Pinellas County, Florida facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Pinellas County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Pinellas County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the USA highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 1, 1912
Seat Clearwater
Largest City St. Petersburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

608 sq mi (1,575 km²)
274 sq mi (710 km²)
334 sq mi (865 km²), 55.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

949,827
3,427/sq mi (1,323/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.pinellascounty.org/
Named for: Spanish Punta Piñal ("Point of Pines")
County logo Logo of Pinellas County, Florida

Pinellas County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 916,542. Its county seat is Clearwater, and its largest city is St. Petersburg.

Pinellas County is included in the Tampa–St. PetersburgClearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Safety Harbor Site top-down 01
View from the top of the Tocobaga mound at Philippe Park
Jungle Prada 10
Marker at site of 1528 Narvaez landing, Jungle Prada, St. Petersburg
McMullen-Coachman Log Cabin
The McMullen-Coachman Log Cabin, built in 1852, is located at Heritage Village in Largo, Florida and is the oldest standing structure in Pinellas County
Belleview
The Belleview Biltmore hotel built by Henry Plant
FortDesotoMortars
Battery and guns at Fort De Soto
Firstgandy
The original span of the Gandy Bridge
St. Pete Vinoy pano01
The Renaissance Vinoy Hotel

Pre-European settlement

Prior to European exploration and settlement the Pinellas peninsula, like all of Tampa Bay, was inhabited by the Tocobaga Indians, who built a town and large temple mound overlooking the bay in what is now Safety Harbor. The modern site is protected and can be visited as part of the County's Philippe Park.

Spanish and British Florida

During the early 16th century Spanish explorers discovered and slowly began exploring Florida, including Tampa Bay. In 1528 Panfilo de Narvaez landed in Pinellas, and 10 years later Hernando de Soto is thought to have explored the Tampa Bay Area. By the early 18th century the Tocobaga had been virtually annihilated, having fallen victim to European diseases from which they had no immunity, as well as European conflicts. Later Spanish explorers named the area Punta Piñal (Spanish for "Point of Pines" or "Piney Point"). After trading hands multiple times between the British and the Spanish, Spain finally ceded Florida to the United States in 1821, and in 1823 the U.S. Army established Fort Brooke (later Tampa).

Settlement of West Hillsborough

In 1834 much of west central Florida, including the Pinellas peninsula (then known simply as West Hillsborough), was organized as Hillsborough County. The very next year Odet Philippe became the first permanent, non-native resident of the peninsula when he established a homestead near the site of the Tocobaga village in Safety Harbor. It was Philippe who first introduced both citrus culture and cigar-making to Florida.

Around the same time, the United States Army began construction of Fort Harrison, named after William Henry Harrison, as a rest post for soldiers from nearby Fort Brooke during the Second Seminole War. The new fort was located on a bluff overlooking Clear Water Harbor, which later became part of an early 20th-century residential development (now historic district) called Harbor Oaks. University of South Florida archaeologists excavated the site in 1977 after Alfred C. Wyllie discovered an underground ammunition bunker while digging a swimming pool on his estate. Clearwater would later become the first organized community on the peninsula as well as the site of its first post office.

The Armed Occupation Act, passed in 1842, encouraged further settlement of Pinellas, like all of Florida, by offering 160 acres (0.65 km²) to anyone who would bear arms and cultivate the land. Pioneer families like the Booths, the Coachmans, the Marstons, and the McMullens established homesteads in the area in the years following, planting more citrus groves and raising cattle. During the American Civil War, many residents fought for the Confederate States of America. Brothers James and Daniel McMullen were members of the Confederate Cow Cavalry, driving Florida cattle to Georgia and the Carolinas to help sustain the war effort. John W. Marston served in the 9th Florida Regiment as a part of the Appomattox Campaign. Many other residents served in other capacities. Otherwise the peninsula had virtually no significance during the war, and the war largely passed the area by.

Tarpon Springs became West Hillsborough's first incorporated city in 1887, and in 1888 the Orange Belt Railway was extended into the southern portion of the peninsula. Railroad owner Peter Demens named the town that grew near the railroad's terminus St. Petersburg in honor of his hometown. The town would incorporate in 1892. Other major towns in the county incorporated during this time were Clearwater (1891), Dunedin (1899), and Largo (1905).

Construction of Fort De Soto, on Mullet Key facing the mouth of Tampa Bay, was begun in 1898 during the Spanish–American War to protect Tampa Bay from potential invading forces. The fort, a subpost of Fort Dade on adjacent Egmont Key (which lies in the mouth of Tampa Bay), was equipped with artillery and mortar batteries.

Birth of Pinellas County

Even into the early years of the 20th century, West Hillsborough had no paved roads, and transportation posed a major challenge. A trip to the county seat, across the bay in Tampa, was generally an overnight affair and the automobiles that existed on the peninsula at that time would frequently become bogged down in the muck after rainstorms. Angry at what was perceived as neglect by the county government, residents of Pinellas began a push to secede from Hillsborough. They succeeded, and on January 1, 1912 Pinellas County came into being. The peninsula, along with a small part of the mainland were incorporated into the new county.

Land boom and prohibition

Aviation history was made in St. Petersburg on January 1, 1914 when Tony Jannus made the world's first scheduled commercial airline flight with the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line from St. Petersburg to Tampa. The popular open-air St. Petersburg concert venue Jannus Live (formerly known as "Jannus Landing") memorializes the flight.

The early 1920s saw the beginning of a land boom in much of Florida, including Pinellas. During this period municipalities issued a large number of bonds to keep pace with the needed infrastructure, such as roads and bridges. The travel time to Tampa was cut in half—from 43 to 19 miles (69 to 31 km)—by the opening of the Gandy Bridge in 1924, along the same route Jannus' airline used. It was the longest automobile toll bridge in the world at the time.

Prohibition was unpopular in the area and the peninsula's countless inlets and islands became havens for rumrunners bringing in liquor from Cuba. Others distilled moonshine in the County's still plentiful woods.

Great Depression and World War II

As was the case in much of Florida, the Great Depression came early to Pinellas with the collapse of the real estate boom in 1926. Local economies came into severe difficulties, and by 1930, St. Petersburg defaulted on its bonds. Only after World War II would significant growth return to the area. During the war, the area's tourist industry collapsed, but thousands of recruits came to the area when the U.S. military decided to use the area for training. Area hotels became barracks. The Renaissance Vinoy Hotel was used as an Army training school. The area's women and girls participated in the war effort as well. Hundreds of girls from the area's most prominent families formed a group called the Bomb-a-Dears, holding dances, socializing with recruits, and selling war bonds. After the war many of these same soldiers remembered their war time experience in Pinellas well, and returned as tourists or residents.

Recent history

With the end of the Second World War, Pinellas would enter another period of rapid growth and development. In 1954 the original span of the Sunshine Skyway Bridge was opened, replacing earlier ferry service. By 1957 Clearwater was America's fastest growing city.

The Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council was founded by the late mayor of St. Petersburg, Herman Goldner, who sought without success during the 1960s to consolidate various municipalities and unincorporated areas in south Pinellas County. Each year the council presents its Herman Goldner Award for Regional Leadership.

Tragedy struck on May 9, 1980, when the southbound span of the original Sunshine Skyway Bridge was struck by the freighter MV Summit Venture during a storm, sending over 1,200 feet (370 m) of the bridge plummeting into Tampa Bay. The collision caused ten cars and a Greyhound bus to fall 150 feet (46 m) into the water, killing 35 people. The new bridge opened in 1987 and has since been listed as #3 of the "Top 10 Bridges" in the World by the Travel Channel.

The county operates a 21-acre (8.5 ha) living history museum called Heritage Village containing more than 28 historic structures, some dating back to the 19th century, where visitors can experience what life was once like in Pinellas.

Pinellas County celebrated 100 years of existence on January 1, 2012.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 608 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 274 square miles (710 km2) is land and 334 square miles (870 km2) (55.0%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Florida by land area, larger than only Union County. Pinellas forms a peninsula bounded on the west by the Gulf of Mexico and on the south and east by Tampa Bay. It is 38 miles (61 km) long and 15 miles (24 km) wide at its broadest point, with 587 miles (945 km) of coastline.

Physical geography

Honeymoon Island State Park (Image 1)
Honeymoon Island State Park near Dunedin, one of the county's barrier islands
USCG Anclote Keys Lighthouse
The Anclote Key Light
Palm Arboretum St. Petersburg, FL
Gizella Kopsick Palm Arboretum in St. Petersburg

Elevation in the county ranges from mean sea level to its highest natural point of 110 feet (34 m) near the intersection of SR 580 and Countryside Blvd. in Clearwater. Due to its small size and high population, by the early 21st century Pinellas County has been mostly built out, with very little developable land left available. The county has maintained a fairly large system of parks and preserves that provide residents and visitors retreat from the city and a glimpse of the peninsula's original state.

Geologically, Pinellas is underlain by a series of limestone formations, the Hawthorne limestone and the Tampa limestone. The limestone is porous and stores a large quantity of water. The Hawthorne formation forms a prominent ridge down the spine of the county, from east of Dunedin, south to the Walsingham area and east towards St. Petersburg.

The 35 miles of beaches and dunes which make up the county's 11 barrier islands provide habitat for coastal species, serve as critical storm protection for the inland communities, and form the basis of the area's thriving tourism industry. The islands are dynamic, with wave action building some islands further up, eroding others, and forming entirely new islands over time. Though hurricanes are infrequent on this part of Florida's coast, they have had a major impact on the islands, with the Hurricane of 1848 forming John's Pass between Madeira Beach and Treasure Island, a hurricane in 1921 creating Hurricane Pass and cleaving Hog Island into Honeymoon and Caladesi Islands, and 1985's Hurricane Elena sealing Dunedin Pass to join Caladesi with Clearwater Beach.

Between the barrier islands and the peninsula are several bodies of water, through which traverses a section of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. From north to south they are: St. Joseph Sound between the islands and Dunedin, Clearwater Harbor between Clearwater and Clearwater Beach, and Boca Ciega Bay in the southern third of the county. Connecting Clearwater Harbor to Boca Ciega Bay is a thin, approximately 3.5-mile (5.6 km) stretch of water known as The Narrows, which runs next to the town of Indian Shores.

Extending from northeastern Boca Ciega Bay, Long Bayou separates Seminole from St. Petersburg near Bay Pines. Long Bayou once extended significantly farther up the peninsula until the northern portion was sealed off to create Lake Seminole. Extending further still from Long Bayou, the Cross Bayou Canal traverses the peninsula, crossing Pinellas Park in a northeasterly direction before emptying into Tampa Bay on the northwest side of St. Petersburg-Clearwater International Airport.

Barrier islands and passes

  • Anclote Key- offshore of Tarpon Springs and the northernmost point in the county
  • Howard Park- a man-made pocket beach created in the 1960s
  • Three Rooker Bar- the most geologically recent of Pinellas' barrier islands
  • Honeymoon Island
  • Hurricane Pass
  • Caladesi Island
  • Dunedin Pass- shoaled and closed in the 1980s, linking Caladesi Island and Clearwater Beach
  • Clearwater Beach
  • Clearwater Pass
  • Sand Key- the longest of Pinellas' barrier islands
  • John's Pass
  • Treasure Island
  • Blind Pass
  • Long Key (St. Pete Beach)
  • Pass-a-Grille Channel
  • Shell Key
  • Tierra Verde- on the bay side of Shell Key, links the mainland to Fort De Soto. Created by a dredge-and-fill project that merged several smaller Keys, including Cabbage and Pine Keys
  • Bunces Pass
  • Mullet Key- home to Fort De Soto and the southernmost point in the county

National protected area

  • Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge

State protected areas

County parks and preserves

  • A.L. Anderson Park, Tarpon Springs
  • Boca Ciega Millenium Park, Seminole
  • John Chesnut Sr. Park, Palm Harbor
  • Eagle Lake Park, Largo
  • Fort De Soto Park, Tierra Verde
  • Fred Howard Park, Tarpon Springs
  • Lake Seminole Park, Seminole
  • Philippe Park, Safety Harbor
  • Ridgecrest Park, Largo
  • Sand Key Park, Clearwater
  • Sawgrass Lake Park, St. Petersburg
  • John S. Taylor Park, Largo
  • Wall Springs Park, Palm Harbor
  • Walsingham Park, Largo
  • War Veterans Memorial Park, St. Petersburg
  • Brooker Creek Preserve
  • Mobbly Bayou Preserve
  • Shell Key Preserve
  • Weedon Island Preserve

Pinellas County Parks Gallery

Other protected areas

Boyd Hill Nature Preserve- A 245-acre park on the shores of Lake Maggiore in south St. Petersburg, operated by the city and featuring a nature center, bird-of-prey aviary, and over three miles of trails through a variety of ecosystems.

Adjacent counties

Hillsborough County extends along the shipping channel into the Gulf of Mexico and actually separates Pinellas County from Manatee County.

Ecosystems

Spalmetto2
Cabbage palms, the state tree of Florida
Pelican Brown122
The brown pelican is commonly seen along the Gulf coast

Plant life

Several natural communities exist within the county, including areas of freshwater wetlands (dominated by bald cypresses and ferns), coastal mangrove swamps, sporadic hardwood hammocks (dominated by laurel oaks and live oaks, cabbage palms, and southern magnolias), low-lying, poorly drained pine flatwoods (dominated by longleaf pines and saw palmettos), and well-drained, upland sandhills (dominated by longleaf pines and turkey oaks) and sand pine scrub (dominated by sand pines, saw palmettos, and various oaks). Offshore ecosystems include the Tampa Bay estuary and numerous gulf seagrass beds. The county also maintains several artificial reefs

Animal life

Numerous bird species can be sighted in Pinellas, either as permanent residents or during the winter migration, including wading birds like great blue herons, egrets, white ibises and roseate spoonbills, aquatic birds like brown pelicans, white pelicans, and cormorants, numerous species of shorebirds, and very-common birds like seagulls and passerines like the blue jay, mockingbird, and crow. Ospreys are a commonly seen bird-of-prey, with other birds of prey like turkey vultures, red tailed hawks, great horned owls, screech owls, barn owls, and bald eagles, among others, seen as well.

Gopher tortoises are found in many areas, the burrows they dig making them a keystone species. Coyotes, though often associated with the American West, are native-to and can be found in Pinellas. White-tailed deer, wild turkeys, bobcats, otters, and alligators can be found in the county as well.

Sea turtles nest on the shores or Pinellas' barrier islands and have been threatened by development. Offshore, dolphins, sharks, and manatees are numerous as well, while closer inshore stingrays are a common sight, leading those in-the-know to do the "stingray shuffle" (shuffling up the sand to scare nearby stingrays off) when entering gulf waters. Species of fish commonly caught in the waters surrounding the county include spotted seatrout, red drum or redfish, snook, pompano, sheepshead, Spanish mackerel, grouper, mullet, flounder, kingfish, and tarpon.

Invasive species

Like much of Florida, Pinellas County is home to several invasive species that propagate easily outside their (and their natural predators') native range. Examples of commonly seen invasives include Brazilian pepper, water hyacinth, Australian pine, melaleuca and air potato. These species are considered serious pests, and varying methods have been tried to eradicate them. Examples of invasive animals include the wild boar, which poses significant health and agricultural problems in Florida and can sometimes be found in Pinellas, and the monk parakeet, small flocks of which can sometimes be seen in flight or building nests on electrical poles or telecommunications towers.

Pinellas gained some national attention as the home of the [[Feral rhesus macaque

Climate

Cumulonimbus Cloud Formation Over Florida
Cumulonimbus clouds like this one are a frequent sight during the rainy season

Pinellas, like the rest of the Tampa Bay area, has a humid subtropical climate, resulting in warm, humid summers with frequent thunderstorms, and drier winters. Pinellas County's geographic position- lying on a peninsula between Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico introduces large amounts of humidity into the atmosphere and serves to moderate temperatures. The geography of the peninsula also causes some variance in the county's average temperatures. St. Petersburg, further south on the peninsula, tends to have warmer daily average lows (by about 3 degrees) than areas such as Dunedin and Palm Harbor further north, though daily highs are very close. The north of the county also has fewer overall days of rain, but higher total annual precipitation when measured in inches, the county's south being prone to shorter, more frequent thunderstorms especially in the late summer.

Freezing temperatures occur only every 2–3 years, with freezing precipitation occurring extremely rarely. Springs are usually short, mild, and dry, with occasional late-season cold fronts. Summertime weather is very consistent, with highs in the low 90s °F (around 32 °C), lows in the mid-70s °F (around 24 °C), accompanied by high humidity and an almost daily chance of afternoon thundershowers. The area experiences significant rainfall during its summer months (approximately May through October), with nearly two-thirds of annual precipitation falling between the months of June and September. The area is occasionally affected by tropical storms and hurricanes, but has not suffered a direct hit since 1921. Fall, like spring, is usually mild and dry, with the hurricane season extending through November and sometimes affecting the area.

Many portions of south Pinellas, especially near the bay and gulf, have tropical microclimates. Tropical trees such as coconut palms and royal palms and fruit trees like mangoes grow very well in these microclimates.

Climate data for St. Petersburg, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 69.3
(20.72)
70.7
(21.5)
75.2
(24)
80
(26.7)
85.8
(29.89)
89.2
(31.78)
90.2
(32.33)
89.9
(32.17)
88.2
(31.22)
83
(28.3)
76.6
(24.78)
71.1
(21.72)
80.8
(27.11)
Average low °F (°C) 54
(12.2)
55.2
(12.89)
59.7
(15.39)
64.6
(18.11)
70.8
(21.56)
75.2
(24)
76.6
(24.78)
76.8
(24.89)
75.8
(24.33)
70
(21.1)
62.9
(17.17)
56.3
(13.5)
66.5
(19.17)
Rainfall inches (mm) 2.76
(70.1)
2.87
(72.9)
3.29
(83.6)
1.92
(48.8)
2.80
(71.1)
6.09
(154.7)
6.72
(170.7)
8.26
(209.8)
7.59
(192.8)
2.64
(67.1)
2.04
(51.8)
2.60
(66)
49.58
(1,259.3)
Avg. rainy days 6.3 6.1 6.1 4.2 5 10.3 13.5 14.2 12 5.9 5 5.5 94.1
Source: NOAA
Climate data for Dunedin, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 69
(20.6)
72
(22.2)
75
(23.9)
80
(26.7)
85
(29.4)
89
(31.7)
90
(32.2)
90
(32.2)
88
(31.1)
83
(28.3)
77
(25)
71
(21.7)
80.75
(27.083)
Average low °F (°C) 50
(10)
53
(11.7)
57
(13.9)
62
(16.7)
68
(20)
73
(22.8)
75
(23.9)
75
(23.9)
72
(22.2)
66
(18.9)
59
(15)
53
(11.7)
63.58
(17.544)
Rainfall inches (mm) 2.99
(75.9)
3.05
(77.5)
3.81
(96.8)
2.37
(60.2)
2.02
(51.3)
6.69
(169.9)
8.09
(205.5)
8.32
(211.3)
6.99
(177.5)
3.31
(84.1)
2.15
(54.6)
2.95
(74.9)
52.74
(1,339.6)
Avg. rainy days 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.4 3.6 9.6 11 11.6 8.3 4.1 3.2 3.6 71.1
Source: Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 28,265
1930 62,149 119.9%
1940 91,852 47.8%
1950 159,249 73.4%
1960 374,665 135.3%
1970 522,329 39.4%
1980 728,531 39.5%
1990 851,659 16.9%
2000 921,482 8.2%
2010 916,542 −0.5%
Est. 2015 949,827 3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2010 Census

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics:

  • White (non-Hispanic) (82.1% when including White Hispanics): 76.9% (17.7% German, 15.5% Irish, 12.6% English, 8.9% Italian, 4.3% Polish, 4.0% French, 2.6% Scottish, 1.9% Scotch-Irish, 1.7% Dutch, 1.4% Swedish, 1.4% Greek, 1.1% Russian, 1.0% French Canadian, 0.9% Norwegian, 0.8% Welsh, 0.8% Hungarian, 0.5% Czech, 0.5% Portuguese, 0.5% Ukrainian)
  • Black (non-Hispanic) (10.3% when including Black Hispanics): 10.0% (0.6% Subsaharan African, 0.5% West Indian/Afro-Caribbean American [0.2% Jamaican, 0.1% Haitian, 0.1% Trinidadian and Tobagonian, 0.1% Other or Unspecified West Indian])
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 8.0% (2.4% Mexican, 2.4% Puerto Rican, 0.9% Cuban)
  • Asian: 3.0% (0.8% Vietnamese, 0.7% Other Asian, 0.6% Indian, 0.5% Filipino, 0.3% Chinese, 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Japanese)
  • Two or more races: 2.2%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other Races: 2.0% (0.6% Arab)

In 2010, 6.5% of the population considered themselves to be of only "American" ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)

There were 415,876 households out of which 19.89% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.33% were married couples living together, 11.86% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.67% were non-families. 35.42% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.14% (4.53% male and 10.61% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.79.

The age distribution is 17.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,258, and the median income for a family was $58,335. Males had a median income of $41,537 versus $35,003 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,742. About 8.1% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those aged 65 or over.

In 2010, 11.2% of the county's population was foreign born, with 50.3% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign-born residents, 33.6% were born in Europe, 32.1% were born in Latin America, 20.9% born in Asia, 9.8% in North America, 3.0% born in Africa, and 0.6% were born in Oceania.

2000 Census

As of 2000, there were 921,482 people, 414,968 households, and 243,171 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,271/km² (3,292/sq mi), making it the most densely populated county in Florida. There were 481,573 housing units at an average density of 1,720 per square mile (664/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.85% White (82.8% were Non-Hispanic White,) 8.96% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 4.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 414,968 households out of which 22.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.80% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.40% were non-families. 34.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.30% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 22.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

In 2000, 87.8% of persons age 25 or above were high school graduates, slightly above Florida's average of 84.9% for Florida. 26.7% of persons age 25 or above held a Bachelor's degree or higher, also slightly higher than Florida's rate of 25.6%.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,111, and the median income for a family was $46,925. Males had a median income of $32,264 versus $26,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,497. About 6.70% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, as Florida's 6th and the nation's 53rd most populous county, Pinellas has a population greater than that of the individual states of Wyoming, Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, Alaska, North Dakota, and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia. With a population density (as of the 2000 Census) of 3292 persons/mi², Pinellas county is by far the most densely populated county in the state, more than double that of Broward County, the next most densely populated.

Languages

As of 2010, 87.17% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 5.56% spoke Spanish, 0.78% Vietnamese, 0.70% French, 0.65% Greek, 0.56% German, and 0.52% of the population spoke Serbo-Croatian as their mother language. In total, 12.83% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.

Culture

Salvador Dalí Museum
The Salvador Dalí Museum

Museums

  • Museum of Fine Arts near the Pier in downtown St. Petersburg
  • Salvador Dalí Museum in downtown St. Petersburg
  • Florida Holocaust Museum in downtown St. Petersburg
  • Morean Arts Center in downtown St. Petersburg
  • Dr. Carter G. Woodson African American Museum in downtown St. Petersburg
  • Leepa-Rattner Museum of Art on the Tarpon Springs Campus of St. Petersburg College
  • Great Explorations Children's Museum in St. Petersburg

Performing arts venues

  • Ruth Eckerd Hall in Clearwater
  • Mahaffey Theater in St. Petersburg
  • Palladium Theater in St. Petersburg
  • Jannus Landing in St. Petersburg
  • Palladium at St. Petersburg College in St. Petersburg
  • freeFall Theatre in St. Petersburg
  • American Stage in St. Petersburg

The Florida Orchestra splits its performances between Ruth Eckerd Hall, the Mahaffey Theater, and the Straz Center for the Performing Arts in Tampa. Clearwater Jazz Holiday held every October in Coachman Park in downtown Clearwater; in its 32nd year.

Other points of interest

See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Pinellas County, Florida and List of ghost towns in FloridaLong established communities, particularly Old Northeast in St. Petersburg, Pass-a-Grille in St. Pete Beach, Harbor Oaks in Clearwater, and old Tarpon Springs contain notable historic architecture.

The area has embraced farmer's markets, with St. Petersburg's Saturday Morning Market drawing large crowds, and other markets located weekly in several other parts of the county also seeing a growth in popularity.

Downtowns in St. Petersburg and Dunedin, and many of the beaches, especially Clearwater Beach, all attract a vibrant nightlife.

In addition to the above-mentioned Heritage Village in Largo, a number of small local history museums operate within the county: the St. Petersburg Museum of History on the downtown St. Petersburg waterfront, the Gulf Beaches Historical Museum in Pass-a-Grille, the Dunedin Historical Museum in Dunedin, the Palm Harbor Museum in Palm Harbor, and the Historic Depot Museum in Tarpon Springs all provide visitors a glimpse of the area's history.

Two botanical gardens are located within the county: The Florida Botanical Gardens, a part of the Pinewood Cultural Park in Largo, and Sunken Gardens, a former tourist attraction located in and now run by the City of St. Petersburg.

Indian Shores is home to the Suncoast Seabird Sanctuary, currently the largest non-profit wild bird hospital in the United States and considered one of the top avian rehabilitation centers in the world. A variety of species can be found at the sanctuary, which is open 365 days a year and is free to the public.

On Clearwater Beach is the Clearwater Marine Aquarium, a non-profit dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured marine animals and public education. CMA's best-known permanent resident, is Winter, a bottlenose dolphin who was rescued in December 2005 after having her tail caught in a crab trap. Her injuries sadly caused the loss of her tail; CMA successfully fitted Winter with a prosthetic tail which brought worldwide attention to the facility. Winter was the subject of the 2011 film Dolphin Tale, shot partially on location at CMA.

On the south end of Anclote Key, off of Tarpon Springs, is the Anclote Key Light, a lighthouse built in 1887. The light is Pinellas County's only functioning lighthouse, and one of only two in the Tampa Bay Area. The light was deactivated in 1984, but by 2003 had been restored and as of 2013 continues to be in use. The island forms Anclote Key Preserve State Park and is accessible only by private boat.

Dunedin is home to the Dunedin Brewery, Florida's oldest microbrewery.

Sports and recreation

Sports teams

The Tampa Bay Area is home to three major professional sports teams and a number of minor-league and college teams. Regardless of the specific city where they play their games, all of the professional teams claim "Tampa Bay" in their name to signify that they represent the entire area.

Professionally, baseball's Tampa Bay Rays play at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg, while football's Tampa Bay Buccaneers and hockey's Tampa Bay Lightning both play in nearby Tampa.

Two MLB teams come to Pinellas for spring training: the Philadelphia Phillies play at Bright House Field in Clearwater while the Toronto Blue Jays play at Florida auto exchange stadium in Dunedin.

Minor League teams in the area include the Clearwater Threshers (formerly the Clearwater Phillies) who play at Bright House Field and the Dunedin Blue Jays who play Dunedin Stadium.

The North American Soccer League's Tampa Bay Rowdies play at Progress Energy Park in St. Petersburg

The Honda Grand Prix of St. Petersburg is held every spring on the downtown St. Petersburg waterfront.

Recreational areas

  • Skyway Fishing Pier State Park - Remnants of the approaches to the original Sunshine Skyway Bridge and the longest fishing pier in the world.
  • Fred Marquis Pinellas Trail - 37-mile running and cycling trail over a former railroad bed connecting Tarpon Springs to St. Petersburg.

Other popular fishing locations include Pier 60 on Clearwater Beach and the Gulf and Bay Piers at Fort De Soto Park, as well as countless spots along the bridges and passes of the area, among many others.

Pinellas County's coastal geography, with a long system of barrier islands on the Gulf and small-to-large mangrove islands dotting the waters on all sides, provides for an extensive series of blueways that are enjoyed by kayakers of all ability levels. The county also maintains a series of artificial reefs in the Gulf which are popular spots for fishing and scuba diving

The county's two largest freshwater lakes, Lake Tarpon (accessible through Chestnut and Anderson parks) and Lake Seminole (accessible through Lake Seminole Park), are popular for water skiing, jet-skiing, and sailing, as well as for fishing and kayaking.

Both the North Beach of Fort De Soto Park (2005) and Caladesi Island (2008) have been named by Dr. Beach as America's Top Beach.

Transportation

Jungle Prada
Brick-covered section of Park St. in the Jungle Prada neighborhood of St. Petersburg

Major roads and highways

See also: List of county roads in Pinellas County, Florida

North-south routes

  • Interstate 275 travels through St. Petersburg, connecting Pinellas to Manatee County to the south via the Sunshine Skyway Bridge and to Tampa to the northeast by way of the Howard Frankland Bridge. Two east-west spur routes, I-175 and I-375 provide access into/out of downtown St. Petersburg.
  • U.S.19 is the main north-south highway through Pinellas County, traveling north from the Sunshine Skyway Bridge through St. Petersburg (where it is called 34th Street) and Clearwater, and continuing north to the Pasco County line. Currently, U.S. 19 from Pinellas Park to the Pasco County line is being upgraded to a freeway-style road, due to the cancellation of the proposed extension of Interstate 375 to Clearwater in the late 1970s.
  • U.S. Route 92 runs through St. Petersburg as 4th Street and connects the city to south Tampa via Gandy Boulevard and the Gandy Bridge. North of Gandy Boulevard, 4th Street becomes State Road 687.
  • CR 611 travels the length of the county and is known at various points as 49th Street, the Bayside Bridge, McMullen-Booth Road, and East Lake Road .
  • 66th Street runs through St. Petersburg and Pinellas Park before merging with U.S. 19 in Largo.
  • County Road 1 runs most of the length of the county and is known at various points as Park Street, Starkey Road, and Keene Road.
  • Alternate U.S. 19 is a former section of U.S. 19 that runs from St. Petersburg through western portions of the county, close to the Gulf of Mexico, before reconnecting to U.S. 19 at the Pasco County line. Its route follows 5th Ave N, Tyrone Blvd, Seminole Blvd, and Missouri Ave, among others.
  • Gulf Boulevard connects the county's barrier islands between St. Pete Beach and Clearwater Beach.

East-west routes

  • Central Avenue is St. Petersburg's main east-west artery, traveling from the city's downtown at Tampa Bay to Treasure Island on the Gulf.
  • Park Boulevard travels across the middle of the county, from Indian Shores on the Gulf, through Seminole and Pinellas Park before becoming Gandy Boulevard, and continuing to south Tampa via the Gandy Bridge.
  • Ulmerton Road also runs across mid-county, from Indian Rocks Beach on the Gulf, through Largo to Northeast St. Petersburg, before merging directly into I-275 and continuing on to Tampa via the Howard Frankland Bridge
  • East Bay Drive/Roosevelt Blvd. runs from the Gulf at Belleair Beach, across Largo to the east of the county, where it crosses Ulmerton Rd and I-275 before ending at its junction with 4th St. N and Gandy Blvd.
  • SR 60/Gulf-to-Bay Boulevard travels across Clearwater from Clearwater Beach, connecting the city to Hillsborough County and the area around Tampa International Airport via the Courtney Campbell Causeway.
  • State Road 580 connects downtown Dunedin (where it forms Main Street) to Oldsmar where it merges into Tampa Road.
  • Tampa Road travels across Palm Harbor from Ozona on the Gulf, through Oldsmar to the Hillsborough County line, where it continues as Hillsborough Avenue.

Airports

Benoist XIV replica
Replica of the airplane flown by Tony Jannus at St. Petersburg–Clearwater International Airport
  • St. Petersburg–Clearwater International Airport
  • Albert Whitted Airport
  • Clearwater Executive Airpark
  • Tampa International Airport is located across the bay in nearby Tampa.

Railroads

Amtrak Bus Station - Pinellas Park, Florida
Amtrak continues to have a presence in Pinellas County through a bus station in Pinellas Park

The CSX railroad company operates the Clearwater Subdivision in Pinellas County, made up of segments of branch lines of the former Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. Beginning in Tampa, the line has daily freight rail traffic through Oldsmar, Safety Harbor, Clearwater, Largo, Pinellas Park, and into St. Petersburg. Regularly-scheduled passenger rail services in Pinellas County ended on February 1, 1984 when Amtrak discontinued its rail operations in the county, and the last passenger rail service in the county of any kind, a series of special excursion runs between Tarpon Springs and Dunedin, occurred on March 8, 1987. CSX owned the last remaining trackage in downtown St. Petersburg until March 2008 when it, along with the remaining trackage south of Central Avenue and east of 34th Street South, began to be dismantled. That right-of-way, as well as the right-of-way of several other former CSX railroad lines in the county beginning in the 1990s, was converted into a section of the Pinellas Trail.

Proposals are currently being developed by community leaders for a light rail system which would connect the regional core cities of Clearwater, St. Petersburg, and Tampa. The proposal, which has won the backing of the Clearwater and St. Petersburg City Councils would rely on a 1% sales tax and would have to go before voters for approval.

Mass transit

The Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) operates 205 buses and trolleys servicing 37 routes across the county, with major stops at all commercial centers. Along the Gulf Beaches, PTSA operates the Suncoast Beach Trolley. PTSA also offers two express routes to downtown Tampa via the Howard Frankland and Gandy Bridges, connecting with Tampa's HartLine, and connects with Pasco's PCPT in Tarpon Springs to continue service in that county. The system's two main bus terminals are located in downtown Clearwater and downtown St. Petersburg. During fiscal year 2005-06, PSTA transported 11,400,484 passengers.

Communities

Cities of Pinellas County
Location of municipalities in Pinellas County as indicated by list at left
St Pete Skyline from Pier
St. Petersburg skyline from the Pier
Clearwater CountyRd699 Panorama
Clearwater pass from Clearwater Beach

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

In popular culture

Movies filmed in Pinellas County include:

  • Sunlight Jr.– (2013)
  • Spring Breakers– (2013)
  • Magic Mike– (2012)
  • Dolphin Tale (2011)– Filmed and set at the Clearwater Marine Aquarium
  • Immortal Island (2011)
  • A Fonder Heart (2011)– Scenes filmed in Clearwater
  • Misconceptions (2008)– scenes filmed at Eckerd College
  • Grace is Gone (2007)– scenes filmed at Fort De Soto
  • Love Comes Lately (2007)– scenes filmed at Pass A Grille and St. Pete Beach
  • Loren Cass (2006)– scenes filmed throughout St. Petersburg
  • The Punisher (2004)– Scenes filmed at Honeymoon Island State Park, Fort De Soto and the Sunshine Skyway Bridge
  • American Outlaws (2001)– scenes filmed at Fort De Soto
  • Ocean's Eleven (2001)– single scene filmed at the Derby Lane Greyhound Track in St. Petersburg
  • Great Expectations (1998)– Scenes filmed at Fort DeSoto Park in St. Petersburg
  • Lethal Weapon 3 (1992)– scenes filmed at the Sereno Hotel (now gone) in St. Petersburg
  • Cocoon (1985)– filmed and set in St. Petersburg
  • Summer Rental (1985)– Filmed in St. Pete Beach
  • Once Upon a Time in America (1984)– scenes filmed at the historic Don Cesar hotel on St. Pete Beach
  • Porky's (1982)– based on actual occurrences at Boca Ciega High School in Gulfport the early 1960s

Images for kids


Pinellas County, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.