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Royal Canadian Mounted Police facts for kids

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada (French)
Badge of the RCMP
Badge of the RCMP
Corps ensign
Corps ensign
Abbreviation RCMP/GRC
Motto Maintiens le droit (French)
("Uphold the law")
Agency overview
Formed 1 February 1920; 104 years ago (1920-02-01)
Preceding agencies
Employees 30,092 (2019)
Volunteers Approximately 1,600 Auxiliary Constables
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Canada
Constituting instruments
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act (RCMP Act)
  • Provincial Police Acts
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters M. J. Nadon Government of Canada Building
73 Leikin Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R2
Sworn members
Unsworn members
Elected officer responsible
  • Hon. Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety
Agency executives
Parent agency Public Safety Canada
Boats 5
Fixed-wings 26
Helicopters 8
Significant incidents
  • Mayerthorpe tragedy
  • Spiritwood Incident
  • Moncton shooting
While a federal agency, the RCMP also provides direct policing to territories.
RCMP officer on Parliament Hill

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), (French: [Gendarmerie royale du Canada] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help) (GRC)), is the national police force of Canada. The force is also called the Mounties.

Unique organization

RCMP is unique in the world because it is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing organization:

The RCMP/GRC wording is protected under the Canadian Trade-marks Act.


Six Months in the Wilds of the North-West
Northwest Mounted Policman, 13 February, 1875.

The Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP), was founded 1873. The Mounties were created to establish authority and to make accommodations with the native population in the west before settlers began to arrive.

The Mounties were given the right to use the term Royal by King Edward VII in 1904.

Today's RCMP is the result of a reoganisation in 1920.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Policía Montada del Canadá para niños

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