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Royal Canadian Mounted Police facts for kids

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Gendarmerie royale du Canada (French)
Abbreviation RCMP/GRC
Royal Canadian Mounted Police.svg
Badge of the RCMP
Flag of the RCMP.svg
Corps ensign
Motto Maintiens le droit (French)
("Uphold the law")
Agency Overview
Formed 1 February 1920; 101 years ago (1920-02-01)
Preceding agencies
  • Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP) (1904)
  • North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) (23 May 1873)
  • Dominion Police (1868)
Employees 30,092 (2019)
Volunteers Approximately 1,600 Auxiliary Constables
Legal personality Governmental agency
Jurisdictional Structure
Constituting instruments
General nature
  • Gendarmerie
Operational Structure
Headquarters M. J. Nadon Government of Canada Building
73 Leikin Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R2
Sworn members
Unsworn members
Elected officer responsible Hon. Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety
Agency executives
Parent agency Public Safety Canada
Boatss 5
Fixed-wings 26
Helicopterss 8
While a federal agency, the RCMP also provides direct policing to territories.
RCMP officer on Parliament Hill

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), (French: Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC)), is the national police force of Canada. The force is also called the Mounties.

Unique organization

RCMP is unique in the world because it is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing organization:

The RCMP/GRC wording is protected under the Canadian Trade-marks Act.


Six Months in the Wilds of the North-West
Northwest Mounted Policman, 13 February, 1875.

The Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP), was founded 1873. The Mounties were created to establish authority and to make accommodations with the native population in the west before settlers began to arrive.

The Mounties were given the right to use the term Royal by King Edward VII in 1904.

Today's RCMP is the result of a reoganisation in 1920.

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