Everett, Washington facts for kids
|City of Everett|
Location of Everett, Washington
|Incorporated||May 4, 1893|
|• Mayor||Ray Stephanson|
|• City||49.9 sq mi (129 km2)|
|• Land||33.45 sq mi (86.6 km2)|
|• Water||15.04 sq mi (39.0 km2)|
|• Estimate (2015)||108,010|
|• Rank||US: 272nd|
|• Density||2,064.5/sq mi (797.1/km2)|
|• Metro||3,733,580 (US: 15th)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|Zip codes||98201, 98203, 98204, 98206, 98207, 98208, 98213|
|GNIS feature ID||1512198|
Everett is the county seat of and the largest city in Snohomish County, Washington, United States. Named for Everett Colby, son of founder Charles L. Colby, it lies 25 miles (40 km) north of Seattle. The city had a total population of 103,019 at the 2010 census, making it the 7th largest in the state and fifth-largest in the Puget Sound area. It received an All-America City Award in 2002.
Everett is home to the largest public marina on the west coast of the United States and is the western terminus of the western segment of U.S. Route 2. It is also home to Boeing's assembly plant for the 747, 767, 777 and the new 787. Boeing's Everett facility is known for being the largest building in the world by volume at 116.5 million cubic feet (3,300,000 m3).
In 1984, Everett was selected as the site of a U.S. Navy Homeport, Naval Station Everett. The Naval Station formally opened in 1992 and on January 8, 1997 welcomed the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln. The Lincoln is no longer homeported in Everett as of Winter 2011. The aircraft carrier, USS Nimitz (CVN-68) has replaced the Lincoln as Everett's homeported ship, as of March 9, 2012. Everett is also home to the Port of Everett, an international shipping port that brings trade, commerce, jobs and recreational opportunities to the city.
In 2003, Xfinity Arena (then known as Everett Events Center) opened Everett to tourism. The $83 million arena continues to host events, once exclusive to Seattle's KeyArena, to the present day. The arena's "Twin Masts" are a signature of the Everett skyline. It hosts events such as concerts, trade shows, hockey (Everett Silvertips), and high school graduations. However, as of June 28, 2016 the arena may be taken over by the City of Everett since the arena has continued to operate in the red since 2011, thus possibly moving up the take over date by the city from 2026 to a sooner date.
- Sister cities
- Images for kids
The land on which Everett was founded was surrendered to the United States by its original inhabitants under the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott. Permanent settlement in the area by European descendants started in 1861 when Dennis Brigham built a cabin on a 160-acre (0.6 km2) claim on the shore of Port Gardner Bay. Over the next several years a handful of settlers moved to the area, but it wasn't until 1890 that plans for platting a town were conceived.
On July 17, 1890, The steamship Queen of the Pacific left Tacoma for an Alaskan cruise with Henry Hewitt, Jr. and Charles L. Colby aboard. During this "Fateful voyage" initial plans for an industrial city on the peninsula along the banks of the Snohomish river were formulated. On August 22, 1890, The Rucker Brothers filed their plat at Port Gardner, a 50-acre (200,000 m2) townsite on the bayfront side of what is now the city of Everett. This plat was later withdrawn to accommodate the plans of the Hewitt-Colby group.
On September 1, 1890, Henry Hewitt filed a bond on the Davis tract at the north end of what was to become the Everett town site, beginning the process of acquisition that would become the Everett Land Company later along with Charles L. Colby and Colgate Hoyt. In October 1890, the Hewitt-Colby syndicate decided to name their industrial city after Everett Colby, the fifteen-year-old son of investor Charles L. Colby, who had displayed a prodigious appetite at dinner. Everett Colby in turn was named for orator Edward Everett.
On November 19, 1890, the Articles of Incorporation for the Everett Land Company were filed, with Henry Hewitt Jr. as president. On November 26, 1890, the Rucker Brothers transferred 434.15 acres (1.7569 km2) of property on the Everett peninsula to Hewitt. Three days later, "The Remarkable Document" was drafted, setting the terms by which the Rucker Brothers would donate half their remaining holdings to Hewitt in exchange for promises of specific development.
The Company bought much of the Ruckers' land, taking them in as junior partners. Everett was officially incorporated on May 4, 1893, the year the Great Northern Railway came to the town. Both Hewitt and the Ruckers had speculated that James J. Hill would make the town the terminus of his railroad. However Hill continued the railroad along the shore of Puget Sound to Seattle. Although it succeeded in building the city, the Everett Land Company was a failure for its investors. The outside investors withdrew, and the Company's holdings were transferred to a new company controlled by Hill. The Ruckers, who helped broker the deal, stayed in Everett and became leading citizens of the young city.
Railroads and mines played a part in Everett's future. The mining community of Monte Cristo depended on a railway for supplies. It was hoped that the railroad would cross the mountains and bring in traffic. For a while ore was smelted in Everett, then sawmilling and port activity commenced. A dozen steam riverboats were built in Everett for the Yukon gold rush.
Several survivors of the Bellingham riots settled in Everett for two months, until they were beaten and forcefully evicted by a mob on November 5, 1907. Everett also was the site of the Everett Massacre of 1916 which was an armed confrontation between a mob, led by local Sheriff Donald McRae, and Industrial Workers of the World members. The IWW members were on the steamer Verona and sought to land, but Sheriff McRae denied them his permission. Shooting broke out and at least five IWW's were killed and two in the Sheriff's mob were killed, though they might have been accidentally shot by others in their allegedly drunken group.
Everett streets are named after each of the three founders. Adjacent streets Colby Avenue and Hoyt Avenue run north and south and are intersected by Hewitt Avenue running east and west just south of the BNSF Railway tracks cutting across Everett. There are several other streets named for their associates such as Bond Street named for Judge Hiram Bond, President of the Everett & Monte Cristo Railroad. Parallel to Colby and Hoyt are avenues named for other investors, John D. Rockefeller, railroad executive T.F. Oakes, shipbuilder Alexander McDougall, and McDougall's associate Charles W. Wetmore.
Everett is located at 47°" West (47.963434, -122.200527). The city is one of the core cities comprising the Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia CMSA.
The core of Everett sits on the Port Gardner Peninsula, formed by Port Gardner Bay on the west and the Snohomish River to the north and east. Newer portions of the city generally extend southward from this point for a distance of approximately 8 miles (13 km).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.49 square miles (125.59 km2), of which, 33.45 square miles (86.64 km2) is land and 15.04 square miles (38.95 km2) is water.
|Port Gardner Bay||Tulalip Indian Reservation/Marysville||Marysville/Lake Stevens|
|Hat Island/Possession Sound||Lake Stevens|
The climate of Everett is heavily influenced by marine air masses, which tend to moderate temperatures with seasonal variations much less pronounced than inland areas. Due to a drying trend in the summer months, Everett has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) according to the Köppen climate classification system.
|Climate data for Everett|
|Record high °F (°C)||72
|Average high °F (°C)||44.9
|Average low °F (°C)||33.1
|Record low °F (°C)||1
|Precipitation inches (mm)||4.51
|Snowfall inches (cm)||3.3
|Avg. precipitation days||19||16||18||15||12||10||6||6||9||15||18||19||163|
Downtown Everett is generally defined by the area north of Pacific Avenue, east of West Marine View Drive, south of Everett Avenue, and west of Broadway. Downtown is home to the government campuses of Snohomish County and the City of Everett, multiple high-rise office and residential buildings, as well as the Xfinity Arena at Everett, Everett Public Library and other city amenities.
The tallest building in Everett, Key Bank Tower, is located in Downtown.
The Everett historic district runs from around 8th Street to 25th Street, north to south and from Broadway to Grand Avenue, east to west. The district contains many old and stately homes, including the home of the former U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson on Grand Avenue.
Situated at the mouth of the Snohomish River on Possession Sound, the Everett waterfront is home to Naval Station Everett and the Port of Everett (est. 1918). The Port of Everett includes both a deep-water commercial seaport and a marina with over 2,000 slips, which it claims to be the largest on the west coast of the United States.
The waterfront is also home to the Everett Yacht Club, which was founded in 1907, although it existed in some form as early as 1895. During summer months, the marina is home to the Everett Farmer's Market (Sundays) and the Waterfront Concert Series (Thursday nights), part of a citywide free concert series which, in 2006, attracted over 26,000 visitors. Each September, Tenth Street Park on the waterfront is home to the annual Everett Coho Derby, while each August the marina promenade is gowned in local art during the Fresh Paint Festival of Artists.
Parks and gardens
Everett is home to 40 parks. The biggest parks are Walter E. Hall Park at 137 acres (0.6 km2), Forest Park at 111 acres (0.4 km2), Langus Riverfront Park at 96 acres (0.39 km2), Kasch Park at 60 acres (0.24 km2), Howarth Park at 28 acres (0.11 km2), and Thornton A. Sullivan Park at 27 acres (0.11 km2). Walter E. Hall Park, near the Boeing plant, sports a golf course and a skate park; Forest Park, a swimming pool, hockey, horseshoes, miles of trails and an animal farm; Langus Park, a boat launch; Kasch Park, four softball fields; Howarth Park, a sandy beach on Puget Sound; and Thornton A. Sullivan Park hosts a sandy swimming beach on Silver Lake as well as public docks for fishing.
Forest Park is the oldest public park in Everett. As its name suggests, the park is heavily wooded. It is home to miles of trails, a playground, and a popular public swimming pool.
Jetty Island is a man-made island and park located in the Puget Sound, just off the Everett, Washington waterfront. The island is two miles long and half a mile wide, approximately 1,800 acres. The island has no plumbing, electricity or structures. During the summer months, a ferry becomes operational, allowing transportation to and from the island. A floating restroom also becomes operational off the island's shore. Jetty Island's unique features provide excellent habitat for birds and juvenile salmon. The island is home to more than 45 bird species including osprey, shorebirds, hawks, eagles, cormorants and ducks. Visitors may see seals surfacing or lounging near the water's edge, or even witness gray whales swimming past during spring migration.
Nishiyama Garden is a traditional Japanese garden located at the Nippon Business Institute at Everett Community College. It features Sukiya-style wooden gates, gravel paths, stones, trees, a small stream and a portion of the famous Kintai Bridge from Iwakuni, Japan, one of Everett's sister cities.
Evergreen Arboretum and Gardens
Evergreen Arboretum and Gardens (2.4 acres (9,700 m2)) is an arboretum and park located at the south end of Legion Park, at the intersection of Alverson and Marine View Drive. Gardens include sculpture and vistas of Puget Sound, as well as:
- Conifer garden – includes Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Pfitzeriana Aurea, Picea glauca, and Strobus 'Nana'.
- Dahlia garden – a variety of dahlias.
- Japanese Maple grove – 17 varieties of maples, with ferns and hydrangeas.
- Perennial border – includes artichoke (Cynara scolymus), Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra), giant hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis), dwarf waterlily (Nymphaea), and New Zealand flax (Phormium cookianum).
- Small Urban Tree Walk
- White border – flowers and foliage in white, silver, and blue.
- Woodland garden – grotto with Knadhill and Exbury azaleas, lace-cap hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla), and Pieris japonica.
The city of Everett maintains an Office of Neighborhoods which facilitate communication between the city and the 19 established neighborhood associations. Each of the officially recognized neighborhood associations operate independently to better their established geographic areas within the city. The neighborhoods are:
- Bayside – comprising much of the central business district, the waterfront, and the surrounding residential areas.
- Boulevard Bluffs – primarily residential area of the city bordering Mukilteo.
- Cascade View – residential area in South Everett, north of Everett Mall
- Delta – primarily residential area north of downtown Everett
- Evergreen – primarily residential area in South Everett.
- Glacier View – older residential area south of downtown.
- Harborview-Seahurst-Glenhaven – older residential areas south of downtown.
- Holly – a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas on the southern edge of the city.
- Lowell – formerly an independent town, Lowell is a primarily residential area southeast of downtown.
- Northwest – older residential areas northwest of downtown.
- Pinehurst-Beverly Park – mix of residential and commercial developments in South Everett.
- Port Gardner – residential neighborhoods south of downtown.
- Riverside – areas just northeast of downtown.
- Silver Lake – residential and commercial areas surrounding Silver Lake in the extreme southeastern part of the city.
- South Forest Park – residential neighborhood near downtown.
- Twin Creeks – the area surrounding Everett Mall, a mix of residential and commercial areas.
- Valley View-Sylvan Crest-Larimer Ridge – residential areas in southeast Everett.
- View Ridge-Madison – residential areas west and southwest of Forest Park.
- Westmont – primarily multi-family housing in the southwestern part of the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 91,488 people, 36,325 households and 21,613 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,814.6 people per square mile (1,086.9/km²). There are 38,512 housing units at an average density of 1,184.8 per square mile (457.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 56% White, 9% African American, 1.56% Native American, 10% Asian, 4% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races and 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13% of the population.
There are 36,325 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,100 and the median income for a family was $46,743. Males had a median income of $35,852 versus $28,841 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,577. About 10.1% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16% of those under the age of 18 and 12.1% of those ages 65 and older.
As of the census of 2010, there were 103,019 people, 41,312 households, and 23,282 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,079.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,189.1/km2). There were 44,609 housing units at an average density of 1,333.6 per square mile (514.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.6% White, 4.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 7.8% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 6.1% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.2% of the population.
There were 41,312 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.09.
The median age in the city was 34.4 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.
The Everett Daily Herald newspaper has been published in print continuously since February 11, 1901 and online since January 5, 1997, providing local and international news for Everett and the greater Snohomish County area. It was purchased by The Washington Post Company in 1978 and sold to Black Press subsidiary Sound Publishing. The Herald also publishes the monthly Herald Business Journal and has a sister publication, La Raza del Noroeste, which is a weekly Spanish-language newspaper founded in 2006 to serve the greater Puget Sound area.
Everett is home to five radio stations. KRKO and KKXA are jointly operated along with the EverettPost.com from facilities in downtown Everett. KRKO 1380 AM (est. 1922) is a locally owned 50,000 Watt sports radio station affiliated with FOX Sports Radio and it is the broadcast home for the Seattle Mariner's affiliate Everett AquaSox,the Western Hockey League Everett Silvertips and NCAA Division I Football and Basketball. KKXA 1520 AM (est. 2011) is also a locally owned 50,000 Watt radio station. The KKXA format is classic country. KSER 90.7 FM (est. 1991) is an independent public radio station broadcasting a wide range of music, as well as Democracy Now!, BBC News, The Takeaway, and other nationally syndicated programming. KSER also provides north Puget Sound regionally focused news and information. KXIR 89.9 FM (est. 2013) is the sister station to KSER and is produced in Everett, but licensed in Freeland, WA. KWYZ 1230 AM (est. 1940s) is a Korean language station.
KONG-TV, which broadcasts from Seattle, is licensed to Everett.
Downtown Everett is home to the Xfinity Arena, the Everett Performing Arts Center (home to the Village Theatre theatre company), The Historic Everett Theatre (built in 1901 and is one of the oldest active theatre West of the Rockies), the Imagine Children's Museum, the Arts Council of Snohomish County, and an array of street sculptures. The Everett Symphony (established 1935) performs at the Everett Civic Auditorium. The city is also home to the Everett Chorale, which holds their concerts at the Everett Performing Arts Center.
Founded as the Arts Council of Snohomish County, the Schack Art Center opened in downtown Everett in April 2011 and was named for John and Idamae Schack, in honor of their steadfast support of Everett's cultural institutions. It is the place to look at, learn about, and create art in the region. Village Theatre has produced musical theatre since 1979. Through its Village Originals program, Village Theatre contributes to the development of new musicals, having launched over 145 new works to date. Its youth education programs, Pied Piper and KIDSTAGE, serving over 55,000 young people, families, and schools annually.
Since the end of the Great Recession (2009), Seattle has seen its cost of living rise exponentially, largely due to large-scale economic development and the growth of the tech industry. As its perception as a working class community has diminished, many musicians and artists have found it increasingly difficult to live within Seattle proper. This has led to an "artistic flight" toward neighboring communities, most notably Everett which is often cited as possessing the "true grit and soul of the 90's."
The historically and architecturally significant Everett Public Library is a cornerstone of Everett's downtown and a beacon to its citizens. Additionally, the Evergreen Branch, situated on busy Evergreen Way in south Everett, serves an ever-increasing, ethnically diverse neighborhood.
|Everett AquaSox||Baseball||1984||Northwest League||Everett Memorial Stadium||1985, 2010|
|Everett Silvertips||Hockey||2003||Western Hockey League||Xfinity Arena|
|Washington Stealth||Lacrosse||2010||National Lacrosse League||Xfinity Arena||2010|
|Puget Sound Gunners FC||Soccer||2010||USL Premier Development League||Goddard Memorial Stadium|
Everett has the following sister city relationships:
- Iwakuni, Japan
- Sligo, Co. Sligo, Ireland
- Sovetskaya Gavan, Russia
Images for kids
Everett Station, the city's Amtrak and Sounder commuter rail station that also serves local and express buses.
Everett, Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.