San Bernardino County, California facts for kids(Redirected from History of San Bernardino County, California)
|San Bernardino County|
|County of San Bernardino|
Location in the U.S. state of California
California's location in the United States
|Metropolitan area||Inland Empire|
|Established||April 26, 1853|
|Named for||City of San Bernardino|
|• Total||20,105 sq mi (52,070 km2)|
|• Land||20,057 sq mi (51,950 km2)|
|• Water||48 sq mi (120 km2)|
|Highest elevation||11,503 ft (3,506 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2015)||2,128,133|
|• Density||101.2290/sq mi (39.0848/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC−7)|
|Area codes||442/760, 909|
|GNIS feature ID||277300|
San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,035,210, making it the fifth-most populous county in California, and the 12th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.
San Bernardino County is included in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as the Inland Empire, as well as the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area.
With an area of 20,105 square miles, San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, although some of Alaska's boroughs and census areas are larger. It is larger than each of the nine smallest states, larger than the four smallest states combined, and larger than 70 different sovereign nations.
Located in southeast California, the thinly populated deserts and mountains of this vast county stretch from where the bulk of the county population resides in two Census County Divisions, some 1,422,745 people as of the 2010 Census, covering the 450 square miles (1,166 km2) south of the San Bernardino Mountains in San Bernardino Valley, to the Nevada border and the Colorado River.
- Environmental quality
- Places of interest
- Images for kids
- See also: History of San Bernardino, California
Spanish Missionaries from Mission San Gabriel Arcángel established a church at the village of Politania in 1810. Father Francisco Dumetz named the church San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, after the feast day of St. Bernardino of Siena. The Franciscans also gave the name San Bernardino to the snowcapped peak in Southern California, in honor of the saint and it is from him that the county derives its name. In 1819, they established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia, a mission farm in what is now Redlands.
Following Mexican independence from Spain in 1821, Mexican citizens were granted land grants to establish ranchos in the area of the county. Rancho Jurupa in 1838, Rancho Cucamonga and El Rincon in 1839, Rancho Santa Ana del Chino in 1841, Rancho San Bernardino in 1842 and Rancho Muscupiabe in 1844.
Following the purchase of Rancho San Bernardino, and the establishment of the town of San Bernardino in 1851 by Mormon colonists, San Bernardino County was formed in 1853 from parts of Los Angeles County. Some of the southern parts of the county's territory were given to Riverside County in 1893.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 20,105 square miles (52,070 km2), of which 20,057 square miles (51,950 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the largest county by area in California and the largest in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska). It is slightly larger than the states of New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island combined. It borders both Nevada and Arizona.
The bulk of the population, roughly two million, live in the roughly 480 square miles south of the San Bernardino Mountains adjacent to Riverside and in the San Bernardino Valley. Over 300,000 others live just north of the San Bernardino Mountains, agglomerating around Victorville covering roughly 280 square miles in Victor Valley, adjacent to Los Angeles County. Roughly another 100,000 people live scattered across the rest of the sprawling county.
The Mojave National Preserve covers some of the eastern desert, especially between Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The desert portion also includes the cities of Needles next to the Colorado River and Barstow at the junction in Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. Trona is at the northwestern part of the county west of Death Valley. This national park, mostly within Inyo County, also has a small portion of land within the San Bernardino County. The largest metropolitan area in the Mojave Desert part of the county is Victor Valley, with the incorporated localities of Adelanto, Apple Valley, Hesperia, and Victorville. Further south, a portion of Joshua Tree National Park overlaps the county near Twentynine Palms. Additional places near and west of Twentynine palms include Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree, and Morongo Valley.
The San Bernardino Valley is at the eastern end of the San Gabriel Valley. The San Bernardino Valley includes the cities of Ontario, Chino, Chino Hills, Upland, Fontana, Rialto, Colton, Grand Terrace, Rancho Cucamonga, San Bernardino, Loma Linda, Highland, Redlands, and Yucaipa.
National protected areas
- Angeles National Forest (part)
- Death Valley National Park (part)
- Havasu National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Joshua Tree National Park (part)
- Mojave National Preserve
- San Bernardino National Forest (part)
There are at least 35 official wilderness areas in the county that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. This is the largest number of any county in the United States (although not the largest in total area). The majority are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral components of the above listed national protected areas. Most of these wilderness areas lie entirely within the county, but a few are shared with neighboring counties (and two of these are shared with the neighboring states of Arizona and Nevada).
Except as noted, these wilderness areas are managed solely by the Bureau of Land Management and lie entirely within San Bernardino County:
- Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness
- Bighorn Mountain Wilderness (part)
- Black Mountain Wilderness
- Bristol Mountains Wilderness
- Cadiz Dunes Wilderness
- Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness
- Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness
- Clipper Mountain Wilderness
- Cucamonga Wilderness
- Dead Mountains Wilderness
- Death Valley Wilderness (part)
- Golden Valley Wilderness
- Grass Valley Wilderness
- Havasu Wilderness (part)
- Hollow Hills Wilderness
- Joshua Tree Wilderness (part)
- Kelso Dunes Wilderness
- Kingston Range Wilderness
- Mesquite Wilderness
- Mojave Wilderness
- Newberry Mountains Wilderness
- North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness
- Old Woman Mountains Wilderness
- Pahrump Valley Wilderness (part)
- Piute Mountains Wilderness
- Rodman Mountains Wilderness
- Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness (par)
- San Gorgonio Wilderness (part)
- Sheep Mountain Wilderness (part)
- Sheephole Valley Wilderness
- Stateline Wilderness
- Stepladder Mountains Wilderness
- Trilobite Wilderness
- Turtle Mountains Wilderness
- Whipple Mountains Wilderness
|Population, race, and income|
|Black or African American||176,209||8.7%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||20,762||1.0%|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||5,984||0.3%|
|Some other race||364,236||18.0%|
|Two or more races||89,042||4.4%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||984,022||48.6%|
|Per capita income||$21,932|
|Median household income||$55,853|
|Median family income||$61,525|
Places by population, race, and income
|Places by population and race|
||Asian||Black or African
||Hispanic or Latino
(of any race)
|Big Bear City||CDP||11,504||82.3%||13.7%||1.1%||1.3%||1.6%||23.7%|
|Big Bear Lake||City||5,109||74.9%||20.9%||0.0%||1.8%||2.3%||24.0%|
|Mountain View Acres||CDP||3,376||68.5%||18.2%||1.9%||11.1%||0.4%||58.4%|
|San Antonio Heights||CDP||3,914||74.0%||18.0%||7.1%||0.1%||0.8%||21.5%|
|Spring Valley Lake||CDP||8,080||91.3%||5.4%||1.9%||1.0%||0.3%||21.1%|
|Places by population and income|
|Place||Type||Population||Per capita income||Median household income||Median family income|
|Big Bear City||CDP||11,504||$21,008||$41,509||$54,881|
|Big Bear Lake||City||5,109||$22,207||$31,541||$36,750|
|Mountain View Acres||CDP||3,376||$17,573||$54,427||$58,125|
|San Antonio Heights||CDP||3,914||$46,524||$97,960||$102,692|
|Spring Valley Lake||CDP||8,080||$24,390||$54,344||$67,877|
|U.S. Decennial Census
The 2010 United States Census reported that San Bernardino County had a population of 2,035,210. The racial makeup of San Bernardino County was 1,153,161 (56.7%) White, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,001,145 persons (49.2%) , 181,862 (8.9%) African American, 22,689 (1.1%) Native American, 128,603 (6.3%) Asian, 6,870 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 439,661 (21.6%) from other races, and 102,364 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,001,145 persons (49.2%).
|Population reported at 2010 United States Census|
(of any race)
|San Bernardino County||2,035,210||1,153,161||181,862||22,689||128,603||6,870||439,661||102,364||1,001,145|
cities and towns
(of any race)
|Big Bear Lake||5,019||4,204||22||48||78||10||491||166||1,076|
(of any race)
|Big Bear City||12,304||10,252||83||202||103||31||1,089||544||2,323|
|Mountain View Acres||3,130||1,748||215||48||98||17||861||143||1,647|
|San Antonio Heights||3,371||2,765||67||24||284||15||115||101||612|
|Spring Valley Lake||8,220||6,450||403||55||381||23||481||427||1,528|
(of any race)
|All others not CDPs (combined)||115,368||69,810||5,951||1,738||2,997||366||29,149||5,357||61,233|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,709,434 people, 528,594 households, and 404,374 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 601,369 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.9% White, 9.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 20.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 39.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.3% were of German, 5.5% English and 5.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.1% spoke English, 27.7% Spanish and 1.1% Tagalog as their first language.
There were 528,594 households, out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 3.2 people, and the average family size was 3.6 people.
The number of homeless in San Bernardino County grew from 5,270 in 2002 to 7,331 in 2007, a 39% increase.
In the county, the population was spread out—with 32.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,066, and the median income for a family was $46,574. Males had a median income of $37,025 versus $27,993 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,856. About 12.6% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
- Interstate 10
- Interstate 15
- Interstate 40
- Interstate 210
- Interstate 215
- Historic U.S. Route 66
- U.S. Route 95
- U.S. Route 395
- State Route 2
- State Route 18
- State Route 38
- State Route 58
- State Route 60
- State Route 62
- State Route 66
- State Route 71
- State Route 83
- State Route 127
- State Route 138
- State Route 142
- State Route 173
- State Route 178
- State Route 189
- State Route 247
- State Route 259
- State Route 330
- Barstow Area Transit serves Barstow and the surrounding county area.
- Morongo Basin Transit Authority provides bus service in Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree and Twentynine Palms (including the Marine base). Limited service is also provided to Palm Springs.
- Mountain Area Regional Transit Authority (MARTA) covers the Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear regions. Limited service is also provided to Downtown San Bernardino.
- Needles Area Transit serves Needles and the surrounding county area.
- Omnitrans provides transit service in the urbanized portion of San Bernardino County, serving the City of San Bernardino, as well as the area between Montclair and Yucaipa.
- Victor Valley Transit Authority operates buses in Victorville, Hesperia, Adelanto, Apple Valley and the surrounding county area.
- Foothill Transit connects the Inland Empire area to the San Gabriel Valley and downtown Los Angeles.
- OCTA connects Chino to Irvine and Brea.
- RTA connects Montclair to Riverside County.
- San Bernardino County is also served by Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains. Metrolink commuter trains connect the urbanized portion of the county with Los Angeles, Orange, and Riverside Counties.
- Commercial passenger flights are available at L.A./Ontario International Airport.
- San Bernardino International Airport is being remodeled and is expected to serve the region as an international airport. The airport will have access through interstate I-215 and I-10 through Mill Street. Terminal construction recently finished, and commercial flights are planned, awaiting carriers to select SBD as a destination city.
- Southern California Logistics Airport (Victorville) is a major cargo and general aviation airport.
- The County of San Bernardino owns six general aviation airports: Apple Valley Airport, Baker Airport, Barstow-Daggett Airport, Chino Airport, Needles Airport, and Twentynine Palms Airport.
- Other general aviation airports in the county include: Big Bear City Airport, Cable Airport (Upland), Hesperia Airport (not listed in NPIAS), and Redlands Municipal Airport
California Attorney General Jerry Brown sued the county in April 2007 under the state's environmental quality act for failing to account for the impact of global warming in the county's 25-year growth plan, approved in March. The Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club and the Audubon Society also sued in a separate case. According to Brendan Cummings, a senior attorney for the plaintiffs: "San Bernardino has never seen a project it didn't like. They rubber-stamp development. It's very much of a frontier mentality." The plaintiffs want the county to rewrite its growth plan's environmental impact statement to include methods to measure greenhouse gases and take steps to reduce them.
According to county spokesman David Wert, only 15% of the county is actually controlled by the county; the rest is cities and federal and state land. However, the county says it will make sure employment centers and housing are near transportation corridors to reduce traffic and do more to promote compact development and mass transit. The county budgeted $325,000 to fight the lawsuit.
The state and the county reached a settlement in August 2007. The county agreed to amend its general plan to include a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan, including an emissions inventory and reduction targets.
|San Bernardino County
sq mi (km2)
|Apple Valley||1988||70,755||$40,313||73.193 (189.57)|
|Big Bear Lake||1981||5,121||$32,869||6.346 (16.435)|
|Chino Hills||1991||76,131||$82,241||44.681 (115.723)|
|Grand Terrace||1978||12,285||$64,073||3.502 (9.07)|
|Loma Linda||1970||23,614||$59,358||7.516 (19.467)|
|Rancho Cucamonga||1977||172,299||$74,118||39.851 (103.212)|
|San Bernardino||1854||212,721||$37,244||59.201 (153.33)|
|Twentynine Palms||1987||26,576||$40,975||59.143 (153.179)|
|Yucca Valley||1991||21,053||$40,057||40.015 (103.639)|
- Big Bear City
- Big River
- Fort Irwin
- Homestead Valley
- Joshua Tree
- Lake Arrowhead
- Lucerne Valley
- Lytle Creek
- Morongo Valley
- Mountain View Acres
- Oak Glen
- Oak Hills
- Pinon Hills
- Running Springs
- San Antonio Heights
- Searles Valley
- Silver Lakes
- Spring Valley Lake
- Angelus Oaks
- Arrowhead Farms
- Baldwin Lake
- Baldy Mesa
- Bell Mountain
- Blue Jay
- Cajon Junction
- Cedar Glen
- Devore (Devore Heights)
- El Mirage
- Forest Falls
- Green Valley Lake
- Halloran Springs
- Johnson Valley
- Kramer Hills
- Kramer Junction
- Mount Baldy
- Mountain Home Village
- Mountain Pass
- Newberry Springs
- Oro Grande
- Parker Dam
- Red Mountain
- Sleepy Hollow
- Twentynine Palms Base
- Twin Peaks
- Vidal Junction
- Wild Crossing
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of San Bernardino County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† San Bernardino||City||209,924|
|25||Big Bear City||CDP||12,304|
|32||Spring Valley Lake||CDP||8,220|
|37||Big Bear Lake||City||5,019|
|44||San Antonio Heights||CDP||3,371|
|45||Mountain View Acres||CDP||3,130|
|48||Colorado River Indian Reservation||AIAN||1,687|
|54||Fort Mojave Indian Reservation||AIAN||250|
|56||San Manuel Reservation||AIAN||112|
|57||Twenty-Nine Palms Reservation||AIAN||12|
Places of interest
- The Mojave National Preserve
- Calico Ghost Town — northeast of Barstow via Interstate 15
- Zzyzx — a small desert settlement that used to be a health spa and is now the Desert Studies Center
- Joshua Tree National Park
- San Bernardino National Forest — home to Big Bear Lake outdoor activities
- Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex
- Snow Summit and Bear Mountain (Ski Area) are home to Southern California's premier winter ski resorts. Mountain High, although technically located in Los Angeles County, is also an alternative to Snow Summit and Bear Mountain because of its proximity to San Bernardino County.
Images for kids
San Bernardino County, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.