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Riga
Rīga
City
From top, left to right: the Freedom Monument, the Riga City Council building, the House of the Blackheads, Livonian Square, and the Latvian National Opera
From top, left to right: the Freedom Monument, the Riga City Council building, the House of the Blackheads, Livonian Square, and the Latvian National Opera
Flag of Riga
Flag
Coat of arms of Riga
Coat of arms
Country  Latvia
Area (2002)
 • City 324 km2 (125 sq mi)
 • Land 275.5 km2 (106.4 sq mi)
 • Water 48.60 km2 (18.76 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro 7,292.8 km2 (2,815.8 sq mi)
Population (2018)
 • City 615,369
 • Density 1,899.3/km2 (4,919/sq mi)
 • Urban 939,325
 • Metro 1,070,000
 • Metro density 146.7/km2 (380/sq mi)
 • Demonym Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity (2019)
 • Latvians 47.1%
 • Russians 36.4%
 • Belarusians 3.7%
 • Ukrainians 3.4%
 • Poles 1.8%
 • Lithuanians 0.8%
 • Romanies 0.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Calling codes 66 and 67
GDP(nominal) 2016
 - Total €13.5 billion($27 billion, PPP)
 - Per capita €21,000($42,500, PPP)
HDI (2017) 0.878 – very high
Website www.riga.lv
Historic Centre of Riga
UNESCO World Heritage site
The Old Town of Riga
The old town of Riga
Criteria Cultural: i, ii
Reference 852
Inscription 1997 (21st Session)
Area 438.3 ha
Buffer zone 1,574.2 ha

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Riga is the capital of Latvia and is home to 632,614 inhabitants (2019), which is a third of Latvia's population. Being significantly larger than other cities of Latvia, Riga is the country's primate city. It is also the largest city in the three Baltic states and is home to one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava river where it meets the Baltic Sea. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m (3 ft 3 in–32 ft 10 in) above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

Riga was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League member. Riga's historical centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, noted for its Art Nouveau/Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture. Riga was the European Capital of Culture during 2014, along with Umeå in Sweden. Riga hosted the 2006 NATO Summit, the Eurovision Song Contest 2003, the 2006 IIHF Men's World Ice Hockey Championships and the 2013 World Women's Curling Championship. It is home to the European Union's office of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC).

In 2016, Riga received over 1.4 million visitors. The city is served by Riga International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in the Baltic states. Riga is a member of Eurocities, the Union of the Baltic Cities (UBC) and Union of Capitals of the European Union (UCEU).

History

Riga was founded in 1201. Since 1918 Riga has been the capital city of Latvia.

People

Most of the people are Latvian (45%) and 40% are Russian.

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