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View of Salamanca after sunrise.
View of Salamanca after sunrise.
Flag of Salamanca
Coat of arms of Salamanca
Coat of arms
Location of Salamanca in Spain
Location of Salamanca in Spain
Coordinates: 40°58′N 5°40′W / 40.967°N 5.667°W / 40.967; -5.667
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province Salamanca
 • Total 38.6 km2 (14.9 sq mi)
802 m (2,631 ft)
 • Total 143,978
 • Density 3,730/km2 (9,661/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) 34 (Spain) + 923 (Salamanca)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Old City of Salamanca
  1. Old Quarter of the City
  2. Colegio de los Irlandeses
  3. Iglesia de San Marcos [es]
  4. Iglesia de Sancti Spiritus
  5. Convento de las Claras [es]
  6. Casa-Convento de Santa Teresa [es]
  7. Iglesia de San Juan Barbalos [es]
  8. Iglesia de San Cristobal [es]
Criteria Cultural: (i)(ii)(iv)
Reference 381rev
Inscription 1988 (12th Session)
Area 50.78 ha (125.5 acres)
Buffer zone 130.3 ha (322 acres)

Salamanca (is a city in western Spain that is the capital of the Province of Salamanca in the community of Castile and León. The city lies on several hills by the Tormes River. Its Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. With a metropolitan population of 228,881 in 2012 according to the National Institute of Statistics (INE), Salamanca is the second most populated urban area in Castile and León, after Valladolid (414,000), and ahead of León (187,000) and Burgos (176,000).

It is one of the most important university cities in Spain and supplies 16% of Spain's market for the teaching of the Spanish language. Salamanca attracts thousands of international students.

It is situated approximately 200 kilometres (120 miles) west of the Spanish capital Madrid and 80 km (50 mi) east of the Portuguese border. The University of Salamanca, which was founded in 1218, is one of the oldest universities in Spain and the third oldest western university, but the first to be given its status by the Pope Alexander IV who gave universal validity to its degrees. With its 30,000 students, the university is, together with tourism, a primary source of income in Salamanca. It is on the Via de la Plata path of the Camino de Santiago.

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