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Native American mythology facts for kids

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Coyote and Opossum appear in the stories of a number of tribes.

The mythologies of the indigenous peoples of North America comprise many bodies of traditional narratives associated with religion from a mythographical perspective. Indigenous North American belief systems include many sacred narratives. Such spiritual stories are deeply based in Nature and are rich with the symbolism of seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, sky and fire. The principle of an all embracing, universal and omniscient Great Spirit, a connection to the Earth, diverse creation narratives and collective memories of ancient ancestors are common. Traditional worship practices are often a part of tribal gatherings with dance, rhythm, songs and trance (e.g. the sun dance).

Algonquian (Northeastern US, Great Lakes)

FROM THE FULL MOON FELL NOKOMIS - from The Story of Hiawatha, Adapted from Longfellow by Winston Stokes and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - Illustrator M. L. Kirk - 1910
From the full moon fell Nokomis - from The Story of Hiawatha, 1910

Plains Natives

  • Blackfoot mythology – a North American tribe or band who currently live in Alberta and Montana. Originally west of the Great Lakes in Montana and Alberta as participants in Plains Natives culture.
  • Crow religion – a North American tribe who currently live in southeastern Montana. The shaman of the tribe was known as an Akbaalia ("healer").
  • Lakota mythology – a North American tribe originally located in The Dakotas, also known as the Sioux.
  • Pawnee mythology – a North American tribe originally located in Nebraska, United States.

Muskogean (Southeastern US) and Iroquois (Northeastern US)

Alaska (United States) and Canada

Northwestern US and Western Canada

  • Kwakwaka'wakw mythology – an Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
  • Lummi – a North American tribe from the Pacific Northwest, Washington state area.
  • Nuu-chah-nulth mythology – a a group of indigenous peoples living on Vancouver Island in British Columbia.
  • Salish mythology – a North American tribe or band in Montana, Idaho, Washington and British Columbia, Canada.

Uto-Aztecan (Southwestern US and Mexico)

Other southwestern US

  • Diné Bahaneʼ (Navajo) – a North American nation from the Southwestern United States.
  • Hopi mythology – a North American tribe in Arizona.
  • Zuni mythology – a North American tribe in New Mexico.

Central America

  • Aztec mythology – an ancient Mesoamerican empire centered in the valley of Mexico.
  • Maya mythology – an ancient Central American people of southern Mexico and northern Central America.
  • Olmec religion – an ancient Central American people of south-central Mexico, in the present-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.
  • Purépecha religion – a Central American people centered around Lake Pátzcuaro.

South America

  • Chilote mythology – the cultures of Chono and Huilliche, who live on the Chiloé Archipelago, off the coast of southern Chile.
  • Guarani mythology – an indigenous people of the Gran Chaco, especially in Paraguay and parts of the surrounding areas of Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia.
  • Inca mythology (Religion in the Inca Empire) – a South American empire based in the central Andes mountain range.
  • Mapuche religion – an indigenous people of the Southern Cone, especially in Chile and some regions of Argentina.
  • Muisca mythology – the indigenous people of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the modern Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes.
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Native American mythology Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.