National Register of Historic Places listings in Downtown and Midtown Detroit facts for kids
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Downtown and Midtown Detroit, Michigan. It is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Downtown and Midtown neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in online maps.
Downtown Detroit is bounded by the Lodge Freeway (M-10) on the west, the Fisher Freeway (I-75) om the north, Interstate 375 (The Chrysler Spur) on the east, and the Detroit River on the south.
Midtown Detroit is bounded by the Chrysler Freeway (I-75) on the east, the Lodge Freeway on the west, the Edsel Ford Freeway (I-94) on the north, and the Fisher Freeway on the south. Midtown is further divided by Woodward Avenue, which runs north and south through the heart of Midtown, and the east-west streets Warren and Mack/Martin Luther King.
- Wayne State neighborhood: West of Woodward and north of Warren
- North Cass neighborhood: West of Woodward, south of Warren, and north of Martin Luther King
- Cass Park neighborhood: West of Woodward and south of Martin Luther King
- Art Center neighborhood: East of Woodward and north of Warren
- Medical Center neighborhood: East of Woodward, south of Warren, and north of Mack
- Brush Park neighborhood: East of Woodward and south of Mack
There are 125 properties and districts listed on the National Register in Downtown and Midtown Detroit, including five National Historic Landmarks. There are 136 more properties and districts listed on the National Register in the remainder of the city, including five National Historic Landmarks and one property straddling the border with River Rouge, Michigan. These other properties are listed at National Register of Historic Places listings in Detroit.
All together there are 261 properties and districts listed on the National Register in Detroit proper. Nine additional properties and districts, including one National Historic Landmark, are located in the Detroit enclave of Highland Park. Three properties are located in the Detroit enclave of Hamtramck. The properties and districts in these two Detroit enclaves, plus 70 others, are listed in this list of non-Detroit NRHP listings in Wayne County.
|District||# of Sites|
|1||Downtown and Midtown Detroit||125|
|2||Remainder of Detroit||136|
|3||Outer Wayne County, Hamtramck, & Highland Park||82|
History of Detroit
Detroit, settled in 1701, is one of the oldest cities in the Midwest. It experienced a disastrous fire in 1805 which nearly destroyed the city, leaving little present-day evidence of old Detroit save a few east-side streets named for early French settlers, their ancestors, and some pear trees which were believed to have been planted by early missionaries. After the fire, Judge Augustus B. Woodward designed a plan of evenly spaced public parks with interconnecting semi-circular and diagonal streets. Although Woodward's plan was not fully implemented, the basic outline in still in place today in the heart of the city. Main thoroughfares radiate outward from the center of the city like spokes in a wheel, with Jefferson Avenue running parallel to the river, Woodward Avenue running perpendicular to it, and Gratiot, Michigan, and Grand River Avenues interspersed. A sixth main street, Fort, wanders downriver from the center of the city.
After Detroit rebuilt in the early 19th century, a thriving community soon sprang up, and by the Civil War, over 45,000 people were living in the city, primarily spread along Jefferson Avenue to the east and Fort Street to the west. As in many major American cities, subsequent redevelopment of the central city through the next 150 years has eliminated all but a handful of the antebellum structures in Detroit. The oldest remaining structures are those built as private residences, including a group in the Corktown neighborhood and another set of houses strung along Jefferson Avenue — notably the Charles Trowbridge House (1826, the oldest known structure in the city), the Joseph Campau House (1835), the Sibley House (1848), the Beaubien House (1851), and the Moross House (1855). Other extant pre-1860 structures include Fort Wayne (1849); Saints Peter and Paul Church (1848) and Mariners' Church (1849); and scattered commercial buildings (one in Randolph Street Commercial Buildings Historic District, for example). Unfortunately, the demolition of historic structures continues into the present day: multiple structures listed on the Register have been demolished in the last decade.
Rise of industry and commerce
As Detroit grew into a thriving hub of commerce and industry, the city spread along Jefferson, with multiple manufacturing firms taking advantage of the transportation resources afforded by the river and a parallel rail line. The shipyard that eventually became the Dry Dock Complex opened on the Detroit River at the foot of Orleans in 1852; Parke-Davis established a complex between East Jefferson Avenue and the river in the 1870s; another pharmaceutical firm, Frederick Stearns & Company, built a manufacturing plant in the same area in the 1890s. Globe Tobacco built a manufacturing facility closer to downtown in 1888.
The rise of manufacturing led to a new class of wealthy industrialists, entrepreneurs, and professionals. Some of these nouveau riche built along East Jefferson, resulting in structures such as the Thomas A. Parker House (1868), the Croul-Palms House (1881), the William H. Wells House (1889), the John N. Bagley House (1889), and the Frederick K. Stearns House (1902). However, Detroit began increasingly to turn away from the river, and other citizens pushed north of downtown, building houses along Woodward in what was at the time a quiet residential area. Many of these neighborhoods have disappeared under 20th-century commercialization of the Woodward corridor, but some Victorian structures remain, notably the Elisha Taylor House (1870) and the Hudson-Evans House (1872), both near the Woodward East Historic District; and the Col. Frank J. Hecker House (1888) and the Charles Lang Freer House (1887) in the East Ferry Avenue Historic District. Near the end of the century, apartment living became more acceptable for affluent middle-class families, and upscale apartments, such as the Coronado Apartments (1894), the Verona Apartments (1894), the Palms Apartments (1903), the Davenport Apartments (1905) in the Cass-Davenport Historic District, and the Garden Court Apartments (1915) were constructed to meet the new demand.
These well-to-do late-19th-century residents also funded the construction of a spate of churches, such as the Cass Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (1883), the First Presbyterian Church (1889), the Trinity Episcopal Church (1890) (built by James E. Scripps), and the First Unitarian Church (1890).
Detroit has long been a city of immigrants, from the early French and English settlers in the 18th century, through the Irish who settled in the Corktown neighborhood in the 1840s, to the Greeks, who settled in the Greektown neighborhood in the early 20th century and the southern whites and African Americans who came to Detroit in the years before the Great Depression. Detroit's industrial boom in the later 19th century created yet another stream of immigrants into Detroit. Perhaps the most significant contingents during this period were the German and Polish immigrants who settled in Detroit in the 1860–1890s. Germans came first, establishing German-speaking churches, primarily on the east side of the city, including St. John's-St. Luke's Evangelical Church (1872), St. Joseph Catholic Church (1873), and Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church (1875), as well as social clubs such as the Harmonie Club (1894) and west-side churches such as St. Boniface (1882) and Gethsemane Evangelical Lutheran Church (1891). Close behind, a wave of Polish immigrants established east-side Roman Catholic parishes such as St. Albertus (1885), Sweetest Heart of Mary (1893), St. Josaphat's (1901), St. Stanislaus (1911), and St. Thomas the Apostle's Church (1923). The Poles also settled on the west side, founding West Side Dom Polski (1916).
Birth of the automobile
At the turn of the 20th century, entrepreneurs in the Detroit area—notably Henry Ford—forged into production of the automobile, capitalizing on the already-existing machine tool and coach-building industry in the city. Early automotive production is recognizable by structures such as the Ford Piquette Avenue Plant (1904) (a National Historic Landmark), and multiple structures in the surrounding Piquette Avenue Industrial Historic District (including the now-destroyed E-M-F/Studebaker Plant, 1906) and the New Amsterdam Historic District (including the original Cadillac factory, 1905) and small factories such as the Crescent Brass and Pin Company Building (1905).
Automobile assembly and associated manufacturing soon dominated Detroit, and the newly minted automotive magnates built commercial and office buildings such as General Motors Building (1919), the General Motors Research Laboratory (1928), and the Fisher Building (1928).
Changes wrought by the automobile
The development of the automobile industry led to rising demands for labor, which were filled by huge numbers of newcomers from Europe and the American South. Between 1900 and 1930, the city's population soared from 265,000 to over 1.5 million, pushing the boundaries of the city outward. The population boom led to the construction of apartment buildings across the city, aimed at the middle-class auto worker. These include the Somerset Apartments (1922), the Garden Court Apartments (1915), and the Manchester Apartments (1915).
At the same time, new upscale neighborhoods farther from the center of the city sprang up, including Boston-Edison, Indian Village, and Palmer Woods. The wealthy moved into these more exclusive neighborhoods as the once-exclusive Woodward Avenue neighborhoods (such as the Warren-Prentis Historic District and the Willis-Selden Historic District) became mixed with apartments and commercial buildings. As the population spread outwards, new churches were constructed to serve the newly populated areas, notably the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament (1913), the Woodward Avenue Presbyterian Church (1908), the Metropolitan United Methodist Church (1922), and the St. Theresa of Avila Roman Catholic Church (1919).
The rise of the automobile also required rethinking transportation within the city. The Chestnut Street-Grand Trunk Railroad bridge (1929) was a result of a grade separation that unsnarled train and automobile traffic. The Fort Street–Pleasant Street and Norfolk & Western Railroad Viaduct (1928) was a product of the same program, routing trucking trafficover the train traffic. And the West Jefferson Avenue–Rouge River Bridge (1922) allowed the Rouge River to be expanded for barge traffic.
Automobile wealth led to a boom in downtown Detroit business, and the construction of a collection of early-20th-century skyscrapers. The most notable of these is the Art Deco National Historic Landmark Guardian Building (1928), but numerous other significant office buildings such as the Vinton Building (1916), the Barlum Tower (1927), and the Lawyers Building (1922) were also constructed. The building boom was not confined to businesses. Shopping districts sprang up along Park Avenue, Broadway, and Woodward. Multiple hotels were constructed, including the Fort Shelby Hotel (1916), the Detroit-Leland Hotel (1927), the Royal Palm (1924), and many others. Extravagant movie theaters such as the Fox (1928) and the Palms (1925) were constructed. And public buildings, such as Orchestra Hall (1919), the Detroit Public Library (1921), and the Detroit Institute of Arts (1923).
During the early years of Detroit, the African-American population was relatively small. However, the Second Baptist Church (1857; rebuilt 1914) was founded with an African-American congregation in the 1830s; the church played an instrumental role in the Underground Railroad, due to Detroit's proximity to Canada. The auto boom of the 20th century changed the population, and in the years following World War I, the black population of Detroit soared. In 1910, fewer than 6000 blacks called the city home; in 1917 more than 30,000 blacks lived in Detroit. Significant African-American structures in Detroit are related to the struggle with segregation: Dunbar Hospital (founded 1914), the Ossian H. Sweet House (1925), and the Sugar Hill neighborhood. However, other structures, such as the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building (1905) are tributes to the slow integration in the latter half of the 20th century.
A number of notable architects worked in Detroit, including D. H. Burnham & Company; Donaldson and Meier; McKim, Mead and White; Smith, Hinchman and Grylls (and Wirt C. Rowland); and Minoru Yamasaki. However, Albert Kahn deserves special recognition for the scope and variety of his work in the city, and the number of Kahn-buildings listed in the National Register. Kahn designed large industrial buildings such as the Highland Park Ford Plant (1908) in nearby Highland Park (a National Historic Landmark), Fisher Body Plant 21 (1921) in the Piquette Avenue Industrial Historic District, and his addition to the Frederick Stearns Building (1906).
Kahn's output extended to a range of building types, notably office buildings such as the General Motors Building (1919) and the Fisher Building (1928) — both National Historic Landmarks — as well as the Edwin S. George Building (1908), the Vinton Building (1916), the S. S. Kresge World Headquarters (1928), the Griswold Building (1929), and a string of banks and highrises in the Detroit Financial District. Kahn also designed private homes (the Bernard Ginsburg House, 1898; the Albert Kahn House, 1906; and homes in Boston-Edison, Rosedale Park, and Indian Village), apartment and hotel buildings (the Palms Apartments, 1903; the Addison Hotel in the Midtown Woodward Historic District, 1905, Garden Court Apartments, 1915; and 1001 Covington in the Palmer Park Apartment Building Historic District, 1925), churches (the 1903 Temple Beth-El; the 1923 Temple Beth-El; and additions on the First Congregational Church, 1921), and theatres (the National Theatre, 1911).
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||Neighborhood||Description|
|415 Brainard St.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The Architects Building is a seven-story building built in 1924 and designed by Richard H. Marr, a well-known Detroit architect. Its original purpose was to provide space for all architectural professionals and trades in one building. However, the Great Depression was hard on the building, and by 1940 the architects had moved out. The building currently serves as apartments for low-income residents.|
|2||Bagley Memorial Fountain||
|Woodward and Monroe Aves.
||Downtown||The Bagley Memorial Fountain was designed in 1885 by Henry Hobson Richardson, using $5000 provision in John J. Bagley's for the construction of a drinking fountain for the people of Detroit, having "water cold and pure as the coldest mountain stream". The fountain was moved to Cadillac Square Park in 2007.|
|65 Cadillac Sq.
||Downtown||Built in 1927 by John J. Barlum, the Barlum Tower was the first building outside of Chicago or New York to have 40 floors. The tower was part of an effort by Barlum (along with the nearby Lawyers Building, also on the Register) to rebuild Cadillac Square. The building is currently the Cadillac Tower.|
|5440 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Belcrest Apartment Hotel was built in 1926 as a residential hotel, catering to wealthy tenants. The building exemplified what was, at the time, a novel style of living arrangement: an apartment building that offered amenities normally associated with an hotel, such as daily maid service and a restaurant on the premises.|
|5||William C. Boydell House||
|4614 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The William C. Boydell House is a double house, built in 1895 to resemble a large single-family residence.|
|1308 Broadway St.
||Downtown||The Breitmeyer-Tobin Building, now known as the Harmonie Centre, is an eight-story commercial building built in 1905 for John Breitmeyer Sons, Florists, who were at the time the leading florists in Detroit. In 1944, Benjamin Tobin acquired the building and marketed the office space to black professionals. Notable African-American firms had offices in the building, including the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; the law firm of Loomis, Jones, Piper and Colden; attorney Harold Bledsoe; optometrists William H. and Lloyd Lawson; and future judges Damon Keith and Hobart Taylor Jr.|
|7||Broadway Avenue Historic District||
|Broadway between Gratiot and Grand River Boulevard
||Downtown||The Broadway Avenue Historic District is located along a single block of Broadway Avenue, and contains eleven commercial structures built between 1896 and 1926. The area was developed in the late 19th century as a commercial area catering to the women's trade, and included businesses such as hairdressers, florists, corset makers, and fashionable clothiers. Three buildings in the district — the Cary Building, the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building, and the Merchants Building — are individually listed on the NHRP.|
|8||Capitol Park Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Grand River Ave., Woodward Ave., Michigan Ave., and Washington Boulevard
||Downtown||Capitol Park itself is a triangular plot of land (now a public park) bounded by Shelby Street, Griswold Street, and State Street. A courthouse was built in Capitol Park in 1823-28; when Michigan became a state in 1837, the building served as the state capitol. The Historic District includes the park and seventeen surrounding buildings for a block in each direction, including the Farwell Building, the Griswold Building, the David Stott Building, and the Industrial Building.|
|229 Gratiot Ave.
||Downtown||The construction of the Cary Building in 1905 began a transformation of Broadway (then called Miami Avenue) from an upper-class residential area into a fashionable commercial district.|
|10||Cass Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church||
|3901 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The original portion of this Richardson Romanesque church was designed in 1883 by Mason and Rice; the main portion was designed in 1891 by Malcomson and Higginbotham.|
|11||Cass Motor Sales||
|5800 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Cass Motor Sales building typifies Art Deco architecture as applied to commercial buildings; it was designed and built in 1928 as a Marmon Motor Company showroom, dealership, and service center.|
|12||Cass Park Historic District||
|Temple, Ledyard, and 2nd at Cass Park
||Midtown: Cass Park||This historic district surrounds Cass Park itself, and contains over 20 buildings including apartments, a hotel, the Detroit Masonic Temple, the S. S. Kresge World Headquarters, and Cass Technical High School.|
|13||Lewis Cass Technical High School||
|2421 Second Ave.
||Midtown: Cass Park||Cass Tech was built in 1922 with Malcomson and Higginbotham working as the design architects and Albert Kahn's firm as construction architects. The school was Detroit's first technical high school and for years the only magnet school in the city. The building was in use until 2005, when a new Cass Tech High School was built. The school was submitted to the NRHP as part of the Public Schools of Detroit MPS. The building was demolished in July 2011.|
|14||Cass-Davenport Historic District||
|Roughly bounded Cass Ave., Davenport, and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard
||Midtown: North Cass||The Cass-Davenport Historic District includes four apartment buildings near the corner of Cass Avenue and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. Two are typical of the small scale, luxurious apartment buildings built in Detroit near the turn of the century and two are typical of the large scale, high density apartment buildings constructed between 1915 and 1930.|
|15||Cathedral Church of St. Paul Complex||
|4800 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||The Cathedral Church of St. Paul is the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan. It was designed by renowned church architect Ralph Adams Cram, and remains unfinished, the bell tower having never been completed. The church is built entirely of limestone, using Medieval construction techniques, with no supporting steel superstructure.|
|16||Central United Methodist Church||
|Woodward Ave. at E. Adams St.
||Downtown||The Central United Methodist Church was first organized in 1802, and was the first organized Protestant congregation in what was then the Michigan Territory. The cornerstone of Central Church's current sanctuary was laid on July 3, 1867.|
|17||Century Building and Little Theatre||
|333 Madison St.
||Downtown||In 1902, the Twentieth Century Club built a Mission-style building to house their club. In 1928, a Spanish Revival-style addition was built and leased to the Little Theater chain. The Twentieth Century Club disbanded in the depths of the Great Depression, and the building went through numerous owners and name changes. In 1997, the buildings, now known as the Gem Theatre, were moved five blocks to make way for the construction of Comerica Park. At a distance of 563 meters (1,850 ft) it is the furthest known relocation of a sizable building.|
|18||Chapel of St. Theresa-the Little Flower||
|46 Parsons St.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Irish St. Patrick Parish in Detroit was begun in 1862, and built a large church on Woodward Avenue. In 1892, they built the Saints Peter and Paul Academy on Parsons. As traffic in the streets increased, the parish built this chapel next door to the school to eliminate the trek by school children to the main church. As the years passed, more parish activities were held in the chapel. The old St. Patrick burned in 1992, and the chapel was rechristened St. Patrick Church.|
|19||Alexander Chapoton House||
|511 Beaubien St.
||Downtown||This home is a Queen Anne style row house, one of the last remaining examples in the city. It was built by Alexander Chapoton, a descendant of one of the oldest families in Detroit.|
|630 Merrick St.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Chatsworth Apartments is a nine-story apartment building, built in 1927 of reinforced concrete with tan-colored brick and tile. It includes an underground parking garage with a sixty-five car capacity – an uncommon feature at the time.|
|21||The Clay School||
|453 Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard
||Midtown: North Cass||The Clay School, built in 1888, is the oldest existing school building in the city of Detroit. The building served as an elementary school, a center for boys with discipline problems, and a headquarters for vocational study. In 1981, the building was sold to a developer, who converted the building into office space, known as the Clay Office and Conference Center.|
|3751-73 Second Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Coronado Apartments is a four-story Romanesque Revival building, built in 1894 as one of the first apartments buildings in Detroit targeting affluent middle class tenants at a time when apartment living was just becoming socially acceptable. The Coronado remained a fashionable address until the 1930s, when declining demand for large apartments led the Coronado's owners to divide the formerly spacious apartments in two.|
|23||Cultural Center Historic District||
|5200, 5201 Woodward Ave., and 100 Farnsworth Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||The Cultural Center Historic District includes three buildings along Woodward Avenue: the Detroit Public Library, the Detroit Institute of Arts, and the Horace H. Rackham Education Memorial Building.|
|712 Cass Ave.
||Downtown||The Detroit Club is a four-story brick and stone Romanesque Revival building constructed in 1891. It is the third home of the club, which formed in 1882 as a place where local businessmen could meet and mingle. Early club members included Russell A. Alger, ex-governor of Michigan, Hugh McMillan, founder of the Michigan Telephone Company, and real estate magnate James B. Book.|
|25||Detroit Cornice and Slate Company Building||
|733 St. Antoine St. at E. Lafayette St.
||Downtown||This building was designed in the Beaux-Arts style by architect Harry J. Rill, and completed in 1897. The ornamental facade is constructed from galvanized steel; many of the decorative and sculptural elements were crafted by the Detroit Cornice and Slate Company itself.|
|26||Detroit Edison Company Willis Avenue Station||
|50 W. Willis St.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Willis Avenue station was the first steam power substation used by Detroit Edison for the production of steam heat. Three other plants serve the central heating district of Detroit.|
|27||Detroit Financial District||
|Bounded by Woodward and Jefferson and Lafayette and Washington Boulevard
||Downtown||This historic area was the financial heart of Detroit from the 1850s through the 1970s. The area encompasses some of the largest and more ornate skyscrapers in Detroit (including the Guardian Building, the Penobscot Building, and One Woodward Avenue), reflecting two waves of large-scale redevelopment: the first in 1900–1930 and the second in the 1950s and early 1960s.|
|28||Detroit Industry Murals, Detroit Institute of Arts||
|5200 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||These four murals at the Detroit Institute of Arts are considered to be the finest remaining work in the United States by renowned Mexican muralist Diego Rivera, and the nation's finest modern, monumental artwork with industrial themes.|
|29||Detroit Masonic Temple||
|500 Temple St.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The 14-story Detroit Temple is the largest Masonic Temple in the world, boasting a 4,404-seat theater, a 1,586-seat Scottish Rite Cathedral, a 17,500-square-foot (1,630 m2) drill hall, and two ballrooms—one of which measures 17,264 square feet (1,603.9 m2) and holds up to 1,000. It was constructed in 1922.|
|30||Detroit News Complex||
|615 and 801 W. Lafayette Blvd.
||Downtown||This building held the offices of the Detroit News from 1917 to 2013, and was also the site of the first commercial radio broadcast (on WWJ) in the United States.|
|31||Detroit-Columbia Central Office Building||
|52 Selden St.
||Midtown: North Cass||This Art Deco building was built in the 1920s as a "dial system" office building for Michigan Bell. It is still owned by AT&T, the successor of Michigan Bell, and is known as the Michigan Bell Telephone Exchange.|
|400 Bagley St.
||Downtown||The Detroit-Leland Hotel (named for Cadillac founder Henry M. Leland) opened its doors in 1927. It boasted 800 air-conditioned hotel rooms, along with a dining room, coffee shop, ball room, and 11 stores at street level.|
|580 Frederick St.
||Midtown: Art Center||The Dunbar Hospital (nomed for poet Paul Laurence Dunbar) was the first hospital in Detroit for the black community. The building was built in 1892 as a private residence; it was converted to a hospital in 1918 by Dr. James W. Ames and the Allied Medical Society. It is now the Detroit Medical Society Headquarters.|
|34||East Ferry Avenue Historic District||
|E. Ferry Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||In the mid-1880s, D. M. Ferry platted his seed farm near Woodward into residential lots. East Ferry Avenue was quickly settled by prosperous middle and upper middle class Detroit residents. Although Woodward Avenue has since been redeveloped into primarily commercial property, the mansions and upscale housing on East Ferry survives. The district includes the separately designated Col. Frank J. Hecker House and the Charles Lang Freer House.|
|100-118 Sproat St.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The Eddystone is one of three hotels located on Park Avenue and designed by Louis Kamper for Lew Tuller; the other two are the Royal Palm at 2305 Park Avenue, and the Park Avenue Hotel at 2643 Park Avenue (site across Sproat from the Eddystone).|
|300 E. Adams St.
||Downtown||The Elwood Bar was built in 1936 at 2100 Woodward Avenue (on the corner of Woodward and Elizabeth); it has since been moved to 300 Adams. Designed by Charles Noble, the building is an excellent Detroit example of Art Moderne Style, with two facades covered with cream and blue enameled steel. It is now known as the Elwood Bar and Grill.|
|1249 Griswold St.
||Downtown||The Farwell Building is named for the estate of Jesse H. and Emmer J. Farwell. The building was completed in 1915 from plans made by architect Harrie W. Bonnah. There is iron grillwork on the entrance transom, and the interior features a Tiffany mosaic ceiling, brass elevator doors, and marble walls.|
|38||Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Detroit Branch Building||
|160 W. Fort St.
||Downtown||This building was constructed in 1927 in a Neoclassical style. In 1951, an eight-story Modern glass-and-marble annex, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was added to the building.|
|39||First Congregational Church||
|33 E. Forest Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The First Congregational Church was built in 1891; an addition to the church, known as the Angel's Wing, was constructed in 1921 by Albert Kahn. The church is topped by an 8-foot (2.4 m) copper figure of the Archangel Uriel.|
|40||First Federal Building||
|1001 Woodward Ave.
||Downtown||Now simply known as 1001 Woodward, the First Federal Building was designed by Smith, Hinchman & Grylls in the International Style, and constructed in 1963-65 as the headquarters for First Federal Savings and Loan of Detroit.|
|41||First Presbyterian Church||
|2930 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Brush Park||George D. Mason modeled the First Presbyterian Church after Henry Hobson Richardson's Trinity Church in Boston. The church is made from rough-cut red sandstone, with the floorplan in the shape of a Greek cross. It is currently used as the Ecumenical Theological Seminary.|
|42||First Unitarian Church of Detroit||
|2870 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Brush Park||The First Unitarian Church of Detroit was designed by Donaldson and Meier in the Romanesque Revival style and completed in 1890. It caught fire on May 10, 2014, and was consequently demolished.|
|43||Fort Shelby Hotel||
|525 W. Lafayette Boulevard
||Downtown||The Fort Shelby is a 22-story Beaux-Arts hotel, built in two stages in 1916 and 1927. It served as a hotel until the mid-1970s, when low occupancy rates forced its closure. The building was purchased in 2007, and plans to open in late 2008 as the DoubleTree Guest Suites Fort Shelby Hotel.|
|44||Fort Street Presbyterian Church||
|631 W. Fort St.
||Downtown||The Fort Street Presbyterian Church was originally constructed in 1855, and was completely rebuilt to the original plans after a disastrous fire in 1876. It is a premiere example of Gothic Revival architecture in America.|
|45||Fox Theatre Building||
|2211 Woodward Ave.
||Downtown||The Detroit Fox is the largest of the Fox Theatres. Built in 1928 for William Fox, founder of 20th Century Fox, it was the first movie palace to have live sound. The architect, C. Howard Crane, designed a lavish interior blend of Burmese, Chinese, Indian and Persian motifs. The theatre was restored in 1988 by Mike and Marian Ilitch, at a cost of $12 million.|
|46||Charles Lang Freer House||
|71 E. Ferry Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||This home was originally built by the industrialist and art collector Charles Lang Freer, a founder of the Peninsular Car Company. It is currently the Merrill Palmer Institute of Human Development & Family Life of Wayne State University.|
|1942 Grand River Ave.
||Downtown||The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Building was constructed as meeting hall for the Grand Army of the Republic, a Civil War veterans association.|
|4104-4120 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||The Garden Bowl was built in 1913, and is Detroit's oldest continuously operating bowling alley. In 1934, the front 35 feet (11 m) of the building were removed when Woodward Avenue was widened to its present size. The present appearance of the building is due in large part to changes made in 1966.|
|49||Edwin S. George Building||
|4612 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||In 1908, Edwin S. George hired architect Albert Kahn to design a two-story building which would include rental space for auto parts suppliers and manufacturers. In 1914, George had three additional floors added to the building (also designed by Kahn) and changed the name to "Garfield Building".|
|50||Bernard Ginsburg House||
|236 Adelaide St.
||Midtown: Brush Park||Bernard Ginsburg was an important figure in philanthropy, civic service, and the Jewish community in Detroit during the late 19th and early 20th century. He commissioned young architect Albert Kahn to design this house. Unique and beautiful statues support the porch roof.|
|51||Globe Tobacco Building||
|407 E. Fort St.
||Downtown||Cigar manufacturing was once the largest industry in Detroit. Globe Tobacco, established in 1871 by O. P. Hazard, Thomas McGraw, Hiram Walker, and William Moore, was one of the largest five cigar manufacturers in the city. They built this plant in 1888.|
|52||Grand Circus Park Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Clifford, John R. and Adams Sts.; also 25 W. Elizabeth
||Downtown||The Grand Circus Park Historic District contains the 5-acre (20,000 m2) Grand Circus Park, bisected by Woodward Avenue. Notable buildings encircling the park include the David Broderick Tower and David Whitney Building on the south, the Kales Building, former Adams Theater, and the Central United Methodist Church on the north, and Comerica Park and the Detroit Opera House on the East. In 2000, the district boundary was increased to include 25 W. Elizabeth.|
|53||Graybar Electric Company Building||
|55 W. Canfield St.
||Midtown: North Cass||This warehouse building was rented to the Graybar Electric Company from 1926 into the 1940s. The building has been redeveloped into loft space, and is currently known as the Lofts at 55 West Canfield.|
|54||Greektown Historic District||
|Monroe Ave., between Brush and St. Antoine Sts.
||Downtown||Greektown is a primarily commercial district that extends two city blocks. It includes the St. Mary Roman Catholic Church, the Second Baptist Church, separately listed on the Register, the Greektown Casino Hotel, and the Athenium Suite Hotel. The district contains numerous restaurants and Greek-themed shops.|
|55||Robert M. and Matilda (Kitch) Grindley House||
|123 Parsons St.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Robert and Matilda Kitch Grindley House was constructed in 1897 as a single-family dwelling for the Grindley family, which played an important role in Detroit's philanthropic community. The house was owned by the Grindley family until 1961, and was demolished in 1998.|
|1214 Griswold St.
||Downtown||This 12-story, brick-and-limestone building is significant as an example of architect Albert Kahn's transition from Art Deco to Art Moderne. It is now the Griswold Building Senior Apartments.|
|500 Griswold St.
||Downtown||The Guardian Building is a National Historic Landmark, and is a bold example of Art Deco architecture. The exterior blends brickwork with tile, limestone, and terracotta. The building's interior is lavishly decorated with mosaic and Pewabic and Rookwood tile.|
|58||The Harmonie Club||
|267 E. Grand River Ave.
||Downtown||The Harmonie Club is a four-story, hipped-roof building with a basement, built of buff-colored brick and stone. The curved corner is particularly shaped to the geometry of the site. It was built by the Gesang-Verein Harmonie, a German singing club founded in 1849.|
|59||John Harvey House||
|97 Winder St.
||Midtown: Brush Park||John Harvey was a successful pharmacist in Detroit, but he is best known for his philanthropy in educating and feeding the city's poor children and orphans. He built this 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) mansion in 1887, living in it until his death in 1905. The current owners purchased the John Harvey House in 1986, renovated the structure, and opened it as The Inn at 97 Winder in 2005.|
|60||Col. Frank J. Hecker House||
|5510 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||Col. Frank J. Hecker founded the Peninsular Car Company (with Charles Lang Freer, whose home is next to Hecker's). In 1888, Hecker built this 49-room mansion where he hosted elaborate parties, entertaining luminaries such as Presidents William McKinley and Rutherford B. Hayes. Col. Hecker lived in the home until his death in 1927.|
|40 Davenport St.
||Midtown: North Cass||This structure, built in 1913, was designed as an apartment hotel, offering primarily efficiency and one bedroom units rather than the two to four-room suites contained in typical apartment buildings of the time. It was designed to house the influx of transient male workers who came to Detroit to work in the booming auto industry.|
|79 Alfred St.
||Midtown: Brush Park||The Hudson-Evans House was built circa 1872/73 for Philo Wright, a Detroit-based ship owner. In 1882, the house was given as a wedding present to Grace Whitney Evans, daughter of the lumber baron David Whitney Jr. (builder of the David Whitney House). Between 1894 and 1904 Mrs. Evans rented the house to Joseph Lowthian Hudson, founder of Detroit's J.L. Hudson Company department store.|
|63||Mulford T. Hunter House||
|77 W. Hancock St.
||Midtown: North Cass||This structure is a Queen Anne townhouse, one of the few remaining examples in the city of Detroit. The house is directly adjacent to the George W. Loomer House; the two are the only remaining buildings from the 19th century in what was at the time one of Detroit's most fashionable areas.|
|64||Jefferson Intermediate School||
|938 Selden St.
||Midtown: North Cass||An elementary school was built on this site in 1873. In 1922, the city tore down the now dilapidated building and began construction of the building now occupying the site. This building was completed in 1923. As of 2008, the building has been rehabilitated and now serves as a charter school. Jefferson Intermediate School is also known as Jefferson Junior High School or simply Jefferson School.|
|65||Albert Kahn House||
|208 Mack Ave.
||Midtown: Brush Park||In 1906, architect Albert Kahn built a home for his personal use in Brush Park. He lived in the home from 1906 until his death in 1942. Kahn's home is designed in the English Renaissance style, but with modern look. The first story is clad in brick with a gray stone trim, the second story is stuccoed, and the roof is slate. In 1928, Kahn added a wing to house his library and art collection. After Kahn's death, the Detroit Urban League obtained the building and have retained it to the present as their offices.|
|66||L. B. King and Company Building||
|1274 Library St.
||Downtown||The L. B. King Company was a wholesale china firm; they had this white terracotta-clad Chicago-style office building constructed in 1910 (the elaborate cornice was added in 1926). The firm moved out in 1932, and the building was taken over by Annis Furs, who owned it until 1983. The building is also known as the Annis Furs Building.|
|67||S. S. Kresge World Headquarters||
|2727 2nd Ave.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The Kresge World Headquarters is a limestone-faced building, designed in 1928 by Albert Kahn for S.S. Kresge (now K-Mart) as their world headquarters. The building, unique for its horizontal massing as opposed to the vertical lines of the more common skyscraper, won awards for its outstanding architecture.|
|68||Lancaster and Waumbek Apartments||
|227-29 and 237-39 E. Palmer Ave.
||Midtown: Art Center||The Lancaster and Waumbek Apartments were two small three-story apartment buildings of similar design located side-by-side on East Palmer. The two structures were well-designed examples of turn-of-the-century apartment houses in Detroit. They were demolished in November 2005.|
|137 Cadillac Sq.
||Downtown||The Lawyers Building, also known as the "American Title Building", was built in 1922 by John J. Barlum, as part of an effort (along with the nearby Barlum Tower, also on the Register) to rehabilitate Cadillac Square. The ten-story Lawyers Building originally housed middle-class tenant organizations, including unions and charitable organizations.|
|70||League of Catholic Women Building||
|100 Parsons St.
||Midtown: North Cass||This building was constructed in 1927 to provide accommodations for single young women looking for work in the city; it was built by the League of Catholic Women, a charitable organization. In 1982, the building was converted into 82 apartment units for low-income elderly and/or handicapped with Section 8 rent subsidies. The building is known as Casgrain Hall or the Activities Building.|
|71||George W. Loomer House||
|71 W. Hancock St.
||Midtown: North Cass||The George W. Loomer House is a private residence built in the Richardsonian Romanesque style. The home is directly adjacent to the Mulford T. Hunter House; the two are the only remaining buildings from the 19th century in what was at the time one of Detroit's most fashionable areas.|
|72||Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District||
|1202–1449 and 1400–1456 Woodward Ave.
||Downtown||The Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District contains thirty-four commercial buildings built between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the twentieth, many by noted architects. By the 1920s, this area of the city was one of the most active shopping districts in the nation; in 1925, the State and Woodward intersection was the most active pedestrian crossing corner in the U.S.|
|5057 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The building was originally constructed for the fraternal organization Knights of the Maccabees. Surplus space in the building was leased to other businesses, including retail business on the ground floor and office space in the upper floors. One noteworthy tenant was Detroit's radio and television station WXYZ.|
|4140 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||The Majestic Theater, designed by C. Howard Crane, opened on April 1, 1915. The theater originally seated 1,651 people and was at the time the largest theater in the world built for the purpose of showing movies. In 1934, the front 35 feet (11 m) of the theater were removed when Woodward Avenue was widened to its present size, and the entire facade was redesigned into its current striking Art Deco motif.|
|170 E. Jefferson Ave.
||Downtown||Mariners' Church of Detroit is a parish in the Anglican tradition. The church was established in 1842 and incorporated in the state of Michigan in 1848; the current building was constructed in 1849.|
|76||Perry McAdow House||
|4605 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||Perry W. McAdow earned his fortune gold mining in Montana. In 1891, he and his wife Clara built this elaborate Renaissance Revival mansion on Cass for a cost of $65,000 as an entrance into Detroit society.|
|77||McGregor Memorial Conference Center||
|495 Ferry Mall
||Midtown: Wayne State||Completed in 1958, the McGregor Memorial Conference Center was Minoru Yamasaki's first commission following his trip to Japan and re-envisionment of architectural design. The Center opened to immediate accolades from architectural magazines who called it "delightful" and "refreshing".|
|206 E. Grand River Boulevard
||Downtown||The eight-story Merchants Building is built from steel and reinforced concrete, and wrapped with terracotta. Throughout its history, the building has housed many business, including at least three furriers, Midwest Woolen Co., Kroger Grocery & Bakery, New York Life Insurance Co., a jeweler and shoe repair shop.|
|79||Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument||
|Woodward Ave. at Campus Martius
||Downtown||Sculptor Randolph Rogers designed this monument as a series of octagonal sections that rise up from the base of the monument. The lowest sections are topped by eagles with raised wings that guide the eye upward to the next section, which is surmounted by four male figures depicting the Navy, Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery. Four female allegorical figures, resting on pedestals above the male statues, represent Victory, History, Emancipation, and Union; they were added to the monument in 1881.|
|80||Midtown Woodward Historic District||
|2951-3424 Woodward Ave., 14 Charlotte St., 10 and 25 Peterboro St.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The Midtown Woodward Historic District spans two blocks along Woodward Avenue, and contains three Albert Kahn-designed structures—the Addison Hotel, Kahn Print Shop, and the Temple Beth-El (now a theater)—in addition to the C. Howard Crane-designed Fine Arts Theatre.|
|81||Monroe Avenue Commercial Buildings||
|16-118 Monroe St.
||Downtown||This was once a block of 19th-century commercial building interspersed with early-20th-century movie palaces. However, the district was almost entirely demolished as of February 1990, leaving only the Albert Kahn-designed National Theater at 118 Monroe standing.|
|82||Helen Newberry Nurses Home||
|100 E. Willis Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||The Helen Newberry Nurses Home was built to house nursing students from the Grace Hospital Training School for Nurses. It was named for Helen Handy Newberry, wife of John Stoughton Newberry and mother of Truman Handy Newberry.|
|3711 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||Orchestra Hall is the home of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. The 2014-seat hall was designed by architect C. Howard Crane; the building was vacant for a number of years, but major restoration work was accomplished in the 1970s.|
|84||Francis Palms Building & State Theater||
|2115 Woodward Ave.
||Downtown||The theater was designed by architect C. Howard Crane in the Renaissance Revival style as a movie house, seating 3000. The theatre is located next to the larger Fox Theatre, and is still used as a concert venue. The theater is now known as The Fillmore Detroit, although the building is still called the Francis Palms Building.|
|85||Park Avenue Historic District||
|Park Ave., between W. Adams Ave. and W. Fisher Freeway
||Downtown||In the 1920s, Detroit's prestigious Grand Circus Park was crowded with buildings and development began to spill north from Grand Circus Park up Park Avenue. In 1923, the Park Avenue Association was formed. They planned the street to concentrate high-grade commercial and office space at the south end, and prestigious residential development at the north end, much like New York City's Fifth Avenue. The district includes the Women's City Club, and the Royal Palm.|
|86||Park Avenue Hotel||
|2643 Park Ave.
||Midtown: Cass Park||The Park Avenue was one of three hotels located on Park Avenue and designed by Louis Kamper for Lew Tuller; the other two are the Eddystone at 100 Sproat Street (across Sproat from the Park Avenue site), and the Royal Palm at 2305 Park Avenue. The building was demolished in July 2015.|
|87||Pontchartrain Club/Town House Apartments||
|1511 First St.
||Downtown||Originally designed by Wirt C. Rowland, this structure was built in two distinct phases: construction started in 1928 but was soon halted by the Great Depression, and the building was left open to the elements for two decades before being finally completed in 1953. Its façade boasts a unique blend of Art Deco and International Style architectural elements.|
|88||Prentis Building and DeRoy Auditorium Complex||
|5203 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Prentis Building and DeRoy Auditorium were both built at the same time, and were designed by architect Minoru Yamasaki to interrelate functionally, spatially, and architecturally. The buildings were constructed at a critical point in Yamasaki's career when he was experimenting with ornamentation, light and shadow, and the use of pools and gardens to soften perception of standard International Style architecture.|
|89||Professional Plaza Tower||
|3800 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Medical Center||The Professional Plaza Tower was built between 1964 and 1966 as part of the Detroit Medical Center urban renewal plan. Designed by architects Crane and Gorwic in the International Style, it originally housed offices for medical professionals. It is being converted into a 75-unit residential apartment.|
|90||Randolph Street Commercial Buildings Historic District||
|1208–1244 Randolph St.
||Downtown||Buildings along this section of Randolph Street have been used for retail since the area was first built up in the 1840s; the building at 1244 Randolph was built during the period of original construction. As the city grew, larger commercial buildings were required and the other structures on Randolph were constructed.|
|91||Jerome H. Remick and Company Building||
|1250 Library St.
||Downtown||This building was originally constructed in 1907 with three floors for Jerome H. Remick & Company. Remick was a leading publisher of ragtime music such as "Dill Pickles Rag" and "Black and White Rag", and used the building to house their offices and printing facilities. Remick moved out of the building in 1915, at around the same time that the upper three floors were added.|
|92||Royal Palm Hotel||
|2305 Park Ave.
||Downtown||The Royal Palm, now known as the Park Avenue House, is the oldest hotel in the downtown Detroit area, and has operated continuously as a hotel since its construction. It is one of three hotels located on Park Avenue and designed by Louis Kamper for Lew Tuller the other two are the Eddystone at 100 Sproat Street, and the Park Avenue Hotel at 2643 Park Avenue.|
|93||Saint Andrew's Memorial Episcopal Church||
|5105 Anthony Wayne Dr.
||Midtown: Wayne State||St. Andrew's parish, founded in 1885, was one of the earliest religious institutions established in what is now the University-Cultural Center section of Detroit. The present building was completed in 1902. Restorations after a 1906 fire have been criticized as architecturally disfiguring. In 1961, the diocese leased the building to Wayne State University for 99 years.|
|94||St. John's Episcopal Church||
|Woodward Ave. at E. Fisher Freeway
||Downtown||St. John's, built in 1859 primarily through the efforts of Henry P. Baldwin, is the oldest church still standing on Woodward Avenue. The church is an excellent example of Victorian Gothic architecture.|
|95||St. Josaphat's Roman Catholic Church||
|715 E. Canfield St.
||Midtown: Medical Center||In 1889, the Polish community of St. Albertus Roman Catholic Church was outgrowing the capacity of the church, and the parish of St. Josaphat was started to serve the growing population. A small church and school was built in 1890, and the large church extant today was constructed in 1901.|
|96||Sts. Peter and Paul Academy||
|64 Parsons St.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Saints Peter and Paul Academy was built in 1893 by what is now St. Patrick Parish as a co-ed grade school and a high school for girls. The present-day St. Patrick Church sits next door. The school closed in 1969, and the building is occupied by St. Patrick Senior Center.|
|97||Saints Peter and Paul Church||
|629 E. Jefferson Ave.
||Downtown||The Saints Peter and Paul Church, constructed in 1848, is the oldest existing church in the city of Detroit. It originally served a predominantly Irish population, but since 1877 has been operated by the Jesuit Order. The Jesuit University of Detroit Mercy's law school still sits adjacent to the church.|
|98||Santa Fe Apartments||
|681 Merrick St.
||Midtown: Wayne State||This building was a fine example of Mission and Spanish Revival, rare for Detroit. It has been demolished by Wayne State University; the site is now the location of the Yousif B. Ghafari Hall.|
|217 Farnsworth St.
||Midtown: Art Center||The Scarab Club is an artists' club, gallery, and studio formed in 1907. The clubhouse was built in 1928, and features a second floor lounge unique for its massive ceiling beams signed by more than 230 artists, including Diego Rivera, Norman Rockwell, Marshall Fredericks and Steve "Pablo" Davis.|
|100||Second Baptist Church Of Detroit||
|441 Monroe St.
||Downtown||The Second Baptist Church, founded in 1836, is the oldest African American church in the Midwest. From its founding until the end of the Civil War, the church served as a "station" on the Underground Railroad, hosting some 5,000 slaves before their eventual departure to Canada. The current building replaced an earlier structure which was destroyed by fire in 1914.|
|101||Samuel L. Smith House||
|5035 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||Samuel L. Smith lived in this house between 1890 and 1917. Smith was one of the most prominent citizens of Detroit at the time, having made his fortune in lumber, shipping, mining and railroad ventures. He later financed many automobile ventures, most notably the Olds Motor Works. Later in the 20th century, the building was used by the Detroit Public Schools, and is now owned by Wayne State University.|
|102||Thomas S. Sprague House||
|80 W. Palmer Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Thomas S. Sprague House was a private residence; it has been demolished.|
|103||State Savings Bank||
|151 W. Fort St.
||Downtown||The State Savings Bank was organized in 1883, and by 1900, when this building was constructed, was the largest bank in Detroit. Architect Stanford White designed the original Neoclassical structure for the bank building. In 1914, Donaldson and Meier designed an addition to the building, nearly indistinguishable from the original, that doubled the original size. The building was continuously used as a bank until the 1980s, when it was turned into an office supply showroom. This structure is now known as the Savoyard Centre.|
|104||Herman Strasburg House||
|5415 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Herman Strasburg house is one of the best example of English Tudor architecture in Detroit. It was built for dance instructor Herman Strasburg in 1915, and later used as a music school and private home. The building is now the Wayne State University Music Annex.|
|106||Sugar Hill Historic District||
|Bounded by Woodward, Forest, John R. and Canfield
||Midtown: Medical Center||Starting in the 1940s, the Sugar Hill Historic District was the center of Detroit's African-American entertainment district. A patchwork of buildings is all that remains.|
|107||Elisha Taylor House||
|59 Alfred St.
||Midtown: Brush Park||The Elisha Taylor House, located within the Brush Park district, was built in 1875 as a private home. It is one of the best examples surviving in Detroit of post-Civil War residential design. Since 1981, it has served as a center for art and architectural study, known as the Art House.|
|3424 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: Brush Park||This Albert Kahn-designed building was home to Detroit's Temple Beth El from 1903–1921. It was later a playhouse and motion picture theater before being purchased by Wayne State University. The University christened the building the Bonstelle Theatre.|
|4756 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Thompson Home for Old Ladies was built in 1884 as a prestigious retirement home for wealthy widows. It was funded by Mary Thompson at her deceased husband's request. The Home functioned until 1977, when it closed due to the declining number of residents. Wayne State University purchased the building, and in 1980 WSU's School of Social Work was installed in the building.|
|110||Charles Trombly House||
|553 E. Jefferson Ave.
||Downtown||The Trombly house is one of Detroit's oldest homes. The consensus among historians is that the house was built by Trombly sometime during 1851 for use by Trombly and his new wife. The house was owned or rented by multiple families. These include some of the city's oldest and most familiar names, such as McClelland, Cicotte, Whipple, Chapoton, Campau, and Beecher, among others. The house is now known as the Beaubien House.|
|111||Tushiyah United Hebrew School – Scott Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church||
|609 E. Kirby St.
||Midtown: Art Center||This building, an important work of architect Isadore M. Lewis, was constructed as the Tushiyah United Hebrew School and served as the headquarters of the United Hebrew Schools of Detroit. It later served as the Scott Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, the first mainline African-American Methodist Episcopal church in Detroit.|
|92 W. Ferry Ave.
||Midtown: Wayne State||The Verona Apartments were built in 1896; the original layout of the apartment building had 16 luxury suites. When home ownership became easier in the 1930s, demand for this type of suite apartment declined, and in 1945 the building was reconfigured to include 26 smaller apartments. There are interesting decorative touches throughout the exterior of the building, including the friezework above the first-floor windows, the bowed structures flanking the entrance, and inlays above the first and fifth floors.|
|600 Woodward Ave.
||Downtown||The Vinton Building was designed by Albert Kahn. It stands 14 stories high with 12 above-ground and 2 basement floors. The building was constructed in the Neoclassical architectural style, and features terra cotta as its main material.|
|15 E. Kirby St.
||Midtown: Art Center||The Wardell was built in 1926 as a residential hotel, intended for extended stays. The name comes from Fred Wardell, who owned the Eureka Vacuum Cleaner Company. Diego Rivera lived there while working on his mural at the Detroit Institute of Arts. The building has been redeveloped into condominiums, and is now known as the Park Shelton Apartments.|
|115||Warren-Prentis Historic District||
|Bounded by Woodward, Warren, 3rd, and the alley south of Prentis
||Midtown: North Cass||This district contains a mix of building styles. Upper-class Detroit citizens built single-family homes in the area in 1880–1895. During the same time, apartment living became more popular, and duplexes and small apartment buildings were constructed in the 1890s through the first part of the 20th century. Commercial development was added to the mix in the years after World War I.|
|116||Washington Boulevard Historic District||
|Washington Boulevard, between State and Clifford Sts.
||Downtown||This district includes the Book Cadillac Hotel, the Book Tower, the Industrial Building, and Washington Square among other architecturally significant buildings. The Detroit Statler Hotel was located on the boulevard until it was demolished in 2005. The street was broadened and ornamented in the early part of the 20th century to resemble New York's Fifth Avenue and European boulevards.|
|117||Wayne County Courthouse||
|600 Randolph St.
||Downtown||The Wayne County Building contained the Wayne County administrative offices, and its courthouse. The exterior architectural sculpture, including the Anthony Wayne pediment, was executed by Detroit sculptor Edward Wagner. The building may be one of the nation's finest surviving examples of Roman Baroque architecture, with a blend of Beaux-Arts and some elements of the Neoclassical style.|
|118||Wayne State University Buildings||
|4735-4841 Cass Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||This district includes three buildings: a Queen Anne style home (now the Mackenzie House), the First Church of Christ Scientist (now the Hilberry Theater), and Central High School (now Old Main).|
|119||Weil and Company – Gabriel Richard Building||
|305 Michigan Ave.
||Downtown||This building was constructed in 1914 for Weil and Company, a furniture retailer. In 1948, the building was obtained by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit, who renamed it the Gabriel Richard Building. The Archdiocese used it until 2015.|
|120||West Canfield Historic District||
|Canfield Ave. between 2nd and 3rd Sts.; also 3rd Ave. between Canfield and Calumet
||Midtown: North Cass||The West Canfield Historic district is located on a primarily residential block of Canfield. Homes in the district are examples of Queen Anne architecture that have remained nearly unchanged since the late 19th century. A 1997 boundary increase added to the district three buildings on Third Avenue between Canfield and Calumet.|
|121||David Whitney House||
|4421 Woodward Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The David Whitney House was built between 1890 and 1894 for lumber baron David Whitney Jr., one of Michigan's wealthiest citizens. The home was described in one contemporaneous newspaper account as "the most elaborate and substantial residence in this part of the country". The house is 21,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) and has 52 rooms (including 10 bathrooms), 218 windows, and 20 fireplaces. It currently operates as a restaurant, The Whitney.|
|122||Willis-Selden Historic District||
|Bounded by the alley north of W. Willis, Woodward, the alley south of Selden, and 3rd Ave.
||Midtown: North Cass||The Willis-Selden Historic District includes a large number of commercial buildings and high-density apartment buildings built in the early 20th century to service Detroit's booming auto economy.|
|350 Madison St.
||Downtown||The Wilson Theatre was built in 1928 by Matilda Dodge Wilson, the widow of John Francis Dodge, as a venue for live theatre. The facade is an impressive Art Deco mix of colored brick and terracotta. It is now known as the Music Hall Center for the Performing Arts.|
|124||Women's City Club||
|2110 Park Ave.
||Downtown||The Women's City Club is a six-story modern building, built in the 1920s for use by women's social clubs and with apartments for unmarried women. Architect William B. Stratton (husband of ceramicist Mary Chase Perry Stratton) used extensive Pewabic Pottery tilework on the interior.|
|125||Woodward East Historic District||
|Bounded by Alfred, Edmund, Watson, and Brush and John R. Sts.
||Midtown: Brush Park||The Woodward East Historic District, located within the locally designated Brush Park Historic District, is particularly known for the High Victorian–style residences constructed for Detroit's wealthiest citizens. Although many of the once-grand houses have been demolished in recent years, those remaining exhibit a variety of Victorian style subtypes and architectural details.|
Listings Formerly Located in Downtown/Midtown Detroit
The following listings were located in Downtown / Midtown Detroit at the time they were placed on the Register, but have since moved to other locations.
|Name on the
|Image||Date listed||Current Location||Location when Listed||Description|
|Marine A Grain Elevator, Buffalo River at Silo City Row, Buffalo, New York
||661 Civic Center Dr (Downtown) 42°19'28"N 83°03'02"W||This passenger steamship carried passengers to Bois Blanc Island (Boblo) for the Detroit & Windsor Ferry Company, and is one of the last remaining examples of her kind. Designed by Frank E. Kirby, noted naval architect. The Columbia and her sister ship, the Ste. Claire were docking at downtown Detroit in 1979 when they were listed in the National Register. They are the last two remaining turn-of-the-century excursion steamships in existence. They were docked at downtown Detroit in 1979 when they were listed in the National Register. After Boblo service ended in 1991 they were relocated to the Nicholson Terminal and Dock Company, 360 E Great Lakes St, Ecorse, Wayne County, Michigan, where they became National Historic Landmarks in 1992. In September 2014 the Columbia was relocated to Toledo, Ohio, for repairs, then in August 2015 was moved to Buffalo, New York, where it is being prepared for an eventual move to the Hudson River.|
|2||Ste. Claire (Steamer)||
|Rouge River south bank, east of S. Dix Street Bridge, Detroit (Southwest)
||661 Civic Center Dr (Downtown) 42°19'27"N 83°03'06"W||Designed by naval architect Frank E. Kirby. Between 1910 and 1991, the Ste. Claire ferried passengers to Bois Blanc Island (Boblo) for the Detroit & Windsor Ferry Company. The Ste. Claire and her sister ship, the Columbia were docking at downtown Detroit in 1979 when they were listed in the National Register. After Boblo service ended in 1991 they were relocated to the Nicholson Terminal and Dock Company, 360 E Great Lakes St, Ecorse, Wayne County, Michigan, where they became National Historic Landmarks in 1992. The Ste. Claire was moved to Toledo, Ohio in 2003, but returned to Ecorse a few years later. In 2016 she was docked in the Rouge River in Detroit.|
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Date removed||Location||Summary|
||3800 John R St.
||The Harper Hospital was designed by Elijah E. Myers and built in 1883. It was demolished in the 1970s.|
|2||Woodward Avenue Baptist Church||
||2464 Woodward Avenue
||The Woodward Avenue Baptist Church was built in 1886-87 for the former Lafayette Street Baptist Church congregation at a cost of $133,000. The church was designed by Mortimer L. Smith with a later addition by George D. Mason. As congregants left Detroit in the later 20th century, church attendance dwindled and it closed in 1979. The building was sold in 1980 to the United House of Jeremiah, but that group soon abandoned the church. The church burned in 1986, and the remnants were demolished.|
National Register of Historic Places listings in Downtown and Midtown Detroit Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.