List of birds of Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Mimus polyglottos adult 02 cropped
The northern mockingbird is the state bird of Texas.

The list of birds of Texas is the official list of species recorded in the U.S. state of Texas according to the Texas Bird Records Committee (TBRC) of the Texas Ornithological Society.

This list is presented in taxonomic order and follows The Check-list of North American Birds (7th edition through the 57th supplement, 2016), published by the American Ornithological Society.

The list contains 645 species. The following tags have been used to highlight categories of occurrence:

(A) accidental- 153 extant species have been seen in Texas, but are rare and do not make an appearance every year. Some of these have been recorded only once.
(I) introduced – six species have been introduced to Texas by humans, directly or indirectly.
(E) extinct – Two species on the list are known to have gone extinct.
(e) (lowercase) extirpated – One species is possibly not extinct but is no longer found in Texas.
(RI) reintroduction in progress - One species is present but has not been reestablished.
(u) uncertain – Individuals of two species are of uncertain origin; they have stable to increasing populations thought to be of both introduced and native origin.

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

  • Black-bellied whistling-duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis
  • Fulvous whistling-duck, Dendrocygna bicolor
  • Greater white-fronted goose, Anser albifrons
  • Snow goose, Chen caerulescens
  • Ross's goose, Chen rossii
  • Brant, Branta bernicla (A)
  • Cackling goose, Branta hutchinsii
  • Canada goose, Branta canadensis
  • Trumpeter swan, Cygnus buccinator (A)
  • Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus
  • Muscovy duck, Cairina moschata
  • Wood duck, Aix sponsa
  • Gadwall, Anas strepera
  • Eurasian wigeon, Anas penelope (A)
  • American wigeon, Anas americana
  • American black duck, Anas rubripes (A)
  • Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
  • Mottled duck, Anas fulvigula
  • Blue-winged teal, Anas discors
  • Cinnamon teal, Anas cyanoptera
  • Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata
  • White-cheeked pintail, Anas bahamensis (A)
  • Northern pintail, Anas acuta
  • Garganey, Anas querquedula (A)
  • Green-winged teal, Anas crecca
  • Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
  • Redhead, Aythya americana
  • Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris
  • Greater scaup, Aythya marila
  • Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis
  • King eider, Somateria spectabilis (A)
  • Common eider, Somateria mollissima (A)
  • Harlequin duck, Histrionicus histrionicus (A)
  • Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
  • White-winged scoter, Melanitta fusca
  • Black scoter, Melanitta americana
  • Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis
  • Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
  • Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  • Barrow's goldeneye, Bucephala islandica (A)
  • Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  • Common merganser, Mergus merganser
  • Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator
  • Masked duck, Nomonyx dominicus (A)
  • Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis

Curassows and guans

Order: Galliformes   Family: Cracidae

  • Plain chachalaca, Ortalis vetula

New World quail

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

  • Northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus
  • Scaled quail, Callipepla squamata
  • Gambel's quail, Callipepla gambelii
  • Montezuma quail, Cyrtonyx montezumae

Pheasants, grouse, and allies

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae


Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

  • American flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber (A)


Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

  • Least grebe, Tachybaptus dominicus
  • Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  • Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus
  • Red-necked grebe, Podiceps grisegena (A)
  • Eared grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
  • Western grebe, Aechmorphorus occidentalis
  • Clark's grebe, Aechmorphorus clarkii

Pigeons and doves

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

  • Rock pigeon, Columba livia (I)
  • Red-billed pigeon, Patagioenas flavirostris
  • Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata
  • Eurasian collared-dove, Streptopelia decaocto (I)
  • Passenger pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius (E)
  • Inca dove, Columbina inca
  • Common ground-dove, Columbina passerina
  • Ruddy ground-dove, Columbina talpacoti (A)
  • Ruddy quail-dove, Geotrygon montana (A)
  • White-tipped dove, Leptotila verreauxi
  • White-winged dove, Zenaida asiatica
  • Mourning dove, Zenaida macroura


Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

  • Dark-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus melacoryphus (A)
  • Yellow-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus
  • Mangrove cuckoo, Coccyzus minor (A)
  • Black-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus erythropthalmus
  • Greater roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus
  • Groove-billed ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris

Nightjars and allies

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

  • Lesser nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis
  • Common nighthawk, Chordeiles minor
  • Common pauraque, Nyctidromus albicollis
  • Common poorwill, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
  • Chuck-will's-widow, Antrostomus carolinensis
  • Eastern whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus
  • Mexican whip-poor-will, Antrostomus arizonae


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

  • White-collared swift, Streptoprocne zonaris (A)
  • Chimney swift, Chaetura pelagica
  • White-throated swift, Aeronautes saxatalis


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Trochilidae

  • Mexican violetear, Colibri thalassinus (A)
  • Green-breasted mango, Anthracothorax prevostii (A)
  • Magnificent hummingbird, Eugenes fulgens
  • Blue-throated hummingbird, Lampornis clemenciae
  • Lucifer hummingbird, Calothorax lucifer
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
  • Black-chinned hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
  • Anna's hummingbird, Calypte anna
  • Costa's hummingbird, Calypte costae (A)
  • Broad-tailed hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus
  • Rufous hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
  • Allen's hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin
  • Calliope hummingbird, Selasphorus calliope
  • Broad-billed hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris
  • Berylline hummingbird, Amazilia beryllina (A)
  • Buff-bellied hummingbird, Amazilia yucatanensis
  • Violet-crowned hummingbird, Amazilia violiceps (A)
  • White-eared hummingbird, Hylocharis leucotis (A)

Rails, gallinules, and coots

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

  • Yellow rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis
  • Black rail, Laterallus jamaicensis
  • Clapper rail, Rallus crepitans
  • King rail, Rallus elegans
  • Virginia rail, Rallus limicola
  • Sora, Porzana carolina
  • Paint-billed crake, Neocrex erythrops (A)
  • Spotted rail, Pardirallus maculatus (A)
  • Purple gallinule, Porphyrio martinicus
  • Common gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  • American coot, Fulica americana


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

  • Double-striped thick-knee, Burhinus bistriatus (A)

Stilts and avocets

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

  • Black-necked stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  • American avocet, Recurvirostra americana


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

  • American oystercatcher, Haematopus palliatus

Plovers and lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

  • Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola
  • American golden-plover, Pluvialis dominica
  • Pacific golden-plover, Pluvialis fulva (A)
  • Collared plover, Charadrius collaris (A)
  • Snowy plover, Charadrius nivosus
  • Wilson's plover, Charadrius wilsonia
  • Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
  • Piping plover, Charadrius melodus
  • Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
  • Mountain plover, Charadrius montanus


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

  • Northern jacana, Jacana spinosa (A)

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

  • Upland sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda
  • Eskimo curlew, Numenius borealis (A; believed extinct)
  • Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
  • Long-billed curlew, Numenius americanus
  • Black-tailed godwit, Limosa limosa (A)
  • Hudsonian godwit, Limosa haemastica
  • Bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica (A)
  • Marbled godwit, Limosa fedoa
  • Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres
  • Red knot, Calidris canutus
  • Surfbird, Calidris virgata (A)
  • Ruff, Calidris pugnax (A)
  • Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata (A)
  • Stilt sandpiper, Calidris himantopus
  • Curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea (A)
  • Red-necked stint, Calidris ruficollis (A)
  • Sanderling, Calidris alba
  • Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  • Purple sandpiper, Calidris maritima (A)
  • Baird's sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
  • Least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  • White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
  • Buff-breasted sandpiper, Calidris subruficollis
  • Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
  • Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
  • Western sandpiper, Calidris mauri
  • Short-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
  • Long-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  • Wilson's snipe, Gallinago delicata
  • American woodcock, Scolopax minor
  • Spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularia
  • Solitary sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
  • Wandering tattler, Tringa incana (A)
  • Spotted redshank, Tringa erythropus (A)
  • Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  • Willet, Tringa semipalmata
  • Lesser yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
  • Wilson's phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
  • Red-necked phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
  • Red phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius (A)

Skuas and jaegers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

  • South polar skua, Stercorarius maccormicki (A)
  • Pomarine jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus
  • Parasitic jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus
  • Long-tailed jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus (A)

Gulls, terns, and skimmers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

  • Black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla
  • Sabine's gull, Xema sabini
  • Bonaparte's gull, Chroicocephalus philadelphia
  • Black-headed gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus (A)
  • Little gull, Hydrocoleus minutus
  • Laughing gull, Leucophaeus atricilla
  • Franklin's gull, Leucophaeus pipixcan
  • Black-tailed gull, Larus crassirostris (A)
  • Heermann's gull, Larus heermanni (A)
  • Mew gull, Larus canus (A)
  • Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis
  • Western gull, Larus occidentalis (A)
  • California gull, Larus californicus
  • Herring gull, Larus argentatus
  • Yellow-legged gull, Larus cachinnans (A)
  • Thayer's gull, Larus thayeri
  • Iceland gull, Larus glaucoides (A)
  • Lesser black-backed gull, Larus fuscus
  • Slaty-backed gull, Larus schistisagus (A)
  • Glaucous-winged gull, Larus glaucescens (A)
  • Glaucous gull, Larus hyperboreus
  • Great black-backed gull, Larus marinus (A)
  • Kelp gull, Larus dominicanus (A)
  • Brown noddy, Anous stolidus (A)
  • Black noddy, Anous minutus (A)
  • Sooty tern, Onychoprion fuscatus
  • Bridled tern, Onychoprion anaethetus
  • Least tern, Sternula antillarum
  • Gull-billed tern, Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Caspian tern, Hydroprogne caspia
  • Black tern, Chlidonias niger
  • Roseate tern, Sterna dougallii (A)
  • Common tern, Sterna hirundo
  • Arctic tern, Sterna paradisaea (A)
  • Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri
  • Royal tern, Thalasseus maximus
  • Sandwich tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis
  • Elegant tern, Thalasseus elegans (A)
  • Black skimmer, Rynchops niger


Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

  • Red-billed tropicbird, Phaethon rubricauda (A)


Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

  • Red-throated loon, Gavia stellata
  • Pacific loon, Gavia pacifica
  • Common loon, Gavia immer
  • Yellow-billed loon, Gavia adamsii (A)


Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

  • Yellow-nosed albatross, Thalassarche chlororhynchos (A)

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

  • Black-capped petrel, Pterodroma hasitata (A)
  • Stejneger's petrel, Pterodroma longirostris (A)
  • White-chinned petrel, Procellaria aequinoctialis (A)
  • Cory's shearwater, Calonectris diomedea
  • Sooty shearwater, Ardenna griseus (A)
  • Great shearwater, Ardenna gravis (A)
  • Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus (A)
  • Audubon's shearwater, Puffinus lherminieri


Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

  • Wilson's storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus (A)
  • Leach's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa (A)
  • Band-rumped storm-petrel, Oceanodroma castro


Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

  • Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria (A)
  • Wood stork, Mycteria americana


Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

  • Magnificent frigatebird, Fregata magnificens

Boobies and gannets

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

  • Masked booby, Sula dactylatra
  • Blue-footed booby, Sula nebouxii (A)
  • Brown booby, Sula leucogaster (A)
  • Red-footed booby, Sula sula (A)
  • Northern gannet, Morus bassanus


Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

  • Neotropic cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus
  • Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus


Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

  • Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

  • American white pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  • Brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis

Herons, egrets, and bitterns

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

  • American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  • Least bittern, Ixobrychus exilis
  • Bare-throated tiger-heron, Tigrisoma mexicanum (A)
  • Great blue heron, Ardea herodias
  • Great egret, Ardea alba
  • Snowy egret, Egretta thula
  • Little blue heron, Egretta caerulea
  • Tricolored heron, Egretta tricolor
  • Reddish egret, Egretta rufescens
  • Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis
  • Green heron, Butorides virescens
  • Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Yellow-crowned night-heron, Nyctanassa violacea

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

  • White ibis, Eudocimus albus
  • Glossy ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
  • White-faced ibis, Plegadis chihi
  • Roseate spoonbill, Ajaia ajaja

New World vultures

Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae


Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, kites, and eagles

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

  • Hook-billed kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus
  • Swallow-tailed kite, Elanoides forficatus
  • White-tailed kite, Elanus leucurus
  • Snail kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis (A)
  • Double-toothed kite, Harpagus bidentatus (A)
  • Mississippi kite, Ictinia mississippiensis
  • Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Northern harrier, Circus cyaneus
  • Sharp-shinned hawk, Accipiter striatus
  • Cooper's hawk, Accipiter cooperii
  • Northern goshawk, Accipiter gentilis (A)
  • Crane hawk, Geranospiza caerulescens (A)
  • Common black hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus
  • Roadside hawk, Rupornis magnirostris (A)
  • Harris's hawk, Parabuteo unicinctus
  • White-tailed hawk, Geranoaetus albicaudatus
  • Gray hawk, Buteo plagiatus
  • Red-shouldered hawk, Buteo lineatus
  • Broad-winged hawk, Buteo platypterus
  • Short-tailed hawk, Buteo brachyurus (A)
  • Swainson's hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  • Zone-tailed hawk, Buteo albonotatus
  • Red-tailed hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  • Rough-legged hawk, Buteo lagopus
  • Ferruginous hawk, Buteo regalis
  • Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos


Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

  • Flammulated owl, Psiloscops flammeolus
  • Western screech-owl, Megascops kennicottii
  • Eastern screech-owl, Megascops asio
  • Great horned owl, Bubo virginianus
  • Snowy owl, Bubo scandiacus (A)
  • Northern pygmy-owl, Glaucidium gnoma (A)
  • Ferruginous pygmy-owl, Glaucidium brasilianum
  • Elf owl, Micrathene whitneyi
  • Burrowing owl, Athene cunicularia
  • Mottled owl, Ciccaba virgata (A)
  • Spotted owl, Strix occidentalis
  • Barred owl, Strix varia
  • Long-eared owl, Asio otus
  • Stygian owl, Asio stygius (A)
  • Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus
  • Northern saw-whet owl, Aegolius acadicus (A)


Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

  • Elegant trogon, Trogon elegans (A)


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

  • Ringed kingfisher, Megaceryle torquata
  • Belted kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  • Amazon kingfisher, Chloroceryle amazona (A)
  • Green kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana


Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

  • Lewis's woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis
  • Red-headed woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus
  • Acorn woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  • Golden-fronted woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons
  • Red-bellied woodpecker, Melanerpes carolinus
  • Williamson's sapsucker, Sphyrapicus thyroideus
  • Yellow-bellied sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius
  • Red-naped sapsucker, Sphyrapicus nuchalis
  • Red-breasted sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber (A)
  • Ladder-backed woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
  • Downy woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
  • Hairy woodpecker, Picoides villosus
  • Red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis
  • Northern flicker, Colaptes auratus
  • Pileated woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus
  • Ivory-billed woodpecker, Campephilus principalis (e, possibly extinct)

Caracaras and falcons

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

  • Collared forest-falcon, Micrastur semitorquatus (A)
  • Crested caracara, Caracara cheriway
  • American kestrel, Falco sparverius
  • Merlin, Falco columbarius
  • Aplomado falcon, Falco femoralis (RI)
  • Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus (A)
  • Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus
  • Prairie falcon, Falco mexicanus

New World and African parrots

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

  • Monk parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus (I)
  • Carolina parakeet, Conuropsis carolinensis (E)
  • Green parakeet, Psittacara holochlorus (u)
  • Red-crowned parrot, Amazona viridigenalis (u)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thamnophilidae

  • Barred antshrike, Thamnophilus doliatus (A)

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae

  • Northern beardless-tyrannulet, Camptostoma imberbe
  • Greenish elaenia, Myiopagis viridicata (A)
  • White-crested elaenia, Elaenia albiceps (A)
  • Tufted flycatcher, Mitrephanes phaeocercus (A)
  • Olive-sided flycatcher, Contopus cooperi
  • Greater pewee, Contopus pertinax (A)
  • Western wood-pewee, Contopus sordidulus
  • Eastern wood-pewee, Contopus virens
  • Yellow-bellied flycatcher, Empidonax flaviventris
  • Acadian flycatcher, Empidonax virescens
  • Alder flycatcher, Empidonax alnorum
  • Willow flycatcher, Empidonax traillii
  • Least flycatcher, Empidonax minimus
  • Hammond's flycatcher, Empidonax hammondii
  • Gray flycatcher, Empidonax wrightii
  • Dusky flycatcher, Empidonax oberholseri
  • Pacific-slope flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis (A)
  • Cordilleran flycatcher, Empidonax occidentalis
  • Buff-breasted flycatcher, Empidonax fulvifrons (A)
  • Black phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  • Eastern phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
  • Say's phoebe, Sayornis saya
  • Vermilion flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus
  • Dusky-capped flycatcher, Myiarchus tuberculifer
  • Ash-throated flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  • Nutting's flycatcher, Myiarchus nuttingi (A)
  • Great crested flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus
  • Brown-crested flycatcher, Myiarchus tyrannulus
  • Great kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus
  • Social flycatcher, Myiozetetes similis (A)
  • Sulphur-bellied flycatcher, Myiodynastes luteiventris (A)
  • Piratic flycatcher, Legatus leucophaius (A)
  • Tropical kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus
  • Couch's kingbird, Tyrannus couchii
  • Cassin's kingbird, Tyrannus vociferans
  • Thick-billed kingbird, Tyrannus crassirostris (A)
  • Western kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
  • Eastern kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus
  • Gray kingbird, Tyrannus dominicensis (A)
  • Scissor-tailed flycatcher, Tyrannus forficatus
  • Fork-tailed flycatcher, Tyrannus savana (A)

Tityras and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tityridae

  • Masked tityra, Tityra semifasciata (A)
  • Rose-throated becard, Pachyramphus aglaiae (A)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

  • Loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
  • Northern shrike, Lanius excubitor


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

  • Black-capped vireo, Vireo atricapilla
  • White-eyed vireo, Vireo griseus
  • Bell's vireo, Vireo bellii
  • Gray vireo, Vireo vicinior
  • Hutton's vireo, Vireo huttoni
  • Yellow-throated vireo, Vireo flavifrons
  • Cassin's vireo, Vireo cassinii
  • Blue-headed vireo, Vireo solitarius
  • Plumbeous vireo, Vireo plumbeus
  • Philadelphia vireo, Vireo philadelphicus
  • Warbling vireo, Vireo gilvus
  • Red-eyed vireo, Vireo olivaceus
  • Yellow-green vireo, Vireo flavoviridis
  • Black-whiskered vireo, Vireo altiloquus (A)
  • Yucatan vireo, Vireo magister (A)

Jays, crows, magpies, and ravens

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

  • Brown jay, Psilorhinus morio (A)
  • Green jay, Cyanocorax yncas
  • Pinyon jay, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (A)
  • Steller's jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
  • Blue jay, Cyanocitta cristata
  • Woodhouse's scrub-jay, Aphelocoma woodhouseii
  • Mexican jay, Aphelocoma wollweberi
  • Clark's nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana (A)
  • Black-billed magpie, Pica hudsonia (A)
  • American crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  • Tamaulipas crow, Corvus imparatus (A)
  • Fish crow, Corvus ossifragus
  • Chihuahuan raven, Corvus cryptoleucus
  • Common raven, Corvus corax


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

  • Horned lark, Eremophila alpestris

Swallows and martins

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

  • Purple martin, Progne subis
  • Gray-breasted martin, Progne chalybea (A)
  • Tree swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  • Violet-green swallow, Tachycineta thalassina
  • Northern rough-winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  • Bank swallow, Riparia riparia
  • Cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  • Cave swallow, Petrochelidon fulva
  • Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica

Chickadees and titmice

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

  • Carolina chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
  • Black-capped chickadee, Poecile atricapilla (A)
  • Mountain chickadee, Poecile gambeli
  • Juniper titmouse, Baeolophus ridgwayi
  • Tufted titmouse, Baeolophus bicolor
  • Black-crested titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

  • Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

  • Red-breasted nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  • White-breasted nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  • Pygmy nuthatch, Sitta pygmaea
  • Brown-headed nuthatch, Sitta pusilla


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

  • Brown creeper, Certhia americana


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

  • Rock wren, Salpinctes obsoletus
  • Canyon wren, Catherpes mexicanus
  • House wren, Troglodytes aedon
  • Winter wren, Troglodytes hiemalis
  • Sedge wren, Cistothorus platensis
  • Marsh wren, Cistothorus palustris
  • Carolina wren, Thryothorus ludovicianus
  • Bewick's wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  • Cactus wren, Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae

  • Blue-gray gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
  • Black-tailed gnatcatcher, Polioptila melanura


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

  • American dipper, Cinclus mexicanus (A)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

  • Golden-crowned kinglet, Regulus satrapa
  • Ruby-crowned kinglet, Regulus calendula

Old World flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

  • Northern wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe (A)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

  • Eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis
  • Western bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  • Mountain bluebird, Sialia currucoides
  • Townsend's solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
  • Orange-billed nightingale-thrush, Catharus aurantiirostris (A)
  • Black-headed nightingale-thrush, Catharus mexicanus (A)
  • Veery, Catharus fuscescens
  • Gray-cheeked thrush, Catharus minimus
  • Swainson's thrush, Catharus ustulatus
  • Hermit thrush, Catharus guttatus
  • Wood thrush, Hylocichla mustelina
  • Clay-colored thrush, Turdus grayi
  • White-throated thrush, Turdus assimilis (A)
  • Rufous-backed robin, Turdus rufopalliatus (A)
  • American robin, Turdus migratorius
  • Varied thrush, Ixoreus naevius (A)
  • Aztec thrush, Ridgwayia pinicola (A)

Mockingbirds and thrashers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

  • Blue mockingbird, Melanotis caerulescens (A)
  • Black catbird, Melanoptila glabrirostris (A)
  • Gray catbird, Dumetella carolinensis
  • Curve-billed thrasher, Toxostoma curvirostre
  • Brown thrasher, Toxostoma rufum
  • Long-billed thrasher, Toxostoma longirostre
  • Crissal thrasher, Toxostoma crissale
  • Sage thrasher, Oreoscoptes montanus
  • Northern mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

  • European starling, Sturnus vulgaris (I)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

  • Bohemian waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus (A)
  • Cedar waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ptiliogonatidae

  • Gray silky-flycatcher, Ptiliogonys cinereus (A)
  • Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens

Olive warbler

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Peucedramidae

  • Olive warbler, Peucedramus taeniatus (A)

Old World sparrows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

  • American pipit, Anthus rubescens
  • Sprague's pipit, Anthus spragueii


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

  • Gray-crowned rosy-finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis (A)
  • Pine grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator (A)
  • House finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  • Purple finch, Haemorhous purpureus
  • Cassin's finch, Haemorhous cassinii
  • Red crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
  • White-winged crossbill, Loxia leucoptera (A)
  • Common redpoll, Acanthis flammea (A)
  • Pine siskin, Spinus pinus
  • Lesser goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  • Lawrence's goldfinch, Spinus lawrencei (A)
  • American goldfinch, Spinus tristis
  • Evening grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus (A)

Longspurs and snow buntings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

  • Lapland longspur, Calcarius lapponicus
  • Chestnut-collared longspur, Calcarius ornatus
  • Smith's longspur, Calcarius pictus
  • McCown's longspur, Rhyncophanes mccownii
  • Snow bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis (A)


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

  • Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapilla
  • Worm-eating warbler, Helmitheros vermivorum
  • Louisiana waterthrush, Parkesia motacilla
  • Northern waterthrush, Parkesia noveboracensis
  • Golden-winged warbler, Vermivora chrysoptera
  • Blue-winged warbler, Vermivora cyanoptera
  • Black-and-white warbler, Mniotilta varia
  • Prothonotary warbler, Protonotaria citrea
  • Swainson's warbler, Limnothlypis swainsonii
  • Tennessee warbler, Oreothlypis peregrina
  • Orange-crowned warbler, Oreothlypis celata
  • Colima warbler, Oreothlypis crissalis
  • Lucy's warbler, Oreothlypis luciae
  • Nashville warbler, Oreothlypis ruficapilla
  • Virginia's warbler, Oreothlypis virginiae
  • Connecticut warbler, Oporornis agilis (A)
  • Gray-crowned yellowthroat, Geothlypis poliocephala (A)
  • MacGillivray's warbler, Geothlypis tolmiei
  • Mourning warbler, Geothlypis philadelphia
  • Kentucky warbler, Geothlypis formosa
  • Common yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
  • Hooded warbler, Setophaga citrina
  • American redstart, Setophaga ruticilla
  • Cape May warbler, Setophaga tigrina
  • Cerulean warbler, Setophaga cerulea
  • Northern parula, Setophaga americana
  • Tropical parula, Setophaga pitiayumi
  • Magnolia warbler, Setophaga magnolia
  • Bay-breasted warbler, Setophaga castanea
  • Blackburnian warbler, Setophaga fusca
  • Yellow warbler, Setophaga petechia
  • Chestnut-sided warbler, Setophaga pensylvanica
  • Blackpoll warbler, Setophaga striata
  • Black-throated blue warbler, Setophaga caerulescens
  • Palm warbler, Setophaga palmarum
  • Pine warbler, Setophaga pinus
  • Yellow-rumped warbler, Setophaga coronata
  • Yellow-throated warbler, Setophaga dominica
  • Prairie warbler, Setophaga discolor
  • Grace's warbler, Setophaga graciae
  • Black-throated gray warbler, Setophaga nigrescens
  • Townsend's warbler, Setophaga townsendi
  • Hermit warbler, Setophaga occidentalis
  • Golden-cheeked warbler, Setophaga chrysoparia
  • Black-throated green warbler, Setophaga virens
  • Fan-tailed warbler, Basileuterus lachrymosus (A)
  • Rufous-capped warbler, Basileuterus rufifrons (A)
  • Golden-crowned warbler, Basileuterus culicivorus (A)
  • Canada warbler, Cardellina canadensis
  • Wilson's warbler, Cardellina pusilla
  • Red-faced warbler, Cardellina rubrifrons
  • Painted redstart, Myioborus pictus
  • Slate-throated redstart, Myioborus miniatus (A)
  • Yellow-breasted chat, Icteria virens


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thraupidae

  • Red-legged honeycreeper, Cyanerpes cyaneus (A)
  • Yellow-faced grassquit, Tiaris olivaceus (A)
  • White-collared seedeater, Sporophila torqueola

New World sparrows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

  • Olive sparrow, Arremonops rufivirgatus
  • Green-tailed towhee, Pipilo chlorurus
  • Spotted towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  • Eastern towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus
  • Rufous-crowned sparrow, Aimophila ruficeps
  • Canyon towhee, Melozone fuscus
  • Botteri's sparrow, Peucaea botterii
  • Cassin's sparrow, Peucaea cassinii
  • Bachman's sparrow, Peucaea aestivalis
  • American tree sparrow, Spizelloides arborea
  • Chipping sparrow, Spizella passerina
  • Clay-colored sparrow, Spizella pallida
  • Brewer's sparrow, Spizella breweri
  • Field sparrow, Spizella pusilla
  • Black-chinned sparrow, Spizella atrogularis
  • Vesper sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus
  • Lark sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
  • Black-throated sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata
  • Sagebrush sparrow, Artemisiospiza nevadensis
  • Lark bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys
  • Savannah sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  • Grasshopper sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum
  • Baird's sparrow, Ammodramus bairdii
  • Henslow's sparrow, Ammodramus henslowii
  • Le Conte's sparrow, Ammodramus leconteii
  • Nelson's sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni
  • Seaside sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus
  • Fox sparrow, Passerella iliaca
  • Song sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  • Lincoln's sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  • Swamp sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
  • White-throated sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Harris's sparrow, Zonotrichia querula
  • White-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  • Golden-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla (A)
  • Dark-eyed junco, Junco hyemalis
  • Yellow-eyed junco, Junco phaeonotus (A)

Cardinals and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

  • Hepatic tanager, Piranga flava
  • Summer tanager, Piranga rubra
  • Scarlet tanager, Piranga olivacea
  • Western tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
  • Flame-colored tanager, Piranga bidentata (A)
  • Crimson-collared grosbeak, Rhodothraupis celaeno (A)
  • Northern cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Pyrrhuloxia, Cardinalis sinuatus
  • Rose-breasted grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus
  • Black-headed grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  • Blue bunting, Cyanocompsa parellina (A)
  • Blue grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
  • Lazuli bunting, Passerina amoena
  • Indigo bunting, Passerina cyanea
  • Varied bunting, Passerina versicolor
  • Painted bunting, Passerina ciris
  • Dickcissel, Spiza americana

Blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and New World orioles

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

  • Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus
  • Red-winged blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  • Eastern meadowlark, Sturnella magna
  • Western meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  • Yellow-headed blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
  • Rusty blackbird, Euphagus carolinus
  • Brewer's blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  • Common grackle, Quiscalus quiscula
  • Boat-tailed grackle, Quiscalus major
  • Great-tailed grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  • Shiny cowbird, Molothrus bonariensis (A)
  • Bronzed cowbird, Molothrus aeneus
  • Brown-headed cowbird, Molothrus ater
  • Black-vented oriole, Icterus wagleri (A)
  • Orchard oriole, Icterus spurius
  • Hooded oriole, Icterus cucullatus
  • Streak-backed oriole, Icterus pustulatus (A)
  • Bullock's oriole, Icterus bullockii
  • Altamira oriole, Icterus gularis
  • Audubon's oriole, Icterus graduacauda
  • Baltimore oriole, Icterus galbula
  • Scott's oriole, Icterus parisorum

Presumptive species

Written descriptions of sight records of these species have been accepted by the TBRC. However, they did not meet the criteria (identifiable specimen, photo, video, or audio recording) for inclusion on the official list.

  • White-crowned pigeon, Patagioenas leucocephala
  • Black swift, Cypseloides niger
  • Murre species, Uria sp.
  • Razorbill, Alca torda
  • Crescent-chested warbler, Oreothlypis superciliosa

List of birds of Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.