Clark County, Nevada facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
From top, left to right: Caesars Palace panorama, Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area, Fremont Street Experience, Clark County Government Center, The Venetian, Elephant Rock at Valley of Fire State Park
"Living Relentlessly, Developing Economically!"
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
|Founded||January 4, 1909
July 1, 1909 (organized)
|Named for||William A. Clark|
|Largest city||Las Vegas|
|• Total||8,061 sq mi (20,880 km2)|
|• Land||7,891 sq mi (20,440 km2)|
|• Water||169 sq mi (440 km2) 2.1%|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 3rd, 4th|
Clark County is located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,265,461. Most of the county population resides in the Las Vegas Census County Divisions, which hold 1,771,945 people as of the 2010 Census, across 476 square miles (1,233 km2). It is by far the most populous county in Nevada, and the 11th most populous county in the United States. It covers 7% of the state's land area but holds 74% of the state's population, making Nevada one of the most centralized states in the United States.
- Parks and recreation
- Environmental factors
- Notable government buildings
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,061 square miles (20,880 km2), of which 7,891 square miles (20,440 km2) is land and 169 square miles (440 km2) (2.1%) is water.
The Colorado River forms the county's southeastern boundary, with Hoover Dam forming Lake Mead along much of its length. The lowest point in the state of Nevada is located on the Colorado River just south of Laughlin in Clark County, where it flows out of Nevada into California and Arizona. Las Vegas is a valley. By definition, Greater Las Vegas is a tectonic valley, surrounded by four mountain ranges, with nearby Mount Charleston being the highest elevation at 11,918 ft (3,633 m), located to the northwest. Other than the forests on Mount Charleston, the geography in Clark County is a desert. Creosote bushes are the main native vegetation, and the mountains are mostly rocky with little vegetation.
- Lincoln County – north
- Nye County – west
- Inyo County, California – southwest
- San Bernardino County, California – south
- Mohave County, Arizona – east
National protected areas
- Desert National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest (part)
- Lake Mead National Recreation Area (part)
- Moapa Valley National Wildlife Refuge
- Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area
- Sloan Canyon National Conservation Area
- Spring Mountains National Recreation Area (part)
- Toiyabe National Forest (part)
There are 20 official wilderness areas in Clark County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Many of these are located in, or partially located in, one of the preceding protected areas, as indicated below. Many are separate entities that are managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM):
- Arrow Canyon Wilderness (BLM)
- Black Canyon Wilderness (Nevada) (Lake Mead NRA)
- Bridge Canyon Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA)
- Eldorado Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA / BLM)
- Ireteba Peaks Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA /BLM)
- Jimbilnan Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA)
- Jumbo Springs Wilderness (BLM)
- La Madre Mountain Wilderness (BLM / Toiyabe NF)
- Lime Canyon Wilderness (BLM)
- Meadow Valley Range Wilderness (BLM) mostly in Lincoln County, NV
- Mormon Mountains Wilderness (BLM) mostly in Lincoln County, NV
- Mount Charleston Wilderness (Toiyabe NF / BLM)
- Muddy Mountains Wilderness (BLM / Lake Mead NRA)
- Nellis Wash Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA)
- North McCullough Wilderness (part of Sloan Canyon NCA, which is managed by BLM)
- Pinto Valley Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA)
- Rainbow Mountain Wilderness (BLM / Toiyabe NF)
- South McCullough Wilderness (BLM)
- Spirit Mountain Wilderness (Lake Mead NRA / BLM)
- Wee Thump Joshua Tree Wilderness (BLM)
|US Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,951,269 people, 715,365 households, and 467,916 families in the county. The population density was 247.3 inhabitants per square mile (95.5/km2). There were 840,343 housing units at an average density of 106.5 per square mile (41.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.9% White, 13.5% Black or African American, 8.7% Asian, 0.7% Pacific islander, 0.7% American Indian, 10.5% from other races, and 5.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 29.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.7% were German, 9.1% were Irish, 7.6% were English, 6.3% were Italian, and 2.7% were American.
Of the 715,365 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families, and 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 35.5 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $56,258 and the median income for a family was $63,888. Males had a median income of $43,693 versus $35,324 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,422. About 8.7% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Public transit service throughout Clark County is provided by RTC Transit, which is a subsidiary of the Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada. RTC Transit operates The Deuce Bus rapid transit service between Downtown Las Vegas and the Las Vegas Strip.
- Interstate 11
- Interstate 15
- Interstate 215
- Interstate 515
- U.S. Route 93
U.S. Route 93 Business (Boulder City, Nevada)
- U.S. Route 95
U.S. Route 95 Business (Las Vegas)
- State Route 146
- State Route 147
- State Route 156
- State Route 157
- State Route 158
- State Route 159
- State Route 160
- State Route 161
- State Route 163
- State Route 164
- State Route 165
- State Route 168
- State Route 169
- State Route 170
- State Route 171
- State Route 172
- State Route 173
- State Route 562
- State Route 564
- State Route 573
- State Route 574
- State Route 578
- State Route 579
- State Route 582
- State Route 592
- State Route 593
- State Route 595
- State Route 596
- State Route 599
- State Route 602
- State Route 604
- State Route 610
- State Route 612
- State Route 613
- County Route 215
- Las Vegas Monorail
Clark County previously had Amtrak service on the Desert Wind, which served Las Vegas Station until it stopped service in 1997. Las Vegas and Laughlin are still served by Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service which connects to the Southwest Chief.
- Aria Express
- Mandalay Bay Tram
- The Mirage-Treasure Island Tram
Parks and recreation
- Sunset Park, located at Sunset Road and Eastern Avenue in Las Vegas
Clark County contains a diverse desert flora and fauna, including higher elevation mountain areas, the desert floor and the Colorado River/Lake Mead ecosystems. Variations in diurnal temperature as well as seasonal swings in temperature create demanding adaptation elements on the species of this county. Additional pressure has been placed on species survival by the rapid human population expansion, especially since 1970.
Correspondingly air quality levels prior to the 1960s were in a favorable range, but the proliferation of automobiles with the human population expansion created circumstances where some Federal Air Quality Standards began to be violated in the 1980s.
To plan for the wave of development forecast by 1980, Clark County embarked on a regional Environmental Impact Assessment funded by a Federal Section 208 program, with Sedway Cooke conducting the planning work and Earth Metrics performing environmental analysis. This endeavor projected future population growth, land use changes and environmental impacts.
To prevent the loss of federal funds due to unacceptable dust levels in the Las Vegas valley, in 2003 the Nevada Air Quality Management division (under direction of Clark County officials) created the massive "Don't Be a Dusthole" campaign. The campaign successfully raised awareness of dust pollution in the Las Vegas valley, quantifiably reducing pollutants and preserving ongoing federal funding.
Located in Apex is the Apex Landfill which at 2,200 acres (890 ha) is the largest landfill in the United States. Republic Services owns and operates the landfill.
Nevada is the third most seismically active state in the U.S. (after Alaska and California); it has been estimated by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) that over the next 50 years Clark County has a 10–20% chance of a M6.0 or greater earthquake occurring within 50 km of Las Vegas.
Bracketed number refers to location on map, right
- Boulder City (21)
- Henderson (19)
- Las Vegas (10) (county seat)
- North Las Vegas (9)
- Mesquite (4)
- Blue Diamond (18)
- Bunkerville (5)
- Cal-Nev-Ari (23)
- Enterprise (17)
- Goodsprings (20)
- Indian Springs (6)
- Laughlin (24)
- Moapa Town (1)
- Moapa Valley (3)
- Mount Charleston (7)
- Paradise (15)
- Sandy Valley (16)
- Searchlight (22)
- Spring Valley (13)
- Summerlin South (12)
- Sunrise Manor (11)
- Whitney (formerly East Las Vegas) (26)
- Winchester (14)
Air Force Bases
- Creech Air Force Base
- Nellis Air Force Base
Other unincorporated communities
- Cactus Springs
- Cottonwood Cove
- Coyote Springs (planned)
- Fort Mojave Indian Reservation (former CDP) (25)
- Glendale (2)
- Mountain Springs
- Vegas Creek (former CDP)
Notable government buildings
- Clark County Government Center
- Regional Justice Center (opened October 3, 2005)
The county is home to many gaming related companies. Station Casinos is headquartered in unincorporated Clark County, along with Golden Entertainment, American Casino & Entertainment Properties, Bally Technologies, Cannery Casino Resorts, The Majestic Star Casino, LLC, Ameristar Casinos, Archon Corporation, Boyd Gaming, Las Vegas Sands, MGM Resorts International, Wynn Resorts, DBT Online Inc., Two Plus Two Publishing, Gambler's Book Shop / GBC Press, Millennium Management Group, Navegante Group, Pinnacle Entertainment and Tropicana Entertainment
According to data collected by the Research and Analysis Bureau of the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation, Clark County's largest employers, both public and private employers, as reported in the fourth quarter of 2012:
30,000 to 39,999 Employees
- Clark County School District
5,000 to 10,000 Employees
- Clark County Government
- Nellis Air Force Base
- Wynn Las Vegas
- MGM Grand Las Vegas
- Aria Resort & Casino
- Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino
- Caesars Palace
- Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department
- University of Nevada, Las Vegas
2,500 to 4,999
- The Venetian Las Vegas
- The Mirage
- The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas
- University Medical Center of Southern Nevada
- The Palazzo
- Encore Las Vegas
- Flamingo Las Vegas
- Southwest Airlines
- City of Las Vegas Municipal Government
- Paris Las Vegas
The Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority posts the historical numbers of visitors and hotel rooms in Clark County. The era of massive modern casino resorts began with the opening of the Mirage in November 1989.
The State of Nevada divides the state into several gaming districts. Accordingly, the Clark County is divided into the following reporting districts:
- Boulder Strip: This region includes 33 casinos on Boulder Highway. Casinos within the Henderson city limits are included as well, such as Green Valley Ranch, Sunset Station, Fiesta, Eldorado, and Jokers Wild.
- Downtown: There are 19 casinos in this reporting area.
- LV Strip: This region is composed of all the casinos on Las Vegas Boulevard, from The Stratosphere at the north end to Mandalay Bay on the south end. Also included are resorts near this area, such as The Rio, South Point, and the Hard Rock; and Harry Reid International Airport (formerly McCarran Airport).
- North Las Vegas: This region has 11 casinos and includes the Fiesta Rancho, Texas Station, Jerry's Nugget, and the Santa Fe Station.
- Laughlin: The casinos in Laughlin.
- Mesquite: The casinos in Mesquite.
- Balance of County: There are 66 casinos in this category that includes casinos at Lake Las Vegas, Jean, Primm, the Railroad Pass and Hacienda casinos, along with other casinos that don't fit any other category such as Arizona Charlie's Decatur, Gold Coast, The Orleans, The Palms, Suncoast, Rampart, and Red Rock Resort Spa and Casino
The Clark County School District serves all of Clark County with 228 elementary schools, 59 middle schools, and 54 high schools being the fifth largest in the country. Student enrollment in 2014 was 324,093.
Colleges serving the area are University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), College of Southern Nevada, and Nevada State College.
|Mary the Jewess|