Ibn Battuta

Ibn Battuta
Handmade oil painting reproduction of Ibn Battuta in Egypt, a painting by Hippolyte Leon Benett..jpg
Book illustration by Léon Benett published in 1878 showing Ibn Baṭṭūṭah (right) in Egypt.
Native name أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة
Born 25 February 1304
Tangier, Marinid Morocco
Died 1369 (aged 64–65)
Marinid Morocco
Occupation Geographer, explorer
Era Medieval era

Ibn Battuta (1304 – 1368 or 1369) was a Moroccan explorer. He is known for the account of his journeys called the Rihla ("Voyage"). He travelled for nearly 30 years and covered most of the Islamic world. He also explored West Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. This distance was more than Marco Polo travelled; about 75,000 kilometres (47,000 mi). Ibn Battuta was considered the greatest traveller of the medieval period.

Ibn Battuta was born on February 24, 1304 in Tangier. His family consisted of judges and scholars of Islamic law. At age 21, Ibn Battuta started his long exploration when he went on the Hajj. This is a year-long pilgrimage that brings Muslims closer to God. Ibn Battuta first went across North Africa (Maghreb), to the great port Alexandria in 1326. Ibn spent 30 years visiting every Muslim country of his day. He recorded details about the social and political life he saw on his journeys.


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