The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an international sporting event which are held every four years by the International Olympic Committee. The "Games", as they are often called, are held in a different city each time. It is a great honour for a city to be "awarded" (given) the right to hold the Olympic Games. Two years after the Summer Olympics, the Winter Olympic Games are held. These are always in a cold, mountainous place because the sports are all snow and ice sports such as skiing. Many more countries send athletes to the Summer Olympics than to the Winter Olympics.
The Olympic Games were first held in Ancient Greece more than two thousand years ago. The first modern Summer Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. There were 200 athletes from Greece and 45 athletes from 13 other countries. Since 1904, medals have been given to the three best athletes or teams in each sport.
List of modern Summer Olympic Games
Games in italics were cancelled or have not yet been held.
- 1896 – Games of the I Olympiad – Athens, Greece
- 1900 – Games of the II Olympiad – Paris, France
- 1904 – Games of the III Olympiad – St. Louis, Missouri, United States
- 1906 – Intercalated Games – Athens, Greece
- 1908 – Games of the IV Olympiad – London, United Kingdom
- 1912 – Games of the V Olympiad – Stockholm, Sweden
- 1916 – Games of the VI Olympiad – Berlin, Germany - Cancelled due to World War I
- 1920 – Games of the VII Olympiad – Antwerp, Belgium
- 1924 – Games of the VIII Olympiad – Paris, France
- 1928 – Games of the IX Olympiad – Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1932 – Games of the X Olympiad – Los Angeles, California, United States
- 1936 – Games of the XI Olympiad – Berlin, Germany
- 1940 – Games of the XII Olympiad – Helsinki, Finland - Cancelled due to World War II
- 1944 – Games of the XIII Olympiad – London, United Kingdom- Cancelled due to World War II
- 1948 – Games of the XIV Olympiad – London, United Kingdom
- 1952 – Games of the XV Olympiad – Helsinki, Finland
- 1956 – Games of the XVI Olympiad – Melbourne, Australia / Stockholm, Sweden (Equestrian events)
- 1960 – Games of the XVII Olympiad – Rome, Italy
- 1964 – Games of the XVIII Olympiad – Tokyo, Japan
- 1968 – Games of the XIX Olympiad – Mexico City, Mexico
- 1972 – Games of the XX Olympiad – Munich, West Germany (now Munich, Germany)
- 1976 – Games of the XXI Olympiad – Montréal, Quebec, Canada
- 1980 – Games of the XXII Olympiad – Moscow, Soviet Union (now Moscow, Russia)
- 1984 – Games of the XXIII Olympiad – Los Angeles, California, United States
- 1988 – Games of the XXIV Olympiad – Seoul, South Korea
- 1992 – Games of the XXV Olympiad – Barcelona, Spain
- 1996 – Games of the XXVI Olympiad – Atlanta, Georgia, United States
- 2000 – Games of the XXVII Olympiad – Sydney, Australia
- 2004 – Games of the XXVIII Olympiad – Athens, Greece
- 2008 – Games of the XXIX Olympiad – Beijing, China / Hong Kong, China (Equestrian events)
- 2012 – Games of the XXX Olympiad – London, United Kingdom
- 2016 – Games of the XXXI Olympiad - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- 2020 – Games of the XXXII Olympiad – Tokyo, Japan
- The 1906 Summer Olympics or 1906 Intercalated Games were discounted ex post facto by the IOC. All medals awarded during these games have not since been counted officially on total medal counts.
- The following games were cancelled due to the World Wars. The 1916 Summer Olympics were cancelled due to the onset of WWI; both the Summer and Winter Olympics of 1940 and 1944 were cancelled due to WWII.
- Some summer events were held by the IOC in celebration of its Jubilee in Lausanne, despite the war that cancelled the 1944 Summer Olympics, at the Jubilee Celebrations of the IOC.
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Summer Olympic Games Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.