Landform facts for kids

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A landform is a word that describes a form of land. Each type of landform is defined by its size, shape, location, and what it is made of.

Physical characteristics

Landforms are categorized by characteristic physical attributes such as elevation, slope, orientation, stratification, rock exposure, and soil type. Gross physical features or landforms include intuitive elements such as berms, mounds, hills, ridges, cliffs, valleys, rivers, peninsulas, volcanoes, and numerous other structural and size-scaled (i.e. ponds vs. lakes, hills vs. mountains) elements including various kinds of inland and oceanic waterbodies and sub-surface features.

This panorama in Great Smoky Mountains National Park has the readily identifiable physical features of a rolling plain, actually part of a broad valley, distant foothills, and a backdrop of the old, much weathered Appalachian mountain range

Landform Examples

Slope landforms

Neatcoulee
Inside a ravine in Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, Montana, United States.

Coastal and oceanic landforms

LIVER AAS UDLOEB I JULI 2012 (ubt)-002
Coastal dunes covered in grasses around the mouth of the Liver Å river in Denmark.
Sognefjord, Norway
Sognefjord in Norway, the longest fjord in Norway, is a popular tourist attraction

Fluvial landforms

Man o'war cove near lulworth dorset arp
A sand and shingle beach
Peveril Castle dale
Peveril Castle Dale in England is a V-shaped valley made deeper by a small stream

Landforms that are related to flowing water.

Mountain and glacial landforms

Yeager-Rock-Erractic-PB110039
A glacial erratic, Waterville Plateau, Washington.
Cono de Arita, Salta. (Argentina)
Cono de Arita, a landform in Salta (Argentina)
1 li jiang guilin yangshuo 2011
Karst towers landforms along Lijiang River, Guilin, China

Volcanic landforms

Petropavlovsk Kamcatskij Volcan Koriacky in background
Spectacular and beautiful Koryaksky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, eastern Russia

Erosion landforms

Aerial view of canyons
The Grand Canyon, Arizona, at the confluence of the Colorado and Little Colorado rivers

Landforms made by erosion and weathering usually occur in coastal or fluvial areas, and many are listed under those headings. Some other erosion landforms that are not listed in those categories include:


Landform Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.