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Lists of office-holders facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

These are lists of incumbents (individuals holding offices or positions), including heads of states or of subnational entities.

A historical discipline, archontology, focuses on the study of past and current office holders.

Incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of") and the list of national leaders, recent changes in 2007 in politics, and past leaders on State leaders by year and Colonial governors by year.

Various articles group lists by title, function or topic: e.g. abdication, assassinated persons, cabinet (government), chancellor, ex-monarchs (20th century), head of government, head of state, lieutenant governor, mayor, military commanders, minister (and ministers by portfolio below), order of precedence, peerage, president, prime minister, Reichstag participants (1792), Secretary of State.

Heads of international organizations

See also: International organization leaders by year

Heads of state or government

See also: List of current heads of state and government and Lists of state leaders by year


Eastern Africa

Horn of Africa

Middle Africa

Northern Africa

Southern Africa

Western Africa



Central America

North America

South America


Central Asia

Eastern Asia

Southeastern Asia

South Asia

Western Asia


Eastern Europe

Northern Europe

  • United Kingdom: List of rulers of the United Kingdom and predecessor states

Central Europe

  • Austria
    • Rulers of Austria
    • Emperors of Austria
    • Foreign Ministers of Austria-Hungary
    • Ministers-President of Austria
    • Federal Presidents of Austria
    • Chancellors of Austria (Vice Chancellors of Austria)
    • Habsburg
    • Babenberg
    • Margraves, dukes, and archdukes of Austria
    • Dukes of Styria, see Styria (duchy)
    • Dukes of Carinthia, see Carinthia (duchy)
  • Czech Republic
  • Germany: Rulers of Germany
  • Hungary
    • List of Hungarian rulers
    • List of heads of state of Hungary
    • Prime Ministers of Hungary
  • Liechtenstein
    • Princes of Liechtenstein
    • Liechtenstein Heads of Government
  • Poland
    • Polish rulers
    • Dukes of Silesia
    • Dukes of Mazovia
    • Dukes of Greater Poland
    • Dukes of Łęczyca
    • Dukes of Sieradz
    • Duchy of Cieszyn
    • Dukes of Pomerania
    • List of Prime Ministers of Poland
    • List of Polish presidents
  • Slovakia
  • Switzerland
    • Members of the Swiss Federal Council
      • Presidents of the Confederation
      • Heads of the Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports, see Military of Switzerland
      • Heads of the Department of Foreign Affairs: see International relations of Switzerland
      • Heads of the Department of Home Affairs
      • Heads of the Federal Department of Finance
      • Heads of the Federal Department of Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications
      • Heads of the Federal Department of Economic Affairs
      • Heads of the Federal Department of Justice and Police
    • Federal Chancellors of Switzerland
    • Presidents of the Swiss National Council
    • Presidents of the Swiss Council of States
    • Members of the Swiss National Council
    • Members of the Swiss Council of States
    • Chief Justices of the Swiss Supreme Court
    • Presidents of the Swiss Diet (before 1848)

Southern Europe

Western Europe






Religious leaders


  • List of current Christian leaders
  • List of Patriarchs, Archbishops and Bishops

Catholic Church

Anglican Communion

  • List of Archbishops of Canterbury
  • Anglican Primates

Other denominations

  • General of The Salvation Army
  • Moderator of the United Church of Canada
  • President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Patriarchs of Constantinople




Other lists

  • List of the oldest living state leaders

Ministers by portfolio

  • Defence minister
  • Finance minister
  • Foreign minister
  • Interior minister
  • Justice minister

Municipal leaders

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