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Republic of Djibouti

جمهورية جيبوتي
Jumhūriyyat Jībūtī
République de Djibouti  (French)
Gabuutih Ummuuno  (Afar)
Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti  (Somali)
Emblem of Djibouti
Motto: "Unité, Égalité, Paix"  (French)
"Unity, Equality, Peace"
Anthem: Djibouti
Location of Djibouti
and largest city
Official languages French
Recognised national languages Somali
Demonym(s) Djiboutian
Government Semi-presidential republic
Ismail Omar Guelleh
• Prime Minister
Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
Legislature National Assembly
• from France
June 27, 1977
• Total
23,200 km2 (9,000 sq mi) (150th)
• Water (%)
0.09 (20 km² / 7.7 sq mi)
• 2012 estimate
923,000 (158th)
• 2009 census
• Density
37.2/km2 (96.3/sq mi) (168th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$2.231 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$1.239 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2009) 40.0
HDI (2010) Increase 0.402
low · 147th
Currency Franc (DJF)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving side right
Calling code +253
ISO 3166 code DJ
Internet TLD .dj

Djibouti (officially called Republic of Djibouti) is a country on the eastern coast of Africa. Djibouti gained its independence on June 27, 1977. The country was created out of the French Somaliland (later called the French Territory of the Afars and Issas), which was created in the 1800s as a result of French colonialism in Africa. Djibouti, had a population of 818,159 at the 2009 census. It is one of the least populous countries in Africa.

Djibouti joined the United Nations on September 20, 1977. It is also a member of the Arab League, as well as the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

The history of Djibouti goes back thousands of years when it was part of the Sabean Empire (Ethiopia) to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, Pakistan, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam. Djibouti is a Muslim country which regularly takes part in Islamic as well as Arab meetings.

The country is close to a narrow part of the Red Sea so it is considered an important area from a military viewpoint.


Djibouti is near to the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east.

Djibouti has eight mountain ranges with peaks of over 1,000 m (3,281 ft). The Grand Bara desert covers parts of southern Djibouti.


Map of the regions of Djibouti

Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. It is further divided into eleven districts.

The regions and city are:


This is a list of cities in Djibouti. All places with more than 1,000 people are included.

Cities in Djibouti
Rank Name Population Region
Transcription Arabic
1 Djibouti City جيبوتي 623,891 Djibouti City
2 Ali Sabieh على صبيح 43,074 Ali Sabieh Region
3 Tadjourah تاجورة 22,193 Tadjourah Region
4 Obock أوبوك 17,776 Obock Region
5. Dikhil دخيل 13,090 Dikhil Region
6. Arta ارتا 9,789 Arta Region
7. Holhol هلهول 3,519 Ali Sabieh Region
8. Dorra درة 1,873 Tadjourah Region
9. Galafi غالافي 1,849 Dikhil Region
10. Loyada لويادا 1,646 Arta Region
11. Alaili Dadda علايلي دادا 1,456 Obock Region


The people of Djibouti are mostly Muslim. Islam is observed by 94% of Djibouti's population (about 740,000) (2010 estimate). The remaining six percent follow Christianity.

Religion in Djibouti
religion percent

The Republic of Djibouti names Islam as the only state religion. The Constitution of 1992 provides for the equality of citizens of all faiths as well as the freedom to practise any religion.


Association football is the most popular sport in Djibouti. The country became a member of FIFA in 1994. They have only played in qualifying rounds for both the African Cup of Nations and FIFA World Cup.

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