List of birds of Spain facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Spain. The area covered by this list is mainland Spain, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, and three small Spanish enclaves on the North African shore. The avifauna of Spain included a total of 613 species recorded in the wild by 2019 according to Sociedad Española de Ornitología (SEO/BirdLife). A pair of species resulting from a taxonomic "split" have replaced one of the species on the SEO list. Of the 614 species included here, 329 are accidental and 23 have been introduced by humans. Six are endemic to Spanish islands, two have been extirpated, and one of the endemic species is extinct. Of the 614, 104 (88 of which are accidental) have been recorded only in the Canary Islands and/or the African enclaves.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (English and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition.

The following tags have been used to highlight some categories of occurrence.

  • (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs anywhere in Spain
  • (A - xxx) Accidental in limited area - a species found regularly in mainland Spain but accidentally in the Canary Islands or the North African enclaves.
  • (E - xxx) Endemic - a species found only in Spain, with the location appended
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Spain as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (D) Category D - species for which there are reasonable doubts as to their wild origin per SEO/Birdlife.

An additional note such as (Canary Islands only) means that the species has been recorded solely in that locality. Species without a note of that type have been recorded at a minimum in mainland Spain. The notes of population status such as "endangered" apply to the world population and are from Bird Checklists of the World.


Contents

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

  • White-faced whistling-duck, Dendrocygna viduata (A) (D)
  • Fulvous whistling-duck, Dendrocygna bicolor (A) (D)
  • Bar-headed goose, Anser indicus (I)
  • Snow goose, Anser caerulescens (A) (D)
  • Graylag goose, Anser anser (A)
  • Greater white-fronted goose, Anser albifrons (A - Canary Islands)
  • Lesser white-fronted goose, Anser erythropus (D) vulnerable
  • Taiga bean-goose, Anser fabalis (A) (see note)
  • Tundra bean-goose, Anser serrirostris (A)
  • Pink-footed goose, Anser brachyrhynchus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Brant, Branta bernicla (A - Canary Islands)
  • Barnacle goose, Branta leucopsis (A)
  • Cackling goose, Branta hutchinsii (A) (D)
  • Canada goose, Branta canadensis (A)
  • Red-breasted goose, Branta ruficollis (A) vulnerable
  • Mute swan, Cygnus olor
  • Black swan , Cygnus atratus (I)
  • Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus (A)
  • Whooper swan, Cygnus cygnus (A)
  • Egyptian goose, Alopochen aegyptiaca (I)
  • Ruddy shelduck, Tadorna ferruginea (A - Canary Islands)
  • Common shelduck, Tadorna tadorna
  • Wood duck, Aix sponsa (A) (D)
  • Mandarin duck, Aix galericulata (I) (Canary Islands only)
  • Baikal teal, Sibirionetta formosa (A) (D) vulnerable
  • Garganey, Spatula querquedula
  • Blue-winged teal, Spatula discors (A)
  • Cinnamon teal, Spatula cyanoptera (A) (D)
  • Northern shoveler, Spatula clypeata
  • Gadwall, Mareca strepera
  • Falcated duck, Mareca falcata (A) (D) near-threatened
  • Eurasian wigeon, Mareca penelope
  • American wigeon, Mareca americana (A)
  • Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
  • American black duck, Anas rubripes (A)
  • Northern pintail, Anas acuta
  • Green-winged teal, Anas crecca
  • Marbled teal, Marmaronetta angustirostris vulnerable
  • Red-crested pochard, Netta rufina
  • Common pochard, Aythya ferina vulnerable
  • Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris (A)
  • Ferruginous duck, Aythya nyroca (A - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • Tufted duck, Aythya fuligula
  • Greater scaup, Aythya marila (A - Canary Islands)
  • Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis (A)
  • Common eider, Somateria mollissima near-threatened
  • King eider, Somateria spectabilis (A)
  • Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata (A)
  • Velvet scoter, Melanitta fusca
  • White-winged scoter, Melanitta deglandi (A)
  • Common scoter, Melanitta nigra (A - Canary Islands)
  • Black scoter, Melanitta americana (A) near-threatened
  • Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis (A - Canary Islands) vulnerable
  • Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola (A)
  • Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula (A)
  • Barrow's goldeneye, Bucephala islandica (A)
  • Smew, Mergellus albellus (A)
  • Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus (A) (D)
  • Common merganser, Mergus merganser (A)
  • Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator (A - Canary Islands)
  • Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis (I)
  • White-headed duck, Oxyura leucocephala endangered

Pheasants, grouse, and allies

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

  • Common quail, Coturnix coturnix
  • Red-legged partridge, Alectoris rufa
  • Barbary partridge, Alectoris barbara (I)
  • Ring-necked pheasant, Phasianus colchicus (I)
  • Gray partridge, Perdix perdix
  • Western capercaillie, Tetrao urogallus
  • Hazel grouse, Bonasa bonasia (extirpated)
  • Rock ptarmigan, Lagopus muta

Flamingos

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

  • Greater flamingo, Phoenicopterus roseus
  • Lesser flamingo, Phoeniconaias minor (A) near-threatened

Grebes

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

  • Little grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps (A)
  • Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus vulnerable
  • Red-necked grebe, Podiceps grisegena (A)
  • Great crested grebe, Podiceps cristatus
  • Eared grebe, Podiceps nigricollis

Pigeons and doves

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

  • Rock pigeon, Columba livia (I)
  • Stock dove, Columba oenas
  • Common wood-pigeon, Columba palumbus
  • Bolle's pigeon, Columba bollii (E - Canary Islands)
  • Laurel pigeon, Columba junoniae (E - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • European turtle-dove, Streptopelia turtur vulnerable
  • Oriental turtle-dove, Streptopelia orientalis (A)
  • Eurasian collared-dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  • Laughing dove, Streptopelia senegalensis (A)
  • Namaqua dove, Oena capensis (A) (D)
  • Mourning dove, Zenaida macroura (I)

Sandgrouse

Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclidae

  • Pallas's sandgrouse, Syrrhaptes paradoxus (A)
  • Pin-tailed sandgrouse, Pterocles alchata
  • Black-bellied sandgrouse, Pterocles orientalis

Bustards

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

  • Great bustard, Otis tarda vulnerable
  • Houbara bustard, Chlamydotis undulata (Canary Islands only) vulnerable
  • Little bustard, Tetrax tetrax near-threatened

Cuckoos

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

  • Great spotted cuckoo, Clamator glandarius
  • Yellow-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus (A)
  • Common cuckoo, Cuculus canorus

Nightjars and allies

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

  • Common nighthawk' Chordeiles minor (A)
  • Red-necked nightjar, Caprimulgus ruficollis
  • European nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus
  • Egyptian nightjar, Caprimulgus aegyptius (A) (Canary Islands only)

Swifts

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

  • Chimney swift, Chaetura pelagica (A) vulnerable
  • Alpine swift, Apus melba
  • Common swift, Apus apus
  • Plain swift, Apus unicolor
  • Pallid swift, Apus pallidus
  • Little swift, Apus affinis (A - Canary Islands)
  • White-rumped swift, Apus caffer (A - Canary Islands)

Rails, gallinules, and coots

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

  • Water rail, Rallus aquaticus
  • African crake, Crex egregia (A)
  • Corn crake, Crex crex (A)
  • Sora, Porzana carolina (A)
  • Spotted crake, Porzana porzana
  • Eurasian moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
  • Lesser moorhen, Gallinula angulata (A)
  • Red-knobbed coot, Fulica cristata
  • Eurasian coot, Fulica atra
  • American coot, Fulica americana (A)
  • Allen's gallinule, Porphyrio alleni (A)
  • Purple gallinule, Porphyrio martinicus (A)
  • Western swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio
  • Striped crake, Amaurornis marginalis (A)
  • Little crake, Zapornia parva (A - Canary Islands)
  • Baillon's crake, Zapornia pusilla (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)

Cranes

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Thick-knees

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

  • Eurasian thick-knee, Burhinus oedicnemus

Egyptian plover

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pluvianidae

  • Egyptian plover, Pluvianus aegyptius (A) (D)

Stilts and avocets

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

  • Black-winged stilt, Himantopus himantopus
  • Pied avocet, Recurvirostra avosetta

Oystercatchers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

  • Eurasian oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus
  • Canarian oystercatcher, Haematopus meadewaldoi (E - Canary Islands) (extinct)

Plovers and lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

  • Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola
  • European golden-plover, Pluvialis apricaria
  • American golden-plover, Pluvialis dominica (A)
  • Pacific golden-plover, Pluvialis fulva (A)
  • Northern lapwing, Vanellus vanellus near-threatened
  • Sociable lapwing, Vanellus gregarius (A) critically endangered
  • Lesser sand-plover, Charadrius mongolus (A)
  • Greater sand-plover, Charadrius leschenaultii (A)
  • Kittlitz's plover, Charadrius pecuarius (A)
  • Kentish plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Common ringed plover, Charadrius hiaticula
  • Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus (A)
  • Little ringed plover, Charadrius dubius
  • Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus (A)
  • Eurasian dotterel, Charadrius morinellus

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

  • Upland sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda (A)
  • Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
  • Slender-billed curlew, Numenius tenuirostris (A) critically endangered
  • Eurasian curlew, Numenius arquata near-threatened
  • Bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica near-threatened
  • Black-tailed godwit, Limosa limosa near-threatened
  • Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres
  • Great knot, Calidris tenuirostris (A) endangered
  • Red knot, Calidris canutus near-threatened
  • Ruff, Calidris pugnax
  • Broad-billed sandpiper, Calidris falcinellus (A)
  • Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata (A)
  • Stilt sandpiper, Calidris himantopus (A)
  • Curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea near-threatened
  • Temminck's stint, Calidris temminckii (A - Canary Islands)
  • Red-necked stint, Calidris ruficollis (A) near-threatened
  • Sanderling, Calidris alba
  • Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  • Purple sandpiper, Calidris maritima (A - Canary Islands)
  • Baird's sandpiper, Calidris bairdii (A)
  • Little stint, Calidris minuta
  • Least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla (A)
  • White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis (A)
  • Buff-breasted sandpiper, Calidris subruficollis (A - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
  • Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris pusilla (A) near-threatened
  • Western sandpiper, Calidris mauri (A)
  • Short-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus (A)
  • Long-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus (A)
  • Jack snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
  • Eurasian woodcock, Scolopax rusticola
  • Great snipe, Gallinago media (A) near-threatened
  • Common snipe, Gallinago gallinago
  • Wilson's snipe, Gallinago delicata (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Terek sandpiper, Xenus cinereus (A)
  • Wilson's phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor (A)
  • Red-necked phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Red phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius
  • Common sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
  • Spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularius (A)
  • Green sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
  • Solitary sandpiper, Tringa solitaria (A)
  • Spotted redshank, Tringa erythropus
  • Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca (A)
  • Common greenshank, Tringa nebularia
  • Lesser yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes (A)
  • Marsh sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Wood sandpiper, Tringa glareola
  • Common redshank, Tringa totanus

Buttonquail

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

  • Small buttonquail, Turnix sylvaticus

Pratincoles and coursers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

  • Cream-colored courser, Cursorius cursor (A)
  • Collared pratincole, Glareola pratincola
  • Black-winged pratincole, Glareola nordmanni (A) near-threatened

Skuas and jaegers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

  • Great skua, Stercorarius skua
  • South polar skua, Stercorarius maccormicki (A)
  • Pomarine jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus
  • Parasitic jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus
  • Long-tailed jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus

Auks, murres, and puffins

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

  • Dovekie, Alle alle (A)
  • Common murre, Uria aalge (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Razorbill, Alca torda near-threatened
  • Black guillemot, Cepphus grylle (A)
  • Atlantic puffin, Fratercula arctica (A - Canary Islands) vulnerable

Gulls, terns, and skimmers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

  • Black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla vulnerable
  • Sabine's gull, Xema sabini (A)
  • Slender-billed gull, Chroicocephalus genei (A - Canary Islands)
  • Bonaparte's gull, Chroicocephalus philadelphia (A)
  • Gray-hooded gull, Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus (A)
  • Black-headed gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus
  • Little gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Ross's gull, Rhodostethia rosea (A)
  • Laughing gull, Leucophaeus atricilla (A)
  • Franklin's gull, Leucophaeus pipixcan (A)
  • Mediterranean gull, Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
  • Pallas's gull, Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (A)
  • Audouin's gull, Ichthyaetus audouinii
  • Mew gull, Larus canus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Herring gull, Larus argentatus
  • Yellow-legged gull, Larus michahellis
  • Caspian gull, Larus cachinnans
  • Iceland gull, Larus glaucoides (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Lesser black-backed gull, Larus fuscus
  • Glaucous-winged gull, Larus glaucescens (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Glaucous gull, Larus hyperboreus (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Great black-backed gull, Larus marinus
  • Kelp gull, Larus dominicanus (A)
  • Sooty tern, Onychoprion fuscatus (A)
  • Bridled tern, Onychoprion anaethetus (A)
  • Little tern, Sternula albifrons (A - Canary Islands)
  • Gull-billed tern, Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Caspian tern, Hydroprogne caspia (A - Canary Islands)
  • Black tern, Chlidonias niger
  • White-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Whiskered tern, Chlidonias hybrida
  • Roseate tern, Sterna dougallii
  • Common tern, Sterna hirundo
  • Arctic tern, Sterna paradisaea (A)
  • Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri (A)
  • Royal tern, Thalasseus maximus (A)
  • Sandwich tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis
  • Elegant tern, Thalasseus elegans (A) near-threatened
  • Lesser crested tern, Thalasseus bengalensis (A - Canary Islands)

Tropicbirds

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

  • Red-billed tropicbird, Phaeton aetherius (A)

Loons

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

  • Red-throated loon, Gavia stellata
  • Arctic loon, Gavia arctica (A - Canary Islands)
  • Pacific loon, Gavia pacifica (A)
  • Common loon, Gavia immer (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)

Albatrosses

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

  • Black-browed albatross, Thalassarche melanophris (A)

Southern storm-petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

  • Wilson's storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus
  • White-faced storm-petrel, Pelagodroma marina (A)
  • Black-bellied storm-petrel, Fregetta tropica (A) (Canary Islands only)

Northern storm-petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

  • European storm-petrel, Hydrobates pelagicus
  • Leach's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhea (A - African enclaves) vulnerable
  • Swinhoe's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma monorhis (A) near-threatened
  • Band-rumped storm-petrel, Oceanodroma castro (A)

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

  • Northern fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Cape petrel, Daption capense (A)
  • Zino's petrel, Pterodroma madeira (A) endangered
  • Fea's petrel, Pterodroma feae (A)
  • Black-capped petrel, Pterodroma hasitata (A)
  • Bulwer's petrel, Bulweria bulwerii (A)
  • Cory's shearwater, Calonectris diomedea
  • Cape Verde shearwater, Calonectris edwardsii (A) (Canary Islands only) near-threatened
  • Great shearwater, Ardenna gravis
  • Sooty shearwater, Ardenna griseus (A - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus
  • Yelkouan shearwater, Puffinus yelkouan vulnerable
  • Balearic shearwater, Puffinus mauretanicus (A - Canary Islands) critically endangered
  • Barolo shearwater, Puffinus baroli (A)
  • Boyd's shearwater, Puffinus boydi (A) (Canary Islands only)

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

  • Black stork, Ciconia nigra
  • White stork, Ciconia ciconia
  • Marabou stork, Leptoptilos crumenifer (A) (D)
  • Yellow-billed stork, Mycteria ibis (A) (D)

Frigatebirds

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

  • Magnificent frigatebird, Fregata magnificens (A)

Boobies and gannets

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

  • Masked booby, Sula dactylatra (A)
  • Brown booby, Sula leucogaster (A)
  • Red-footed booby, Sula sula (A)
  • Northern gannet, Morus bassanus

Cormorants and shags

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

  • Long-tailed cormorant, Microcarbo africanus (A) (D)
  • Pygmy cormorant, Microcarbo pygmeus (A) near-threatened
  • Great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
  • European shag, Phalacrocorax aristotelis
  • Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus (A) (Canary Islands only)

Pelicans

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Heron, egrets, and bitterns

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

  • American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus (A)
  • Great bittern, Botaurus stellaris (A - Canary Islands)
  • Little bittern, Ixobrychus minutus
  • Dwarf bittern, Ixobrychus sturmii (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Great blue heron, Ardea herodias (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Gray heron, Ardea cinerea
  • Purple heron, Ardea purpurea
  • Great egret, Ardea alba (A - Canary Islands)
  • Little egret, Egretta garzetta
  • Western reef-heron, Egretta gularis (A)
  • Tricolored heron, Egretta tricolor (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis
  • Squacco heron, Ardeola ralloides
  • Green heron, Butorides virescens (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

  • Glossy ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
  • African sacred ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus (I)
  • Northern bald ibis, Geronticus eremita (A) endangered
  • Eurasian spoonbill, Platalea leucorodia
  • African spoonbill, Platalea alba (A) (D)

Osprey

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, eagles, and kites

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

  • Black-winged kite, Elanus caeruleus
  • Bearded vulture, Gypaetus barbatus near-threatened
  • Egyptian vulture, Neophron percnopterus endangered
  • European honey-buzzard, Pernis apivorus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Swallow-tailed kite, Elanoides forficatus (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Cinereous vulture, Aegypius monachus near-threatened
  • Hooded vulture, Necrosyrtes monachus (A) (D)
  • White-backed vulture, Gyps africanus (A) critically endangered
  • Rüppell's griffon, Gyps rueppelli (A) critically endangered
  • Eurasian griffon, Gyps fulvus
  • Bateleur, Terathopius ecaudatus (A) near-threatened
  • Short-toed snake-eagle, Circaetus gallicus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Lesser spotted eagle, Clanga pomarina (A)
  • Greater spotted eagle, Clanga clanga (A) vulnerable
  • Booted eagle, Hieraaetus pennatus
  • Steppe eagle, Aquila nipalensis (A) endangered
  • Spanish eagle, Aquila adalberti vulnerable
  • Imperial eagle, Aquila heliaca (A) vulnerable
  • Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
  • Bonelli's eagle, Aquila fasciata (A - Canary Islands)
  • Eurasian marsh-harrier, Circus aeruginosus
  • Hen harrier, Circus cyaneus
  • Pallid harrier, Circus macrourus (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves) near-threatened
  • Montagu's harrier, Circus pygargus
  • Eurasian sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
  • Northern goshawk, Accipiter gentilis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Red kite, Milvus milvus (A - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • Black kite, Milvus migrans
  • White-tailed eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla (A)
  • Rough-legged hawk, Buteo lagopus (A)
  • Common buzzard, Buteo buteo
  • Long-legged buzzard, Buteo rufinus (A)

Barn-owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

  • Eurasian scops-owl, Otus scops (A - Canary Islands)
  • Eurasian eagle-owl, Bubo bubo
  • Snowy owl, Bubo scandiacus (A) (D)
  • Northern hawk owl, Surnia ulula (A - Canary Islands)
  • Little owl, Athene noctua
  • Tawny owl, Strix aluco
  • Long-eared owl, Asio otus
  • Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus
  • Marsh owl, Asio capensis (A)
  • Boreal owl, Aegolius funereus

Hoopoes

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

  • Eurasian hoopoe, Upupa epops

Kingfishers

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

  • Common kingfisher, Alcedo atthis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Belted kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon (A)

Bee-eaters

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

  • Blue-cheeked bee-eater, Merops persicus (A)
  • European bee-eater, Merops apiaster

Rollers

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

  • European roller, Coracias garrulus
  • Abyssinian roller, Coracias abyssinicus (A) (Canary Islands only)

Woodpeckers

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

  • Eurasian wryneck, Jynx torquilla
  • Middle spotted woodpecker, Dendrocoptes medius
  • White-backed woodpecker, Dendrocopos leucotos
  • Great spotted woodpecker, Dendrocopos major
  • Lesser spotted woodpecker, Dryobates minor
  • Levaillant's woodpecker, Picus vaillantii (A) (African enclaves only)
  • Iberian green woodpecker, Picus sharpei
  • Black woodpecker, Dryocopus martius

Falcons and caracaras

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

  • Lesser kestrel, Falco naumanni (A - Canary Islands)
  • Eurasian kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
  • Red-footed falcon, Falco vespertinus (A - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • Eleonora's falcon, Falco eleonorae
  • Merlin, Falco columbarius
  • Eurasian hobby, Falco subbuteo (A - Canary Islands)
  • Lanner falcon, Falco biarmicus (A)
  • Saker falcon, Falco cherrug (A) endangered
  • Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus (A)
  • Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus (A - Canary Islands)

Old World parrots

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

African and New World parrots

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

  • Monk parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus (I)
  • Red-masked parakeet, Psittacara erythrogenys (I)

Vireos, shrike-babblers, and erpornis

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

  • Red-eyed vireo, Vireo olivaceus (A)

Old World orioles

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Bushshrikes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Malaconotidae

  • Black-crowned tchagra, Tchagra senegalus (A)

Shrikes

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

  • Red-backed shrike, Lanius collurio (A - Canary Islands)
  • Isabelline shrike, Lanius isabellinus (A)
  • Brown shrike, Lanius cristatus (A)
  • Great gray shrike, Lanius excubitor (A)
  • Iberian gray shrike, Lanius meridionalis (A - African enclaves) vulnerable
  • Lesser gray shrike, Lanius minor
  • Masked shrike, Lanius nubicus (A)
  • Woodchat shrike, Lanius senator

Crows, jays, and magpies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

  • Eurasian jay, Garrulus glandarius
  • Iberian magpie, Cyanopica cooki
  • Maghreb magpie, Pica mauritanica (African enclaves only)
  • Eurasian magpie, Pica pica
  • Eurasian nutcracker, Nucifraga caryocatactes (A)
  • Red-billed chough, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
  • Yellow-billed chough, Pyrrhocorax graculus
  • Eurasian jackdaw, Corvus monedula (A - Canary Islands)
  • Rook, Corvus frugilegus
  • Carrion crow, Corvus corone (A - African enclaves)
  • Hooded crow, Corvus cornix (A)
  • Pied crow, Corvus albus (A) (D)
  • Brown-necked raven, Corvus ruficollis (A) (D)
  • Common raven, Corvus corax

Tits, chickadees, and titmice

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

  • Coal tit, Parus ater
  • Crested tit, Parus cristatus (A - African enclaves)
  • Marsh tit, Parus palustris
  • Eurasian blue tit, Cyanistes caeruleus
  • African blue tit, Cyanistes teneriffae (A) (D)
  • Great tit, Parus major

Penduline-tits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae

  • Eurasian penduline tit, Remiz pendulinus

Larks

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

  • Greater hoopoe-lark, Alaemon alaudipes (A) (Canary Islands and African enclaves only)
  • Bar-tailed lark, Ammomanes cinctura (A)
  • Horned lark, Eremophila alpestris (A)
  • Greater short-toed lark, Calandrella brachydactyla
  • Calandra lark, Melanocorypha calandra (A - Canary Islands)
  • Dupont's lark, Chersophilus duponti near-threatened
  • Lesser short-toed lark, Alaudala rufescens
  • Wood lark, Lullula arborea
  • Eurasian skylark, Alauda arvensis
  • Thekla's lark, Galerida theklae
  • Crested lark, Galerida cristata

Bearded reedling

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

  • Bearded reedling, Panurus biarmicus

Cisticolas and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

  • Zitting cisticola, Cisticola juncidis

Reed warblers and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

  • Booted warbler, Iduna caligata (A)
  • Eastern olivaceous warbler, Iduna pallida (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Western olivaceous warbler, Iduna opaca (A - Canary Islands)
  • Melodious warbler, Hippolais polyglotta
  • Icterine warbler, Hippolais icterina (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Aquatic warbler, Acrocephalus paludicola (A - Canary Islands) vulnerable
  • Moustached warbler, Acrocephalus melanopogon
  • Sedge warbler, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
  • Paddyfield warbler, Acrocephalus agricola (A)
  • Blyth's reed warbler, Acrocephalus dumetorum (A)
  • Marsh warbler, Acrocephalus palustris (A)
  • Eurasian reed warbler, Acrocephalus scirpaceus
  • Great reed warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus (A - Canary Islands)

Grassbirds and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

  • River warbler, Locustella fluviatilis (A)
  • Savi's warbler, Locustella luscinioides
  • Common grasshopper-warbler, Locustella naevia

Swallows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

  • Bank swallow, Riparia riparia
  • Eurasian crag-martin, Ptyonoprogne rupestris (A - Canary Islands)
  • Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
  • Red-rumped swallow, Hirundo daurica
  • Cliff swallow/cave swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota/Petrochelidon fulva (A - Canary Islands)
  • Common house-martin, Delichon urbicum

Bulbuls

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Leaf warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

  • Wood warbler, Phylloscopus sibilatrix
  • Western Bonelli's warbler, Phylloscopus bonelli
  • Yellow-browed warbler, Phylloscopus inornatus (A - African enclaves)
  • Hume's warbler, Phylloscopus humei (A)
  • Pallas's leaf warbler, Phylloscopus proregulus (A)
  • Radde's warbler, Phylloscopus schwarzi (A)
  • Dusky warbler, Phylloscopus fuscatus (A)
  • Willow warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus
  • Common chiffchaff, Phylloscopus collybita
  • Canary Islands chiffchaff, Phylloscopus canariensis (E - Canary Islands)
  • Iberian chiffchaff, Phylloscopus brehmii
  • Greenish warbler, Phylloscopus trochiloides (A)
  • Arctic warbler, Phylloscopus borealis (A)

Bush warblers and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae

  • Cetti's warbler, Cettia cetti

Long-tailed tits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

  • Long-tailed tit, Aegithalos longicaudus

Sylviid warblers, parrotbills, and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

  • Eurasian blackcap, Sylvia atricapilla
  • Garden warbler, Sylvia borin
  • African desert warbler, Sylvia nana (A)
  • Asian desert warbler, Sylvia nana (A)
  • Barred warbler, Sylvia nisoria (A)
  • Lesser whitethroat, Sylvia curruca (A)
  • Western Orphean warbler, Sylvia hortensis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Tristram's warbler, Sylvia deserticola (A)
  • Rüppell's warbler, Sylvia ruppeli (A)
  • Subalpine warbler, Sylvia cantillans
  • Moltoni's warbler, Sylvia subalpina
  • Sardinian warbler, Sylvia melanocephala
  • Greater whitethroat, Sylvia communis
  • Spectacled warbler, Sylvia conspicillata
  • Marmora's warbler, Sylvia sarda (A)
  • Dartford warbler, Sylvia undata near-threatened
  • Balearic warbler, Sylvia balearica (E - Balearic Islands)

Laughingthrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

  • Red-billed leiothrix, Leiothrix lutea (I)

Kinglets

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

  • Goldcrest, Regulus regulus
  • Common firecrest, Regulus ignicapilla

Wallcreeper

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

  • Wallcreeper, Tichodroma muraria

Nuthatches

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

  • Eurasian nuthatch, Sitta europaea

Treecreepers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

  • Eurasian treecreeper, Certhia familiaris
  • Short-toed treecreeper, Certhia brachydactyla

Wrens

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

  • Eurasian wren, Troglodytes troglodytes

Dippers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

  • White-throated dipper, Cinclus cinclus

Starlings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

  • European starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  • Spotless starling, Sturnus unicolor (A - Canary Islands)
  • Rosy starling, Pastor roseus (A)

Mockingbirds and thrashers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

  • Gray catbird, Dumetella carolinensis (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Tropical mockingbird, Mimus gilvus (A) (D)
  • Northern mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos (A) (D) (Canary Islands only)

Thrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

  • White's thrush, Zoothera dauma (A)
  • Mistle thrush, Turdus viscivorus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Song thrush, Turdus philomelos
  • Redwing, Turdus iliacus near-threatened
  • Eurasian blackbird, Turdus merula
  • American robin, Turdus migratorius (A)
  • Eyebrowed thrush, Turdus obscurus (A)
  • Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris (A - Canary Islands)
  • Ring ouzel, Turdus torquatus
  • Naumann's thrush, Turdus naumanni (A)

Old World flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

  • Spotted flycatcher, Muscicapa striata
  • Rufous-tailed scrub-robin, Cercotrichas galactotes (A - Canary Islands)
  • European robin, Erithacus rubecula
  • Siberian blue robin, Larvivora cyane (A)
  • Common nightingale, Luscinia megarhynchos
  • Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica (A - Canary Islands)
  • Red-flanked bluetail, Tarsiger cyanurus (A)
  • Red-breasted flycatcher, Ficedula parva (A)
  • Semicollared flycatcher, Ficedula semitorquata (A)
  • European pied flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca
  • Collared flycatcher, Ficedula albicollis (A)
  • Moussier's redstart, Phoenicurus moussieri (A)
  • Common redstart, Phoenicurus phoenicurus
  • Black redstart, Phoenicurus ochruros
  • Rufous-tailed rock-thrush, Monticola saxatilis (A - Canary Islands)
  • Blue rock-thrush, Monticola solitarius (A - Canary Islands)
  • Whinchat, Saxicola rubetra
  • Fuerteventura stonechat, Saxicola dacotiae (E - Canary Islands) near-threatened
  • European stonechat, Saxicola rubicola
  • Siberian stonechat, Saxicola maurus (A)
  • Northern wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe
  • Isabelline wheatear, Oenanthe isabellina (A)
  • Desert wheatear, Oenanthe deserti (A)
  • Black-eared wheatear, Oenanthe hispanica
  • Black wheatear, Oenanthe leucura
  • White-crowned wheatear, Oenanthe leucopyga (A)

Waxwings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

  • Bohemian waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus (A)

Weavers and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

  • Black-headed weaver, Ploceus melanocephalus (I)

Waxbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

  • Orange-cheeked waxbill, Estrilda melpoda (I)
  • Black-rumped waxbill, Estrilda troglodytes (I)
  • Common waxbill, Estrilda astrild (I)
  • Red avadavat, Amandava amandava (I)

Accentors

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

  • Alpine accentor, Prunella collaris
  • Dunnock, Prunella modularis

Old World sparrows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

  • House sparrow, Passer domesticus
  • Italian sparrow, Passer italiae (A) (D) vulnerable
  • Spanish sparrow, Passer hispaniolensis
  • Eurasian tree sparrow, Passer montanus
  • Sudan golden sparrow, Passer luteus (A) (D) (Canary Islands only)
  • Rock sparrow, Petronia petronia
  • White-winged snowfinch, Montifringilla nivalis

Wagtails and pipits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

  • Gray wagtail, Motacilla cinerea
  • Western yellow wagtail, Motacilla flava
  • Citrine wagtail, Motacilla citreola (A - Canary Islands)
  • White wagtail, Motacilla alba (A)
  • Richard's pipit, Anthus richardi (A - Canary Islands)
  • Blyth's pipit, Anthus godlewskii (A)
  • Tawny pipit, Anthus campestris
  • Berthelot's pipit, Anthus berthelotii
  • Meadow pipit, Anthus pratensis near-threatened
  • Tree pipit, Anthus trivialis
  • Olive-backed pipit, Anthus hodgsoni (A)
  • Red-throated pipit, Anthus cervinus
  • Water pipit, Anthus spinoletta (A - Canary Islands)
  • Rock pipit, Anthus petrosus (A - Canary Islands)
  • American pipit, Anthus rubescens (A)

Finches, euphonias, and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

  • Common chaffinch, Fringilla coelebs
  • Tenerife blue chaffinch, Fringilla teydea (E- Canary Islands)
  • Gran Canaria blue chaffinch, Fringilla polatzeki (E- Canary Islands)
  • Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla (A - Canary Islands)
  • Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes (A - Canary Islands)
  • Common rosefinch, Carpodacus erythrinus (A)
  • Eurasian bullfinch, Pyrrhula pyrrhula (A - African enclaves)
  • Trumpeter finch, Rhodopechys githaginea (A - African enclaves)
  • Desert finch, Rhodospiza obsoleta (A) (D)
  • European greenfinch, Chloris chloris
  • Twite, Linaria flavirostris (A)
  • Eurasian linnet, Linaria cannabina
  • Common redpoll, Acanthis flammea (A)
  • Red crossbill, Loxia curvirostra (A - Canary Islands)
  • European goldfinch, Carduelis carduelis
  • Citril finch, Carduelis citrinella (A - African enclaves)
  • European serin, Serinus serinus
  • Island canary, Serinus canaria (Canary Islands only)
  • Eurasian siskin, Spinus spinus

Longspurs and snow buntings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

  • Snow bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis (A - Canary Islands and African enclaves)
  • Lapland bunting, Calcarius lapponicus (A)

Old World buntings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

  • Black-headed bunting, Emberiza melanocephala (A)
  • Red-headed bunting, Emberiza bruniceps (A)
  • Corn bunting, Miliaria calandra
  • Rock bunting, Emberiza cia
  • Meadow bunting, Emberiza cioides (A) (D)
  • Cirl bunting Emberiza cirlus
  • Yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella (A - African enclaves)
  • Pine bunting, Emberiza leucocephalos (A)
  • Ortolan bunting, Emberiza hortulana
  • Cretzschmar's bunting, Emberiza caesia (A)
  • House bunting, Emberiza sahari (A)
  • Reed bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus (A - Canary Islands)
  • Yellow-breasted bunting, Emberiza aureola (A) critically endangered
  • Little bunting, Emberiza pusilla (A)
  • Rustic bunting, Emberiza rustica (A) vulnerable

New World sparrows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae

  • Song sparrow, Melospiza melodia (A)

Troupials and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

  • Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus (A) (Canary Islands only)

New World warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

  • Northern waterthrush, Parkesia noveboracensis (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Black-and-white warbler, Mniotilta varia (A) (Canary Islands only)
  • Common yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas (A)
  • Yellow-rumped warbler, Setophaga coronata (A)

List of birds of Spain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.