A landform is a word that describes a form of land. Each type of landform is defined by its size, shape, location, and what it is made of.
Landforms are categorized by characteristic physical attributes such as elevation, slope, orientation, stratification, rock exposure, and soil type. Gross physical features or landforms include intuitive elements such as berms, mounds, hills, ridges, cliffs, valleys, rivers, peninsulas, volcanoes, and numerous other structural and size-scaled (i.e. ponds vs. lakes, hills vs. mountains) elements including various kinds of inland and oceanic waterbodies and sub-surface features.
Coastal and oceanic landforms
- bay & gulf
- coral reef
- dune system
- island, islet, archipelago & atoll
- Ocean ridge & oceanic trench
- salt marsh
- cut landform
Landforms that are related to flowing water.
Mountain and glacial landforms
- lava dome
- Mid-ocean ridge
- Oceanic trench
- Volcano, shield volcano & stratovolcano
Landforms made by erosion and weathering usually occur in coastal or fluvial areas, and many are listed under those headings. Some other erosion landforms that are not listed in those categories include:
Landform Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.