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City of Brampton
The Brampton Dominion building
The Brampton Dominion building
Flag of Brampton
Official logo of Brampton
Flower City (previously Flower Town)
Brampton is located in Regional Municipality of Peel
Location in Regional Municipality of Peel
Brampton is located in Southern Ontario
Location in Southern Ontario
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Peel Region
Incorporation 1853 (village)
  1873 (town)
  1974 (city)
 • Land 265.89 km2 (102.66 sq mi)
218 m (715 ft)
 • Total 656,480 (9th)
 • Density 2,469/km2 (6,390/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bramptonian
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Forward sortation area
L6P to L7A
Area code(s) 905, 289, 365, and 742

Brampton is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Brampton is a city in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and is a lower-tier municipality within Peel Region. The city has a population of 656,480 as of the 2021 Census, making it the ninth most populous municipality in Canada and the third most populous city in the Greater Golden Horseshoe urban area, behind Toronto and Mississauga.

Indigenous peoples have inhabited the Brampton area for thousands of years and the city is situated on the traditional territory of the Huron-Wendat, Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabeg. Named after the town of Brampton in Cumberland, England, Brampton was incorporated as a village in 1853 and as a town in 1873, and became a city in 1974. Immigration has greatly increased Brampton's population, from 10,000 in the 1950s to over 600,000 today.

The city was once known as "The Flower Town of Canada", a title referring to its large greenhouse industry. Nowadays, Brampton's major economic sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration, logistics, information and communication technologies, food and beverage, life sciences, and business services.


John Haggert
John Haggert, Brampton's first mayor

Prior to the 1800s, all real business in Chinguacousy Township took place at Martin Salisbury's tavern. One mile distant at the corner of Main and Queen streets, now the recognised centre of Brampton, William Buffy's tavern was the only significant building. At the time, the area was referred to as "Buffy's Corners". By 1834, John Elliott laid out the area in lots for sale, calling it "Brampton", which was soon adopted by others.

In 1853, a small agricultural fair was set up by the newly initiated County Agricultural Society of the County of Peel, and was held at the corner of Main and Queen streets. Grains, produce, roots, and dairy products were up for sale. Horses and cattle, along with other lesser livestock, were also sold at market. This agricultural fair eventually became the modern Brampton Fall Fair. In that same year Brampton was incorporated as a village.

By 1869, Brampton, with a population of 1800, was the county town of Peel in the Township of Chinguacousy. It was a Station of the Grand Trunk Railway. The County buildings were erected c. 1869 of freestone and white brick.

A federal grant allowed the village to found its first public library in 1887, which included 360 volumes from the Mechanic's Institute (est 1858). In 1907, the library received a grant from the Carnegie Foundation, set up by United States steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, to build a new, expanded library; it serves several purposes, featuring the Brampton Library. The Carnegie libraries were built on the basis of communities coming up with matching funds and guaranteeing maintenance.

A group of regional farmers in Brampton had trouble getting insurance from city-based companies. After several meetings in Clairville Hall, they decided to found the County of Peel Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1955, when the company moved to its third and current location, 103 Queen Street West, it took the new name of Peel Mutual Insurance Company. It reigns as the longest-running company in modern Brampton. Harmsworth Decorating Centre was established in 1890, as Harmsworth and Son, operated out of the family's house on Queen Street West. The current location was purchased on September 1, 1904, after a fire destroyed their original store. Purchased for $1,400, the 24 Main Street South location is the longest-operating retail business in what is now Brampton.

Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, established a flower nursery in Brampton shortly after his arrival in 1863. Dale's Nursery became the town's largest and most prominent employer, developed a flower grading system, and established a global export market for its products. The company chimney was a town landmark, until Brampton Town Council allowed it to be torn down in 1977. At its height, the company had 140 greenhouses, and was the largest cut flower business in North America, producing 20 million blooms and introducing numerous rose and orchid varietals and species to the market. It also spurred the development of other nurseries in the town. Forty-eight hothouse flower nurseries once did business in the town.

In 1974, the two townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore were incorporated into Brampton. The small pine added to the center of the shield on the Brampton city flag represents Chinguacousy, honouring the Chippewa chief Shinguacose, "The Small Pine." After this merger, outlying communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor's Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were developed.

In 1963, the town established The Flower Festival of Brampton, based on the Rose Festival of Portland, Oregon in the United States. It began to market itself as the Flower Town of Canada.

In a revival of this theme, on 24 June 2002, the City Council established the "Flower City Strategy", to promote a connection to its flower-growing heritage. The intention was to inspire design projects and community landscaping to beautify the city, adopt a sustainable environmental approach, and to protect its natural and cultural heritage. The Rose Theatre was named in keeping with this vision and is to serve as a cultural institution in the city. In addition, the city participates in the national Communities in Bloom competition as part of that strategy.

The Old Shoe Factory, located on 57 Mill Street North, once housed the Hewetson Shoe Company. It was listed as a historical property under the Ontario Heritage Act in 2008. Today it is occupied by various small businesses. The lobby and hallways retain details from 1907. Walls are decorated with pictures and artifacts of local Brampton history and old shoe making equipment.

A self-guided historical walking tour of downtown Brampton called "A Walk Through Time" is available at Brampton City Hall and online free of cost.

Development of Bramalea

Developed as an innovative "new town", Bramalea was constructed approximately 40 kilometres northwest of Toronto. Located in the former Chinguacousy Township, it was Canada's first satellite community developed by one of the country's largest real estate developers, Bramalea Limited. The name "Bramalea" was created by the farmer William Sheard, who combined "BRAM" from Brampton, "MAL" from Malton (then a neighbouring town which is now part of the city of Mississauga), and "LEA", an Old English word meaning meadow or grassland. He sold the land to Brampton Leasing (the former name of the developer) and built one of Bramalea's first houses on Dixie Road.

The community was developed according to its detailed master plan, which included provisions for a parkland trail system and a "downtown" to include essential services and a shopping centre. The downtown's centrepiece was the Civic Centre, built in 1972 to include the city hall and library. Directly across Team Canada Drive, a shopping centre named Bramalea City Centre was built. These developments were connected by a long underground tunnel, planned to provide protection from winter weather. But, the tunnel has long since been closed due to safety issues. Urbanists have also found that pedestrians at street level make for much livelier and safer streets. Other features included a police station, fire hall, bus terminal, and a collection of seniors' retirement homes.

Each phase of the new city was marked with progressing first letters of street names. Development started with the "A" section, with street names such as Argyle, Avondale, and Aloma. Developers then created a "B" section, "C" section, and so forth. Children on the boundaries of these divisions would regularly compete in street hockey games, pitting, for example, the "D" section versus the "E" section.

The community was initially developed with a large number of recreational facilities, including tennis courts, playgrounds, hockey/lacrosse rinks and swimming pools. An extensive parkland trail and sidewalk system connects the entire community.

Region of Peel

Brampton in the Region of Peel
Brampton City Hall
Brampton's City Hall

In 1974, the Ontario provincial government decided to update Peel County's structure. It amalgamated a series of villages into the City of Mississauga. In addition, it created the new City of Brampton from the greater portion of the Townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore, including Bramalea and the other communities such as Claireville, Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Churchville, Coleraine, and Huttonville. While only Huttonville and Churchville still exist as identifiable communities, other names like Claireville are re-emerging as names of new developments.

The province converted Peel County into the Regional Municipality of Peel. Brampton retained its role as the administrative centre of Peel Region, which it already had as county seat. The regional council chamber, the Peel Regional Police force, the public health department, and the region's only major museum, the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives, are all located in Brampton.

This change had its critics among those with a strong sense of local identities. Bramptonians feared urban sprawl would dissolve their town's personality. Bramalea residents took pride in the built-from-scratch and organised structure that had come with their new city and did not want to give it up. Others in Bramalea accept they are part of Brampton, and they make up the tri-city area: Brampton, Heart Lake, Bramalea.

In 1972, Bramalea had built its civic centre. Two years later, when Brampton and Bramalea merged, the new city's council chambers and other facilities were installed in the Bramalea building. They were moved from Brampton's modest downtown locale. The library systems of Brampton and Bramalea were joined, resulting in a system of four locations.

Some have questioned the future of Peel Region as encompassing all of Brampton, Mississauga, and Caledon. The Mississauga council, led by Mayor Hazel McCallion, voted to become a single-tier municipality and asked the provincial government to be separated from Peel Region. They argued the city has outgrown the need for a regional layer of government, and that Mississauga is being held back by supporting Brampton and Caledon with its municipal taxes.

Development as a city

The early 1980s brought new residential development, as Brampton released large tracts of land to developers. In 1995 the large new suburban community of Springdale was developed, contributing to what people consider urban sprawl. This area had its largest boom in 1999, when development started to appear as far north as the city's border with Caledon. The region has designated this border as the line of demarcation for urban development until 2021. Neighbouring communities not part of Peel Region have also been dramatically affected by the city's sudden spurt. The end of Brampton and start of Georgetown, for example, has no identifiable boundary.

In the early 1980s, Cineplex Odeon closed the Capitol Theatre in Brampton. The City bought the facility in 1981 under the leadership of councillor Diane Sutter. It adapted the former vaudeville venue and movie house as a performing arts theatre, to be used also as a live music venue. It was renamed the Heritage Theatre. Renovations and maintenance were expensive. In 1983, Toronto consultants Woods Gordon reported to the City that, rather than continue "pouring money" into the Heritage, they should construct a new 750-seat facility with up-to-date features. This recommendation was adopted, and the city designated the 2005/06 as the Heritage Theatre's "grand finale" season. The city funded construction of the new Rose Theatre, which opened in September 2006.

Carabram was founded in 1984, the result of volunteers from different ethnic communities wanting to organise a festival celebrating diversity and cross-cultural friendship. The name was loosely related to Toronto's Caravan Festival of Cultures. Carabram's first event featured Italian, Scots, Ukrainian, and West Indian pavilions. By 2003, the fair had 18 pavilions attracting 45,000 visitors. The national government of Canada had an anchor pavilion in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and for Carabram's 25th Anniversary in 2009.

Responding to a growing multi-cultural population, the Peel Board of Education introduced evening English as a Second Language (ESL) classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes eventually were scheduled as daytime courses taught by paid instructors. In the 1980s, the public and Catholic board expanded its languages programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were introduced due to requests by parents, who wanted their children to learn their ancestral languages and heritage. Brampton has a very large South Asian population, which is expected to grow at a high rate.

In the early 1990s, Mayor Ken Whillans gained approval and funding for construction of a new city hall in Brampton's downtown. The facility was designed by local architects and constructed by Inzola Construction. Whillians did not get to see the opening of the new hall because of his death in August of that same year. With the return of city government to downtown Brampton, politicians and businesses allied to revitalize the core.

Changes continue to reflect the growth of the city. In 1992 the City purchased the Brampton Fair Grounds, to be used for other development. The Agricultural Society relocated in 1997 outside the boundaries of the city to Heart Lake and Old School roads. In 1997 the Health Services Restructuring Commission (HSRC) decided to amalgamate Georgetown and District Memorial Hospital, Etobicoke General Hospital, and Peel Memorial Hospital as the William Osler Health Centre. It became what is now the province's 6th-largest hospital corporation.

Brampton's 2003 Sesquicentennial celebrations boosted community spirit, reviving the tradition of a summer parade (with 100 floats), and creating other initiatives. To commemorate the town's history, the city under Mayor Fennell reintroduced floral projects to the community. These have included more plantings around town, the revival in 2005 of the city Parade, and participation in the Canada Communities in Bloom project.

Current events

Set to open in 2017, The New Peel Memorial Centre for Integrated Health and Wellness will provide Health and Wellness services to the community. Some of these services include Senior Services, Day-surgery services, Mental Health Services, and Diabetes Services.

Erin Oaks Kids Center for Treatment and Development's 121,000 SQ FT campus is set to open in 2017. The new Brampton facility will serve children with disabilities and their families.

In 2015, the province announced funding for the Hurontario Light Rail Transit project along Hurontario Street from Port Credit in Missisauga to Steeles Avenue in Brampton. This is a 1.6 Billion Dollar Investment. Construction expected to start in 2018.

In 2015, the new City Hall Expansion (West Tower) was completed. Its purpose was to meet the needs and demands of new and future administration space for the city. It is connected to old city hall by the pedestrian bridge over George Street.

In 2014, the province announced a massive expansion and redevelopment project to the existing highway #410 in Brampton. The project includes widening the highway, resurfacing the highway, new overhead signs, lighting, medians, an HOV lane, new guardrails, landscaping and ponds.

2010-2014 saw the creation and expansion of the ZUM transit system. ZUM services connect Brampton residents within major destinations in the City, as well as outside the city with Routes heading to employment corridors in Woodbridge, York University (Toronto), Humber College (Toronto), and Square One (Mississauga). ZUM is expected to further expand into 2016 and 2017.

In 2010, The Bramalea City Center underwent a massive expansion, renovation, and new higher end retail. This was a $165,000,000 investment.

In September 2007, the new Rose Theatre opened its doors in downtown Brampton. By 2008, the facility had attracted over 137,000 patrons, surpassing its five-year goal in its first season. As hoped, the theatre has been a catalyst for downtown revitalization. Since its opening, new businesses have opened, established businesses have renovated their storefronts, and several high-rise residential condominium projects are either under construction or in the planning phases. In December 2007, the Toronto Star published an article entitled, "Brampton comes alive," which documents the latest in the city's revitalisation plans and progress.

In May 2012, the Brampton City Council voted unanimously in favour of a secondary bid as a hosting city for the 2015 Pan Am Games being held in Toronto. The initial plan had the City of Brampton as one of the hosting venues for the summer games. But, following a venue plan change, it appeared that was not likely. Ian Troop, the CEO of the organisation committee, said that changes needed to be made as "the benefits of clustering are that you create economies of scale, the goal for our refined and improved venue plan is to reduce the operational complexities of the event, save costs, deliver an athlete-centred Games that facilitates great performance and create a much richer spectator experience."

Geography and climate

Brampton has a total land area of 265 square kilometres (102 sq mi). The City of Brampton is bordered by Highway 50 (Vaughan) to the East, Winston Churchill Boulevard (Halton Hills) to the West, Mayfield Road (Caledon) to the north (except for a small neighbourhood, Snelgrove, which is part of Brampton despite extending somewhat north of Mayfield Road) and the hydro corridor (Mississauga) to the south except at Finch Avenue (at this point, Finch Avenue serves as the border between the two cities).

Brampton features a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) which is typical to much of Peel Region and the rest of the Greater Toronto Area.


Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1858 50 —    
1871 2,090 +4080.0%
1881 2,920 +39.7%
1891 3,252 +11.4%
1901 2,748 −15.5%
1911 3,412 +24.2%
1921 4,527 +32.7%
1931 5,532 +22.2%
1941 5,975 +8.0%
1951 8,389 +40.4%
1961 18,467 +120.1%
1971 41,211 +123.2%
1981 149,030 +261.6%
1991 234,445 +57.3%
1996 268,251 +14.4%
2001 325,428 +21.3%
2006 433,806 +33.3%
2011 523,906 +20.8%
2016 593,638 +13.3%
2021 656,480 +10.6%
Brampton annexed Chinguacousy—which included the highly populated community of Bramalea—and Toronto Gore Townships in 1974.
The 2011 population count was revised in 2016.

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Brampton had a population of 656,480 living in 182,472 of its 189,086 total private dwellings, a change of 10.6% from its 2016 population of 593,638. With a land area of 265.89 km2 (102.66 sq mi), it had a population density of 2,469.0/km2 (6,395/sq mi) in 2021. At its growth rate of 10.6% since the 2016 census, Brampton was the fast-growing of Canada's largest 25 municipalities.

Brampton is among the most diverse cities in the country. As of the 2016 Census, the largest ethnocultural background in Brampton is South Asian, accounting for 44.3% of the population. Other backgrounds include European (26%), Black (13.9%), Filipino (3.4%), Latin American (2.4%), East Asian (1.7%), Southeast Asian (1.4%), Arab (1%), and West Asian (0.9%).

The largest religion in Brampton is Christianity (50.5%). The largest denominations in the city are Catholicism (26.0%), followed by Protestant denominations, including Anglican, United, Lutheran, Baptist, Seventh-day Adventists, and Christian Reformed, while the remaining numbers of Christians consist mostly of Eastern Orthodox Churches. Other religions with a notable presence include Sikhism (18.8%), Hinduism (12.1%), and Islam (7.1%). Proportionally, Brampton has one of the largest Sikh and Hindu populations among all Canadian cities. Buddhists make up 1.3% of the population. Nearly 10% of the population does not identify with a particular religion. The Toronto Ontario Temple for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Brampton.

Circle frame-1.svg

Religion in Brampton (2011)      Christianity (50.5%)     Sikhism (18.8%)     Hinduism (12.1%)     Islam (7.1%)     Buddhism (1.3%)     No religious affiliation (9.8%)     Other (0.4%)

The 2016 census found that English was the mother tongue of 48.2% of the population. The next most common mother tongue was Punjabi (18.7%), followed by Urdu (3.4%), Gujarati (2.8%), Hindi (2.4%), and Tamil (2.1%). The most common languages reported as known by the population are English (95.1%), Punjabi (24.0%), Hindi (11.4%), Urdu (5.4%), and French (5.2%).

Mother tongue Population %
English 284,920 48.2
Punjabi 110,715 18.7
Urdu 20,200 3.4
Gujarati 16,750 2.8
Hindi 14,070 2.4
Tamil 12,695 2.1
Spanish 11,140 1.9
Portuguese 10,590 1.8
Tagalog (Filipino) 10,345 1.7
Italian 6,975 1.2
Vietnamese 4,615 0.8
Polish 4,595 0.8
French 4,430 0.7
Arabic 4,205 0.7
Cantonese 3,290 0.6
Persian (Farsi) 3,015 0.5
Akan (Twi) 2,670 0.5
Malayalam 2,635 0.4
Bengali 2,615 0.4
Mandarin 2,335 0.4
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,890 0.3
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,530 0.3
Telugu 1,445 0.2
German 1,425 0.2
Nepali 1,090 0.2
Croatian 1,090 0.2
Knowledge of language Population %
English 562,260 95.1
Punjabi 141,995 24.0
Hindi 67,515 11.4
Urdu 32,075 5.4
French 30,535 5.2
Gujarati 21,885 3.7
Tamil 17,580 3.0
Spanish 16,385 2.8
Tagalog (Filipino) 14,180 2.4
Portuguese 13,940 2.4
Italian 10,125 1.7
Arabic 7,300 1.2
Vietnamese 5,965 1.0
Polish 5,210 0.9
Cantonese 4,330 0.7
Akan (Twi) 4,075 0.7
Mandarin 3,695 0.6
Persian (Farsi) 3,550 0.6
Malayalam 3,360 0.6
Bengali 3,215 0.5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,140 0.4
German 2,365 0.4
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,265 0.4
Telugu 2,190 0.4
Yoruba 2,115 0.4
Croatian 1,460 0.2


Rose Theatre Fountain
The Rose Theatre Fountain Stage
Brampton Square
Brampton's Garden Square, facing Main St. North
Brampton pano with Rose Theatre
The Rose Theatre along with Main St. and Queen St. as seen in a panorama of downtown Brampton

Several cultural entities in the city operate under the umbrella of the Brampton Arts Council. Located in the city is the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA, formerly the Peel Heritage Complex), which is run by the Region of Peel.

The Rose Theatre (originally the Brampton Performing Arts Centre), opened in September 2006. The City had expected the facility to generate $2.7 million in economic activity the first year, growing to $19.8 million by the fifth year. The Rose Theatre far surpassed projections, attracting more than 137,000 patrons in its inaugural year, which exceeded its five-year goal. The arrival of so many new patrons downtown has stimulated the development of numerous new businesses nearby. A new Fountain Stage was unveiled in June 2008 at the nearby Garden Square.

Brampton has six library locations to serve its half-million residents. With a ratio of one library per more than 80,000 residents, it has the lowest library ratio among major Canadian cities.

The City of Brampton's long-standing heritage conservation program was recognised with the 2011 Lieutenant Governor's Ontario Heritage Award for Community Leadership. In 2010 the City received an 'honourable mention' under the same provincial awards program.

Sites of interest

Major shopping areas include Bramalea City Centre, Shoppers World, and "big box centre" Trinity Common Mall. The downtown area has some retail; the Centennial Mall and the Brampton Mall are also of note.


Brampton was one of the first areas where Rogers Cable offered its service. The city started a community access channel in the 1970s, which still operates. While some programs on the channel are produced in its Brampton studios, most are based in its Mississauga location. Christian specialty channel Vertical TV is based in Brampton.

The Brampton Guardian is the community's only newspaper. The city's first newspaper, The Daily Times, stopped circulation in the early 1980s. For a little over a year, The Brampton Bulletin attempted to challenge the Guardian, but it was dismantled after a series of editor changes.

Brampton is the official city of license for two radio stations, CIAO and CFNY. Both stations address their programming toward the entire Greater Toronto Area rather than exclusively to Brampton.

Sports and recreation

Sports teams of Brampton
Club League Sport Venue Established Disestablished Championships
Brampton A's National Basketball League of Canada Basketball Powerade Centre 2013 2015 0
Brampton Battalion OHL Hockey Powerade Centre 1998
2013 0
Brampton Bears Northern Football Conference Football 1985 1995
Brampton Beavers Marshall Premiership Rugby "The Beaver Dam" at MGS Sports Park 1963
Brampton Beast ECHL Hockey Powerade Centre 2013 0
Bramalea Blues Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Hockey Powerade Centre 1972 2010 1
Brampton Canadettes Thunder Canadian Women's Hockey League Hockey Powerade Centre 1999 0
Brampton Capitals Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Hockey Brampton Memorial Arena 1984 4
Brampton Excelsiors Major Series Lacrosse Senior "A" Lacrosse League. Box Lacrosse Powerade Centre 1912 30
Junior Excelsiors OLA Junior A Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Brampton Memorial Arena 1971 4
Junior "b" Excelsiors OLA Junior B Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Victoria Park Arena 2012 0
Brampton Royals Central Ontario Baseball Assoc. Baseball Dave Dash Memorial Field 1948 3
Brampton Senior Royals Central Ontario Major Baseball Assoc. Baseball Dave Dash Memorial Field 2004 0
Bramalea Satellites Northern Football Conference Football 1974 1975
Brampton United FC Canadian Soccer League, National Division Soccer Victoria Park Stadium 2002 1

Brampton is home to one professional sports franchise, the Brampton Beast of the ECHL, which plays at the Powerade Centre. From 2013 to 2015, the Powerade Center was also the home of the Brampton A's in the National Basketball League of Canada, however, they relocated to Orangeville, Ontario to decrease costs of operations of switching the arena floor from ice hockey to basketball.

The numerous sporting venues and activities includes the outdoor ice path for skating through Gage Park. Chinguacousy Park includes a ski lift, a Curling Club, and Tennis Centre for multi-season activities. In the summer, amateur softball leagues abound. Crowds line the beaches at Professor's Lake for the annual outdoor "shagging" display.

Every year since 1967, the Brampton Canadettes have hosted the Brampton Canadettes Easter Tournament in hockey. Women's and girls' hockey teams invade Brampton for 3½ days of head-to-head competition. Teams of all ages and categories from across Canada and the United States compete in this annual tournament. Teams from England, Switzerland, Japan, Kazakhstan and Russia attend this international tournament. Thousands of players and spectators pass through the doors during the tournament. There is no limit on the number of teams in a division.

The Intermediate AA and Midget AA divisions are highly scouted by local and United States colleges and universities seeking recruits for varsity teams. Teams from as far as Alaska and Calgary, Quebec and Carolina, Michigan and Minnesota, as well as virtually all hockey centres in Ontario, will compete in a minimum of 3 games each over the course of the tournament. Including championship finals, over 600 games are played in 3½ days.


Public transit

Brampton Transit Nova LFS 0601
Brampton Transit bus at the now-relocated Bramalea City Centre Terminal

Local transit is provided by Brampton Transit, with connections to other systems such as MiWay, York Region Transit, Go Transit, and Toronto Transit Commission. Brampton Transit also operates a bus rapid transit system, "Züm" (pronounced Zoom), along Main/Hurontario Streets, Steeles Avenue, Queen Street/Highway 7, Bovaird Drive–Airport Road, and Queen Street West–Mississauga Road, which form the backbone to its bus network.

There is GO Bus service to York University and subway stations at Yorkdale Mall and York Mills in Toronto. There are three GO Train stations in Brampton along the Kitchener line: Bramalea, Brampton and Mount Pleasant.


Both Canadian National Railway (CN) and the Orangeville-Brampton Railway short line (formerly part of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) line) run through the city. CN's Intermodal Yards are located east of Airport Road between Steeles and Queen Street East. The CN Track from Toronto's Union Station is used by the Kitchener GO Transit Rail Corridor providing commuter rail to and from Toronto with rail station stops at Bramalea, Downtown Brampton, and Mount Pleasant. Via Rail connects through Brampton as part of the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.


Canada's busiest airport, Toronto Pearson International Airport (CYYZ), is located near Brampton, in Mississauga. For general aviation, the city is served by the privately owned Brampton Airport (CNC3), located to the north of the city in neighbouring Caledon.


Brampton is served by several major transportation routes: Highway 401 from Toronto is a short distance south in Mississauga, and can be reached by Highway 410, which runs north–south through the middle of the city. Highway 407 runs along the southern portion of the city, just north of the boundary with Mississauga. Steeles Avenue, which runs north of the 407, is another thoroughfare from Toronto. Main Street, a part of the historic road, Hurontario Street, and formerly Highway 10, is the city's main north–south artery. The former Highway 7, (now Regional Road 107) is another east–west corridor, incorporates the eastern part of Queen Street (which is the city's main east–west street) and the western part of Bovaird Drive.

Representation in other media

  • Deepa Mehta's 2008 film Heaven on Earth is set in Brampton.

Sister cities

Brampton has two sister cities as well as active economic, historic, and cultural relationships with others.

Sister cities:

Friendship relationships:


Companies with headquarters in Brampton include MDA Ltd., Loblaw Companies Ltd., Chrysler Canada Brampton Assembly Plant, Maple Lodge Farms, Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, Mandarin Restaurant, and Olymel L.P, and formerly Zellers (offices and distribution).

The international companies of Brita, and Clorox have their Canadian national headquarters in the city. It is also the location of the Canadian Forces Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment).

Other major companies operating in Brampton include CN Rail Brampton Intermodal Terminal, Best Buy, Amazon, Ford Nestlé, Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Frito Lay Canada, MDA Space Missions, Goemans Appliances, and Parkinson Coach Line.

An automobile manufacturing facility was opened by American Motors (AMC) in 1960 as the Brampton Assembly Plant. In 1986, AMC developed a new, state-of-the-art operation at Bramalea. After AMC was acquired by Chrysler in 1987, AMC's Canadian division and its plants were absorbed; the older facility in Brampton closed in 1992. The newest factory was renamed Brampton Assembly; it is one of the city's largest employers, with almost 4,000 workers when running at capacity. Alstom has an assembly plant in Brampton to fulfill their contract with Metrolinx to build Alstom Citadis Spirit LRV cars for Finch West (ordered 2017 with delivery began 2021 and completed by 2023), Hurontario and Eglinton LRT lines.


The Algoma University @ Brampton School of Business & Economics offers courses at Market Square Business Centre, 24 Queen Street East. The closest universities to Brampton (offering a wider range of programs) include York University in north Toronto and University of Toronto Mississauga.

Along with that, Sheridan College, Davis campus is another major public higher education institution serving Brampton which also has campuses in Oakville and Mississauga. In 2017, Davis added the Skilled Trades Centre, for training in skilled trades and apprenticeship programs, previously offered in Oakville.

A plan by Ryerson University, in partnership with Sheridan College was to establish a new campus in Brampton with a goal of opening in 2022 with $90 million in funding offered by the provincial government in April 2018. On 23 October 2018 however, the new Provincial government (elected in June) withdrew the funding for plans such as this, effectively cancelling the project.

Brampton also has many private post-secondary institutions offering vocational training including Springfield College Brampton, CDI College, TriOS College, Academy of Learning, Evergreen College, Medix College, CIMT College, Torbram College, Bitts International Career College, Canadian College of Business, Science & Technology, Hanson College, Queenswood College B, H & T, Flair College of Management and Technology, Sunview College, and College Of Health Studies.

Two main school boards operate in Brampton: the Peel District School Board, which operates secular anglophone public schools, and Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic anglophone public schools. Under the Peel District School Board, the secondary schools are Bramalea, Brampton Centennial, Central Peel, Chinguacousy, Fletcher's Meadow, Harold M. Brathwaite, Heart Lake, Louise Arbour, Mayfield, North Park, Judith Nyman, Sandalwood Heights, Turner Fenton, David Suzuki, Castlebrooke Secondary School, and Jean Augustine, one of the newest. A total of 85 elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city.

Under the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, the secondary schools are Cardinal Leger, Holy Name of Mary, Notre Dame, St. Augustine, St. Edmund Campion, St. Roch, St. Marguerite d'Youville, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Cardinal Ambrozic. A total of 44 Catholic elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city.

The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.

Notable people

Four people from Brampton have received the Order of Canada: Robert William Bradford, former Director of the National Aviation Museum; Michael F. Clarke, director at Evergreen, the Yonge Street Mission for street youth in Toronto; Howard Pawley, professor and former Premier of Manitoba; and William G. Davis, former Premier of Ontario.


Rick Nash
Rick Nash in 2006, playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets


Authors born in or living in Brampton include Rohinton Mistry, Jesse Thistle, Edo Van Belkom and Rupi Kaur (poet).

Visual arts notables from Brampton include etcher Caroline Helena Armington, Ronald Bloore, Member of the Order of Canada; Organiser and member of the "Regina Five",(1960) watercolourist Jack Reid, and William Ronald, who was raised in town. Norman Mills Price. Animators David Feiss and Jay Stephens grew up here.

Music acts from Brampton include Punk band The Flatliners, Indie Rock band Moneen, R&B singer Keshia Chanté, country singer Johnny Reid, "Metal Queen" Lee Aaron and pop singer Alyssa Reid. Country singer and "World Champion Yodeler" Donn Reynolds lived here from 1969 to 1997. Barry Stock, guitarist from Three Days Grace was raised in Brampton, and currently resides in Caledon. Singer Alessia Cara, hip-hop artist Roy Woods, and hip-hop artist Tory Lanez were also born in Brampton. Hip-hop record producer WondaGurl was also born in Brampton.

Film, television and comedy

Russel Peters TIFF08
Comedian Russell Peters

Two notable comedians hail from Brampton: Scott Thompson and Russell Peters.

Comedic actor Michael Cera was born and raised in Brampton. Shawn Ashmore, Aaron Ashmore (Smallville) are Brampton-raised. Actor Tyler Labine starred in Mad Love.

Other Brampton-born or affiliated actors include Paulo Costanzo, Jordan Gavaris, Gemini Award winner Kris Lemche, Lara Jean Chorostecki, Sabrina Grdevich, Nicole Lyn, actor and producer David J. Phillips, reality TV star and art dealer Billy Jamieson, performer George R. Robertson, and performer Sidhu Moose Wala.

Others include voice actor Brenna O'Brien, and on-air media personalities Cassie Campbell, Chris Connor, Chris Cuthbert and Scott McGillivray.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Brampton (Ontario) para niños

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