Hempstead, New York facts for kids

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Hempstead, New York
Town
Town of Hempstead
Atlantic Beach and Long Beach Aeriel View.JPG
Village of Hempstead.jpg Uniondale.JPG
Wantaghpark.jpg
Atlantic Beach view, downtown Hempstead, Uniondale skyline, Wantagh Park
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Area
 • Total 191.3 sq mi (495.5 km2)
 • Land 120.0 sq mi (310.7 km2)
 • Water 71.4 sq mi (184.8 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 759,757
 • Density 3,971.5/sq mi (1,533.31/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 516
Website www.toh.li

Hempstead is one of the three towns in Nassau County, New York, United States, occupying the southwestern part of the county, in the western half of Long Island. Twenty-two incorporated villages are completely or partially within the town. Hempstead's combined population was 759,757 at the 2010 Census, the majority of the population of the county and by far the most of any town in New York. Also, a village named Hempstead is within the Town.

If the town were to be incorporated as a city, it would be the second-largest city in New York behind New York City. It would be the 18th-largest city in the country, behind Charlotte, North Carolina and ahead of Seattle, Washington.

Hofstra University's campus is located in Hempstead.

History

The town was first settled around 1644 following the establishment of a treaty between English colonists, John Carman and Robert Fordham, and the Lenape Indians in 1643. Although the settlers were from the English colony of Connecticut, a patent was issued by the government of New Netherland after the settlers had purchased land from the local natives. This transaction is depicted in a mural in the Hempstead Village Hall, reproduced from a poster commemorating the 300th anniversary of Hempstead Village.

In local Dutch-language documents of the 1640s and later, the town was invariably called Heemstede, and several of Hempstead's original 50 patentees were Dutch, suggesting that Hempstead was named after the Dutch town and/or castle Heemstede, which are near the cities of Haarlem and Amsterdam. However, the authorities possibly had Dutchified a name given by co-founder John Carman, who was born in 1606 in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England, on land owned by his ancestors since the 13th century.

In 1664, the settlement under the new Province of New York adopted the Duke's Laws, austere statutes that became the basis upon which the laws of many colonies were to be founded. For a time, Hempstead became known as "Old Blue", as a result of the "Blue Laws".

During the American Revolution, the Loyalists in the south and the American sympathizers in the north caused a split in 1784 into "North Hempstead" and "South Hempstead". With the 1898 incorporation of the Borough of Queens as part of the city of New York, and the 1899 split of Queens County to create Nassau County, some southwestern portions of the Town of Hempstead seceded from the town and became part of the Borough of Queens.

Richard Hewlett, who was born in Hempstead, served as a Lieutenant Colonel with the British Army under General Oliver De Lancey in the American Revolution. Afterward, Hewlett departed the United States with other Loyalists and settled in the newly created Province of New Brunswick in what later became Canada. A settlement there was named Hampstead, in Queen's County next to Long Island in the Saint John River.

Geography

Jones Beach WantaghPkwy Approach
Wantagh Parkway approach to Jones Beach. Centered is the Jones Beach Water Tower.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 191.3 square miles (495.5 km²). 120.0 square miles (310.7 km²) of it is land and 71.4 square miles (184.8 km²) of it (37.30%) is water.

The western town line is the border of Queens County, New York, in New York City. Its northern border, with the Town of North Hempstead and the Town of Oyster Bay, is along the main line of the Long Island Rail Road and along Old Country Road in Garden City heading east towards the Wantagh Parkway. Its eastern border, also with the Town of Oyster Bay, runs parallel to (and several hundred feet west of) Route 107. To the south is the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Atlantic Beach, Lido Beach, Point Lookout, and Jones Beach.

The most popular beach on the east coast of the United States, Jones Beach is located in Hempstead. The beach is a popular destination for Long Islanders and residents of New York . The beach itself receives about six million visitors a year.

Communities

The town of Hempstead contains 22 villages and 37 hamlets:

Villages

Hamlets

In addition, there are a few areas that are not part of any incorporated village or census-designated place:

  • Jones Beach Island and nearby uninhabited islands in South Oyster Bay
  • A small area between Lynbrook and Rockville Centre that contains only Rockville Cemetery

Transportation

Railroad lines

The Long Island Rail Road's Main Line runs through the northwestern part of the town with stations from Bellerose through Merillon Avenue in Garden City. The Hempstead Branch breaks away from the Main Line in Floral Park, and uses stations from Bellerose into Hempstead. The West Hempstead Branch runs from Valley Stream northeast to West Hempstead. Further south in the town, the Babylon Branch runs from the New York City Line into southern portions of the Town of Oyster Bay with stations between Valley Stream and Seaford. Also the Far Rockaway Branch branches off from Valley Stream and curves to the southwest from that station through Inwood before finally re-entering the city in the Rockaways. Just east of there, the Long Beach Branch breaks away at Lynbrook and runs southeast into Long Beach.

Bus service

The Town of Hempstead is served primarily by Nassau Inter-County Express bus routes, though some MTA Bus Routes enter Nassau County from Queens. The City of Long Beach also has a separate bus service.

Major roads

See also: List of county routes in Nassau County, New York
  • Meadowbrook Pkwy Shield.svg Meadowbrook State Parkway
  • Wantagh Pkwy Shield.svg Wantagh State Parkway
  • Southern Pkwy Shield.svg Southern State Parkway
  • NY-909E.svg Bay Parkway
  • Loop Pkwy Shield.svg Loop Parkway
  • Ocean Pkwy Shield.svg Ocean Parkway
  • NY-25.svg New York State Route 25
  • Glen Cove Road
  • Peninsula Boulevard
  • NY-24.svg New York State Route 24
  • NY-27.svg New York State Route 27
  • Merrick Boulevard
  • NY-102.svg New York State Route 102
  • NY-105.svg New York State Route 105
  • NY-106.svg New York State Route 106
  • NY-107.svg New York State Route 107
  • NY-135.svg New York State Route 135
  • NY-878.svg New York State Route 878

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 3,828
1800 4,141 8.2%
1810 5,084 22.8%
1830 6,215
1840 7,609 22.4%
1850 8,811 15.8%
1860 12,376 40.5%
1870 13,999 13.1%
1880 18,164 29.8%
1890 23,756 30.8%
1900 27,066 13.9%
1910 44,297 63.7%
1920 70,790 59.8%
1930 186,735 163.8%
1940 259,318 38.9%
1950 432,506 66.8%
1960 740,738 71.3%
1970 801,592 8.2%
1980 738,517 −7.9%
1990 725,639 −1.7%
2000 755,924 4.2%
2010 759,757 0.5%
Est. 2014 770,116 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 759,757 people, 246,828 households, and 193,513 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,301.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,433.0/km²). There were 252,286 housing units at an average density of 2,103.0 per square mile (812.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 59.9% White, 16.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.4% of the population.

There were 246,828 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $84,362, and the median income for a family was $96,080.[1] Males had a median income of $50,818 versus $36,334 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,153. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

State parks


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