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List of forts in Colorado facts for kids

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Bents-Old-Fort-Colorado-Fur-Press
Bent's Old Fort's internal courtyard and fur press

This is a list of forts and camps in Colorado, established by military, commercial and other interests.

History

The initial forts, built in the first half of the 19th century, were early communities of commerce between Native Americans, trappers, and traders. William Butler, who wrote about the fur trade in Colorado, stated that there were 24 trading posts built in the pre-territorial area of what is now Colorado. The trading posts were of varying sizes. Gantt's Post had several small wooden buildings located along Fountain Creek. Near Pueblo, Fort Le Duc (Buzzard's Roost) was a small settlement. Bent's Old Fort was a large adobe stockade on the Arkansas River. Multiple trading posts were built along a 13-mile stretch of the South Platte River in the late 1830s: Fort Jackson, Fort Lupton, and Fort Vasquez. In the early 1840s, the fur trade collapsed and most of the trading posts were closed, although some served early communities of miners and farmers. Bent's Old Fort continued to operate as it was located on the Santa Fe Trail, serving people from the United States and the New Spain areas of what is now New Mexico.

Table of forts

Name Other names Location County Year Founded Year Abandoned Type Status
Pike's Stockade Sanford Conejos 1807 1807 Stockade Reproduction
Spanish Fort Fort Sangre de Cristo Sangre de Cristo Pass area Costilla / Huerfano 1819 1821 Spanish military fort
Fort Talpa Farisita Huerfano 1820s Spanish post
Fort Uncompahgre Fort Robidoux Delta area Delta 1820s 1844 Trading post Reconstruction
Gantt's Picket Post Fort Gantt Las Animas Bent 1832 1834 Trading post No remains
Fort Cass Pueblo area Pueblo 1834 1835 Trading post No remains
Fort Convenience Welby area Adams 1834 1835 Trading post No remains
Bent's Old Fort Fort William La Junta area Otero 1834 1849 Trading post National historic site and museum
Fort Le Duc Fort Maurice, Buzzard's Roost, El Cuervo Wetmore area Custer 1830s 1854 Trading post No remains
Fort Vasquez Platteville Weld 1835 1842 Trading post Restored and museum
Fort Jackson Ione area Weld 1837 1838 Trading post Foundation remains
Fort Lupton Fort Lawrence Fort Lupton Weld 1837 1844 Trading post Reconstructed
Fort Saint Vrain Fort George, Fort Lookout Platteville Weld 1837 1855 Trading post Historical marker
Fort Gerry Kersey area Weld late 1830s 1840s Trading post
Milk Fort Fort Leche, Pueblo de Leche, Fort El Puebla, Peebles Fort, Fort Independence Las Animas Bent late 1830s Trading post / settlement No remains
Fort Davy Crockett Fort Misery Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge Moffat late 1830s Trading post
Fraeb's Post Fort Fraeb Steamboat Springs area Routt 1840 1841 Trading post No remains
El Pueblo Fort Pueblo, Fort Nepesta, Fort Fisher, Fort Juana, Fort Spaulding, Robert Fisher's Fort Pueblo Pueblo 1842 1854 Trading Post No remains
Fort Huerfano Avondale Pueblo 1845 Encampment No remains
Mormon Battalion and The Vanguard Company of 1847, Mormon Trail Fort Independence Pueblo Pueblo 1846 1847 Mormon homes No remains
Fort Massachusetts Fort Garland Costilla 1852 1858 U.S. military Archaeological site
Bent's New Fort See Fort Lyon 1 Lamar area Bent 1853 1860 Trading post Foundation remains
Fort Garland Fort Garland Costilla 1858 1883 U.S. military fort Reconstructed
Fort Namaqua Modena's Crossing, Namaqua Station, Mariano's Crossing, Big Thompson, Miraville Loveland Larimer 1858 or 1859 1868+ Trading post Historical marker at Namaqua Park
Fort Mary B Fort Independence, Fort Independent, Fort Breckenridge, Fort Meribeh Breckenridge Summit 1859 Stockade No remains
Fort Lyon 1 Fort Fauntleroy, Fort Wise Lamar area Prowers 1860 1867 U.S. military fort Destroyed by fire
Fort Weld Denver Denver 1861 1865 U.S. military post Historical marker at 8th/Vallejo
Camp Collins / Fort Collins Fort Collins Larimer 1862 1867 U.S. military camp / fort No remains
Francisco Fort Fort Francisco La Veta Huerfano 1862 1902 Civilian fort Refurbished, now a museum
Fort Morgan Camp Tyler, Camp Wardwell Fort Morgan Morgan 1864 1868 U.S. military post Historical marker in city park
Fort Wicked Merino Logan 1864 1868 House Historical marker at US-6/CR-26
Fort Sedgwick Post at Julesburg, Camp Rankin, Fort Ranking Sedgwick Sedgwick 1864 1871 U.S. military post Historical marker
Fort Reynolds Avondale Pueblo 1867 1872 U.S. military post Historical marker
Fort Lyon 2 Las Animas Bent 1867 1897 U.S. military post
Fort Lewis Cantonment at Pagosa Springs Pagosa Springs / Hesperus Archuleta / La Plata 1878 1882 U.S. military post Site is a city park
Fort Flagler Camp at Animas City Durango La Plata 1879 Temporary stockades
Fort Meeker Cantonment on White River Meeker Rio Blanco 1879 1883 U.S. military camp Quarters refurbished, museum
Fort Crawford Cantonment at Uncompahgre Montrose Montrose 1880 1891 U.S. military post Historical marker
Fort Narraguinnep Dolores area Montezuma 1885 Rancher's fort U.S. Forest Service sign
Fort Logan Fort Sheridan Fort Logan neighborhood, Denver area Arapahoe 1887 1946 U.S. Military post One building is a museum

Notes:

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