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Greenwich, Connecticut

Town of Greenwich
Greenwich Municipal Center Historic District
Greenwich Municipal Center Historic District
Flag of Greenwich, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Greenwich, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
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Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361
Country  United States
U.S. state  Connecticut
County Fairfield
Metropolitan area Bridgeport-Stamford
Settled 1640
Joined Connecticut 1656
Named for Greenwich in London
Government
 • Type Representative town meeting
Area
 • Total 67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)
 • Land 47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)
 • Water 19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)
Elevation
131 ft (40 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 63,518
 • Density 1,305.4/sq mi (504.0/km2)
Time zone UTC–5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC–4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878, 06836
Area code(s) 203/475
FIPS code 09-33620
GNIS feature ID 213435

Greenwich ( GREN-itch) is a town in southwestern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171, with a census-estimated increase to 62,574 in 2018. In 2020, its population grew to 63,518. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, Greenwich is home to many hedge funds and other financial service firms. Greenwich is a principal community of the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk–Danbury metropolitan statistical area, which comprises all of Fairfield County.

Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as in the six-state region of New England. The town is named after Greenwich, a royal borough of London in the United Kingdom.

History

Bolling2233
Memorial to Col. Raynal C. Bolling, first high-ranking US officer killed in World War I
RobinsonTheodoreLowTideRiversideYachtClub
Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club (1894) by Theodore Robinson from National Gallery of Art exhibit

The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich. Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.

During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford. P1270020-300x225.jpg | Putnam Hill, where General Putnam escaped.

In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned killing 24 young people.

In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.

For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.

Geography

Downtown Greenwich Connecticut
Downtown Street Scene

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island Sound.

Neighborhoods and sections

The Census Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods.

The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.

  • Back Country
  • Belle Haven
  • Bruce Park
  • Byram
  • Chickahominy
  • Cos Cob
  • Fourth Ward (Fourth Ward Historic District)
  • Glenville
  • Downtown/Central Greenwich
  • Greenwich Cove
  • Holly Hill
  • Mianus
  • Mid-Country
  • Milbank
  • Milbrook
  • Municipal Center District
  • North Mianus
  • North Street (refers to the neighborhood surrounding North Street)
  • Old Greenwich (Sound Beach)
  • Palmer Hill
  • Pemberwick
  • Pine Hill
  • Riverbank
  • Riverside
  • Riversville
  • Rock Ridge
  • Round Hill
  • Stanwich

ZIP codes

Greenwich is covered by five ZIP codes:

  • 06807: Cos Cob, Mianus, eastern Mid-Country
  • 06830: Downtown, Byram, Belle Haven, central Mid-Country
  • 06831: Glenville, Pemberwick, Back Country, western Mid-Country, Round Hill, Rock Ridge, Riversville, Banksville, Stanwich, North Greenwich
  • 06870: Old Greenwich, Palmer Hill
  • 06878: Riverside, North Mianus

Area codes

Greenwich is covered by two area codes:

  • 203: put into service 01/01/1947
  • 475: put into service 12/12/2009

Area code 203 is overlaid by area code 475.

Notable points

  • Byram, Cos Cob, Greenwich, Old Greenwich, and Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station.
  • American Lane (in the extreme western corner of Greenwich) is separated by Interstate 684 from the entire rest of Connecticut and can be reached only from New York State.
  • Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet (170 m), was a lookout point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The Manhattan skyline is visible from the top of the hill.

Islands

Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.

More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.

Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower.

Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time.

Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.

Climate

Greenwich experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). However, it is quite close to a humid continental climate. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound.

Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2.2)
38
(3.3)
47
(8.3)
58
(14.4)
69
(20.6)
77
(25)
83
(28.3)
81
(27.2)
73
(22.8)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
41
(5)
59.7
(15.37)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
23
(-5)
31
(-0.6)
40
(4.4)
50
(10)
60
(15.6)
65
(18.3)
64
(17.8)
56
(13.3)
45
(7.2)
36
(2.2)
27
(-2.8)
43.2
(6.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.32
(109.7)
3.24
(82.3)
4.73
(120.1)
4.44
(112.8)
4.58
(116.3)
3.77
(95.8)
3.72
(94.5)
4.00
(101.6)
4.70
(119.4)
4.17
(105.9)
4.47
(113.5)
4.31
(109.5)
50.45
(1,281.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.7
(19.6)
8.3
(21.1)
4.9
(12.4)
1.2
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
5.2
(13.2)
28
(71)
Source #1: Weather Channel
Source #2: WeatherDB

Demographics

See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income
Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,047
1810 3,533 16.0%
1820 3,790 7.3%
1830 3,801 0.3%
1840 3,921 3.2%
1850 5,036 28.4%
1860 6,522 29.5%
1870 7,644 17.2%
1880 7,892 3.2%
1890 10,131 28.4%
1900 12,172 20.1%
1910 16,463 35.3%
1920 22,123 34.4%
1930 33,112 49.7%
1940 35,509 7.2%
1950 40,835 15.0%
1960 53,793 31.7%
1970 59,755 11.1%
1980 59,578 −0.3%
1990 58,441 −1.9%
2000 61,101 4.6%
2010 61,171 0.1%
2020 63,518 3.8%

At the 2020 U.S. census, there were 63,518 people in Greenwich. Per the American Community Survey's 2018 estimates, the population of Greenwich grew to 62,574. There were 24,234 housing units, 22,251 households, and 16,322 families in 2018. The town's racial makeup consisted of 72.8% non-Hispanic whites, 3.3% Blacks or African Americans, 0.1% American Indian or Alaska Natives, 7.6% Asian Americans, and 2.2% multiracial Americans. Hispanic and Latin American residents made up 13.8% of the estimated population.

The average household size from 2014 to 2018 grew to 2.78 and the average family size was 3.28. The median household income excluding capital gains was $142,819 and the average income was $272,636. Including capital gains, the median household income in 2014 was $511,411. The per capita income for the town was $98,467.

At the census of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km2). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km2). At the census estimates of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White, 4.90% Black, 0.10% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population.

There were 23,230 households, out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

Wealth

Greenwich is home to two of the wealthiest zip codes in Connecticut, 06830 and 06831, with average adjusted gross incomes of $638,560 and $721,550, and median household incomes of $109,250 and $155,417, respectively. In recent decades, the town has attracted wealthy expats from around the globe due to its extremely low tax rate, school system, and proximity to Manhattan , which is only 10 minutes away by helicopter and 40 minutes on the train. The median listing price for a home in the town was $2.3 million in 2021. The coastal neighborhood of Belle Haven, along with Backcountry, have some of the wealthiest single family real estate in the world. In 2014, the highest asking price for a residential property in town was the Copper Beach Estate at $190 million. It later sold for $120 million. Copper Beech Farm dates back to the 1890s and was once owned by the Lauder Greenway family, which made its fortune helping Andrew Carnegie start up his steel business. The living space measures 15,000 square feet and includes a dining room with a tracery ceiling, as well as a "huge solarium with a coffered ceiling with plaster detailing and three exposures," according to the brokerbabble. Also on the property: formal gardens, a grass tennis court, two greenhouses, an apple orchard, a 75-foot-long heated pool, and a 1,800-foot-long driveway.

Recreation

The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound: Greenwich Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island.

A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $7 per person and $25 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall, the Eastern Greenwich Civic Center, or Western Greenwich Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan, bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens, and Brooklyn and Staten Island, and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York.

There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and roller-blading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.

The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill Rink is also in town.

Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation. Arch Street is located at Roger Sherman Baldwin park. Every year in May, there is a Greenwich Town Party. The party has had performances from famous musicians such as Earth Wind and The Doobie Brothers (2015), the Temptations (2011), James Taylor (2012) (he sang Fire and Rain during a torrential rain shower), Paul Simon (2013), Santana and Buddy Guy (2014), John Fogerty and Hall and Oates (2016), Steely Dan (2017).

Country Clubs:

  • Greenwich Country Club
  • The Bailiwick Club
  • Belle Haven Club
  • Rocky Point Club
  • Tamarack Country Club
  • Fairview Country Club
  • Burning Tree Country Club
  • Milbrook Country Club
  • The Stanwich Club

Boating/Water Clubs:

  • Indian Harbor Yacht Club
  • Greenwich Boat and Yacht Club
  • Old Greenwich Yacht Club
  • Riverside Yacht Club
  • Greenwich Water Club

Other Sports Clubs:

  • Greenwich Skating Club
  • Greenwich Racquet Club
  • Field Club of Greenwich
  • Round Hill Golf Club
  • Innis Arden Golf Club
  • Griffith E. Harris Golf Course (locally termed "The Griff")

Arts and culture

TwachtmanJohnHenryWinterHarmony
Winter Harmony (1890s) by John Henry Twachtman
  • Greenwich is home to the Greenwich International Film Festival, which acts in coordination with nonprofits to promote socially conscious filmmaking in the city's downtown in an annual June festival, in addition to screenings and events held year-round.
  • The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history.

Historical Sites

  • Putnam Cottage

Business

  • AQR Capital: headquarters, 2 Greenwich Plaza.
  • Avant Capital Partners: commercial real estate lender and capital advisory firm
  • Blue Sky Studios: 1 American Ln. Academy Award-winning animation studio, creators of the popular animated films: Ice Age, Robots, Ice Age: The Meltdown, Dr. Seuss' Horton Hears a Who!, Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, Rio, Ice Age: Continental Drift, Epic and Rio 2.
  • Blyth, Inc. (BTH): headquarters, 1 East Weaver St.; the nation's largest candlemaker, the company designs and markets home fragrance products, seasonal decorations, home décor and household convenience items internationally; 5,500 employees company-wide, 45 in Connecticut; $1.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Robert B. Goergen
  • Cambridge Solutions: headquarters, 340 Pemberwick Road; is a strategic global outsourcing firm, one of the largest BPO companies worldwide; 4,400 employees companywide; CEO Christopher A. Sinclair.
  • First Reserve Corporation: headquarters, a private equity firm with $12.5 billion under management that buys energy-related companies, founded by CEO William Macaulay.
  • Interactive Brokers: headquarters, 2 Pickwick Plaza
  • Nestlé Waters North America, division of the "world's biggest water bottler" (headquartered in Switzerland; Nestlé Waters world division headquartered in Paris) accounting for 48 percent of its water sales and 10 percent of its revenue; with "Poland Spring, Deer Park, Perrier, S. Pellegrino and other brands it has 43 percent of the U.S. single-serve market. (All figures as of August 2006.)
  • North Street Capital: headquarters, Private Equity & Hedge Fund firm founded by Alex Mascioli
  • Paloma Partners: hedge fund founded by Donald Sussman
  • Silver Point Capital: hedge fund
  • United Rentals Inc. (URI): headquarters, 5 Greenwich Office Park; the largest equipment rental company in the world, with more than 750 rental locations in 48 states, Canada and Mexico; 13,400 employees companywide, 400 in Connecticut; $3.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Wayland R. Hicks
  • W.R. Berkley Corporation: headquarters, 475 Steamboat Road; a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance; 4,961 employees company-wide, 319 in Connecticut; $5 billion in annual revenues; CEO William R. Berkley
  • WWE: formerly WWF, was headquartered in Greenwich during the 1980s, 75 Holly Hill Lane.

Top employers

According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:

# Employer No. of employees
1 Town of Greenwich 2,366
2 Greenwich Hospital 1,816
3 Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA) 500
4 Blue Sky Studios 400
5 Hyatt Regency - Greenwich 650
6 Greenwich Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center 235
7 Tudor Investment Corporation 227
8 Connecticut Light and Power Company 200
9 Brunswick School 200
10 Camuto Group 200

Transportation

The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.

Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.

Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.

Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.

According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.

Twin towns – Sister cities

Greenwich originally had only three sister cities, but in recent years has added two more. In 2013 the Town also become sister city to Rose, Cosenza, Italy and Morra de Santctis, Avellino, Italy. An interesting fact to note is that today there are more descendants of Rosetani immigrants living in Greenwich, Connecticut than there are people living in the Town of Rose. :

City Municipality Country Year
Kitzbühel AUT Tirol COA.svg Tyrol  Austria 1961
Vienne Blason departement Isere.svg Isère  France
Nacka Nacka vapen.svg Nacka  Sweden

Economy

Greenwich, along with Stamford, are the economic centers of Fairfield County and its metropolitan statistical area. Prominent companies based in the town of Greenwich are: AQR Capital, Blue Harbour Group, Blue Sky Studios, Blyth, Inc., Cambridge Solutions, First Reserve Corporation, Interactive Brokers, Nestlé Waters North America, North Street Capital, Silver Point Capital, Viking Global Investors, W. R. Berkley, a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance, XFL, and XPO Logistics. Other major institutions in the township are Greenwich Hospital, Hyatt Regency, Tudor Investment Corporation, Eversource Energy, Brunswick School, and Camuto Group.

Education

Public schools

Greenwich High School
Greenwich High School

Greenwich Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue. The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment. There is a Connecticut racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013, the district was out of compliance and was searching for solutions.

Elementary Schools:

  • Cos Cob School
  • Glenville School
  • Hamilton Avenue School
  • International School at Dundee
  • Julian Curtiss School
  • New Lebanon School
  • North Mianus School
  • North Street School
  • Old Greenwich School
  • Parkway School
  • Riverside School

Middle Schools:

  • Central Middle School
  • Eastern Middle School
  • Western Middle School

High Schools:

  • Greenwich High School

Private schools

  • Brunswick School, a non-sectarian boys' school (the brother school to Greenwich Academy) (PreK-12)
  • Greenwich Academy, a non-sectarian girls' school (the sister school to Brunswick) (PreK-12)
  • Eagle Hill School (K-10)
  • Convent of the Sacred Heart, a girls' school with Catholic affiliation (PreK-12)
  • Greenwich Catholic School (PreK-8), 471 North Street
  • Greenwich Country Day School (originally Nursery-9) (Acquired Stanwich School for 10–12, 2017)
  • Greenwich Japanese School, the New York Nihonjin gakko, a Japanese expatriate school (K-9), which moved to Greenwich from New York City in 1992; it shares the former Rosemary Hall campus with Carmel Academy.
  • Escuela Argentina en Greenwich (K-8), the only Spanish language international school in the New York metro.
  • The Stanwich School (PreK-12), located at 257 Stanwich Road
  • Carmel Academy K-8), a Jewish school sharing a campus with Greenwich Japanese School. In 2010, the school changed its name from Westchester Fairfield Hebrew Academy.
  • Whitby School (18 months through Grade 8), a Montessori and International Baccalaureate World School (IB).

Sports and recreation

Recreation

The Greenwich Y.M.C.A. and Greenwich Y.W.C.A. offer fitness and social services.

Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends.

Beaches

The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound:

Private membership clubs

  • Greenwich Country Club
  • The Milbrook Club
  • Round Hill Club
  • The Stanwich Club
  • Burning Tree Country Club
  • Field Club of Greenwich
  • Tamarack Country Club
  • Fairview Country Club
  • Indian Harbor Yacht Club
  • Riverside Yacht Club
  • Belle Haven Club
  • Old Greenwich Yacht Club
  • Rocky Point Club
  • Greenwich Water Club
  • Greenwich Boat & Yacht Club
  • Innis Arden Golf Club

Infrastructure

Transportation

GreenwichMetroNorthRRStation083108
Greenwich Metro-North station
CT state line signs on I-684
I-684 in Greenwich

The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.

Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.

Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.

According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.

Fire department

Byram Fire Station cloudy jeh
The Byram Fire Station, located on Delavan Avenue

The town of Greenwich is protected by the paid career members of the Greenwich Fire Department (GFD) and eight all-volunteer fire companies, in addition to a Fire Police Patrol. The paid GFD is made up of 106 paid firefighters, who staff 6 Engine Companies and 1 Truck Company, as well as several special units, in 6 Fire Stations (shared with volunteer companies), under the command of a Deputy Chief (Tour Commander) per shift, who in-turn reports to the Chief of Department. The 7 volunteer fire companies are made up of a total of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters, who man 9 volunteer engines, 2 volunteer ladders, 4 tankers, 6 squads, 3 utility units, 3 marine units (fireboats), 1 dive rescue unit, 1 special operations unit, 1 heavy rescue and several other support units. The volunteer fire companies are quartered in 7 of the fire stations, located throughout the town, and respond to emergency calls with the paid GFD Units. The all-volunteer fire companies are each commanded by a District Chief, who in-turn reports to a Deputy Chief of the GFD, who reports to the Chief of Department. There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The Patrol operates 2 Units, Patrol 2 (P2) and Utility 2 (U2). The paid Greenwich Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.

Police department

Greenwich Public Safety Complex, Connecticut
Public Safety Complex on Bruce Place

Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 police officers, 22 detectives, 19 sergeants, 10 lieutenants, 3 captains, and one deputy chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel. and includes a K-9 unit.

Libraries

  • Byram Shubert Library
  • Cos Cob Library
  • Greenwich Library
  • Perrot Library

Notable people

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