List of cities in the United Kingdom facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of official cities in the United Kingdom as of 2015. It lists those places that have been granted city status by letters patent or royal charter. There are currently a total of 69 such cities in the United Kingdom: 51 in England, seven in Scotland, six in Wales, and five in Northern Ireland. Of these, 23 in England, two in Wales, and one in Northern Ireland possess Lord Mayors and four in Scotland have Lord Provosts. In some cases, the area holding city status does not coincide with the built up area or conurbation of which it forms part. In Greater London, for example, the City of London and that of Westminster each hold city status separately but no other neighbourhood has been granted city status, nor has Greater London as a whole. In other cases, such as the Cities of Canterbury and Lancaster, the status extends over a number of towns and rural areas outside the main settlement proper.

History

The initial cities (Latin: civitas) of Britain were the fortified settlements organized by the Romans as the capitals of the Celtic tribes under Roman rule. The British clerics of the early Middle Ages later preserved a traditional list of the "28 Cities" (Old Welsh: cair) which was mentioned by Gildas and listed by Nennius.

The title of city was initially informal and, into the 20th century, royal charters were considered to recognize city status rather than to grant it. The usual criterion in early modern Britain was the presence of a cathedral, particularly after King Henry VIII granted letters patent establishing six new cities when he established a series of new dioceses in the 1540s as part of the English Reformation. No new cities were created between the 16th and 19th centuries, but following the Industrial Revolution and the accompanying population boom and growth in urbanisation, new sees were established at Ripon (1836) and Manchester (1847); their councils began to style them cities immediately. Inverness in Scotland was even refused a charter at the time of the Jubilee honours of 1897, in part because it would have drawn more attention to the other traditional "cities" still not formally chartered as such.

Beginning in the mid-19th century, however, the process became more formal. A visit by Queen Victoria in 1851 prompted Manchester to petition Parliament for recognition of its status. Ripon followed in the 1860s, and a series of hitherto informal "cities" were formally recognized in the 1880s and 1890s. On the basis of its size, importance, and regular government, Belfast was elevated in spite of its lack of a cathedral in 1888; other large municipalities followed, while smaller applicants began to be rejected. King Edward VII and the Home Office established three criteria for future applicants in 1907—a minimum population of 300 000, a good record of local government, and a "local metropolitan character"—but these criteria were not made public, and following Leicester's successful elevation in 1919 a series of exceptions were made. The 1972 Local Government Act effectively eliminated all authorities holding city status outside London on 1 April 1974; most of their replacements were confirmed in their predecessor's status—even in cases such as the City of Carlisle, where much of the local authority area is undeveloped countryside—but the Borough of Medway was not permitted to continue Rochester's title. In recent times there have been competitions for new grants of city status. Towns or councils that claim city status or add "city" to their name have been known to be rebuked by the Advertising Standards Authority.

The cities of Scotland and Ireland were treated separately. Scottish towns irregularly applied the description to themselves, but were formally organized as royal burghs; the special rights of these were preserved by Article XXI of the Treaty of Union which established the single state of Great Britain in 1707. Edinburgh and Glasgow were confirmed as cities "by ancient usage" in the 18th century, as was Aberdeen, and this was later reconfirmed in the Act enlarging the burgh in 1891. Dundee was granted letters patent in 1889 and Elgin and Perth were recognized as cities by the Home Office in 1972, before the privilege was removed by the Scottish Local Government Act of 1973.

In Ireland, only the seat of the primate at Armagh was accorded city status by ancient usage, and this status was abolished by the Irish Municipal Corporations Act of 1840. All other cities have been those explicitly recognized as such.

List of cities

City Year granted
or confirmed
Cathedral
(pre-1888)
City council Nation/Region Image Population
Aberdeen
(Scots: Aiberdeen)
(Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain)
&10000000000001179000000 1891
(Burgh: 1179)
High Kirk of Aberdeen
(St Machar's)
Local government district Scotland Aberdeen from Torry - geograph.org.uk - 1454885.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".189,120
Armagh
(Irish: Ard Mhacha)
(Ulster-Scots: Airmagh)
&10000000000001994000000 1994 n/a Local government district Northern Ireland The Mall, Armagh.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".59,340 (2011)
Bangor &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of St Deiniol Community Wales Bangor from Bangor-mountain.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".16,358 (2011)
Bath &10000000000001090000000 1090 Abbey Church of
SS Peter & Paul
Charter trustees South West, England Bath, Somerset Panorama - April 2011.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".88,859 (2011)
97,311 (urban area, 2010)
Belfast
(Irish: Béal Feirste)
(Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst)
&10000000000001888000000 1888 n/a Local government district Northern Ireland Belfast City Hall 2.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".333,871 (2011)
Birmingham &10000000000001889000000 1889 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
West Midlands, England Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground crop.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".1,092,330 (2013)
Bradford &10000000000001897000000 1897 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England Bradford City Hall from National Media Museum.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".522,452 (2011)
Brighton & Hove &10000000000002000000000 2000 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
South East, England Brighton.UK.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".273,369 (2011)
Bristol &10000000000001542000000 1542 Cathedral Church of
the Holy & Undivided Trinity
Local government district
(Unitary and county)
South West, England Bristol cityscape.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".428,234 (2011)
Cambridge &10000000000001951000000 1951 n/a Local government district East, England KingsCollegeChapelWest.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".123,867 (2011)
Canterbury &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral & Metropolitical Church of
Christ
Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
South East, England View of the city from Augustine House - geograph.org.uk - 1713552.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".151,145 (2011)
Cardiff
(Welsh: Caerdydd)
&10000000000001905000000 1905 n/a Local government district Wales Cardiff City Hall cropped.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".346,090 (2011)
Carlisle &10000000000001133000000 1133 Cathedral Church of
the Holy & Undivided Trinity
Local government district North West, England Carlisle Cathedral from the Air.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".107,524 (2011)
Chelmsford &10000000000002012000000 2012 n/a Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
East, England Chelmsfordcath.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".168,310 (2011)
Chester &10000000000001541000000 1541 Cathedral Church of
Christ & the Blessed Virgin Mary
Charter trustees North West, England Bridge Street, Chester.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".91,733 (urban area, 2010)
Chichester &10000000000001075000000 1075 Cathedral Church of
the Holy Trinity
Civil parish South East, England Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".26,795 (2011)
Coventry &10000000000001102000000 1102 St Michael's Cathedral Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
West Midlands, England Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".316,915 (2011)
Derby &10000000000001977000000 1977 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
East Midlands, England Iron Gate, Derby - geograph.org.uk - 587015.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".248,752 (2011)
Derry
(Irish: Doire)
(Ulster-Scots: Derrie)
&10000000000001604000000 1604 n/a Local government district Northern Ireland St Eugene's Cathedral, August 2009.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".107,877 (2011)
Dundee
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh)
&10000000000001191000000 1889
(Burgh: 1191)
n/a Local government district Scotland Midsummer night^ - geograph.org.uk - 9752.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".153,990
Durham &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
Christ & St. Mary the Virgin
Charter trustees North East, England Durham Cathedral from the train viaduct.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".94,375 (2011)
Edinburgh
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann)
&10000000000001329000000 18th century
(Burgh: 1329)
High Kirk of Edinburgh
(St Giles's)
Local government district Scotland Edinburgh from Calton Hill with Dugald Stewart Monument 3.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".468,720
Ely &10000000000001109000000 1109 Cathedral Church of
the Holy & Undivided Trinity
Civil parish East, England Ely Cathedral From Air.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".20,256 (2011)
Exeter &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
St Peter
Local government district South West, England Exeter from Haldon.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".117,773 (2011)
Glasgow
(Scots: Glesga)
(Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu)
&10000000000001492000000 18th century
(Burgh: 1492)
High Kirk of Glasgow
(St Mungo's)
Local government district Scotland (looking down) Buchannan Street, Glasgow.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".589,900
Gloucester &10000000000001541000000 1541 Cathedral Church of
St Peter & the Holy and Indivisible Trinity
Local government district South West, England Gloucester and its cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1454853.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".121,688 (2011)
Hereford &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
SS Mary the Virgin & Ethelbert the King
Civil parish West Midlands, England Hereford cathedral 002.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".58,896 (2011)
Inverness
(Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis)
&10000000000002000000000 2000 n/a none Scotland Inverness view 3.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".57,960
Kingston upon Hull &10000000000001897000000 1897 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England Hull City Hall - geograph.org.uk - 952519.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".256,406 (2011)
Lancaster &10000000000001937000000 1937 n/a Local government district North West, England City of Lancaster (2).jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".138,375 (2011)
Leeds &10000000000001893000000 1893 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England LeedsSkyline2013.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".751,485 (2011)
Leicester &10000000000001919000000 1919 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
East Midlands, England Leicester City Skyline - geograph.org.uk - 514032.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".329,839 (2011)
Lichfield &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
SS Mary & Chad
Civil parish West Midlands, England Lichfield Cityscape.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".32,219 (2011)
Lincoln &10000000000001072000000 1072 Cathedral Church of
St Mary
Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
East Midlands, England Cathedral and Castle Square - geograph.org.uk - 134108.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".93,541 (2011)
Lisburn
(Irish: Lios na gCearrbhach)
&10000000000002002000000 2002 n/a Local government district Northern Ireland Irish Linen Centre Lisburn Museum.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".120,165 (2011)
Liverpool &10000000000001880000000 1880 Cathedral Church of
Christ
Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
North West, England Pier Head and Mersey Ferry Liverpool.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".466,415 (2011)
City of London &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
St Paul
Local government district
(sui generis and county)
London London November 2013-26.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".7,375 (2011)
Manchester &10000000000001853000000 1853 Cathedral & Collegiate Church of
St Mary, St Denys, & St George
Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
North West, England Manchester Skyline.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".503,127 (2011)
Newcastle upon Tyne &10000000000001882000000 1882 Cathedral Church of
St Nicholas
Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
North East, England Bridges opening up - geograph.org.uk - 178375.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".280,177 (2011)
Newport
(Casnewydd)
&10000000000002002000000 2002 n/a Local government district Wales Newportciviccentre.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".145,736 (2011)
Newry
(Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá)
(Ulster-Scots: Newrie)
&10000000000002002000000 2002 n/a none Northern Ireland NewrySkyline.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".29,946 (2008, settlement population)
Norwich &10000000000001094000000 1094 Cathedral Church of
the Holy & Undivided Trinity
Local government district East, England Norwich Skyline.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".132,512 (2011)
Nottingham &10000000000001897000000 1897 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
East Midlands, England Council-House-Nottingham 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".305,680 (2011)
Oxford &10000000000001542000000 1542 Cathedral Church of
Christ
Local government district South East, England Oxford from Boars Hill.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".151,906 (2011)
Perth
(Scots: Pairth)
(Scottish Gaelic: Peairt)
&10000000000002012000000 2012
(Burgh: 12th century)
n/a none Scotland PerthScotland.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".45,770
Peterborough &10000000000001541000000 1541 Cathedral Church of
St Peter, St Paul, & St Andrew
Local government district
(Unitary)
East, England Peterborough Cathedral oblique view.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".183,631 (2011)
Plymouth &10000000000001928000000 1928 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
South West, England Plymouth from Mount Batten - geograph.org.uk - 1580485.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".256,384 (2011)
Portsmouth &10000000000001926000000 1926 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
South East, England Portsmouthskyline.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".205,056 (2011)
Preston &10000000000002002000000 2002 n/a Local government district North West, England Preston City Centre.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".140,202 (2011)
Ripon &10000000000001836000000 1836 Cathedral Church of
SS Peter & Wilfrid
Civil parish Yorkshire and the Humber, England RiponMarket.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".16,702 (2011)
St Albans &10000000000001877000000 1877 Cathedral & Abbey Church of
St Alban
Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
East, England Cathedral.png 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".140,644 (2011)
St Asaph
(Llanelwy)
&10000000000002012000000 2012 n/a Community Wales St Asaph, Cathedral.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".3,355 (2011)
St David's
(Tyddewi)
&10000000000001994000000 1994 n/a Community Wales St.Davids, Wales, UK.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".1,841 (2011)
Salford &10000000000001926000000 1926 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
North West, England Mariners Canal from Waterfront Quay, Salford Quays.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".233,933 (2011)
Salisbury &10000000000001227000000 1227 Cathedral Church of
St Mary
Civil parish South West, England Salisbury Cathedral.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".40,302 (2011)
Sheffield &10000000000001893000000 1893 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England PeaceGdnsSheffd.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".552,698 (2011)
Southampton &10000000000001964000000 1964 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
South East, England Southampton from Aurora 01.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".236,882 (2011)
Stirling
(Scots: Stirlin)
(Scottish Gaelic: Sruighlea)
&10000000000002002000000 2002 n/a none Scotland Stirling(DonaldMacDonald)Dec2005.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".34,790
Stoke-on-Trent &10000000000001925000000 1925 n/a Local government district
(Unitary)
West Midlands, England Hanley City - geograph.org.uk - 155173.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".249,008 (2011)
Sunderland &10000000000001992000000 1992 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
North East, England SunderlandBridges.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".275,506 (2011)
Swansea
(Abertawe)
&10000000000001969000000 1969 n/a Local government district Wales Swansea Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1484946.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".239,023 (2011)
Truro
(Truru)
&10000000000001877000000 1877 Cathedral Church of
St Mary
Civil parish South West, England Truro stmarysst.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".18,766 (2011)
Wakefield &10000000000001888000000 1888 Cathedral Church of
All Saints
Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England Wakefield County Hall.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".325,837 (2011)
Wells &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
St Andrew
Civil parish South West, England Aerial view of Wells-crop.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".10,536 (2011)
City of Westminster &10000000000001540000000 1540 Collegiate Church of
St Peter
(Westminster Abbey)
Local government district
(London borough)
London Hdr parliament.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".219,396 (2011)
Winchester &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
the Holy Trinity
Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
South East, England Winchester 13.JPG 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".116,595 (2011)
Wolverhampton &10000000000002000000000 2000 n/a Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
West Midlands, England St Peter's Church, Wolverhampton.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".249,470 (2011)
Worcester &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral Church of
Christ & St Mary
Local government district West Midlands, England River Severn, Worcester - geograph.org.uk - 894221.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".98,768 (2011)
York &10000000000001066000000 time immemorial Cathedral & Metropolitical Church of
St Peter
Local government district
(Unitary)
Yorkshire and the Humber, England York Bird's Eye View.jpg 0Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","..Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".198,051 (2011)
See also: list of royal burghs of Scotland

Map of the cities

British Overseas Territories

There are a number of cities in the British Overseas Territories, such as the City of James Town on Saint Helena. These are however not part of the United Kingdom.pl:Miasta ze statusem City w Wielkiej Brytanii


List of cities in the United Kingdom Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.