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North Hempstead, New York
Town
Town of North Hempstead
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Area
 • Total 69.1 sq mi (179.0 km2)
 • Land 53.6 sq mi (138.8 km2)
 • Water 15.5 sq mi (40.2 km2)
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 226,322
 • Density 3,275.3/sq mi (1,264.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 11500-11599
Area code(s) 516
Website www.northhempstead.com

The Town of North Hempstead is one of three towns in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 226,322.

The town occupies the northwest part of the county. Its Supervisor is Judi Bosworth, a former Nassau County legislator, who was inaugurated on Jan. 1, 2014. A Democrat, she succeeded Interim Supervisor John B. Riordan, the former Nassau County Surrogate, who served since the resignation of Jon Kaiman on Sept. 23, 2013 to work for Gov. Andrew Cuomo. Bosworth is the fifth consecutive Democrat to head the former Republican stronghold since Ben Zwirn was elected in 1989.

History

The area was first settled by Europeans around 1643 and became part of the town of Hempstead. During the American Revolution the southern part of Hempstead was primarily Tory, while the northern part, having been settled by Yankees, supported the revolution. Following the war, the Town of North Hempstead was split off in 1784.

According to the "Our History" series in the Long Island-based newspaper, Newsday,

In September, 1775, almost a year before the future nation declared its independence from George III, the people of Great Neck, Cow Neck and other areas north of Old Country Road signed their own Declaration of Independence.

The signers, passionate Patriots, declared their independence from the Town of Hempstead, which, in their opinion, had the bad habit of pledging allegiance to the king. Therefore, the northern necks declared themselves 'an entire separate and independent beat or district.' The 'beat' would officially become the Town of North Hempstead in 1784.

During the Revolution, the northern Patriots had their own militia headed by Capt. John Sands of Cow Neck (now Port Washington), which invaded South Hempstead in search of arms. The rift caused a north-south animosity that would take years to heal.

The first North Hempstead Town Board, headed by Patriot Adrian Onderdonk, had to cope with an impoverished area, devastated by an avenging British occupation. The councilmen met in Roslyn taverns and didn't get a permanent home until 1907, when the present town hall opened in Manhasset.

North Hempstead became more affluent with the opening of the Long Island Rail Road through to Great Neck, and the inauguration of steamboat service from Manhattan in 1836.

The town of North Hempstead is made up of 30 incorporated villages that had the right to set zoning restrictions to protect their rights and resources. No new villages have been created since 1936, when a revised county charter denied zoning power to future villages. There are also some unincorporated areas in the town of North Hempstead that are not part of villages.

North Hempstead is the only town on Long Island that does not have a corresponding hamlet or village in its borders with the same name; Hempstead and Oyster Bay in Nassau County and the towns of Huntington, Babylon, Islip, Smithtown, Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, Shelter Island and East Hampton in Suffolk County all have smaller subdivisions with the same name.

Geography

Location of the town of North Hempstead inside Nassau County: On the west is Queens, the south the town of Hempstead and the east the town of Oyster Bay

The west town line is the border of Queens County, New York, part of New York City. The north town line, delineated by Long Island Sound, is the border of Bronx County and Westchester County. The town of Oyster Bay is the eastern neighbor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.1 square miles (179 km2), of which 53.6 square miles (139 km2) is land and 15.5 square miles (40 km2), or 22.47%, is water.

Between the 1990 census and the 2000 census, North Hempstead lost some population growth to Queens.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 2,696
1800 2,413 −10.5%
1810 2,700 11.9%
1830 3,062
1840 3,891 27.1%
1850 4,291 10.3%
1860 5,419 26.3%
1870 6,540 20.7%
1880 7,560 15.6%
1890 8,134 7.6%
1900 12,048 48.1%
1910 17,831 48.0%
1920 26,370 47.9%
1930 62,202 135.9%
1940 83,385 34.1%
1950 142,613 71.0%
1960 219,088 53.6%
1970 235,007 7.3%
1980 218,624 −7.0%
1990 211,393 −3.3%
2000 221,372 4.7%
2010 226,322 2.2%
Est. 2014 229,637 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 222,611 people, 76,820 households, and 58,460 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,154.9 people per square mile (1,604.2/km²). There were 78,927 housing units at an average density of 1,473.1 per square mile (568.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.98% White, 6.40% African American, 0.14% Native American, 9.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.90% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.83% of the population.

There were 76,820 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $96,517, and the median income for a family was $115,697.[1] Males had a median income of $60,094 versus $41,331 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,621. About 3.1% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities in North Hempstead

Villages (incorporated)

  1. Baxter Estates
  2. East Hills (part; with the Town of Oyster Bay)
  3. East Williston
  4. Floral Park (part; with the Town of Hempstead)
  5. Flower Hill
  6. Garden City (part; with the Town of Hempstead)
  7. Great Neck
  8. Great Neck Estates
  9. Great Neck Plaza
  10. Kensington
  11. Kings Point
  12. Lake Success
  13. Manorhaven
  14. Mineola (part; with Hempstead.)
  15. Munsey Park
  16. New Hyde Park (part; with Hempstead.)
  17. North Hills
  18. Old Westbury (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  19. Plandome
  20. Plandome Heights
  21. Plandome Manor
  22. Port Washington North
  23. Roslyn
  24. Roslyn Estates
  25. Roslyn Harbor (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  26. Russell Gardens
  27. Saddle Rock
  28. Sands Point
  29. Thomaston
  30. Westbury
  31. Williston Park

Hamlets (unincorporated)

  1. Albertson
  2. Carle Place
  3. Garden City Park
  4. Glenwood Landing (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  5. Great Neck Gardens
  6. Greenvale (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  7. Harbor Hills
  8. Herricks
  9. Lakeville Estates
  10. Manhasset (town seat)
  11. Manhasset Hills
  12. New Cassel
  13. New Hyde Park (unincorporated)
  14. North New Hyde Park
  15. Port Washington
  16. Roslyn Heights
  17. Saddle Rock Estates
  18. Salisbury
  19. Searingtown
  20. University Gardens

In addition, there is a small area immediately west of Great Neck Gardens that is not part of any incorporated village or census-designated place.

Other locations

  • Great Neck—A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • Hempstead Harbor—A bay of the Long Island Sound.
  • Lake Success—A lake near the west town line.
  • Little Neck Bay—A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Bay—A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Neck or Cow Neck—A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • United States Merchant Marine Academy

Transportation

Railroad lines

The Long Island Rail Road's Oyster Bay Branch serves the town's vicinity from Mineola to Greenvale. The Main Line runs through the southern parts of the town from with stations at Merillon Avenue in Garden City Park through Westbury. The Port Washington Branch runs along the northern part of the town and uses stations from Great Neck across the Manhasset Viaduct into Port Washington.

Bus service

The Town of North Hempstead is served primarily by Nassau Inter-County Express bus routes, though at least two MTA Bus Routes enter Nassau County from Queens.

Major roads

See also: List of county routes in Nassau County, New York
  • I-495.svg Interstate 495 is the Long Island Expressway, and the sole interstate highway in the Town of North Hempstead, with interchanges from Exit 33 in Lake Success to Exits 39 in Old Westbury.
  • Northern Pkwy Shield.svg Northern State Parkway is a suburban continuation of the Grand Central Parkway that has interchanges from Exit 25 in Lake Success to Exit 34 in Westbury. The route runs along the south side of the Long Island Expressway. As a parkway, no trucks are allowed.
  • Meadowbrook Pkwy Shield.svg Meadowbrook State Parkway runs south to north and only exists within the town between Old Country Road (Exits M1) and Northern State Parkway.
  • Wantagh Pkwy Shield.svg Wantagh State Parkway only exists within the town between Brush Hollow Road (Exit W1) and Northern State Parkway.
  • NY-25A.svg New York State Route 25A is the northernmost west-east route in the town, and is a suffixed route of NY 25.
  • NY-25B.svg New York State Route 25B is another west-east suffixed route of NY 25 that runs from the Bellerose section of Queens into NY 25 in Westbury.
  • NY-25.svg New York State Route 25
  • Old Country Road
  • Glen Cove Road
  • NY-101.svg New York State Route 101 is a south-north state route that runs from Flower Hill through downtown Port Washington into Sands Point.

Airports

  • Sands Point Seaplane Base

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