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Culver City, California
City
City of Culver City
Culver City sign at sunset in October 2010
Culver City sign at sunset in October 2010
Flag of Culver City, California
Flag
Official seal of Culver City, California
Seal
Motto: "The Heart of Screenland"
Location of Culver City in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Culver City in Los Angeles County, California
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated September 20, 1917
Area
 • Total 5.139 sq mi (13.310 km2)
 • Land 5.111 sq mi (13.238 km2)
 • Water 0.028 sq mi (0.072 km2)  0.54%
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 38,883
 • Estimate (2013) 39,428
 • Density 7,566.3/sq mi (2,921.34/km2)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 90230–90233,90066
Area codes 310/424
FIPS code 06-17568
GNIS feature IDs 1652695, 2410276
Website www.culvercity.org

Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. The city was named after its founder, Harry Culver. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 38,883. It is mostly surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, but also shares a border with unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. Over the years, it has annexed more than 40 pieces of adjoining land and now comprises about five square miles.

Since the 1920s, Culver City has been a center for motion picture and later television production, best known as the home of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios. From 1932 to 1985, it was the headquarters for the Hughes Aircraft Company. National Public Radio West and Sony Pictures Entertainment have headquarters in the city. The NFL Network studio is also based in Culver City.

History

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 503
1930 5,669 1,027.0%
1940 8,976 58.3%
1950 19,720 119.7%
1960 32,163 63.1%
1970 34,451 7.1%
1980 38,139 10.7%
1990 38,793 1.7%
2000 38,816 0.1%
2010 38,883 0.2%
Est. 2015 39,717 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

Early history

Archaeological evidence suggests a human presence in the area of present-day Culver City since at least 8,000 BC. The region was the homeland of the Tongva-Gabrieliño Native Americans, who held a presence in the region for over 8,000 years.

The city was founded primarily on the lands of the former Rancho La Ballona, Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes, and Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera.

Camp Latham

In 1861, during the American Civil War, Camp Latham was established by the 1st California Infantry under Col. James H. Carleton and the 1st California Cavalry under Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Davis. Named for California Senator Milton S. Latham, the camp was the first staging area for the training of Union troops and their operations in Southern California. It was located on land of the Rancho La Ballona, on the South side of Ballona Creek, near what is now the intersection of Jefferson and Overland Boulevards. The post was later moved to Camp Drum, which became the Drum Barracks.

Culver City

Harry Culver first attempted to establish Culver City in 1913; the city was incorporated on September 20, 1917. (His first ads read "All roads lead to Culver City" indicating a main transportation route via the city.) The city was one of many all-white planned communities started in the Los Angeles area around this time.

The first film studio in Culver City was built by Thomas Ince in 1918. In 1919, silent film comedy producer Hal Roach built his studios there, and Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) in the 20s. During Prohibition, speakeasies and nightclubs such as the Cotton Club lined Washington Boulevard.

Culver Center, one of Southern California's first shopping malls, was completed in 1950 on Venice Boulevard near the Overland Avenue intersection. Today, it has many retail stores, a supermarket, a Rite Aid department store, Best Buy, and several banks and restaurants.

CulverCity-1913
The site of Culver City, 1913

Hughes Aircraft Company

Hughes Aircraft opened its Culver City plant in July 1941. There the company built the H-4 Hercules transport (commonly called the "Spruce Goose"). Hughes was also an active subcontractor in World War II. It developed and patented a flexible feed chute for faster loading of machine guns on B-17 bombers, as well as manufactured electric booster drives for machine guns. Hughes produced more ammunition belts than any other American manufacturer, and built 5,576 wings and 6,370 rear fuselage sections for Vultee BT-13 trainers.

Hughes grew after the war, and in 1953 Howard Hughes donated all of his stock in the company to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. After he died in 1976, the institute sold the company, which made it the second-best-endowed medical research foundation in the world.

The studios (1960s and 1970s)

The Hal Roach Studios were demolished in 1963. In the late 1960s, much of the MGM backlot acreage (lot 3 and other property on Jefferson Boulevard), and the nearby 28.5-acre (11.5 ha) of the somewhat inaccurately named "back forty", once owned by RKO Pictures and later Desilu Productions, were sold by their owners. In 1976 the sets were razed to make way for redevelopment. Today the "back forty" is the southern expansion of the Hayden Industrial Tract, while the MGM property has been converted to a subdivision and a shopping center known as Raintree Plaza.

Rebirth of downtown (1990s and 2000s)

In the 1990s, Culver City launched a successful revitalization program in which it renovated its downtown as well as several shopping centers in the Sepulveda Boulevard corridor near Westfield Culver City. Around the same time, the relocation of Sony's motion picture operations known as Columbia Pictures. Columbia Pictures was the subsidiary of Sony that moved into the old MGM lot. This move to the former MGM studios at Washington Boulevard and Overland Avenue brought much-needed jobs to the city.

The influx of many art galleries and restaurants to the eastern part of the city, formally designated as the Culver City Art District, prompted The New York Times in 2007 to praise the new art scene and call Culver City a "nascent Chelsea."

In 2012 Roger Vincent of the Los Angeles Times said that, according to local observers, the city's "reputation as a pedestrian-friendly destination with upscale restaurants, gastropubs and a thriving art scene is less than a decade old."

Transportation

Culver CityBus Rapid and Local Buses
Culver CityBus: Rapid and Local Buses

The Culver City station of the Los Angeles Metro Expo Line sits at the Culver Junction near Venice and Robertson Boulevards in Culver City. The Expo Line provides a light rail connection from Culver City to Downtown Los Angeles in the east and Downtown Santa Monica in the west, mostly following the right-of-way that the Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line used, also known as the Exposition Blvd line by PE. Culver City Station was the western terminus of the Expo Line from its opening on June 20, 2012 to the opening of Expo Line phase two on May 20, 2016.

Culver City Bus currently operates bus service within Culver City.

The city is served by the Los Angeles International Airport, which is located about 7 miles (11 km) south of the city.

Points of interest

Helmsbakery12
Historic Helms Bakery on Washington Blvd.

Businesses

  • Culver Hotel: A 1924 landmark pie-slice-shaped hotel in downtown. Many of the cast of The Wizard of Oz stayed here during filming of the movie in 1939. The hijinks of that period, including the hotel's being taken over by the "Munchkins," were featured in the 1981 movie Under the Rainbow. Formerly owned by John Wayne, the hotel has housed many stars including Clark Gable, Greta Garbo, Joan Crawford, Red Skelton, Buster Keaton and Ronald Reagan.
  • Helms Bakery,
  • Westfield Culver City, is a shopping mall owned by the Westfield Group. Its anchor stores are Best Buy, JCPenney, Macy's, and Target.
  • Beats Electronics
  • Beats Music
  • Big Frame and its subsidiaries Wonderly and Forefront. TV
  • Fullscreen
  • Maker Studios
  • Nuclear Blast

Education and research

  • Antioch University Los Angeles is a small non-profit liberal arts college located in Culver City's Corporate Pointe district.
  • West Los Angeles College is a two-year community college located in unincorporated Los Angeles County, adjacent to Culver City.

Local landmarks

  • Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery
  • St. Augustine Catholic Church
  • Holy Cross Cemetery

Museums and the arts

Actors' Gang at Ivy Substation in Media Park, Culver City, California
Actors' Gang at Ivy Substation in Media Park, Culver City, California
  • The Actors' Gang at the Ivy Substation (within the Palms district, city of Los Angeles, but on long-term lease to Culver City)
  • Kirk Douglas Theatre, featuring the Center Theater Group
  • The Wende Museum possesses a collection of the former Soviet Union's and German Democratic Republic's visual art and everyday artifacts. Open to the public on Fridays.

Recreation

  • Ballona Creek bicycle path
  • Culver Boulevard Median bicycle path, a greenway featuring bicycle and pedestrian trailways.

Parks

Culvercity-veteransmemorialbuilding-tower-park
Veterans Memorial Building at Veteran's Park

Library

The County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Julian Dixon Culver City Branch on Overland Ave.

Neighborhoods

ElMarinoPark
El Marino Park
See also (related category): Neighborhoods in Culver City, California

Neighborhoods

  • Blair Hills
  • Blanco
  • Clarkdale
  • Culver Crest
  • Culver West
  • Downtown Culver City
  • Fox Hills
  • Higuera
  • Jefferson
  • Lucerne
  • McLaughlin
  • McManus (East Culver City)
  • Park East
  • Park West
  • Studio Village (Lindberg Park)
  • Sunkist Park (El Marino)
  • Veterans Park

Geography

The city is surrounded by the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Mar Vista and Palms to the north; Westchester to the south; Mid-City and West Adams to the east; the Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights unincorporated areas to the southeast; and the L.A. neighborhoods of Venice and Playa Vista to the west, along with the unincorporated area of Marina Del Rey.

The two primary ZIP codes for Culver City are 90230 and 90232. Because ZIP codes do not necessarily follow city boundaries, a portion of Culver City is in the 90066 ZIP code, which also serves some of the Mar Vista neighborhood of the city of Los Angeles.

The major geographic feature of Culver City is Ballona Creek, which runs northeast to southwest through most of the city before it drains into Santa Monica Bay in Marina Del Rey.

Culver City is served by the San Diego, Santa Monica, and Marina freeways.

Culver City is at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (34.007761, -118.400905). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13.2 km2), over 99% of which is land.

Culver City has a Mediterranean climate, typical of coastal California.

Climate

Climate data for Culver City, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 67.3
(19.61)
68.6
(20.33)
69.3
(20.72)
72.6
(22.56)
73.5
(23.06)
77.1
(25.06)
80.0
(26.67)
81.1
(27.28)
80.2
(26.78)
77.0
(25)
71.6
(22)
67.7
(19.83)
73.8
(23.22)
Average low °F (°C) 46.1
(7.83)
47.2
(8.44)
49.1
(9.5)
52.0
(11.11)
55.7
(13.17)
58.8
(14.89)
61.5
(16.39)
62.2
(16.78)
61.3
(16.28)
57.2
(14)
50.8
(10.44)
46.3
(7.94)
54.0
(12.22)
Rainfall inches (mm) 3.19
(81)
3.25
(82.6)
2.66
(67.6)
0.58
(14.7)
0.26
(6.6)
0.04
(1)
0.02
(0.5)
0.07
(1.8)
0.08
(2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.94
(23.9)
1.90
(48.3)
13.32
(338.3)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 5.7 5.3 5.8 1.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 1.1 1.9 4.0 27.5
Source: NOAA

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Culver City had a population of 38,883. The population density was 7,566.0 people per square mile (2,921.2/km2). The racial makeup of Culver City was 23,450 (60.3%) White (48.0% Non-Hispanic White), 3,694 (9.5%) African American, 191 (0.5%) Native American, 5,742 (14.8%) Asian, 81 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 3,364 (8.7%) from other races, and 2,361 (6.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9,025 persons (23.2%).

The Census reported that 38,572 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 84 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 227 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 16,779 households, out of which 4,499 (26.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,826 (40.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,882 (11.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 636 (3.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 922 (5.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 157 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,649 households (33.7%) were made up of individuals and 1,956 (11.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30. There were 9,344 families (55.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.01.

The population was spread out with 7,312 people (18.8%) under the age of 18, 2,711 people (7.0%) aged 18 to 24, 12,098 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 10,956 people (28.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,806 people (14.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

There were 17,491 housing units at an average density of 3,403.5 per square mile (1,314.1/km2), of which 9,111 (54.3%) were owner-occupied, and 7,668 (45.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 21,549 people (55.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 17,023 people (43.8%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Culver City had a median household income of $77,333, with 7.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 38,816 people, 16,611 households, and 9,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,589.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,932.9/km2). There were 17,130 housing units at an average density of 1,294.3/km2 (3,349.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.24% White, 11.96% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 12.02% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 10.16% from other races, and 5.69% from two or more races. 23.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,611 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,792, and the median income for a family was $61,451, these figures had risen to $65,525 and $82,582 as of a 2007 estimate. Males had a median income of $46,683 versus $41,478 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,025. About 5.5% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Sister cities

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