013), Santana and Buddy Guy (2014), John Fogerty and Hall and Oates (2016), Steely Dan (2017).
- Greenwich Country Club
- The Bailiwick Club
- Belle Haven Club
- Rocky Point Club
- Tamarack Country Club
- Fairview Country Club
- Burning Tree Country Club
- Milbrook Country Club
- The Stanwich Club
- Indian Harbor Yacht Club
- Greenwich Boat and Yacht Club
- Old Greenwich Yacht Club
- Riverside Yacht Club
- Greenwich Water Club
Other Sports Clubs:
- Greenwich Skating Club
- Greenwich Racquet Club
- Field Club of Greenwich
- Round Hill Golf Club
- Innis Arden Golf Club
- Griffith E. Harris Golf Course (locally termed "The Griff")
Arts and culture
- Greenwich is home to the Greenwich International Film Festival, which acts in coordination with nonprofits to promote socially conscious filmmaking in the city's downtown in an annual June festival, in addition to screenings and events held year-round.
- The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history.
- Putnam Cottage (Knapp Tavern) historic house museum
- Putnam Cottage
- AQR Capital: headquarters, 2 Greenwich Plaza.
- Avant Capital Partners: commercial real estate lender and capital advisory firm
- Blue Sky Studios: 1 American Ln. Academy Award-winning animation studio, creators of the popular animated films: Ice Age, Robots, Ice Age: The Meltdown, Dr. Seuss' Horton Hears a Who!, Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, Rio, Ice Age: Continental Drift, Epic and Rio 2.
- Blyth, Inc. (BTH): headquarters, 1 East Weaver St.; the nation's largest candlemaker, the company designs and markets home fragrance products, seasonal decorations, home décor and household convenience items internationally; 5,500 employees company-wide, 45 in Connecticut; $1.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Robert B. Goergen
- Cambridge Solutions: headquarters, 340 Pemberwick Road; is a strategic global outsourcing firm, one of the largest BPO companies worldwide; 4,400 employees companywide; CEO Christopher A. Sinclair.
- First Reserve Corporation: headquarters, a private equity firm with $12.5 billion under management that buys energy-related companies, founded by CEO William Macaulay.
- Interactive Brokers: headquarters, 2 Pickwick Plaza
- Nestlé Waters North America, division of the "world's biggest water bottler" (headquartered in Switzerland; Nestlé Waters world division headquartered in Paris) accounting for 48 percent of its water sales and 10 percent of its revenue; with "Poland Spring, Deer Park, Perrier, S. Pellegrino and other brands it has 43 percent of the U.S. single-serve market. (All figures as of August 2006.)
- North Street Capital: headquarters, Private Equity & Hedge Fund firm founded by Alex Mascioli
- Paloma Partners: hedge fund founded by Donald Sussman
- Silver Point Capital: hedge fund
- United Rentals Inc. (URI): headquarters, 5 Greenwich Office Park; the largest equipment rental company in the world, with more than 750 rental locations in 48 states, Canada and Mexico; 13,400 employees companywide, 400 in Connecticut; $3.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Wayland R. Hicks
- W.R. Berkley Corporation: headquarters, 475 Steamboat Road; a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance; 4,961 employees company-wide, 319 in Connecticut; $5 billion in annual revenues; CEO William R. Berkley
- WWE: formerly WWF, was headquartered in Greenwich during the 1980s, 75 Holly Hill Lane.
According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||No. of employees|
|1||Town of Greenwich||2,366|
|3||Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA)||500|
|4||Blue Sky Studios||400|
|5||Hyatt Regency - Greenwich||650|
|6||Greenwich Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center||235|
|7||Tudor Investment Corporation||227|
|8||Connecticut Light and Power Company||200|
The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.
Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.
Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.
Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.
According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Greenwich originally had only three sister cities, but in recent years has added two more. In 2013 the Town also become sister city to Rose, Cosenza, Italy and Morra de Santctis, Avellino, Italy. An interesting fact to note is that today there are more descendants of Rosetani immigrants living in Greenwich, Connecticut than there are people living in the Town of Rose. :
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