2011 facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  – 2000s –  2010s  2020s  2030s
Years: 2005 2006 200720082009 2010 2011

2008 (MMVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Christian or Common Era, in the Gregorian calendar. It was the 2008th year of the Common Era, or of Anno Domini; the 8th year of the 3rd millennium and of the 21st century; and the 9th of the 2000s.

Events

January

MESSENGER first photo of unseen side of mercury
First-ever photograph of the "unseen side" of Mercury, taken by the MESSENGER spacecraft on January 14
  • January 1Cyprus and Malta adopt the euro.
  • January 2 – The price of petroleum hits $100 per barrel for the first time.
  • January 3 – A car bomb detonates, killing at least 4 and injuring 68, in Diyarbakır, Turkey. Police blame Kurdish rebels.
  • January 8 – An attempted assassination of Maldivian president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom is thwarted after a Boy Scout grabs the attacker's knife. The Boy Scout is injured, but after a scuffle police arrest the attacker.
  • January 12 – A Macedonian Army Mil Mi-17 helicopter crashes in thick fog southeast of Skopje, killing all 11 military personnel on board.
  • January 14 – At 19:04:39 UTC, the MESSENGER space probe is at its closest approach during its first flyby of the planet Mercury.
  • January 15 – The Federal Court of Australia orders a Japanese whaling company to stop research whaling within their Exclusive Economic Zone.
  • January 21 – Stock markets around the world plunge amid growing fears of a U.S. recession, fueled by the 2007 subprime mortgage crisis.
  • January 22Russia stages the largest naval exercise since the fall of the Soviet Union in the Bay of Biscay. The Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, along with 11 support vessels and 47 long-range bomber aircraft, practises strike tactics off the coast of France and Spain, and test-launches nuclear-capable missiles in foreign waters.
  • January 23 – Polish Air Force EADS CASA C-295 crashes on approach to the 12th Air Base near Mirosławiec. All 20 personnel on board die.
  • January 23 – Thousands of Palestinians cross into Egypt, as the border wall with Gaza in Rafah is blown up by militants.
  • January 24 – A peace deal ends the Kivu war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • January 25China's worst snowstorm since 1954 kills 133, delays traffic, and causes massive power outages in central and southern parts of the country.
  • January 29Iran's judiciary sentences to prison 54 Bahá'í Faith followers for 'anti-regime propaganda'.

February

February 2008
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March

March 2008
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Crew in ATV with Jules Verne manuscript
European Jules Verne ATV docked the to International Space Station

April

April 2008
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May

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2008 Sichuan earthquake map no labels
An earthquake in Sichuan, China killed nearly 80,000 people

June

June 2008
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July

July 2008
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34th G8 summit member 20080708
34th G8 summit heads of delegations in Tōyako, Japan

August

August 2008
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September

September 2008
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October

October 2008
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November

November 2008
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December

December 2008
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  • December 1 – A triangular conjunction formed by a new Moon, Venus and Jupiter is a prominent object in the evening sky.
  • December 2 – Political crisis in Thailand: After weeks of opposition-led protests, the Constitutional Court of Thailand dissolves the governing People's Power Party and two coalition member parties, and bans leaders of the parties, including Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat, from politics for five years. As such, Wongsawat promptly resigns and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Chaovarat Chanweerakul as caretaker Prime Minister.
  • December 3 – The Convention on Cluster Munitions opens for signature in Oslo.
  • December 4 – Political crisis in Canada: Governor General Michaëlle Jean grants the request of Prime Minister Stephen Harper to prorogue Parliament until January 26, 2009, averting a motion of no-confidence by the new opposition coalition led by the Leader of the Opposition Stéphane Dion, and the New Democratic Party leader Jack Layton, with Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe as a coalition partner.
  • December 5 – Human remains found in 1991 are identified as Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, using DNA analysis.
  • December 6 – Riots spread across Greece after a 15-year-old boy is shot dead by a special guard of the Greek Police.
  • December 10 – The Channel Island of Sark, a British crown dependency, holds its first fully democratic elections under a new constitutional arrangement, becoming the last European territory to abolish feudalism.
  • December 12Switzerland becomes the 25th European country to join the Schengen Agreement, whereby cross-border passport checks will be abolished.
  • December 12 – The Moon moves into its nearest point to Earth, called perigee, at the same time as its fullest phase of the Lunar Cycle. The Moon appears to be 14% bigger and 30% brighter than the year's other full moons. The next time these two events coincide will be in 2016.
  • December 16 – Ruins of an ancient Wari city are discovered in northern Peru.
  • December 18 – The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda convicts Théoneste Bagosora and two other senior Rwandan army officers of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes and sentences them to life imprisonment.
  • December 21 – Gwadar port, Pakistan becomes fully operational.
  • December 23 – A military coup d'état is announced in Guinea shortly after the death of long-time President Lansana Conté.
  • December 27 – Israel initiates a series of airstrikes followed by an invasion in Gaza Strip, killing at least 1300 (including at least 416 children) and wounding over 2,700.
  • December 29Bangladesh holds its general elections after two years of political unrest over the interim government.
  • December 31 – An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the year. The last time this occurred was in 2005.

Deaths


January

February

Janez Drnovsek
Janez Drnovšek

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

MichaelCrichton 2
Michael Crichton 1942-2008

December

Patriarch Alexey II of Russia
Alexy II
Freddie Hubbard 1976
Freddie Hubbard

Awards

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prize

Major religious holidays

2011 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2011
MMXI
Ab urbe condita 2764
Armenian calendar 1460
ԹՎ ՌՆԿ
Assyrian calendar 6761
Bahá'í calendar 167–168
Bengali calendar 1418
Berber calendar 2961
British Regnal year 59 Eliz. 2 – 60 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2555
Burmese calendar 1373
Byzantine calendar 7519–7520
Chinese calendar 庚寅年十一月廿七日
(4647/4707-11-27)
— to —
辛卯年十二月初七日
(4648/4708-12-7)
Coptic calendar 1727–1728
Ethiopian calendar 2003–2004
Hebrew calendar 5771–5772
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2067–2068
 - Shaka Samvat 1933–1934
 - Kali Yuga 5112–5113
Holocene calendar 12011
Iranian calendar 1389–1390
Islamic calendar 1432–1433
Japanese calendar Heisei 23
(平成23年)
Korean calendar 4344
Minguo calendar ROC 100
民國100年
Thai solar calendar 2554
Unix time 1293840000–1325375999

2008 in fiction

Books

  • Isaac Asimov's 1955 short story Franchise takes place in 2008, the premise being that the U.S. president will be selected by a computer program looking for the "most representative citizen".
  • John Barnes, Mother of Storms (1995) begins with a 2008 UN resolution barring any nation from acquiring nuclear weapons after June 1, 2008, subject to penalty of preemptive strike.
  • Gregory Benford's books The Jupiter War and The Threads of Time are set in 2008.
  • The Galactic Milieu Series by Julian May features Earth's first contact with an alien race on June 20, 2008.
  • Ian McDonald's "Chaga Saga" (Evolution's Shore and Kirinya) begins with the March 13, 2008 impact arrival of the plant form Chaga from outer space.
  • Alan E. Nourse's 1957 book Rocket to Limbo begins with the March 3, 2008 launch of the starship Argonaut on a centuries-long trip to Alpha Centauri.
  • The Mote in God's Eye (1974) by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle postulates that faster-than-light travel is perfected in 2008.
  • The Next War, a controversial 1996 novel about the post-Soviet era, co-written by former U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, looks at a possible 2008 nuclear confrontation between the United States and Russia.

Movies

Set in 2008:

  • Silent Running (1971)
  • Deterrence (1999)
  • The Manchurian Candidate (2004)
  • The Lake House (2006): The ending takes place on Valentine's Day, 2008.
  • Southland Tales (2007)
  • Split Second (1992 movie) (1992)
  • 5 Centimeters Per Second (2007): The final act takes place in Tokyo during 2008.
  • Doomsday (2008): The start of the movie is set in 2008, when a virus has infected Scotland.
  • Wall Street 2 (2010): Will be set in June 2008.

Television

  • The events of the Macross Zero OVA take place in 2008.
  • Doraemon: According to the original manga story, a time machine will be invented in 2008.
  • The Future Boy Conan anime (1978) story begins in July 2008, when a war results in five continents sinking into the sea.
  • Dawson's Creek (2003 series finale): The characters meet once again. Dawson, now 25, is the creator of a television series, The Creek, based on his life.
  • The 2007 series of Doctor Who: Present time (such as "Smith and Jones") is primarily set in 2008.
  • Heroes: A possible future shown in Out of Time features the Shanti virus killing about 93% of the world's population by 2008.

2011 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.