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Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Coat of arms of Guyana
Coat of arms
Motto: "One People, One Nation, One Destiny"
Anthem: "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"
Location of Guyana
Capital
and largest city
Georgetown
6°46′N 58°10′W / 6.767°N 58.167°W / 6.767; -58.167
Official languages English
Recognised regional languages Portuguese, Hindi, Spanish, Akawaio, Macushi, Wai Wai, Arawak, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishiana, Arekuna
National language Guyanese Creole
Ethnic groups
East Indian 43.5%
Black (African) 30.2%
Mixed 16.7%
Amerindian 9.1%
Other 0.5%
Demonym(s) Guyanese
Government Unitary Semi-presidential republic
Mohamed Irfaan Ali
Mark Phillips
Independence
1667–1814
• British Guiana
1814–1966
• from the United Kingdom
26 May 1966
• Republic
23 February 1970
Area
• Total
214,970 km2 (83,000 sq mi) (84th)
• Water (%)
8.4
Population
• July 2010 estimate
752,9401 (161st)
• 2002 census
751,223
• Density
3.502/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (225th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$5.379 billion
• Per capita
$6,964
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$2.215 billion
• Per capita
$2,868
HDI (2010) Increase 0.611
medium · 107th
Currency Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Time zone UTC-4 (GYT Guyana Time)
Driving side left
Calling code 592
ISO 3166 code GY
Internet TLD .gy
  1. Around one-third of the people (230,000) live in the capital, Georgetown.

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana formerly British Guiana is a country in South America. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (700,000 people live there inside its over 200,000 km² of area). Georgetown is the capital; like most of the country's settlements, it is on a flat coastal plain that goes from northwest to southeast. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba.

Guyana's current president is Irfaan Ali. The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on May 26, 1966 (before which it was called British Guiana). The republic is called cooperative for integrating different ethnic groups into government, introduced after the socialist government PNC won a majority in1968. The term "cooperative republic" however dates back from 1961.

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