Los Angeles County, California facts for kids(Redirected from History of Los Angeles County, California)
|Los Angeles County, California|
|County of Los Angeles|
|Nickname(s): "L.A. County"|
Location of the county in California
California's location in the contiguous United States
|Metro area||Greater Los Angeles Area|
|Formed||February 18, 1850|
|Named for||City of Los Angeles|
|• Total||4,751 sq mi (12,310 km2)|
|• Land||4,058 sq mi (10,510 km2)|
|• Water||693 sq mi (1,790 km2)|
|Highest elevation||10,068 ft (3,069 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2015)||10,170,292|
|• Density||2,066.64/sq mi (797.93/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||90001–90899, 91001–93599|
|Area codes||213, 310/424, 323, 562, 626, 661, 747/818, 909|
|GNIS feature ID||277283|
Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in both the United States and the state of California, the country's most populous state. Its population is larger than that of 42 individual U.S. states. It has 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas and at 4,083 square miles (10,570 km2), it is larger than the combined areas of the U.S. states of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the U.S. Its county seat, the City of Los Angeles, is also its most populous city at about four million.
- Sites of interest
- Images for kids
- See also: History of Los Angeles
Los Angeles County is one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850. The county originally included parts of what are now Kern, San Bernardino, Riverside and Orange counties. As the population increased, sections were split off to organize San Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, and Orange County in 1889.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,751 square miles (12,310 km2), of which 4,058 square miles (10,510 km2) is land and 693 square miles (1,790 km2) (15%) is water. Los Angeles County borders 70 miles (110 km) of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses mountain ranges, valleys, forests, islands, lakes, rivers, and desert. The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the northeastern part of the county.
Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest, with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Pomona Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley.
The county is divided west-to-east by the San Gabriel Mountains, which are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California, and are contained mostly within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the county's highest peaks are in the San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet (3,069 m)) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines, Mount Baden-Powell 9,399 feet (2,865 m), Mount Burnham 8,997 feet (2,742 m) and Mount Wilson 5,710 feet (1,740 m). Several lower mountains are in the northern, western, and southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Mountains.
Lakes and reservoirs
- Baldwin Lake
- Bouquet Reservoir
- Castaic Lake
- Crystal Lake
- Elizabeth Lake
- Holiday Lake
- Hollywood Reservoir
- Hughes Lake
- Jackson Lake
- Malibou Lake
- Morris Reservoir
- Munz Lakes
- Lake Palmdale
- Puddingstone Reservoir
- Pyramid Lake
- Quail Lake
- Silver Lake Reservoir
- Stone Canyon Reservoir
- Tweedy Lake
Major divisions of the county
- East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, portions of the Pomona Valley
- West: Westside, Beach Cities
- South: South Bay, South Los Angeles, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Gateway Cities, Los Angeles Harbor Region
- North: San Fernando Valley, Crescenta Valley, portions of the Conejo Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley
- Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire, Northeast Los Angeles
National protected areas
- Angeles National Forest (part)
- Los Padres National Forest (part)
- Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (part)
Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605 in the 2010 United States Census. The racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 (50%) White, 1,346,865 (13.7%) Asian, 856,874 (9%) African American, 72,828 (0.7%) Native American, 26,094 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 2,140,632 (21.8%) from other races, and 438,713 (4.5%) from two or more races.
Non-Hispanic whites numbered 2,728,321, or 28% of the population. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race numbered 4,687,889 (48%); 36% of Los Angeles County's population was of Mexican ancestry; 3.7% Salvadoran, and 2.2% Guatemalan heritage.
The county has a large population of Asians, being home to the largest concentration of immigrants who are Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Indonesian, Korean, Sri Lankan, Taiwanese, and Thai in the world. The largest Asian groups of the 1,346,865 (13.7%) Asians in Los Angeles County are 4.0% Chinese, 3.3% Filipino, 2.2% Korean, 1.0% Japanese, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.8% Indian, and 0.3% Cambodian.
|U.S. Decennial Census
Race and ancestry
|Population, race, and income (2011)|
|Black or African American||844,048||8.6%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||49,329||0.5%|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||26,310||0.3%|
|Some other race||2,064,759||21.1%|
|Two or more races||329,152||3.4%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||4,644,328||47.5%|
|Per capita income||$27,954|
|Median household income||$56,266|
|Median family income||$62,595|
The racial makeup of the county is 48.7% White, 11.0% African American, 0.8% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 23.5% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 44.6% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest European-American ancestry groups are German (6%), Irish (5%), English (4%) and Italian (3%). 45.9% of the population reported speaking only English at home; 37.9% spoke Spanish, 2.22% Tagalog, 2.0% Chinese, 1.9% Korean, 1.87% Armenian, 0.5% Arabic, and 0.2% Hindi.
The county has the largest Native American population of any county in the nation: according to the 2000 census, it has more than 153,550 people of indigenous descent, and most are from Latin America.
As estimated by the Public Policy Institute of California in 2008, Los Angeles County is home to more than one-third of California's illegal immigrants, who make up more than ten percent of the population.
At the census of 2000, there were 9,519,338 people, 3,133,774 households, and 2,137,233 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,344 people per square mile (905/km²). There were 3,270,909 housing units at an average density of 806 per square mile (311/km²).
There were 3,133,774 households out of which 37% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.61.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28% under the age of 18, 10% from 18 to 24, 33% from 25 to 44, 19% from 45 to 64, and 10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,189, and the median income for a family was $46,452. Males had a median income of $36,299 versus $30,981 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,683. There are 14.4% of families living below the poverty line and 17.9% of the population, including 24.2% of under 18 and 10.5% of those over 64. Los Angeles County has the highest number of millionaires of any county in the nation, totaling 261,081 households as of 2007.
The homeownership rate is 47.9%, and the median value for houses is $409,300. 42.2% of housing units are in multi-unit structures. Los Angeles County has the largest number of homeless people, with "48,000 people living on the streets, including 6,000 veterans."
In 2000, there were hundreds of Christian churches, 202 Jewish synagogues, 145 Buddhist temples, 48 Muslim masjids, 44 Bahai worship centers, 37 Hindu mandirs, 28 Tenrikyo churches and fellowships, 16 Shinto worship centers, and 14 Sikh gurdwaras in the county. The Los Angeles Archdiocese has approximately 5 million members and is the largest in the United States.
Sites of interest
The county's most visited park is Griffith Park, owned by the city of Los Angeles. The county is also known for the annual Rose Parade in Pasadena, the annual Los Angeles County Fair in Pomona, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Los Angeles Zoo, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, the La Brea Tar Pits, the Arboretum of Los Angeles, and two horse racetracks and two car racetracks (Pomona Raceway and Irwindale Speedway), also the RMS Queen Mary located in Long Beach, and the Long Beach Grand Prix, and miles of beaches—from Zuma to Cabrillo.
Venice Beach is a popular attraction where its Muscle Beach used to find throngs of tourists admiring "hardbodies". Today, it is more arts-centered. Santa Monica's pier is a well known tourist spot, famous for its ferris wheel and bumper car rides, which were featured in the introductory segment of the television sitcom Three's Company. Further north in Pacific Palisades one finds the beaches used in the television series Baywatch. The fabled Malibu, home of many a film or television star, lies west of it.
In the mountain, canyon, and desert areas one may find Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park, where many old Westerns were filmed. Mount Wilson Observatory in the San Gabriel Mountains is open for the public to view astronomical stars from its telescope, now computer-assisted. Many county residents find relaxation in water skiing and swimming at Castaic Lake Recreation Area – the county's largest park by area – as well as enjoying natural surroundings and starry nights at Saddleback Butte State Park in the eastern Antelope Valley – California State Parks' largest in area within the county. The California Poppy Reserve is located in the western Antelope Valley and shows off the State's flower in great quantity on its rolling hills every spring.
- Battleship USS Iowa, Los Angeles Waterfront in San Pedro
- SS Lane Victory, Los Angeles Waterfront in San Pedro, just south of the USS Iowa
- California African American Museum
- California Science Center, Los Angeles (formerly the Museum of Science and Industry)
- Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum
- Hammer Museum
- Huntington Library, San Marino
- Long Beach Museum of Art in the historic Elizabeth Milbank Anderson residence
- Los Angeles Children's Museum
- Los Angeles County Fire Museum, in Bellflower
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Mid-City, Los Angeles
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Downtown Los Angeles (founded in 1950); The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, Downtown Los Angeles (founded in 1980)
- Museum of Jurassic Technology, Culver City
- Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach
- Museum of Neon Art
- Museum of the American West (Gene Autry Museum), in Griffith Park
- Museum of Tolerance
- Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
- Pasadena Museum of California Art, in Pasadena
- J. Paul Getty Center, Brentwood (Ancient Roman, Greek, and European Renaissance Art)
- J. Paul Getty Villa, Pacific Palisades, Getty's original house
- George C. Page Museum at La Brea Tar Pits
- Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica (Contemporary art)
- Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena (19th- and early 20th-century art)
- Skirball Cultural Center, Los Angeles
- Southwest Museum
- California Plaza, which comprises:
- One California Plaza
- Two California Plaza
- Cerritos Center for the Performing Arts
- The Forum
- Disney Concert Hall
- Greek Theatre
- Pantages Theatre
- Hollywood Bowl
- Hollywood Palladium
- House of Blues Sunset Strip
- John Anson Ford Amphitheatre
- The Orpheum Theatre
- The Roxy Theatre
- Royce Hall (UCLA)
- The Music Box
- El Rey Theatre
- Staples Center
- The Troubadour
- The Wiltern
- Whisky a Go Go
- Gibson Amphitheatre
- Universal Studios Hollywood
- Raging Waters
- Six Flags Magic Mountain
- Six Flags Hurricane Harbor
- Pacific Park
- Ridge Route
- Angeles National Forest
- Mount Wilson Observatory
- Malibu Creek State Park
- Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park
- Plant 42's Blackbird Airpark and Heritage Airpark
- Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve
- Cortes Bank
- Santa Catalina Island
- Mojave Desert
- Saddleback Butte State Park
- Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park
- Arthur B. Ripley Desert Woodland State Park
- Interstate 5
- I-5 Bus.
- Interstate 105
- Interstate 405
- Interstate 605
- Interstate 110
- Interstate 210
- Interstate 710
- U.S. Route 101
- State Route 1
- State Route 2
- State Route 14
- State Route 18
- State Route 19
- State Route 22
- State Route 23
- State Route 27
- State Route 39
- State Route 47
- State Route 57
- State Route 60
- State Route 66
- State Route 71
- State Route 72
- State Route 90
- State Route 91
- State Route 103
- State Route 107
- State Route 110
- State Route 118
- State Route 126
- State Route 134
- State Route 138
- State Route 170
- State Route 187
- State Route 210
- State Route 213
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), located in the Westchester district, is the primary commercial airport for commercial airlines in the county and the Greater Los Angeles Area. LAX is operated by Los Angeles World Airports, an agency of the City of Los Angeles. Other important commercial airports in Los Angeles County include:
- Long Beach Municipal Airport operated by the City of Long Beach
- Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, operated by the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority
The following general aviation airports also are located in Los Angeles County:
- County operated airports (Department of Public Works, Aviation Division)
- Compton/Woodley Airport in Compton
- San Gabriel Valley Airport in El Monte
- Brackett Field in La Verne
- Whiteman Airport in Pacoima
- General William J. Fox Airfield in Lancaster
- City operated airports
- Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, also operated by LAWA. Van Nuys Airport sees significant executive jet air traffic.
- LA/Palmdale Regional Airport in Palmdale. The airport is a separate facility on the grounds of Air Force Plant 42.
- Santa Monica Airport in Santa Monica, which also has major executive jet traffic.
- Hawthorne Municipal Airport, also known as Jack Northrop Field, in Hawthorne
- Zamperini Field in Torrance
Besides the non-flying Los Angeles Air Force Base in El Segundo, the U.S. Air Force has two airports in Los Angeles County:
- Portions of Edwards Air Force Base, located at the northern edge of the county, and
- Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, sharing runways with LA/Palmdale Regional.
Los Angeles is a major freight railroad transportation center, largely due to the large volumes of freight moving in and out of the county's port facilities. The ports are connected to the downtown rail yards and to the main lines of Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe headed east via a grade-separated, freight rail corridor known as the Alameda Corridor.
Passenger rail service is provided in the county by Amtrak, Los Angeles Metro Rail and Metrolink.
Amtrak has the following intercity Amtrak service at Union Station in the city of Los Angeles.
- The Pacific Surfliner to Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and San Diego.
- The Coast Starlight to Seattle
- The Southwest Chief to Chicago
- The Sunset Limited to New Orleans and Orlando
Union Station is also the primary hub for Metrolink commuter rail, which serves much of the Greater Los Angeles Area.
Light rail, subway (heavy rail), and long-distance bus service are all provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro).
The county's two main seaports are the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach. Together they handle over a quarter of all container traffic entering the United States, making the complex the largest and most important port in the country, and the third-largest port in the world by shipping volume.
The Port of Los Angeles is the largest cruise ship center on the West Coast, handling more than 1 million passengers annually.
The Port of Long Beach is home to the Sea Launch program, which uses a floating launch platform to insert payloads into orbits that would be difficult to attain from existing land-based launch sites.
There are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the most populous are:
Census designated places
- Agua Dulce
- Alondra Park
- Avocado Heights
- Charter Oak
- Del Aire
- Desert View Highlands
- East Los Angeles
- East Pasadena
- East Rancho Dominguez
- East San Gabriel
- East Whittier
- Elizabeth Lake
- Green Valley
- Hacienda Heights
- Hasley Canyon
- La Crescenta-Montrose
- Ladera Heights
- Lake Hughes
- Lake Los Angeles
- Leona Valley
- Marina del Rey
- Mayflower Village
- North El Monte
- Quartz Hill
- Rose Hills
- Rowland Heights
- San Pasqual
- South Monrovia Island
- South San Gabriel
- South San Jose Hills
- South Whittier
- Stevenson Ranch
- Sun Village
- Val Verde
- View Park-Windsor Hills
- Walnut Park
- West Athens
- West Carson
- West Rancho Dominguez
- West Puente Valley
- West Whittier-Los Nietos
- See: Los Angeles Almanac MAP: Unincorporated Areas and Communities of Los Angeles County
- See also: List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Los Angeles County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† Los Angeles||City||3,792,621|
|10||East Los Angeles||CDP||126,496|
|49||Rancho Palos Verdes||City||41,643|
|68||West Whittier-Los Nietos||CDP||25,540|
|74||West Puente Valley||CDP||22,636|
|77||South San Jose Hills||CDP||20,551|
|80||La Cañada Flintridge||City||20,246|
|81||South El Monte||City||20,116|
|88||Santa Fe Springs||City||16,223|
|92||East Rancho Dominguez||CDP||15,135|
|93||East San Gabriel||CDP||14,874|
|95||Palos Verdes Estates||City||13,438|
|99||Lake Los Angeles||CDP||12,328|
|101||View Park-Windsor Hills||CDP||11,075|
|107||East Whittier (formerly East La Mirada until 2012)||CDP||9,757|
|109||Marina del Rey||CDP||8,866|
|114||South San Gabriel||CDP||8,070|
|115||Rolling Hills Estates||City||8,067|
|117||South Monrovia Island||CDP||6,777|
|120||West Rancho Dominguez||CDP||5,669|
|122||La Habra Heights||City||5,325|
|124||North El Monte||CDP||3,723|
|128||Desert View Highlands||CDP||2,360|
|138||Santa Susana (mostly in Ventura County)||CDP||1,037|
Images for kids
Los Angeles County, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.