National Register of Historic Places listings in Hennepin County, Minnesota facts for kids
This list is of the properties and historic districts that are designated on the National Register of Historic Places, as well as a list of those that were formerly designated, in Hennepin County, Minnesota; there are 166 entries as of August 2016. A significant number of these properties are a result of the establishment of Fort Snelling, the development of water power at Saint Anthony Falls, and the thriving city of Minneapolis that developed around the falls. Many historic sites outside the Minneapolis city limits are associated with pioneers who established missions, farms, and schools in areas that are now suburbs in that metropolitan area.
Father Louis Hennepin was the first European explorer to visit and name Saint Anthony Falls, the tallest waterfall on the Mississippi River, in 1680. While the falls were familiar to the Ojibwe and Sioux Indians who lived in the area, Father Hennepin spread word of the falls when he returned to France in 1683. The land east of the Mississippi came under England's control in 1763, and then became American territory after the American Revolutionary War in 1783. After the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the western side of the falls became American territory as well.
Zebulon Pike explored the Mississippi River in 1805 and made a treaty with the Sioux to acquire land on either side of the Mississippi River from its confluence with the Minnesota River to Saint Anthony Falls. The United States did not do much to occupy the land until 1819, when Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth was ordered to establish a military post in the area. The following year, Colonel Josiah Snelling established a permanent fort at a blufftop site overlooking Pike Island and the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers. The fort, first named Fort Saint Anthony and later Fort Snelling, became an island of civilization in the wilderness.
In 1837, Franklin Steele established a claim for the land on the east side of Saint Anthony Falls. Within the next ten years, he established a sawmill at the falls, and lumbermen from the north began cutting trees and sending them to Steele's sawmill. In 1849, Steele subdivided his property and filed a plat for the town of Saint Anthony. Sawmilling and early flour milling attempts proved successful, and by 1855 the fledgling town of Saint Anthony had more than three thousand residents. The west side of the river was part of the Fort Snelling military reservation until it was released for development in 1854. In 1849, John H. Stevens obtained 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land on the west side of the falls in exchange for maintaining a ferry at the falls. Hennepin County was established in 1852, and the settlement on the west side of the river was given the name Minneapolis, as coined by Charles Hoag. The two towns prospered as a result of industries and businesses based around the falls, but business was better on the west side of the falls. Minneapolis incorporated as a city in 1867, and three years later it merged with the village of Saint Anthony.
Eventually, flour mills overtook sawmills as a dominant industry at the falls. In 1860, flour production stood at 30,000 barrels; it reached 256,100 barrels in 1869. By 1874, Charles A. Pillsbury and Company owned five mills at the falls, and in 1879, Washburn-Crosby Company (now General Mills) owned four mills. The former Washburn "A" Mill building on the west side of the falls exploded on May 2, 1878, but its owners quickly rebuilt the west side district, including a new, larger Washburn "A" Mill. Meanwhile, in 1880, Pillsbury began building the huge Pillsbury "A" Mill on the east side of the falls. It had a capacity of 4,000 barrels per day when it first opened. Improvements in milling technology made it possible to grind the tougher spring wheat into a finer product, producing Minnesota "patent" flour, the finest bread flour in the world at that time. By 1900, Minneapolis was grinding 14.1 percent of the world's grain.
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|110 E. 18th St.
||Minneapolis||Hospital building constructed in five phases 1910–1958, reflecting the growing specialization and sophistication of the medical industry in the 20th century. Also a contributing property to the Stevens Square Historic District.|
|2||Advance Thresher/Emerson-Newton Implement Company||
|700-704 S. 3rd St.
||Minneapolis||Adjoining 1900 and 1904 buildings exemplifying the Sullivanesque style influencing large industrial and commercial properties at the turn of the 20th century.|
|8131 Bridge St.
||Rockford||1856 Greek Revival house of the mill owners who founded Rockford. Now a museum.|
|4||Anoka-Champlin Mississippi River Bridge||
|U.S. Route 169 over Mississippi River
||Champlin||1929 example of the open-spandrel concrete arch bridges developed in the Twin Cities area in the late 1920s; also noted for providing a key connection between two river communities. Extends into Anoka County.|
|5||Architects and Engineers Building||
|1200 2nd Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1920 joint office building for design professionals, noted for its exceptional Renaissance Revival architecture by Hewitt and Brown and association with several leading architects, engineers, and interior designers.|
|6||George W. Baird House||
|4400 W. 50th St.
||Edina||1886 Queen Anne house designed by noted Minneapolis architect Charles S. Sedgwick for George and Sarah Baird, early settlers and Grange leaders.|
|2500 Portland Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Circa-1883 house given a Moorish Revival remodel in 1890; a picturesque local example of the late-19th-century fascination with exoticism.|
|8||Riley Lucas Bartholomew House||
|6901 Lyndale Ave., S.
||Richfield||c. 1853 house of prominent early Minnesotan Riley Bartholomew (1807–1894), a justice of the peace, delegate to the Minnesota Constitutional Convention, state senator, and volunteer soldier during the Dakota War of 1862. Now a museum.|
|9||Basilica of St. Mary||
|1600 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||Landmark church built 1907–14 concurrently with the Cathedral of Saint Paul; noted for its exemplary Baroque Revival architecture, association with Minnesota's religious heritage, and honor as the first Catholic basilica proclaimed in the United States.|
|3116 3rd Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Exemplary Queen Anne house built in 1891, particularly noted for the preservation of its interior and exterior millwork. Also a contributing property to the Healy Block Residential Historic District.|
|11||Fredrika Bremer Intermediate School||
|1214 Lowry Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||Minneapolis's oldest intact school, dating to 1886; representative of the 19th-century emphasis on education through its castle-like architecture and origin during a frenzy of construction by Minneapolis Public Schools.|
|12||Bridge No. 90646||
|Spanning Minnehaha Creek on Wooddale Avenue
||Edina||Multi-plate arch bridge crossing Minnehaha Creek with decorative limestone facing designed to harmonize with a nearby church.|
|13||Charles H. Burwell House||
|13209 E. McGinty Rd.
||Minnetonka||1883 Carpenter Gothic/Stick style house and outbuildings built by the manager of the Minnetonka Mills Company, the first mill west of Minneapolis and nucleus of the first town in western Hennepin County. Now a house museum and park.|
|14||Butler Brothers Company||
|518 1st Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||Exemplary Chicago School warehouse/office building designed by Minneapolis architect Harry Wild Jones and constructed 1906–8. Now known as Butler Square.|
|15||Buzza Company Building||
|1006 W. Lake St.
||Minneapolis||One of the nation's few surviving factories associated with the early greeting card industry, in use 1923–1942; also noted for its wartime conversion to producing crucial military optics 1942–1946.|
|4924 Eden Ave.
||Edina||1864 example of the one-room schoolhouses built across rural Minnesota in the 19th century. Now managed by the Edina Historical Society alongside the Minnehaha Grange Hall.|
|17||Calhoun Beach Club||
|2730 W. Lake St.
||Minneapolis||Apartment hotel primarily built 1928–29, a rare local example of a distinctive urban housing option of the 1920s.|
|18||Cameron Transfer and Storage Company Building||
|756 N. 4th St.
||Minneapolis||Warehouse built 1909–1911 in sections that juxtapose traditional timber framing with newly developed reinforced concrete construction, encapsulating a major shift in early-20th-century warehouse engineering.|
|19||Cappelen Memorial Bridge||
|Franklin Ave. and the Mississippi River
||Minneapolis||Leading example of the Twin Cities' renowned concrete arch bridges of the 1920s, whose 435-foot (133 m) main span was the world's longest of its type upon completion in 1923. Better known as the Franklin Avenue Bridge.|
|20||Elbert L. Carpenter House||
|314 Clifton Ave.
||Minneapolis||1906 house of Elbert Carpenter (1862–1945), a lumber executive and founding sponsor of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra. Also noted for its Georgian Revival design by William Channing Whitney.|
|21||Eugene J. Carpenter House||
|300 Clifton Ave.
||Minneapolis||1906 house of Eugene Carpenter (1865–1922), a notable lumber executive and patron of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.|
|22||Cedar Avenue Bridge||
|10th Ave. over the Mississippi River
||Minneapolis||Leading example, completed in 1929, of the monumental reinforced-concrete arch bridges built to span the Twin Cities' high river bluffs at the beginning of the automobile era; the master work of engineer Kristoffer Olsen Oustad. Now the 10th Avenue Bridge.|
|23||Cedar Square West||
|1600 S. Sixth St.
||Minneapolis||Prominent six-building apartment complex constructed 1970–74, a nationally significant example of urban renewal as the first project funded under Title VII. Also noted as a major work of Minneapolis architect Ralph Rapson. Now known as Riverside Plaza.|
|24||Loren L. Chadwick Cottages||
|2617 W. 40th St.
||Minneapolis||Two tiny 1902 cottages, unique examples of the simple summer lodgings built in the Minneapolis lake district. Joined as a single residence in the 1970s.|
|25||Chamber of Commerce Building||
|400 4th St., S.
||Minneapolis||Long-serving commodity marketplace that helped make Minneapolis a major international grain trade center, with three buildings constructed 1902–28. Also noted architecturally for the city's first steel building and one of its few Sullivanesque designs. Renamed the Minneapolis Grain Exchange in 1947.|
|26||Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Grade Separation||
|Parallel to 29th St. between Humboldt and 20th Aves., S.
||Minneapolis||2.8-mile (4.5 km) trench and 28 bridges built 1912–1916 to separate rail and street traffic, an urban planning accomplishment to improve both safety and industry. Now part of the Midtown Greenway rail trail.|
|27||Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Depot||
|W. 37th St. and Brunswick Ave.
||St. Louis Park||1887 railway station that served as the primary local connection to Minneapolis; one of St. Louis Park's few surviving early buildings and a symbol of its growth. Now a museum.|
|28||Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Depot Freight House and Train Shed||
|201 3rd Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Minneapolis' oldest surviving railway station, built 1897–9, with an earlier 1879 freight house. Also significant for their architecture, association with the milling district, and preservation of one of the nation’s few remaining truss-roofed train sheds. Now a commercial complex known as The Depot.|
|29||Christ Church Lutheran||
|3244 34th Ave., S
||Minneapolis||Nationally influential modernist church built 1948–9, the master work of major 20th-century architect Eliel Saarinen, with a 1962 addition by his equally prominent son Eero Saarinen.|
|30||Church of St. Stephen (Catholic)||
|2201 Clinton Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Well preserved early example of a Richardsonian Romanesque/Romanesque Revival church, built 1889–1891.|
|31||Amos B. Coe House||
|1700 S. 3rd Ave.
||Minneapolis||1884 house and 1886 carriage house exemplifying the Queen Anne residences of the late-19th-century upper-middle class. Now the Minnesota African American Museum and Cultural Center.|
|32||Como-Harriet Streetcar Line and Trolley||
|42nd St., W. and Queen Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1908 streetcar and restored .5-mile (0.80 km) track, a working remnant of the Twin Cities' major public transit system until 1954. Now operated by the Minnesota Streetcar Museum.|
|33||Country Club Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by 45th St., Arden Ave., 50th St., and Browndale Ave.
||Edina||Suburban residential district established in 1922, one of Minnesota's first comprehensive planned communities and the prototype for Edina's housing developments. Also noted for its homogeneous Period Revival architecture.|
|34||Crane Island Historic District||
|Crane Island in Lake Minnetonka
||Minnetrista||Island with 14 turn-of-the-20th-century summer cottages, representative of the era's rise in white-collar jobs, inter-urban rail transit for commuting, and the adoption of seasonal residences among Minnesota's middle class.|
|35||John R. Cummins Farmhouse||
|13600 Pioneer Trail
||Eden Prairie||Rare surviving example of a southern Hennepin County farmhouse, built in 1879 and expanded in 1910; owned by a noted local horticulturalist and diarist (1834–1921).|
|36||B. O. Cutter House||
|400 10th Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||Only surviving example of the Twin Cities' once-common Carpenter Gothic cottages, built by master carpenter B.O. Cutter for himself in 1856 and later owned by early Minneapolis leading citizen John Gilfillan (1835–1924).|
|37||East Lake Branch Library||
|2916 E. Lake St.
||Minneapolis||1924 branch library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|1367 Willow St.
||Minneapolis||1911 surgical hospital associated with a major evolutionary period in hospitals, and with influential local medical professionals George (1858–1928) and Jeanette Eitel (1875–1951).|
|39||Excelsior Public School||
|261 School Ave.
||Excelsior||Landmark school building constructed 1899–1901, symbolizing the maturation of Excelsior via its refined architecture and prominent siting.|
|40||Farmers and Mechanics Savings Bank||
|115 S. 4th St.
||Minneapolis||Bank building constructed 1891–92 and remodeled in 1908, significant as a prominent early example of the Beaux-Arts/Neoclassical style that became popular in Minneapolis. Now houses a strip club.|
|41||Farmers and Mechanics Savings Bank||
|88 S. 6th St.
||Minneapolis||Minnesota's only long-lived mutual savings bank, whose 1942 relocation to this building and prominent 1963 addition also convey the flight from and then stand against mid-20th-century urban decay in downtown Minneapolis as well as the architectural shift from Streamline Moderne to International Style.|
|42||Fire Station No. 19||
|2001 University Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||1893 fire station representative of late-19th/early-20th-century design during the last years of horse-drawn equipment. Also significant as the site where kittenball, a forerunner of softball, originated among exercising firefighters seeking a more compact form of baseball.|
|43||First Church of Christ, Scientist||
|614-620 E. 15th St.
||Minneapolis||1897 church noted for its exemplary small-scale Beaux-Arts architecture and status as the first Christian Science church in the Upper Midwest.|
|44||First Congregational Church||
|500 8th Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||1886 Richardsonian Romanesque church designed by Warren H. Hayes on the Akron Plan for Minnesota's first congregational church, established in 1851 and noted for its community involvement.|
|45||First National Bank–Soo Line Building||
|101 S. 5th St.
||Minneapolis||1915 office building significant as the headquarters for two of the city's major companies: the First National Bank of Minneapolis and the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad.|
|46||First Presbyterian Church of Oak Grove Cemetery||
|10340 Lyndale Ave., S.
||Bloomington||Cemetery established in 1856 whose pioneer and Dakota burials and 1890 soldiers' monument reflect Bloomington's transition from frontier settlement to participant in state affairs like military service.|
|47||Woodbury Fisk House||
|424 5th St., SE.
||Minneapolis||One of Minneapolis's leading examples of Italian Villa architecture, built circa 1870.|
|48||Flour Exchange Building||
|310 4th Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||High-rise office building begun in 1892 and completed in 1909, the first in Minneapolis to be designed in unadorned commercial style architecture.|
|Bounded by Minnehaha Park, the Mississippi River, the airport, and Bloomington Rd.
||Minneapolis||Military complex established in 1819 and in use till 1946, instrumental in the development of the Upper Midwest and in the transition of the U.S. Army from a small frontier force into a major army. Extends into Dakota County.|
|50||Fort Snelling National Cemetery||
|7601 34th Avenue, South
||Minneapolis||National cemetery dating to 1939, one of seven established in the years after World War I in a major expansion of the national cemetery program due to the increased number of veterans and dwindling burial space elsewhere.|
|51||Fort Snelling–Mendota Bridge||
|Minnesota Highway 55 over the Minnesota River
||Minneapolis||4,119-foot (1,255 m) bridge constructed 1925–26, noted for its sophisticated design and original status as the world's longest continuous concrete arch bridge. Extends into Dakota County.|
|821 Marquette Ave.
||Minneapolis||Lavish office building constructed 1927–29 to be Minneapolis's tallest skyscraper; noted for its unique obelisk-shaped design and its embodiment of the conspicuous consumption of the Roaring Twenties.|
|53||Lawrence A. and Mary Fournier House||
|3505 Sheridan Ave. N.
||Minneapolis||1910 bungalow exhibiting the emergence of Prairie School architecture within the Arts and Crafts movement.|
|54||Fowler Methodist Episcopal Church||
|2011 Dupont Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Church begun by Warren H. Hayes in 1894 and completed by Harry Wild Jones in 1906, the only combined work of these major Minnesota architects. Also a symbol of the community works of the Scottish Rite since becoming the Scottish Rite Temple in 1915.|
|55||Franklin Branch Library||
|1314 W. Franklin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1914 Carnegie library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|56||Gethsemane Episcopal Church||
|901-905 4th Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1884 church noted for its Gothic Revival architecture and its status as one of the oldest surviving churches in Minneapolis.|
|57||Peter Gideon Farmhouse||
|24590 Glen Rd.
||Shorewood||House and orchard where horticulturalist Peter Gideon (1820–1899) experimented beginning in 1854 to produce winter-hearty fruit trees, succeeding most notably with the Wealthy apple.|
|58||Glen Lake Children's Camp||
|6350 Indian Chief Rd.
||Eden Prairie||One of the nation's few surviving examples of a summer camp for children with tuberculosis, active 1925–1950, with five contributing properties. Also noted for its association with the Glen Lake Sanatorium and philanthropists George and Leonora Christian. Now Camp Eden Wood.|
|59||John G. and Minnie Gluek House and Carriage House||
|2447 Bryant Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Influential Georgian Revival house and carriage house, both built in 1902, the former by important local residential architect William Kenyon.|
|60||Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church||
|324 Harvard St., SE.
||Minneapolis||Church of a Swedish American congregation built 1915–17, noted for its Gothic Revival architecture and deliberate Americanization efforts to attract younger members not socially reliant on an ethnic church.|
|61||Grain Belt Beer Sign||
|4 Island Ave., W.
||Minneapolis||Billboard installed in 1950, a local landmark and the only surviving large, free-standing, 20th-century advertisement for Grain Belt Beer, an enduringly popular Minnesota brand.|
|62||Great Northern Implement Company||
|616 S. 3rd St.
||Minneapolis||1910 commercial/industrial building noted for its highly restrained ornamentation, inspired by the work of influential architect Louis Sullivan. Also known as the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company Building.|
|63||Great Northern Railroad Depot||
|402 E. Lake St.
||Wayzata||1906 passenger/freight depot noted for its architecture and association with Wayzata's late-19th-century opposition to and early-20th-century embrace of the Great Northern Railway's route along its lakeside downtown. Now houses a museum.|
|64||Jonathan Taylor Grimes House||
|4200 W. 44th St.
||Edina||1869 Gothic Revival house of an early Minnesota horticulturalist (1818–1903), who supplied Minneapolis with many of its shade trees and planted the first ginkgo and catalpa trees in the state.|
|65||Hagel Family Farm||
|11475 Tilton Trail, S.
||Rogers vicinity||Unusually intact example of the diversified family farms that characterized Minnesota agriculture in the late 19th and first half of the 20th centuries. Established c. 1855, with 18 contributing properties mostly built in the 1890s.|
|Off County Highway 19 over the Crow River
||Hanover||Oldest and most intact example—built in 1885—of the pin-connected Pratt truss bridges once common in the area. Now restricted to pedestrian traffic. Extends into Wright County.|
|67||Healy Block Residential Historic District||
|3101–3145 2nd Ave., S. and 3116–3124 3rd Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||14 similar houses built 1886–1898 by contractor Theron P. Healy, exemplifying the phenomenon of upper-middle-class residential blocks designed and built by single contractors during Minneapolis's late-19th-century boom years.|
|68||Hennepin County Library||
|4915 N. 42nd Ave.
||Robbinsdale||1925 library established entirely through local fundraising led by the Robbinsdale Library Club, symbolizing the self-improvement culture of the early 20th century. Now the Robbinsdale Historical Society Museum.|
|910 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||Leading 1921 example of the ornate vaudeville theatres of the early 20th century, associated with the entertainment district and popular culture of Minneapolis and with major national chain the Orpheum Circuit. Now the Orpheum Theatre.|
|70||Edwin H. Hewitt House||
|126 E. Franklin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1906 Tudor Revival house built for himself by prominent Minnesota architect Edwin Hawley Hewitt. Now a funeral home.|
|619 10th St., S.
||Minneapolis||Minnesota's oldest surviving Georgian Revival house, built 1886–7; one of the first examples of a wave of Colonial Revival architecture introduced to the state by architects William Channing Whitney and Harry Wild Jones in the late 1880s.|
|2815 Johnson St., NE
||Minneapolis||1935 Streamline Moderne movie theater designed by prominent theater architects Liebenberg & Kaplan; also associated with the growth of locally owned, streetcar-accessible neighborhood cinemas during the Great Depression.|
|Ford Parkway over the Mississippi River
||Minneapolis||Monumental 1927 reinforced-concrete continuous-rib arch bridge designed by Martin Sigvart Grytbak. Extends into Ramsey County and better known as the Ford Bridge.|
|William Berry Dr. over a Minnesota Transportation Museum street railway track in William Berry Park
||Minneapolis||Minnesota's oldest documented bridge of reinforced concrete, built in 1900; a very early and unaltered example using the Melan reinforcing system.|
|75||Harry W. Jones House||
|5101 Nicollet Ave.
||Minneapolis||1887 house also known as Elmwood, built for himself by major Minneapolis architect Harry Wild Jones (1859–1935) in the style of a Norman chateau.|
|76||Lake Harriet Methodist Episcopal Church||
|4401 Upton Ave. S.
||Minneapolis||Prominent Classical Revival church built in 1916, an unusual manifestation of the City Beautiful movement in an ecclesiastical building.|
|77||Lake Street Sash and Door Company||
|4001–4041 Hiawatha Avenue
||Minneapolis||Factory complex of one of Minneapolis's leading millwork companies, with three buildings constructed 1926–28 representative of the industry's early-to-mid-20th-century facilities.|
|78||Lakewood Cemetery Memorial Chapel||
|3600 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||Exemplary Byzantine Revival cemetery chapel built 1908–10, modeled on the Hagia Sophia and containing Minnesota's finest Byzantine-style mosaic interior.|
|79||Arthur and Edith Lee House||
|4600 Columbus Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1923 house whose 1931–1933 occupancy by an African American family in a traditionally white neighborhood sparked one of Minnesota's largest racially motivated protests, a major incident in the broader saga of housing discrimination in Minneapolis.|
|80||Harry F. Legg House||
|1601 Park Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1887 Queen Anne home representative of the period's housing developments and middle class residences.|
|81||Lincoln Bank Building||
|730 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1921 commercial building representative of 1920s consolidation in the banking industry, housing one of the city's first branch offices of a national bank.|
|82||Linden Hills Branch Library||
|2900 W. 43rd St.
||Minneapolis||1931 branch library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|83||Little Sisters of the Poor Home for the Aged||
|215 Broadway Ave., NE.
||Minneapolis||Landmark charitable senior housing complex whose 1895 original section is a rare surviving work by Minneapolis architect Frederick Corser.|
|84||McLeod and Smith Inc. Headquarters||
|700–708 Central Ave., NE.
||Minneapolis||1897 factory and adjacent 1909 warehouse/showroom (expanded in 1922) built for Minneapolis's earliest and largest furniture manufacturer, progenitor of a significant local industry and the anchor of a large furniture-making district.|
|85||Lock and Dam No. 2||
|Mississippi River north of Lake St/Marshall Ave.
||Minneapolis||Remains of the first lock and dam complex on the Upper Mississippi River, in use 1907–1912; better known as the Meeker Island Lock and Dam. Extends into Ramsey County.|
|86||John Lohmar House||
|1514 Dupont Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||Well preserved example of an upper-middle-class house in late Queen Anne style, built in 1898.|
|87||Long Meadow Bridge||
|Old Cedar Avenue at Minnesota River
||Bloomington||Minnesota's longest through truss bridge, constructed in 1920 with five camelback sections to cross a wide backwater lake. Also known as the Old Cedar Avenue Bridge, it has been closed to all traffic since 2002 due to structural deficiencies.|
|88||Lumber Exchange Building||
|425 Hennepin Ave., 10 S. 5th St.
||Minneapolis||One of Minneapolis's last Richardsonian Romanesque business blocks, built 1885–1890. Also noted for its early fire-resistant design by Long and Kees and its association with the city's lumber commerce.|
|89||Charles J. Martin House||
|1300 Mount Curve Ave.
||Minneapolis||1903 Renaissance Revival mansion and grounds, a well-preserved example of an early-20th-century urban estate.|
|528 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1888 Masonic headquarters noted for its Richardsonian Romanesque architecture by Long and Kees and fine stonework. Now the Hennepin Center for the Arts.|
|300 Queen Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||Surviving three buildings (constructed 1909–1916) of a pioneering women's hospital established by social reformer and women's rights advocate Dr. Martha Ripley (1843–1912).|
|92||Milwaukee Avenue Historic District||
|Milwaukee Ave. from Franklin Ave. to 24th St.
||Minneapolis||Minneapolis's first planned community for working class families—platted in 1883—with 32 surviving small houses also noted for their architectural consistency.|
|500-530 6th St., S.
||Minneapolis||Armory built 1935–36, noted for its exemplary PWA Moderne architecture and innovative use of a reinforced concrete floor system. Now a parking garage.|
|94||Minneapolis Brewing Company||
|Junction of Marshall St. and 13th Ave., NE.
||Minneapolis||Landmark brewery complex built 1891–1910, significant for its architecture by several notable architects and as a representative of a major industry of the Upper Midwest.|
|95||Minneapolis City Hall-Hennepin County Courthouse||
|400 S. 4th Ave.
||Minneapolis||Long-serving Richardsonian Romanesque government building constructed 1889–1905, called "one of the most impressive nineteenth century public buildings in the state and the Midwest" in its nomination.|
|96||Minneapolis Fire Department Repair Shop||
|24 University Ave., NE. and 222 1st Ave., NE.
||Minneapolis||1909 maintenance shop of the Minneapolis Fire Department with a 1922 addition, associated with centralization of city operations and the department's conversion to motorized vehicles.|
|97||Minneapolis Pioneers and Soldiers Memorial Cemetery||
|2925 Cedar Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Minneapolis's oldest extant cemetery, dating to 1858 and redeveloped 1928–1936, reflecting both the city's pioneer days and an early historic preservation movement.|
|98||Minneapolis Public Library, North Branch||
|1834 Emerson Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||Nation's first library purpose-built with publicly accessible stacks, constructed in 1893; a Near North neighborhood landmark and one of Minneapolis's few intact works by Frederick Corser.|
|99||Minneapolis Warehouse Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by River St., 1st Ave., N., 6th St., N., 2nd Ave., N., 5th St., N., 5th Ave., N., 3rd St. N., and 10th Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||30-block warehouse district representing Minneapolis's rise as a major distribution center in the late-19th/early-20th century, with 142 contributing properties built 1865–1930 by leading local architects.|
|100||Minneapolis YMCA Central Building||
|36 S. 9th St. (formerly 30 S. 9th St.)
||Minneapolis||Uncommon example of late Gothic Revival architecture in downtown Minneapolis, built 1917–19.|
|101||Minnehaha Grange Hall||
|4918 Eden Ave.
||Edina||1879 hall of Minnesota's oldest subordinate Grange, organized in 1873. A longstanding social venue and only survivor of Edina's original four buildings. Now managed by the Edina Historical Society alongside Cahill School.|
|102||Minnehaha Historic District||
|Roughly Hiawatha and Minnehaha Aves. and Godfrey Rd.
||Minneapolis||1889 park surrounding Minnehaha Falls, noted for its urban planning and several historic sites associated with pioneer life, transportation, commerce, and architecture.|
|103||Minnesota Linseed Oil Company||
|1101 South Third Street and 312 Eleventh Avenue South
||Minneapolis||1904 facility of Minneapolis's leading producer of linseed oil and its products, a major Minnesota industry in the early 20th century.|
|104||Minnesota Soldiers' Home Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Minnehaha Ave., the Mississippi River, and Godfrey Parkway
||Minneapolis||State old soldiers' home with 16 contributing properties built 1888–1937, noted for its architecture, influential approach to veteran care, and landscape design by Horace Cleveland.|
|105||Moline, Milburn and Stoddard Company||
|250 3rd Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||A leading Minneapolis example of Chicago School architecture, built in 1886. Also a contributing property to the Minneapolis Warehouse Historic District. Now the Traffic Zone Center for Visual Art.|
|106||Elisha and Lizzie Morse Jr. House||
|2325-2327 Pillsbury Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Italian Villa-styled house with a distinctive cupola|
|107||Frieda and Henry J. Neils House||
|2801 Burnham Boulevard
||Minneapolis||1950 house representative of the Usonian style of Frank Lloyd Wright, and the architect's only residential project in marble.|
|108||New Main-Augsburg Seminary||
|731 21st Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1901 seminary turned campus center, noted for its integrity and longstanding importance as an educational institution. Now Augsburg College's Old Main.|
|109||George R. Newell House||
|1818 LaSalle Ave.
||Minneapolis||1888 Richardsonian Romanesque house of a pioneering grocery merchant (1845–1921) whose company grew into major retailer SuperValu.|
|110||Noerenberg Estate Barn||
|2865 N. Shore Dr.
||Orono||Exceptionally intact and well crafted barn built circa 1912, a rare vestige of the working farms established by wealthy estate owners around Lake Minnetonka in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.|
|111||Nokomis Knoll Residential Historic District||
|Bounded by W. 52nd St., West Lake Nokomis Parkway, E. 54th St., and Bloomington Ave.
||Minneapolis||Well-preserved subdivision on the former urban fringe, reflecting the explosion of the middle class, adoption of automobiles, and popularity of period revival architecture in the 1920s and 30s.|
|112||North East Neighborhood House||
|1929 2nd St., NE.
||Minneapolis||1919 settlement house, a notable social institution created to assist the poor and to acculturate and unite immigrants.|
|625 Marquette Avenue & 608, 618, & 618 1/2 2nd Avenue, South
||Minneapolis||Early 1960s office building in downtown Minneapolis, which was the first in the city to offer mixed uses including office, retail, entertainment, and a hotel. Includes the original 1916 Pillsbury Building.|
|114||Northwestern Knitting Company Factory||
|718 Glenwood Ave.
||Minneapolis||Factory complex built 1904–1915 for leading national underwear brand Munsingwear. Also noted for the first frameless reinforced concrete building in Minneapolis. Now International Market Square.|
|115||Northwestern National Life Insurance Company Home Office||
|430 Oak Grove St.
||Minneapolis||Headquarters built in 1924 for Minnesota's largest life insurance company, dating to 1885. Also significant for its Beaux-Arts architecture. Now the Loring Park Office Building.|
|116||Ogden Apartment Hotel||
|66-68 S. 12th St.
||Minneapolis||1910 example of the once-common apartment hotel, a middle-class urban housing option of the early 20th century offering furnished and unfurnished rooms and meals from a central kitchen.|
|117||Floyd B. Olson House||
|1914 W. 49th St.
||Minneapolis||1922 house of progressive leader Floyd B. Olson (1891–1936), three-term governor of Minnesota during the Great Depression and an organizer of the Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party.|
|118||Dr. Oscar Owre House||
|2625 Newton Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1912 house noted for its Prairie School design by Purcell, Feick, & Elmslie and association with a noted professor from the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry.|
|119||Charles and Grace Parker House||
|4829 Colfax Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Exemplary 1913 Prairie School house designed by Purcell, Feick, & Elmslie.|
|120||Peavey–Haglin Experimental Concrete Grain Elevator||
|Junction of Minnesota Highways 7 and 100
||St. Louis Park||Nation's (and possibly the world's) first cylindrical reinforced-concrete grain elevator, built 1899–1900, a structure type which came to be widely used across North America's grain producing regions.|
|1101 Nicollet Mall
||Minneapolis||1975 Modernist urban park plaza designed by M. Paul Friedberg and Associates. Also significant as a major component in the 1960s–70s revitalization of downtown Minneapolis.|
|122||Pence Automobile Company Building||
|800 Hennepin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1909 car dealership symbolizing the sudden growth of the early automobile industry; also associated with leading local dealer Harry E. Pence (1867–1933).|
|123||Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity House||
|1129 University Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||Early modernist chapter house designed by Carl B. Stravs in 1912, and an influence on the architecture and planning of fraternity housing at the University of Minnesota.|
|124||Pillsbury A Mill||
|301 Main St., SE.
||Minneapolis||Only intact major facility of Minneapolis's milling district, completed in 1881 and for many years the world's largest and most advanced flour mill. Also a contributing property to the St. Anthony Falls Historic District.|
|12 S. 6th St.
||Minneapolis||1911 commercial building significant as an influential early example of concrete frame construction and other advancements in engineering and building techniques.|
|126||Gideon H. Pond House||
|401 E. 104th St.
||Bloomington||1856 house/mission school of Gideon Hollister Pond (1810–1878), an early missionary to the Dakota people who produced an alphabet and dictionary for the Dakota language. Now preserved within Pond-Dakota Mission Park.|
|127||Prospect Park Residential Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by University & Williams Aves. SE., Emerald St. SE., and I-94
||Minneapolis||Unique suburban-like Minneapolis neighborhood with 692 contributing properties built 1884–1968, noted for its landscape architecture over hilly terrain, diverse housing stock, and cohesive social spirit through such innovations as the city's first community association.|
|128||Prospect Park Water Tower and Tower Hill Park||
|55 Malcolm Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||1906 park and its distinctive 1913 "Witch's Hat" water tower, associated with city planning, urban infrastructure, architectural eclecticism, and the work of architect Frederick William Cappelen. Also contributing properties to the Prospect Park Residential Historic District.|
|129||William Gray Purcell House||
|2328 Lake Pl.
||Minneapolis||1913 house of architect William Gray Purcell; a leading example of the Prairie School residences designed by his firm Purcell & Elmslie. Now the Purcell-Cutts House of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.|
|130||Queen Avenue Bridge||
|W. Lake Harriet Boulevard over a Minnesota Transportation Museum street railway track
||Minneapolis||Minnesota's third-oldest surviving reinforced concrete arch bridge, built in 1905.|
|131||Elizabeth C. Quinlan House||
|1711 Emerson Ave. S.
||Minneapolis||1925 Renaissance Revival house representative of 1920s eclecticism in architecture and the high-end residences designed by Frederick L. Ackerman.|
|527-529 Marquette Ave.
||Minneapolis||1929 skyscraper noted for its stepped Art Moderne design by Holabird & Root.|
|133||Roosevelt Branch Library||
|4026 28th Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1927 branch library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|134||Schmid Farmhouse Ruin||
|.38 mi. NE. of jct. of Cty Rd. 44 and CSAH 7
||Minnetrista||Ruins of an 1876 farmhouse providing a window on the life and construction techniques of a latter-19th-century German immigrant community on Lake Minnetonka. Preserved within Lake Minnetonka Regional Park.|
|135||Sears, Roebuck and Company Mail-Order Warehouse and Retail Store||
|2929 Chicago Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Warehouse/shop complex dating to 1927, marking the transition of major American retailer Sears from mail-order to stores and the emergence of motorist-oriented commerce. Now the Midtown Exchange.|
|136||Anne C. and Frank B. Semple House||
|100-104 W. Franklin Ave.
||Minneapolis||1901 house and carriage house significant for their Renaissance Revival architecture.|
|137||Sam S. Shubert Theatre||
|516 Hennepin Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Exemplary 1910 Shubert Brothers theatre designed by William Albert Swasey, important in the development of the early fine theatre scene in Minneapolis. Now the Cowles Center for Dance and the Performing Arts.|
|138||H. Alden Smith House||
|1403 Harmon Pl.
||Minneapolis||1887 house noted for its exemplary Richardsonian Romanesque architecture and design by William Channing Whitney. Now Minneapolis Community and Technical College's Wells Family College Center.|
|139||Lena O. Smith House||
|3905 5th Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||House inhabited by pioneering black female lawyer Lena O. Smith (1885–1966), a prominent figure in local civil rights and activism in the period 1927–1940.|
|140||St. Anthony Falls Historic District||
|Around the Mississippi River between Plymouth and S. 10th Aves.
||Minneapolis||800-acre (320 ha) district surrounding Saint Anthony Falls, nucleus of Minnesota's largest city: early landmark, source of power to Minneapolis's foundational milling industry, and site of the nation's first hydroelectric plant in 1882.|
|141||Station 13 Minneapolis Fire Department||
|4201 Cedar Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1923 American Craftsman fire station built to blend into a residential neighborhood, representing progressive planning for fire protection and urban design during a period of high growth in Minneapolis.|
|142||Station 28 Minneapolis Fire Department||
|2724 W. 43rd St.
||Minneapolis||1914 fire station representing the extension of city services to Minneapolis' last outlying neighborhood, Linden Hills, and the Minneapolis Fire Department's transition to motorized equipment.|
|143||Stevens Square Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by E. 17th St., 3rd Ave., S., Franklin Ave., and 1st Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||Minneapolis' most cohesive example of high-density middle-class housing from the early 20th century, with 54 apartment buildings constructed 1912–1926 around a 1908 park.|
|144||Stewart Memorial Presbyterian Church||
|116 E. 32nd St.
||Minneapolis||Rare example of a Prairie School church, built in 1909 from designs by William Gray Purcell and George Feick, Jr.|
|145||Strutwear Knitting Company Building||
|1010 South 7th Street
||Minneapolis||1920s garment factory significant as the site of a successful eight-month strike in 1935–36, a major turning point for the labor movement in Minneapolis history.|
|146||Sumner Branch Library||
|611 Emerson Ave., N.
||Minneapolis||1915 Carnegie library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|147||Swinford Townhouses and Apartments||
|1213–1221 and 1225 Hawthorne Ave.
||Minneapolis||Complex of 1886 townhouses and 1897 apartments noted for their Renaissance Revival architecture; some of the earliest compact luxury housing in Minneapolis.|
|148||Thirty-sixth Street Branch Library||
|347 E. 36th St.
||Minneapolis||1916 Carnegie library associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953). Now the Hosmer Community Library.|
|149||Thompson Summer House||
|3012 Shoreline Dr.
||Minnetonka Beach||Rare intact summer house from 1887, also symbolizing the development of Lake Minnetonka as an upper-middle-class resort and the underlying economic boom of 1880s Minneapolis.|
|150||Swan Turnblad House||
|2600 Park Ave.
||Minneapolis||Châteauesque mansion of Swedish American cultural promoter Swan Turnblad (1860–1933), built 1903–1910 and converted into the American Swedish Institute in 1929.|
|151||Twin City Rapid Transit Company Steam Power Plant||
|12-20 6th Ave., SE.
||Minneapolis||1903 power plant for the Twin City Rapid Transit streetcar system, the metro's main public transportation into the 1950s. Also a contributing property to the St. Anthony Falls Historic District.|
|152||United States Post Office||
|212 3rd Ave. S.
||Minneapolis||Post office built 1912–1915, noted for its exemplary Neoclassical architecture. Now best known as the Old Federal Building.|
|153||University of Minnesota Old Campus Historic District||
|University Ave. and 15th Ave.
||Minneapolis||13 campus buildings constructed 1886–1907, significant for their association with the University of Minnesota's first period of expansion and their designs by several notable Minnesota architects.|
|154||Horatio P. Van Cleve House||
|603 5th St., SE,
||Minneapolis||Greek Revival house occupied 1862–1920s by Civil War general Horatio P. Van Cleve (1809–1891)—commander of the 2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry—and his wife Charlotte (1819–1907), a writer and humanitarian activist.|
|155||George W. and Nancy B. Van Dusen House||
|1900 LaSalle Ave.
||Minneapolis||Elaborate 1893 mansion designed by notable Minneapolis architect Edgar Joralemon in an eclectic Richardsonian Romanesque/Renaissance Revival mix to symbolize the prosperity of a local business leader.|
|156||Walker Branch Library||
|2901 Hennepin Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1911 library branch associated with the influential evolution of Minneapolis Public Library 1894–1936, and its nationally renowned director Gratia Countryman (1866–1953).|
|157||Washburn A Mill Complex||
|1st St., S. at Portland Ave.
||Minneapolis||Seven-building complex dating to 1879, associated with major innovations in the flour milling industry and the growth of General Mills. Also contributing properties to the St. Anthony Falls Historic District. Main building is now the Mill City Museum.|
|158||Washburn Park Water Tower||
|401 Prospect Ave.
||Minneapolis||1932 water tower significant as a collaboration among architect Harry Wild Jones, engineer William S. Hewitt, and sculptor John K. Daniels.|
|159||Washburn-Fair Oaks Mansion District||
|1st and 2nd Aves., 22nd St., and Stevens Ave.
||Minneapolis||Seven mansions built 1884–1912, associated with the second generation of prominent Minneapolitans and embodying the fashionable architecture of the period by notable local architects.|
|160||Wayzata Bay Wreck||
|Wayzata Bay, Lake Minnetonka
||Minnetonka vicinity||1879 shipwreck, the nation's best preserved remains of a "model barge", a little-documented design pointed at both ends so it could be towed in either direction.|
|161||Wesley Methodist Episcopal Church||
|101 E. Grant St.
||Minneapolis||Leading work by the leading architect of a period of major church construction in Minneapolis, built 1890–91 using Warren H. Hayes' adaptation of the Akron Plan and other innovative features.|
|162||Westminster Presbyterian Church||
|83 12th St., S.
||Minneapolis||Church built 1896–97 for one of Minneapolis' oldest and most influential congregations, significant for providing social and community services since their establishment in 1857.|
|163||White Castle Building No. 8||
|3252 Lyndale Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1936 prefabricated White Castle building, a rare surviving example of the earliest fast food stands and their pioneering architectural use of porcelain enameled steel.|
|164||Malcolm Willey House||
|255 Bedford St., SE.
||Minneapolis||Minnesota's most significant Depression-era Frank Lloyd Wright house, built in 1934 in a precursor to his Usonian style. Also a contributing property to the Prospect Park Residential Historic District.|
|165||Theodore Wirth House-Administration Building||
|3954 Bryant Ave., S.
||Minneapolis||1910 house/office and surrounding park associated with Theodore Wirth (1863–1949), nationally renowned landscape architect and influential superintendent of the Minneapolis park system.|
|166||Allemarinda and James Wyer House||
|201 Mill St.
||Excelsior||The largest and best preserved of Excelsior's Eastlake style summer homes built around 1880.|
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Date removed||Location||City or town||Summary|
|1||Isaac Atwater House||
||1607 S. 5th St.
||Corner of 5th St. and Cedar Ave.
||Minneapolis||Burned down in 2000.|
|3||Excelsior Fruit Growers Association Building||
||450 3rd St.
||Excelsior||1910 hall of an agricultural organization. Demolished in 2001.|
||36-38 S. 7th St.
||Minneapolis||1929 Moderne restaurant. Demolished in 1979 for new development, but interior preserved and reassembled at 40 S. 7th St.|
|5||New Century Mill||
||Oak and 5th Streets
||Minneapolis||Originally listed in 1980 and expanded in 1987 (Ref #87002302). Burned down in 1990.|
||235 Hennepin Avenue
||Minneapolis||1924 hotel. Demolished in 1991.|
|7||Philander Prescott House||
||4458-4460 Snelling Ave. S
||Minneapolis||1852 Greek Revival house. Demolished in 1980.|
National Register of Historic Places listings in Hennepin County, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.