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Palembang
City
City of Palembang
Kota Palembang
Regional transcription(s)
 • Jawi ڤلامبڠ
Jembatan Ampera awak.JPG
Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum, Palembang.jpg Masjid Agung Palembang.jpg
Taman Purbakala Kerajaan Sriwijaya - Pendopo Utama.jpg Bukit Seguntang Tombs.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Ampera Bridge, Great Mosque of Palembang, Bukit Seguntang, Sriwijaya Kingdom Archaeological Park, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum,
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Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Kota Pempek (City of Pempek), Venetië Van Andalas, Bumi Sriwijaya (The Land of Srivijaya)
Motto(s): 
Palembang BARI (Bersih, Aman, Rapi, Indah) (Palembang: Clean, Safe, Neat, and Beautiful)
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Location within South Sumatra
Country  Indonesia
Province Coat of arms of South Sumatra.svg South Sumatra
Settled (town) 16 June 683
(Kedukan Bukit Inscription)
Incorporated (city) 1 April 1906
(Staatsblad 1906:126)
Area
 • Total 369.22 km2 (142.56 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 1,602,071
 • Density 4,339.07/km2 (11,238.14/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Palembangnese
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Malays
Lampung
Batak
Sundanese
Acehnese
Chinese
Arab
Indian
 • Religion Islam 92.53%
Buddhism 3.67%
Protestant 2.23%
Catholic 1.49%
Hinduism 0.06%
Confucianism 0.02%.
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postal code
301xx, 302xx
Area code (+62) 711

Palembang is a city of 1,286,000 people in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is the capital of the province of South Sumatra.

History

The city was the capital of the old, Buddhist kingdom of Srivijaya that included a large part of Malaysia and Indonesia. After a 1025 raid by the Chola Empire of southern India it became less imortant. Srivijaya's capital moved north to Jambi. Palembang is also the home of Parameswara, the ruler of Malacca (a state in Malaysia) who started the most important empire in Malaysian history.

The Battle of Palembang was fought near the city during the Second World War between February 13-February 15 1942. Japanese forces captured the airport and nearby oil refinery after a short but bloody battle.

Economy

Palembang's economy has grown after it became a venue for National Sporting Event in 2004. . Palembang was also one of hosts of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.

The city is served by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport which has many flights to many cities in Indonesia and also to Singapore and Malaysia.

This city is famous in Indonesia for its "Pempek" fish cakes.


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