List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. There are 47 current and one former NHLs in Texas.

Current and former National Historic Landmarks in Texas

The landmarks in Texas are distributed across 29 of the 254 counties in the state. Nine of the sites are in Bexar County.

National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark District National Historic Landmark District
National Historical Park
National Historic Site
* Delisted Landmark
Landmark name Image Date designated Location County Description
1 Alamo
Alamo Mission in San Antonio
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
San Antonio
29°25′34″N 98°29′10″W / 29.426058°N 98.486084°W / 29.426058; -98.486084 (Alamo)
Bexar Former mission and fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; later used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo
2 Apollo Mission Control Center
Apollo Mission Control Center
01985-10-03October 3, 1985
29°33′23″N 95°05′18″W / 29.556471°N 95.088460°W / 29.556471; -95.088460 (Apollo Mission Control Center)
Harris NASA control center
3National Historic Landmark District Bastrop State Park
Bastrop State Park Lake is surrounded by the "Lost Pines of Texas" and is prime breeding ground for the Houston toad.
01997-09-25September 25, 1997
30°06′39″N 97°16′25″W / 30.110833°N 97.273611°W / 30.110833; -97.273611 (Bastrop State Park)
Bastrop This park was designed in the 1930s as a showcase of Civilian Conservation Corps work. Its facilities were designed by CCC architect Herbert Maier.
4* USS Cabot
Aerial view of the USS Cabot at sea on July 26, 1945
June 21, 1990 (1990-06-21)-
August 7, 2001 (2001-08-07)
Cameron The Cabot was the last remaining of nine former Independence-class light aircraft carriers built in late 1943. War correspondent Ernie Pyle dubbed her the "Iron Maiden" as she served in nearly every major Pacific battle of WW II during her service without repair stops earning her nine battle stars and a Presidential Unit Citation. She would later be transferred to the Spanish Navy where she would serve from 1967-1989 as the SNS Dédalo. She was later purchased by preservation interests and returned to the U.S. first at New Orleans and then moored at Brownsville in 1997. As fund-raising efforts for her rehabilitation were ultimately unsuccessful, she was scrapped for salvage in 2000.
5National Historic Landmark District Dealey Plaza Historic District
100 px
01993-10-12October 12, 1993
32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.778611°N 96.808333°W / 32.778611; -96.808333 (Dealey Plaza Historic District)
Dallas Site of Kennedy assassination and surrounding buildings that are rumored to have held additional assassins.
6National Historic Landmark District East End Historic District
1967 HABS photo. Also known as Bishop's Palace
01976-05-11May 11, 1976
29°18′16″N 94°46′58″W / 29.304444°N 94.782778°W / 29.304444; -94.782778 (East End Historic District)
Galveston Galveston's East End was where the city elite built a number of elaborate mansions.
7 ELISSA (Bark)
01990-12-14December 14, 1990
29°20′00″N 94°46′39″W / 29.333255°N 94.777452°W / 29.333255; -94.777452 (ELISSA (Bark))
Galveston Tall ship launched in 1877
8 Espada Aqueduct
Espada Aqueduct
01964-07-19July 19, 1964
San Antonio
29°19′57″N 98°27′41″W / 29.332523°N 98.461469°W / 29.332523; -98.461469 (Espada Aqueduct)
Bexar Built by Franciscan friars in 1731 to supply irrigation water to the lands near Mission San Francisco de la Espada
9National Historic Landmark District Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings
100 px
01986-09-24September 24, 1986
32°46′55″N 96°45′56″W / 32.781944°N 96.765556°W / 32.781944; -96.765556 (Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings)
Dallas Surviving Art Deco buildings from the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition.
10 Fort Belknap
Fort Belknap
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
33°09′03″N 98°44′28″W / 33.150775°N 98.741211°W / 33.150775; -98.741211 (Fort Belknap)
Young Key frontier post of the 1850s; now a museum.
11 Fort Brown
Fort Brown
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
25°53′54″N 97°29′32″W / 25.898333°N 97.492222°W / 25.898333; -97.492222 (Fort Brown)
Cameron Military post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century
12National Historic Landmark District Fort Concho
Fort Concho
01961-07-04July 4, 1961
San Angelo
31°27′10″N 100°25′45″W / 31.452778°N 100.429167°W / 31.452778; -100.429167 (Fort Concho)
Tom Green Established as U.S. Army post in 1867; deactivated 1889; comprises most of the original fort
13 Fort Davis
Fort Davis
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
Fort Davis
30°35′45″N 103°55′33″W / 30.595833°N 103.925833°W / 30.595833; -103.925833 (Fort Davis)
Jeff Davis From 1854 to 1891 Fort Davis protected migrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons, and controlled the southern stem of the Great Comanche War Trail and Mescalero Apache war trails.
14 Fort Richardson
Fort Richardson
01963-11-27November 27, 1963
33°12′29″N 98°09′53″W / 33.208056°N 98.164722°W / 33.208056; -98.164722 (Fort Richardson)
Jack This Texas frontier fort was established in 1867 and abandoned in 1878. It was renovated and reopened as a state park in 1973.
15 Fort Sam Houston
Clock tower built in 1870 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, Texas
01975-05-15May 15, 1975
San Antonio
29°28′35″N 98°25′51″W / 29.476255°N 98.43083°W / 29.476255; -98.43083 (Fort Sam Houston)
Bexar Since the 1870s this facility has served as a major military base for the southern United States. It housed Geronimo following his capture, and has been used as the launching point for a variety of military operations.
16 John Nance Garner House
01976-12-08December 8, 1976
29°12′44″N 99°47′31″W / 29.212152°N 99.791837°W / 29.212152; -99.791837 (John Nance Garner House)
Uvalde Home of John Nance Garner, Vice President under Franklin Delano Roosevelt
17 Governor's Mansion
1966 HABS photo
01974-12-02December 2, 1974
30°16′20″N 97°44′34″W / 30.272318°N 97.742708°W / 30.272318; -97.742708 (Governor's Mansion)
Travis First designated Texas historic landmark, damaged by arson June 8, 2008
18 HA. 19 (Midget Submarine)
US Navy photo
01989-06-30June 30, 1989
30°16′20″N 98°52′06″W / 30.272222°N 98.868333°W / 30.272222; -98.868333 (HA. 19 (Midget Submarine))
Gillespie Historic I.J.N. Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine; part of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; grounded and captured
19 Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base
100 px
01976-12-08December 8, 1976
San Antonio
29°20′32″N 98°26′37″W / 29.342129°N 98.443645°W / 29.342129; -98.443645 (Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base)
Bexar Only surviving hangar of 16 builtin at Brooks Air Force Base in 1918. It is now a museum.
20 Harrell Site
Harrell Site
01964-07-19July 19, 1964
South Bend
Address Restricted

Young A late prehistoric Plains Indian archeological site.
21 Highland Park Shopping Village
Highland Park Shopping Village
02000-02-16February 16, 2000
Highland Park
32°50′09″N 96°48′20″W / 32.835833°N 96.805556°W / 32.835833; -96.805556 (Highland Park Shopping Village)
Dallas Second shopping mall constructed in the U.S.; opened in 1931, and still in operation
22National Historic Landmark District J A Ranch
J A Ranch
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
34°49′00″N 101°11′17″W / 34.816667°N 101.188056°W / 34.816667; -101.188056 (J A Ranch)
Armstrong Founded by John George Adair and Charles Goodnight, this is still one of the largest ranches in the Texas Panhandle, and remains in the hands of Adair descendants.
23 Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home
President Johnson's boyhood home
01966-05-23May 23, 1966
Johnson City
30°14′27″N 98°37′27″W / 30.240833°N 98.624167°W / 30.240833; -98.624167 (Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home)
Blanco Boyhood home of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Johnson lived here from the age of five until his high school graduation in 1924.
24National Historic Landmark District King Ranch
King Ranch
01961-11-05November 5, 1961
27°31′07″N 97°55′01″W / 27.518611°N 97.916944°W / 27.518611; -97.916944 (King Ranch)
Kenedy, Kleberg, Nueces, and Willacy Founded in 1853, this is the largest ranch in the United States; it is larger than Rhode Island.
25 Landergin Mesa
Landergin Mesa
01964-07-19July 19, 1964
Address Restricted

Oldham This is a major Panhandle culture archeological site.
26 USS Lexington
US Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington anchored in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Bay of Corpus Christi at Corpus Christi, Texas, in 2001 as a floating museum
02003-07-19July 19, 2003
Corpus Christi
27°48′54″N 97°23′19″W / 27.815°N 97.388611°W / 27.815; -97.388611 (USS Lexington)
Nueces This Essex-class aircraft carrier, known as "The Blue Ghost", was the fifth United States Naval ship named in honor of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington. After service in the Second World War and the Cold War, it is now a museum ship.
27 Lubbock Lake Site
Main building at Lubbock Lake Landmark
01977-12-22December 22, 1977
33°37′19″N 101°53′23″W / 33.621944°N 101.889722°W / 33.621944; -101.889722 (Lubbock Lake Site)
Lubbock This major archeological site includes evidence from as far back as 10,000BC. The public can view ongoing archeological work at the site.
28 Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field
The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop, Jan 10, 1901
01966-11-13November 13, 1966
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)

30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
Jefferson The Spindletop Oil Field was in 1901 where the first major oil gusher of the Texas Oil Boom was discovered.
29 Majestic Theatre
Majestic Theatre
01993-04-19April 19, 1993
San Antonio
29°25′35″N 98°29′27″W / 29.426460°N 98.490713°W / 29.426460; -98.490713 (Majestic Theatre)
Bexar This 1929 theater is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States.
30 Mission Concepcion
1983 HABS photo
01970-04-15April 15, 1970
San Antonio
29°23′27″N 98°29′34″W / 29.390888°N 98.492760°W / 29.390888; -98.492760 (Mission Concepcion)
Bexar Part of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, this 1731 Spanish mission was also the site of the 1831 Battle of Concepción, and early action in the Texas Revolution.
31 Jose Antonio Navarro House Complex
Casa Navarro in 2009
02016-12-23December 23, 2016
San Antonio
29°25′22″N 98°29′49″W / 29.422778°N 98.496944°W / 29.422778; -98.496944 (Jose Antonio Navarro House Complex)
Bexar Home of Tejano rights advocate José Antonio Navarro, one of only two native-born Texans to sign the Texas Declaration of Independence.
32 Palmito Ranch Battlefield
Palmito Ranch Battlefield
01997-09-25September 25, 1997
25°56′48″N 97°17′07″W / 25.946667°N 97.285278°W / 25.946667; -97.285278 (Palmito Ranch Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last major engagement of the American Civil War.
33 Palo Alto Battlefield
Palo Alto Battlefield
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
26°01′17″N 97°28′50″W / 26.021389°N 97.480556°W / 26.021389; -97.480556 (Palo Alto Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Palo Alto, a precipitating event of the Mexican-American War.
34 Plainview Site
Plainview Site
01961-01-20January 20, 1961
Address Restricted

Hale A major archeological site known for Plainview point spear tips.
35 Walter C. Porter Farm
Old farm house at Porter Farm
01964-07-19July 19, 1964
32°46′40″N 96°16′28″W / 32.777778°N 96.274444°W / 32.777778; -96.274444 (Walter C. Porter Farm)
Kaufman Part of this farm was used as an experimental agricultural farm in the early 20th century. Successful experiments here led to the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Extension Service.
36 Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia
Presidio La Bahia today
01967-12-24December 24, 1967
28°38′48″N 97°22′54″W / 28.646667°N 97.381667°W / 28.646667; -97.381667 (Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia)
Goliad Chapel and former fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; also used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of Goliad and Goliad Massacre
37National Historic Landmark District Randolph Field Historic District
Randolph Field Historic District
02001-08-07August 7, 2001
San Antonio
29°31′56″N 98°16′48″W / 29.532222°N 98.28°W / 29.532222; -98.28 (Randolph Field Historic District)
Bexar The historic core of Randolph Air Force Base, this area was established in the 1920s as a training field for military aviators.
38 Samuel T. Rayburn House
Samuel T. Rayburn House
01976-05-11May 11, 1976
33°34′05″N 96°12′26″W / 33.567967°N 96.207174°W / 33.567967; -96.207174 (Samuel T. Rayburn House)
Fannin Longtime home of United States Speaker of the House Samuel T. Rayburn
39 Resaca De La Palma Battlefield
Currier & Ives print
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
25°56′15″N 97°29′10″W / 25.9375°N 97.486111°W / 25.9375; -97.486111 (Resaca De La Palma Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Resaca de La Palma, fought early in the Mexican-American War.
40National Historic Landmark District Roma Historic District
1961 HABS photo
01993-11-04November 4, 1993
26°24′22″N 99°01′05″W / 26.406111°N 99.018056°W / 26.406111; -99.018056 (Roma Historic District)
Starr A well-preserved 19th century Rio Grande border town.
41 San Jacinto Battlefield
San Jacinto Monument
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
29°44′56″N 95°04′49″W / 29.748889°N 95.080278°W / 29.748889; -95.080278 (San Jacinto Battlefield)
Harris Site of the decisive Battle of San Jacinto, securing the independence of Texas from Mexico.
42 Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B
Space Environment Silumation Chamber with Apollo Spacecraft
01985-10-03October 3, 1985
29°33′32″N 95°05′17″W / 29.559003°N 95.0881°W / 29.559003; -95.0881 (Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B)
Harris This laboratory for testing equipment in space-like environments has been in use since 1965.
43 Spanish Governor's Palace
Inside of Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, Texas
01970-04-15April 15, 1970
San Antonio
29°25′30″N 98°29′40″W / 29.425082°N 98.494570°W / 29.425082; -98.494570 (Spanish Governor's Palace)
Bexar This early Spanish colonial house was home to aristocratic leaders of the Spanish Texas, and is now a city museum.
44National Historic Landmark District Strand Historic District
100 px
01976-05-11May 11, 1976
29°18′23″N 94°47′37″W / 29.306389°N 94.793611°W / 29.306389; -94.793611 (Strand Historic District)
Galveston The Victorian downtown of Galveston.
USS Texas at San Jacinto State Park, October 2006
01976-12-08December 8, 1976
29°45′15″N 95°05′22″W / 29.754217°N 95.089499°W / 29.754217; -95.089499 (USS TEXAS)
Harris After seeing action in the First and Second World Wars, this ship was the first United States Navy battleship to become a museum, and the first to be named a National Historic Landmark.
46 Texas State Capitol
Texas State Capitol.
01986-06-23June 23, 1986
30°16′22″N 97°44′28″W / 30.272734°N 97.741078°W / 30.272734; -97.741078 (Texas State Capitol)
Travis The seat of Texas government, construction on this Italian Renaissance Revival building began in the 1870s.
47 Trevino-Uribe Rancho
Trevino-Uribe Rancho - San Ygnacio
01998-08-05August 5, 1998
San Ygnacio
27°02′42″N 99°26′36″W / 27.045°N 99.443333°W / 27.045; -99.443333 (Trevino-Uribe Rancho)
Zapata Fortified house built c. 1830, shortly after San Ygnacio's founding.
48 Woodland
01974-05-30May 30, 1974
30°42′53″N 95°33′10″W / 30.714722°N 95.552778°W / 30.714722; -95.552778 (Woodland)
Walker This modest house was the home of Texas leader Sam Houston in the 1840s and 1850s.

List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.